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The opening parade of the 2008 Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in Tullamore, County Offaly

The Fleadh Cheoil (Irish pronunciation: [fʲlʲaː çoːlʲ], meaning "festival of music") is an Irish music competition run by Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann (CCÉ).

There are various stages to the competition. In Ireland there are county and provincial competitions leading to the All-Ireland Fleadh. In Britain there are regional, then national stages of qualification for the All-Ireland. North America has two regional qualifying Fleadh Cheoil. The Mid Atlantic Fleadh[1] covers the US eastern seaboard, eastern Canada and the Maritimes. The Midwest Fleadh[2] covers the rest of North America from Cleveland, Chicago, St. Louis, Atlanta and Detroit to San Francisco.

Competitions are divided into the following age categories: under 12, 12–15, 15–18, and over 18 (senior).

History[edit]

The first national festival of Irish traditional music was held in Mullingar in 1951. At its inaugural meeting in September 1951, CCÉ came up with the title of Fleadh Cheoil, aiming to make this a great national festival of traditional music. The fleadh has been held in many different venues.

In the years that followed, the number of would-be competitors grew so large that qualifying stages had to be arranged at county and provincial levels. Since then, Fleadh Nua (the new fleadh), Fleadh na Breataine (an All-Britain fleadh) and regional fleadhanna in Britain, and two major fleadhanna in the USA have also become annual CCÉ events.

From its beginning, the goal of the Fleadh Cheoil was to establish standards in Irish traditional music through competition. The fleadh developed as a mainly competitive event, but it also included many concerts, céilíthe, parades, and sessions.

Today, nearly 50 years on, fleadhanna at each level provide a platform and a meeting place for the thousands of musicians, singers and dancers who carry on the tradition. Around 20,000 performers compete in fleadhanna each year.

The 2008 festival was held in Tullamore, County Offaly and attracted an estimated crowd of 250,000 people making it Ireland's largest festival, music or otherwise.[3] The Fleadh is scheduled to go to Sligo in 2014.

The largest fleadh to date was 2013 in Derry, an event which attracted 430,000 people. [4]

Competition categories[edit]

According to CCÉ's official rules for 2005:

Solo competitions shall be held for the following instruments: fiddle; two-row accordion; concert flute; whistle; piano accordion; concertina; uilleann pipes; harp; mouth organ; banjo; mandolin – excluding banjo-mandolin; piano; old-style melodeon; bodhrán; war pipes; miscellaneous such as three and five row button accordion, piccolo, [chromatic] harmonica and other stringed instruments; céilí band drums; accompaniment – confined to piano, harp, guitar and bouzouki-type instruments; solo traditional singing in Irish and English; whistling; lilting; newly composed ballads and amhráin nua-cheaptha (newly composed songs in Irish).
Solo competitions for slow airs shall be held in all age groups for the following instruments: (a) fiddle; (b) concert flute; (c) whistle; (d) uilleann pipes; and (e) harp (as of 2010).

There are also competitions for the following ensembles: duet, trio, céilí band, instrumental group (grupaí cheoil), accordion band, pipe band, and miscellaneous ensemble.

The full rule set, which may change from year to year, is available from CCÉ web site[5] in the Press Room section. Comhaltas has a constitution or "Bunreacht"[6] in the Irish language.

Application[edit]

Towns and cities wishing to host Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann must submit several applications to Ardchomhairle an Chomaltais – the highest committee within CCÉ. Certain members of the Ardchomhairle then inspect the applicant towns and the locations that have been proposed as competition venues, before coming to a final decision several weeks after the preceding fleadh, usually in September. Once a town has been chosen to host the Fleadh, it undertakes to host the festival for two consecutive years. However, Comhaltas has the right to deny any the successful town the Fleadh for the second year if poor venues, organisational problems, etc. are demonstrated on the town's first year of hosting. On 10 September 2011, the 2012 All-Ireland Fleadh Cheoil was awarded to Cavan, County Cavan, for the third year in succession. The other towns who applied for the 2012 festival were Ennis, County Clare; and Sligo, County Sligo. The Fleadh was held in Derry in 2013, the first time that it was held in Northern Ireland. One of the primary reasons for holding the Fleadh in Derry was due to that city being awarded the UK City of Culture for 2013. In 2014, it was confirmed that the Fleadh Cheoil would be held in Sligo for 2014 and 2015.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CCE Mid Atlantic Fleadh". Sites.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  2. ^ midwestfleadh.com
  3. ^ Tullamore's Fleadh-trick Offaly Express, 27 August 2008
  4. ^ ""Derry Fleadh 'biggest ever' say organisers"". BBC. |
  5. ^ "comhaltas.com". comhaltas.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Comhaltas: Comhaltas Constitution (Bunreacht)". Comhaltas.ie. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fleadh_Cheoil — Please support Wikipedia.
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79 news items

Londonderry Today

Londonderry Today
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 06:07:30 -0700

The final lecture in the series will take place in the same venue on November 20, and this time two local speakers will focus on the relationship between the Irish and Ulster-Scots musicians here in the city, particularly in the build up to the Fleadh ...

Nenagh Guardian

Nenagh Guardian
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Ormond branch of Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann are hosting the event and the support of all is needed to ensure that Nenagh and Tipperary offer a wonderful July 2015 Fleadh Cheoil na Mumhan experience for all, when huge numbers descend on Nenagh, ...
 
Connaught Telegraph
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 07:00:50 -0700

Síle is a renowned sean nós singer and indeed adjudicates at the All-Ireland Fleadh Cheoil. At 4.30 p.m. Séamus Mac Mathúna will conduct a workshop for adults and young people over the age of 14. Séamus intends to get his audience singing lively Irish ...
 
Royal Dutch Shell plc .com
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 11:10:37 -0700

This was followed by a further PR set back in August of this year when “Shell to Sea” campaigners in Ireland mounted a public protest about Shell's sponsorship of the largest traditional Irish music Festival, “Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann.” Within days ...
 
Irish Post
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 05:22:30 -0700

The main band came together after jamming sessions at the 2002 Fleadh Cheoil in Listowel and was completed when classically-trained violinist Niamh Dunne from Limerick joined in 2005. Beoga have gone on to become an established attraction on the ...

Westmeath Independent

Westmeath Independent
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 06:52:30 -0700

A self-taught guitar, bodhran, bones and bouzouki player, she joined Dervish in 1991 and has been on the road ever since, This year she won great acclaim for her presentation of the Fleadh Cheoil on TG4. Cathy joins a line of legendary traditional ...
 
Sligo Champion
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 16:03:07 -0700

"Recent experiences such as the Team Sligo marketing campaign, the hosting of Fleadh Cheoil na hEireann, the Tidy Towns initiative and the development of the Wild Atlantic Way all contribute towards a growing awareness of the untapped economic ...
 
Leinster Express
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Come along a hear our newest 2014 All Ireland champions and qualifiers performing, enjoy the talent of our harpists and uilleann pipers, the Roscarrig Ceili Band, three time medal winners at Fleadh Cheoil na hEireann and the talented Faherty Family.
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