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The opening parade of the 2008 Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in Tullamore, County Offaly

The Fleadh Cheoil (Irish pronunciation: [fʲlʲaː çoːlʲ], meaning "festival of music") is an Irish music competition run by Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann (CCÉ).

There are various stages to the competition. In Ireland there are county and provincial competitions leading to the All-Ireland Fleadh. In Britain there are regional, then national stages of qualification for the All-Ireland. North America has two regional qualifying Fleadh Cheoil. The Mid Atlantic Fleadh[1] covers the US eastern seaboard, eastern Canada and the Maritimes. The Midwest Fleadh[2] covers the rest of North America from Cleveland, Chicago, St. Louis, Atlanta and Detroit to San Francisco.

Competitions are divided into the following age categories: under 12, 12–15, 15–18, and over 18 (senior).

History[edit]

The first national festival of Irish traditional music was held in Mullingar in 1951. At its inaugural meeting in September 1951, CCÉ came up with the title of Fleadh Cheoil, aiming to make this a great national festival of traditional music. The fleadh has been held in many different venues.

In the years that followed, the number of would-be competitors grew so large that qualifying stages had to be arranged at county and provincial levels. Since then, Fleadh Nua (the new fleadh), Fleadh na Breataine (an All-Britain fleadh) and regional fleadhanna in Britain, and two major fleadhanna in the USA have also become annual CCÉ events.

From its beginning, the goal of the Fleadh Cheoil was to establish standards in Irish traditional music through competition. The fleadh developed as a mainly competitive event, but it also included many concerts, céilíthe, parades, and sessions.

Today, nearly 50 years on, fleadhanna at each level provide a platform and a meeting place for the thousands of musicians, singers and dancers who carry on the tradition. Around 20,000 performers compete in fleadhanna each year.

The 2008 festival was held in Tullamore, County Offaly and attracted an estimated crowd of 250,000 people making it Ireland's largest festival, music or otherwise.[3] The Fleadh came to Sligo in 2014 and 2015. It will then be scheduled to Ennis in 2016.

The largest fleadh to date was 2013 in Derry, an event which attracted 430,000 people. [4]

Competition categories[edit]

According to CCÉ's official rules for 2005:

Solo competitions shall be held for the following instruments: fiddle; two-row accordion; concert flute; whistle; piano accordion; concertina; uilleann pipes; harp; mouth organ; banjo; mandolin – excluding banjo-mandolin; piano; old-style melodeon; bodhrán; war pipes; miscellaneous such as three and five row button accordion, piccolo, [chromatic] harmonica and other stringed instruments; céilí band drums; accompaniment – confined to piano, harp, guitar and bouzouki-type instruments; solo traditional singing in Irish and English; whistling; lilting; newly composed ballads and amhráin nua-cheaptha (newly composed songs in Irish).
Solo competitions for slow airs shall be held in all age groups for the following instruments: (a) fiddle; (b) concert flute; (c) whistle; (d) uilleann pipes; and (e) harp (as of 2010).

There are also competitions for the following ensembles: duet, trio, céilí band, instrumental group (grupaí cheoil), accordion band, pipe band, and miscellaneous ensemble.

The full rule set, which may change from year to year, is available from CCÉ web site[5] in the Press Room section. Comhaltas has a constitution or "Bunreacht"[6] in the Irish language.

Application[edit]

Towns and cities wishing to host Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann must submit several applications to Ardchomhairle an Chomaltais – the highest committee within CCÉ. Certain members of the Ardchomhairle then inspect the applicant towns and the locations that have been proposed as competition venues, before coming to a final decision several weeks after the preceding fleadh, usually in September. Once a town has been chosen to host the Fleadh, it undertakes to host the festival for two consecutive years. However, Comhaltas has the right to deny any the successful town the Fleadh for the second year if poor venues, organisational problems, etc. are demonstrated on the town's first year of hosting. On 10 September 2011, the 2012 All-Ireland Fleadh Cheoil was awarded to Cavan, County Cavan, for the third year in succession. The other towns who applied for the 2012 festival were Ennis, County Clare; and Sligo, County Sligo. The Fleadh was held in Derry in 2013, the first time that it was held in Northern Ireland. One of the primary reasons for holding the Fleadh in Derry was due to that city being awarded the UK City of Culture for 2013. In 2014, it was confirmed that the Fleadh Cheoil would be held in Sligo for 2014 and 2015. Ennis is up next to host the Fleadh in August 2016.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CCE Mid Atlantic Fleadh". Sites.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  2. ^ midwestfleadh.com
  3. ^ Tullamore's Fleadh-trick Offaly Express, 27 August 2008
  4. ^ ""Derry Fleadh 'biggest ever' say organisers"". BBC. |
  5. ^ "comhaltas.com". comhaltas.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Comhaltas: Comhaltas Constitution (Bunreacht)". Comhaltas.ie. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fleadh_Cheoil — Please support Wikipedia.
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915 news items

Irish Times

Irish Times
Sun, 09 Aug 2015 11:21:20 -0700

Sligo was full of people dragging wheelie suitcases and musical instruments through its streets on Sunday as Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann , “the biggest traditional Irish music festival on the planet”, was launched by President Michael D Higgins. Just a ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 17:00:00 -0700

The music, laughter and craic will be hard to avoid in Sligo town this weekend as more than 250,000 people from all corners of the earth descend for the annual Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann. Among them are thousands of young people who have one eye on ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 17:03:42 -0700

It may have been a soft Sligo day but rain separated the men and women from the boys and girls at Fleadh Cheoil . As clouds hung low over Ben Bulben, the sound of jigs and reels wafted around every corner, and the organising committee reported that ...

Newstalk 106-108 fm

Newstalk 106-108 fm
Sun, 16 Aug 2015 11:10:50 -0700

Fleadh Cheoil comes to a close. Hundreds of thousand flocked to Sligo for the eight day event. News. Fleadh Cheoil comes to a close. Francess McAnenly (7), right, and Ciara Rose McAnenly (8) from Omagh, Co. Tyrone playing outside Shoot the Crows at ...

Leinster Express

Leinster Express
Thu, 06 Aug 2015 03:51:44 -0700

Portarlington Comhaltas is looking forward a great weekend in Sligo at the 2015 Fleadh Cheoil after a big weekend at the Leinster Fleadh in Maynooth recently. There were great performance all around at the Leinster Fleadh and the branch produced a ...

Newswire

Newswire
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 20:45:00 -0700

This year's 64th Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann was celebrated by an estimated 400,000 people throughout Sligo this past week and was kicked off with the presidential launch of festivities on Sunday afternoon, the 9th of August. The event featured a week ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Thu, 06 Aug 2015 17:01:58 -0700

Music lovers have started to converge on Sligo for the All-Ireland Fleadh Cheoil, which opens on Sunday and is expected to attract more than 350,000 visitors next week. President Michael D Higgins will launch the eight-day programme on Sunday afternoon ...

Irish Examiner

Irish Examiner
Tue, 04 Aug 2015 16:15:00 -0700

Mr Mitchell said the murder victim will be remembered by musicians at next week's Fleadh Cheoil in Sligo. He added: “He wouldn't have been part of the main events but he would have played in the pubs during last year's fleadh. He came from a very ...
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