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Florianus
46th Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign 276
Full name Marcus Annius Florianus (from birth to accession);
Caesar Marcus Annius Florianus Augustus (as emperor)
Died 276
Place of death Tarsus, Cilicia[1]
Predecessor Tacitus
Successor Probus

Florianus (Latin: Marcus Annius Florianus Augustus;[2] died 276), also known as Florian, was Roman Emperor for a few months in 276.

Biography[edit]

Hercules crowning Florianus.[3]

Florian was reportedly a maternal half-brother to the Emperor Marcus Claudius Tacitus.[4] Appointed Praetorian Prefect in Tacitus's army in his campaign against the Goths,[5] according to the available sources, he was chosen by the army in the West to succeed Tacitus in 276, without the Roman Senate consensus.[6] However he minted coins bearing the "SC" legend, thus showing some bonds to the Senate.[7]

Probus Rebellion[edit]

Florian was fighting the Heruli when the army in the East elected Probus.[8] Florian had the support of Italia, Gaul, Hispania, Britain, Africa, and Mauretania.[9] The two rival emperors met in battle in Cilicia; Florianus had the larger army, but Probus was a more experienced general and avoided a direct clash.[10] Florian's western army was not accustomed to the hot, dry eastern climate,[11] and Probus likely secured a small victory. Florian was assassinated by his own troops near Tarsus once their confidence was lost.[12] He died in September 276, having been emperor for only eighty-eight days.[13]

A family of the Brandenburg nobility called von Blumenthal claimed descent from Florianus in a fanciful legend which says that after his death his sons fled over the Alps and introduced viticulture to the north Germans.

Sources[edit]

Primary sources[edit]

Secondary sources[edit]

  • Mc Mahon, Robin, "Florian (276.D.)", De Imperatoribus Romanis, (2000)
  • Jones, A.H.M., Martindale, J.R. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. I: AD260-395, Cambridge University Press, 1971
  • Southern, Pat. The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine, Routledge, 2001
  • Canduci, Alexander (2010), Triumph & Tragedy: The Rise and Fall of Rome's Immortal Emperors, Pier 9, ISBN 978-1-74196-598-8 
  • Gibbon. Edward Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire (1888)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canduci, pg. 101
  2. ^ Jones, pg. 367
  3. ^ This coin celebrates the AETERNITAS AVG, the eternal life of the emperor. However, Florianus ruled only eighty-eight days.
  4. ^ Historia Augusta, Vita Taciti, 17:4
  5. ^ Jones, pg. 367
  6. ^ Southern, pg. 127
  7. ^ McMahon, www.roman-emperors.org/florian.htm
  8. ^ Historia Augusta, Vita Probi, 10:1
  9. ^ Southern, pg. 127
  10. ^ Gibbon, Ch. 12
  11. ^ Southern, pg. 128
  12. ^ McMahon, www.roman-emperors.org/florian.htm
  13. ^ Canduci, pg. 101

External links[edit]

Media related to Florianus at Wikimedia Commons

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Marcus Claudius Tacitus
Roman Emperor
276
Succeeded by
Probus

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Sun, 17 Aug 2014 03:05:32 -0700

Professor Dr Dr (honoris causa) Florianus Prinzel and Professor Dr Detlev Amadeus Unterholzer, friends and competitors, share his adventures, though neither is as distinguished as von Igelfeld confidently considers himself. Of course, when your family ...
 
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Mon, 25 Aug 2014 21:18:45 -0700

Hadir saat dialog, Asisten II Setda Belu, Drs. Marsel Mau Meta; Kepala Dinas Pendapatan Pengelolaan Keuangan dan Aset Daerah (PPKAD) Belu, Imelda Lotuk, S.SoS; Kadis Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Belu, Florianus Nahak; Kabag Ekonomi, Kasat ...
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