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Foochow Arsenal, 1870s

The Foochow Arsenal (Chinese: 福州造船廠), also Mawei Arsenal (馬尾造船廠) was one of several shipyards in China built under orders from Li Hongzhang and Zuo Zongtang, leaders of the Qing government's Self-Strengthening Movement (Zìqiáng, 自强) during the mid to late 19th century. The shipyard was situated in Mamoi (now Mawei), a port town within the jurisdiction of Foochow (now Fuzhou), which is several miles up the Min River.[1]

History[edit]

Planning for the shipyard, the naval school (船政学堂), and other facilities began in 1866 and construction began in 1867. Two French Naval officers, Prosper Giquel and Paul d'Aiguebelle, both on leave from the French Imperial Navy, were contracted to recruit a staff of about forty European engineers and mechanics, and to oversee the construction of a metal-working forge, the creation of a Western-style naval dockyard, the construction of eleven transports and five gunboats, and the establishment of schools for training in navigation and marine engineering - all within a five-year period.[2] Chinese authorities provided the materials and labour;[3] the operating cost over the five years was estimated at 3 million taels, and the cost of maintenance of the ships produced was partly funded by revenue from duties on the import of opium.[4] The first ship produced at the Arsenal, the 150 horsepower Wan-nien Ch'ing (Ch'ing Forever), was launched in June 1869.[5]

The shipyard was almost entirely destroyed by French forces in 1884 during the Sino-French War of 1883-1885,[6] in the battle of Fuzhou. A modern shipyard was later rebuilt on the site.[7]

The Foochow Arsenal under construction, between 1867 and 1871. Three albumen prints joined to form a panorama.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Seltzer, 1133; Hong Kong Port and Maritime Board.
  2. ^ Pong, 123; Thomson, vol II, pl. XV; Viénet; The 1911 Edition Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Pong, 123. The number of labourers rose from an initial figure of 1600 to more than 2000 by 1872. Pong, 144.
  4. ^ Pong, 124, 127.
  5. ^ Pong, 127.
  6. ^ Viénet.
  7. ^ Father Shipyard

Further reading[edit]

  • James F. Roche, L. L. Cowen (1884). The French at Foochow. Printed at the "Celestial Empire" Office. p. 49. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 

References[edit]

  • Hong Kong Port and Maritime Board. "Chinese Ports 1996: Fuzhou; Harbour Plan". Accessed 26 September 2002.
  • The 1911 Edition Encyclopedia. "Fuchow". Accessed 24 September 2002.
  • Pong, David. "Keeping the Foochow Navy Yard Afloat: Government Finance and China's Early Modern Defence Industry, 1866-75". In Modern Asian Studies, vol. 21, no. 1 (Cambridge University Press, 1987).
  • Ovenden, Richard. John Thomson (1837-1921): Photographer (Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland, The Stationery Office, 1997), 17-18.
  • Seltzer, Leon E., ed. The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952).
  • Thomson, John. China and its People in Early Photographs: An Unabridged Reprint of the Classic 1873/4 Work (reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1982).
  • Viénet, René. L'épisode français peu connu des Pescadores. Accessed 24 September 2002.
  • White, Stephen. John Thomson: Life and Photographs (New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985), 20-23.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foochow_Arsenal — Please support Wikipedia.
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3 news items

WantChinaTimes

WantChinaTimes
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 22:56:15 -0800

With 30 megawatts of power, the vessel can serve as a platform for seabed mining as deep as 2,500 meters, and will have a helipad. Founded in 1866, the predecessor of Mawei Shipbuilding was Foochow Arsenal, China's earliest machinery shipbuilding ...
 
CoinWeek
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 06:48:45 -0800

Stack's Bowers and Ponterio's April 2015 Hong Kong auction will entice bidders with a total of 2,077 lots of Chinese and Asian coins and banknotes from ancient to modern times, in four live Showcase sessions and two internet-only sessions. Session A ...

Baotintuc.vn

Baotintuc.vn
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 00:17:19 -0800

Công ty TNHH đóng tàu Mã Vĩ ở tỉnh Phúc Kiến của Trung Quốc vừa ký hợp đồng với một công ty của Singapore để đóng tàu thăm dò biển sâu đầu tiên trên thế giới với lịch trình chuyển giao dự kiến vào năm 2017.
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