digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Foochow Arsenal, 1870s

The Foochow Arsenal (Chinese: 福州造船廠), also Mawei Arsenal (馬尾造船廠) was one of several shipyards in China built under orders from Li Hongzhang and Zuo Zongtang, leaders of the Qing government's Self-Strengthening Movement (Zìqiáng, 自强) during the mid to late 19th century. The shipyard was situated in Mamoi (now Mawei), a port town within the jurisdiction of Foochow (now Fuzhou), which is several miles up the Min River.[1]

The Foochow Arsenal under construction, between 1867 and 1871. Three albumen prints joined to form a panorama.

Planning for the shipyard, the naval school (船政学堂), and other facilities began in 1866 and construction began in 1867. Two French Naval officers, Prosper Giquel and Paul d'Aiguebelle, both on leave from the French Imperial Navy, were contracted to recruit a staff of about forty European engineers and mechanics, and to oversee the construction of a metal-working forge, the creation of a Western-style naval dockyard, the construction of eleven transports and five gunboats, and the establishment of schools for training in navigation and marine engineering - all within a five-year period.[2] Chinese authorities provided the materials and labour;[3] the operating cost over the five years was estimated at 3 million taels, and the cost of maintenance of the ships produced was partly funded by revenue from duties on the import of opium.[4] The first ship produced at the Arsenal, the 150 horsepower Wan-nien Ch'ing (Ch'ing Forever), was launched in June 1869.[5]

The shipyard was almost entirely destroyed by French forces in 1884 during the Sino-French War of 1883-1885,[6] in the battle of Fuzhou. A modern shipyard was later rebuilt on the site.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Seltzer, 1133; Hong Kong Port and Maritime Board.
  2. ^ Pong, 123; Thomson, vol II, pl. XV; Viénet; The 1911 Edition Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Pong, 123. The number of labourers rose from an initial figure of 1600 to more than 2000 by 1872. Pong, 144.
  4. ^ Pong, 124, 127.
  5. ^ Pong, 127.
  6. ^ Viénet.
  7. ^ Father Shipyard

Further reading[edit]

  • James F. Roche, L. L. Cowen (1884). The French at Foochow. Printed at the "Celestial Empire" Office. p. 49. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 

References[edit]

  • Hong Kong Port and Maritime Board. "Chinese Ports 1996: Fuzhou; Harbour Plan". Accessed 26 September 2002.
  • The 1911 Edition Encyclopedia. "Fuchow". Accessed 24 September 2002.
  • Pong, David. "Keeping the Foochow Navy Yard Afloat: Government Finance and China's Early Modern Defence Industry, 1866-75". In Modern Asian Studies, vol. 21, no. 1 (Cambridge University Press, 1987).
  • Ovenden, Richard. John Thomson (1837-1921): Photographer (Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland, The Stationery Office, 1997), 17-18.
  • Seltzer, Leon E., ed. The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952).
  • Thomson, John. China and its People in Early Photographs: An Unabridged Reprint of the Classic 1873/4 Work (reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1982).
  • Viénet, René. L'épisode français peu connu des Pescadores. Accessed 24 September 2002.
  • White, Stephen. John Thomson: Life and Photographs (New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985), 20-23.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foochow_Arsenal — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
39 videos foundNext > 

Canadian Dragon Boat Championships 2014 ★ Race 41 ★ 22DRAGONS Phoenix XY, H20 Playground Arsenal, 22

Subscribe here for latest race videos: http://bit.ly/dragonboatcanada See all Dragon Boat Canada Nationals Championships 2014 Dragon Boat Race Results ...

Cesc refuses Madrid offer

Yes I made it as an Arsenal fan, no offence to anyone, just have some fun, take it easy!

Video Diary 32: GR Shopping Mall

didn't get anything in fuzhou. :( but i wuz back in beijing for a few more days, and one of the first things i did wuz to pay a visit to one of my fav places...

Mok Gar Kuen

Mok Gar Kuen Mok Gar is one of the "Five Famous Family Styles" of Guangdong province. As such it's name is well known, although the style it's self is not ve...

Man has new nose grown on forehead in China

Lots of fun for you and your family, enjoy and share our channel Un sacco di divertimento per voi e la vostra famiglia, godere e condividere il nostro canale...

I'm a blood-bought

Sis. Ethel Marlow and the Bradenton Gospel Tabernacle Choir, Our Church on the Internet World out reach Bradenton Gospel Tabernacle BGT bradenton fl The Path...

Canadian Dragon Boat Championships 2014 ★ Race 93 ★ Waterloo Paddling Club Spartans, OHDBC Hounds, 2

Subscribe here for latest race videos: http://bit.ly/dragonboatcanada High-Quality Version will be available here: http://bit.ly/cdbc2014day3hq See all...

Part of Hangzhou - Song City

Thai Ranchu from NK farm

Got them home today from NK farm.

130528DFB Lukas Podolski im Interview

39 videos foundNext > 

10 news items

 
GlobalPost
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 23:30:00 -0800

FUZHOU, Dec. 11 (Xinhua) -- A Chinese shipyard has inked a deal with a Singapore firm to build the world's first deep-sea mining vessel, which is due to be delivered in 2017. Wu Pingshan from Fujian Mawei Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., which is based in east ...

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Thu, 26 Jun 2014 01:25:14 -0700

In 1866, the then-administrator of Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, Zuo Zongtang, established the Foochow Arsenal in Mawei, Fujian. This marked the beginning of a series of movements aiming at strengthening China and its military forces. Ever since then ...
 
Pueblo en linea
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 04:00:00 -0800

FUZHOU, 11 dic (Xinhua) --El astillero chino Fujian Mawei Shipbuilding ha firmado un contrato con una compañía de Singapur para construir el primer buque minero de aguas profundas del mundo, que se prevé entregar en 2017. Wu Pingshan, miembro de ...

Vietnam Plus

Vietnam Plus
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 22:45:00 -0800

... hóa tối đa là 40.000 tấn. Tàu có thể phục vụ công tác thăm dò đáy biển có độ sâu khoảng 2.500m và có một bãi đáp trực thăng. Được thành lập năm 1866, tiền thân của công ty Mã Vĩ là Foochow Arsenal, công ty đóng tàu cơ giới đầu tiên của Trung Quốc./.
 
China Radio International
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 06:15:00 -0800

Estabelecida em 1866, o predecessor da Mawei Shipbuilding foi Foochow Arsenal, a mais antiga companhia de construção de navios usando máquinas na China. A companhia agora é uma sociedade anônima que desenvolve, constroi e repara navios.
 
Centre d'Informations Internet de Chine
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 00:26:15 -0800

Ce vaisseau, qui disposera d'une puissance de 30 MW pourra servir de plate-forme pour l'exploitation des fonds marins jusqu'à 2.500 m de profondeur et sera équipé d'un héliport. Le chantier naval a été établi en 1866 sous le nom de Foochow Arsenal et ...
 
China.org.cn
Sun, 26 Dec 2010 21:39:57 -0800

Located on Yicheng Road, Huangpu district in Shanghai, Chenghuang Temple, or the City God Temple, is one of the key historical sites in Shanghai. It was originally built during the Yongle reign (1403-1424) of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It welcomed ...
 
China.org.cn
Mon, 11 Oct 2010 05:55:42 -0700

After professional recommendation and experts review, the new list of quality shopping stores is unveiled recently by QSC Program. These certified quality stores come from Malaysia, Singapore, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and other countries.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight