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For the professional series sanctioned by IMSA, see Atlantic Championship.
2007 Formula Atlantic car

Formula Atlantic is a specification of open wheel racing car developed in the 1970s. It was used in professional racing through the IMSA Atlantic Championship until 2009 and is currently primarily used in amateur racing through Sports Car Club of America Formula Atlantic.

History[edit]

The history of Formula Atlantic begins with the SCCA Formula B class, created in 1965 for single-seat formula cars with engines not exceeding 1600cc in capacity. Prior to Formula Atlantic, professional Formula B races were held in the United States from 1965 to 1972, firstly with the SCCA's poorly supported Formula A, then as part of the SCCA Formula Continental Championship in 1968 (when they were largely overshadowed by the V8-powered Formula 5000 cars) and then as an independent series from 1969 to 1972.

Formula Atlantic as a class evolved in the United Kingdom in 1971 from the US Formula B rules, with 1600cc production-based twin-cam engines (initially Cosworth Mk.XIII based on Lotus-Ford Twin Cam and then Cosworth BDD, however other engines like Alfa Romeo were also eligible). Conceived by John Webb of Brands Hatch (who would later also develop the Sports 2000 class) as a category for national competitors with the performance near a Formula Two car but running costs at or below that of a contemporary Formula Three car. A single Yellow Pages championship ran in 1971-2, with a rival BP backed series appearing in 1973. 1974 saw the BP series changing sponsor to John Player, and the Yellow Pages series becoming backed by John Webb's MCD organisation and Southern Organs; in practice most top drivers competed in both series and there were no date clashes. Only one series ran in 1975-6, in the final year taking the title 'Indylantic and adopting Indianapolis-style single-car qualifying. But the formula was under threat from Formula 3 and no series ran in 1977-78. A BRSCC-organized club racing series returned in 1979 with initial backing from Hitachi and continued to 1983, with diminishing grids and few new cars appearing.

As a result of its similarity to Formula 2 and Formula 3 in terms of chassis regulations, Formula Atlantic typically used chassis closely related to these cars—with performance somewhere in between the two—so most of the manufacturers were familiar from those classes, particularly the likes of Brabham, Lotus, March, Chevron early on, with Ralt and then Reynard later. US manufacturer Swift came to displace the British imports and dominate in North America. Several smaller marques also appeared.

The first professional races run under Formula Atlantic rules in North America were conducted in 1974 by the CASC in Canada (now ASN Canada), drawing much attention and large fields due to its national CTV television coverage. IMSA in the United States took advantage of the large number of teams and organized their own series in 1976.

During these years, the series attracted guest drivers from Europe, including Formula One, particularly at the Trois-Rivières street race in Quebec, Canada. Guest drivers included James Hunt, Jean-Pierre Jarier, Riccardo Patrese, Patrick Depailler, Jacques Laffite, Didier Pironi and Vittorio Brambilla.

In 1977, the SCCA sanctioned the US events and in 1978 the CASC and SCCA series merged, and conducted the series jointly until 1983, when it ran as the Formula Mondial North American Cup and was won by Michael Andretti. The series could not sustain the success of earlier seasons and was cancelled for 1984. Formula Mondial was an international category introduced by the FIA in 1983 with the intention of replacing both Formula Atlantic and Formula Pacific, the latter being a variant of Formula Atlantic that had been introduced in a number of Pacific Basin countries in the late 1970s.

Current SCCA series[edit]

SCCA Formula Atlantic cars are allowed wings and ground effects. They use either the Toyota 4AGE engine or the Cosworth BDD. Cars meeting Super Vee specifications were also allowed but are now rarely seen. Prior to 2006 these rules were also largely used in the professional series except that all cars had to run a Fuel Injected 4AGE. This meant that competitive amateur teams could also participate in professional races and that old pro series equipment could be raced at the amateur level. However, in 2006 the pro series introduced a spec chassis, the Swift Engineering 016.a and a new spec engine, the Mazda-Cosworth MZR. The result was that the cars used in the pro series were drastically different than the amateur cars. In 2009, to shore up small race fields, the pro series introduced a "C2 class" for amateur level cars, primarily the Swift 014.a, currently the dominant chassis amateur competition. However the C2 class saw few entries and was abandoned in the middle of the season.

The minimum weight of a Toyota or BDD powered Atlantic car is 1230 lbs. (558 kg) with driver.[1] The SCCA considers it its fastest club racing class.[2] Prior to gaining its own class, the Formula SCCA car raced in Formula Atlantic, where it was uncompetitive.[3]

As of 2011, the Swift 016.a with Mazda power has been accepted into SCCA Formula Atlantic, albeit with an intake restriction limiting engine power.

With the end of the IMSA and Champ Car sanctioned professional Atlantic Championship after the 2009 season, the promoters of the F2000 Championship Series promoted a new pro series in 2012 using SCCA rules and sanctioned by the SCCA. The series saw few entrants and folded after one season. However, due to increasing interest at the amateur level, on October 1, 2013, it was announced that the series would return in 2014 with a twelve race, six weekend race calendar.[4]

Tribute[edit]

In 2012 and 2014, the Rolex Monterey Motorsports Reunion historic automobile racing event at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca in Monterey, California had a tribute to Formula Atlantic as a part of its scheduled groups.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Introduction to SCCA Racing rules, North American Motorsports Pages, Retrieved 2010-01-02
  2. ^ Club Racing, Sports Car Club of America, Retrieved 2010-01-02
  3. ^ Formula SCCA goes national, Sports Car Club of America, December 12, 2006, Retrieved 2010-01-02
  4. ^ Atlantic Championship series expands for 2014, Racer, October 1, 2013, Retrieved 2013-10-02
  5. ^ "Rolex Monterey Motorsports Reunion Friday notebook". Racer. August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formula_Atlantic — Please support Wikipedia.
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COTA - Formula Atlantic - Jimmy Simpson Onboard - Race 1

Onboard with Jimmy Simpson around Circuit of The Americas in the #00 Swift 008.a Toyota Atlantic. Saturday race, 2nd place finish. 3/9/13 SCCA Majors Tour Do...

Alan McCallum drives Formula Atlantic, Road Atlanta 10/2013

Alan McCallum drives in his first race at Road Atlanta and his debut driving a Formula Atlantic Swift 016. This is his fastest lap of the race.

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1975 Players Atlantic CASC Formula Atlantic Series Review. A 30 minute TV summary of the 1975 season touching tracks long gone and those still with us such a...

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1982 Trois-Rivieres Formula Atlantic

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Eddie Jordan, David Kennedy, Alo Lawlor, Huub Rothengatter, Patsy Mcarrity and many more battle for the big race of the 1979 Phoenix Park meeting.

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Testing new AE86 N2 car , first time on track.

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458 news items

Jalopnik

Jalopnik
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 10:11:15 -0800

When I participated, my instructors included Gregoire; Ryan Lewis, whose experience includes American Le Mans and the Tudor series, among others; Stephen Simpson, a South African who has done Formula Atlantic and Indy Lights; and IndyCar racer ...
 
PaddockTalk
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 10:33:45 -0800

We asked him what he thought of Pro Mazda, given his experience in USF2000 and his current Formula Atlantic Championship. He was blindingly quick during the test at Sebring, and he is ready for Pro Mazda. We can't wait to see what he does in one of our ...

The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 06:34:25 -0800

The Peterson half of the new outfit is Ric Peterson, a former Formula Atlantic and Canadian Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (now the NASCAR Canadian Tire Series) driver who is the CEO of Calgary-based oil field hauling company Oculus. While he's ...

Sportscar365

Sportscar365
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 07:56:15 -0800

It will mark an interesting career shift for Dalziel, as well. Though he has had international experience over his North American career, 2015 will be the first season since his 2002 arrival – as an then-unheralded 20-year-old who took the Formula ...

The Auto Channel (blog)

The Auto Channel (blog)
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 01:11:15 -0800

Kurt is a 1982 graduate of the Jim Russell Racing School, a member of the French Formula 3 AVIA team in 1986, and claimed both the West Coast Formula Atlantic and Pacific Coast Racing Championships in 1991. Kurt went on to compete in the Champ Car ...

Examiner.com

Examiner.com
Thu, 29 May 2014 10:41:35 -0700

St. James will race a 1977 Chevron B39 Formula Atlantic in the Group 9 competition during the weekend of June 6-8. SVRA describes its Group 9 as "wings and slicks complying with SVRA post-1973 formula car regulations." Examples of race cars in this ...

Formula.hu

Formula.hu
Sat, 29 Nov 2014 05:41:15 -0800

Ekkor azonban már nem a Formula Atlantic volt a legfontosabb Brise számára, hiszen a szezon elején felkeltette Graham Hill érdeklődését, aki az előző évben alapította meg saját csapatát, az Embassy Hillt. Első világbajnoki futamát mégsem a kétszeres ...

Le Blog Auto

Le Blog Auto
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 11:41:15 -0800

Il y eu néanmoins des monoplaces à moteur Mazda, comme les Formula Mazda (ancêtre de la Pro Mazda.) En 2005, il a succédé à Toyota comme motoriste de la Formula Atlantic (alors liée au Champ Car.) En 2007, le constructeur fut sponsor-titre du Champ ...
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