digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Foochow Arsenal, 1870s

The Foochow Arsenal (Chinese: 福州造船廠), also Mawei Arsenal (馬尾造船廠) was one of several shipyards in China built under orders from Li Hongzhang and Zuo Zongtang, leaders of the Qing government's Self-Strengthening Movement (Zìqiáng, 自强) during the mid to late 19th century. The shipyard was situated in Mamoi (now Mawei), a port town within the jurisdiction of Foochow (now Fuzhou), which is several miles up the Min River.[1]

The Foochow Arsenal under construction, between 1867 and 1871. Three albumen prints joined to form a panorama.

Planning for the shipyard, the naval school (船政学堂), and other facilities began in 1866 and construction began in 1867. Two French Naval officers, Prosper Giquel and Paul d'Aiguebelle, both on leave from the French Imperial Navy, were contracted to recruit a staff of about forty European engineers and mechanics, and to oversee the construction of a metal-working forge, the creation of a Western-style naval dockyard, the construction of eleven transports and five gunboats, and the establishment of schools for training in navigation and marine engineering - all within a five-year period.[2] Chinese authorities provided the materials and labour;[3] the operating cost over the five years was estimated at 3 million taels, and the cost of maintenance of the ships produced was partly funded by revenue from duties on the import of opium.[4] The first ship produced at the Arsenal, the 150 horsepower Wan-nien Ch'ing (Ch'ing Forever), was launched in June 1869.[5]

The shipyard was almost entirely destroyed by French forces in 1884 during the Sino-French War of 1883-1885,[6] in the battle of Fuzhou. A modern shipyard was later rebuilt on the site.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Seltzer, 1133; Hong Kong Port and Maritime Board.
  2. ^ Pong, 123; Thomson, vol II, pl. XV; Viénet; The 1911 Edition Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Pong, 123. The number of labourers rose from an initial figure of 1600 to more than 2000 by 1872. Pong, 144.
  4. ^ Pong, 124, 127.
  5. ^ Pong, 127.
  6. ^ Viénet.
  7. ^ Father Shipyard

Further reading[edit]

  • James F. Roche, L. L. Cowen (1884). The French at Foochow. Printed at the "Celestial Empire" Office. p. 49. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 

References[edit]

  • Hong Kong Port and Maritime Board. "Chinese Ports 1996: Fuzhou; Harbour Plan". Accessed 26 September 2002.
  • The 1911 Edition Encyclopedia. "Fuchow". Accessed 24 September 2002.
  • Pong, David. "Keeping the Foochow Navy Yard Afloat: Government Finance and China's Early Modern Defence Industry, 1866-75". In Modern Asian Studies, vol. 21, no. 1 (Cambridge University Press, 1987).
  • Ovenden, Richard. John Thomson (1837-1921): Photographer (Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland, The Stationery Office, 1997), 17-18.
  • Seltzer, Leon E., ed. The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952).
  • Thomson, John. China and its People in Early Photographs: An Unabridged Reprint of the Classic 1873/4 Work (reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1982).
  • Viénet, René. L'épisode français peu connu des Pescadores. Accessed 24 September 2002.
  • White, Stephen. John Thomson: Life and Photographs (New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985), 20-23.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foochow_Arsenal — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
42 videos foundNext > 

蜡笔小新买东西福州版 标清

Canadian Dragon Boat Championships 2014 ★ Race 41 ★ 22DRAGONS Phoenix XY, H20 Playground Arsenal, 22

Subscribe here for latest race videos: http://bit.ly/dragonboatcanada See all Dragon Boat Canada Nationals Championships 2014 Dragon Boat Race Results ...

Cesc refuses Madrid offer

Yes I made it as an Arsenal fan, no offence to anyone, just have some fun, take it easy!

RESEPI SARAWAK - Kasam Ikan Sultan

'Sitok Jak Deng' merupakan program mencari rezepi-resepi makanan yang unik untuk dikongsikan kepada orang ramai. Selamat Menonton.... Maklumat lanjut boleh m...

Video Diary 32: GR Shopping Mall

didn't get anything in fuzhou. :( but i wuz back in beijing for a few more days, and one of the first things i did wuz to pay a visit to one of my fav places...

Mok Gar Kuen

Mok Gar Kuen Mok Gar is one of the "Five Famous Family Styles" of Guangdong province. As such it's name is well known, although the style it's self is not ve...

Man has new nose grown on forehead in China

Lots of fun for you and your family, enjoy and share our channel Un sacco di divertimento per voi e la vostra famiglia, godere e condividere il nostro canale...

I'm a blood-bought

Sis. Ethel Marlow and the Bradenton Gospel Tabernacle Choir, Our Church on the Internet World out reach Bradenton Gospel Tabernacle BGT bradenton fl The Path...

Canadian Dragon Boat Championships 2014 ★ Race 93 ★ Waterloo Paddling Club Spartans, OHDBC Hounds, 2

Subscribe here for latest race videos: http://bit.ly/dragonboatcanada High-Quality Version will be available here: http://bit.ly/cdbc2014day3hq See all...

Part of Hangzhou - Song City

42 videos foundNext > 

11 news items

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Thu, 26 Jun 2014 01:25:14 -0700

In 1866, the then-administrator of Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, Zuo Zongtang, established the Foochow Arsenal in Mawei, Fujian. This marked the beginning of a series of movements aiming at strengthening China and its military forces. Ever since then ...
 
China.org.cn
Sat, 27 Aug 2011 02:37:29 -0700

Knigge Akademie, an etiquette training company based in Germany, inked a cooperation contract with Beijing Chateau Changyu AFIP Global, a European-style hotel, to offer etiquette training lessons, the latest in a series of push into the world's ...
 
China.org.cn
Fri, 17 Sep 2010 02:08:18 -0700

It's time to munch on moon cakes and enjoy the full moon, so head to the Expo. The Expo Garden turns out to be the perfect location for people to enjoy the moonlight, eat moon cakes and hold reunion dinners with families as the Mid-Autumn Festival ...
 
China.org.cn
Wed, 05 Jan 2011 16:59:31 -0800

Result for the election of "2010 Amazing China - the Most Attractive Chinese Cities for Foreigners" is announced in Beijing on January 5, 2010. Beijing, Shanghai, Dalian, Hangzhou, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Qingdao, Xiamen, Yantai and Wuhu are selected as ...
 
China.org.cn
Mon, 11 Oct 2010 05:55:42 -0700

After professional recommendation and experts review, the new list of quality shopping stores is unveiled recently by QSC Program. These certified quality stores come from Malaysia, Singapore, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and other countries.
 
China.org.cn
Tue, 24 Jan 2012 21:19:14 -0800

Many tourist sites in China dazzle with ancient architecture, fantastic scenery, and historical significance, and Zhoucun Old Town, in Zibo, Shandong Province, is certainly no exception in these respects. Perhaps its greatest charm, though, is that it ...
 
China.org.cn
Wed, 24 Feb 2010 17:30:00 -0800

The Chinese Lunar New Year is not only a gala for domestic retail sales, but a feast for overseas retailers, too. Some 1,200 Chinese tourists celebrated the lunar New Year in New York between Feb 14 and 20, spending an estimated $6 million in the ...
 
China.org.cn
Thu, 11 Mar 2010 23:21:19 -0800

Mount Huangshan Located in southern Anhui Province, Mount Huangshan (黄山) features imposing peaks, spectacular rocks, odd-shaped pines, and a sea of clouds. (More). Travel Photos ›› · 标题图片. Foochow Arsenal: Birthplace of China's modern navy.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight