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The opening parade of the 2008 Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in Tullamore, County Offaly

The Fleadh Cheoil (Irish pronunciation: [fʲlʲaː çoːlʲ], meaning "festival of music") is an Irish music competition run by Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann (CCÉ).

There are various stages to the competition. In Ireland there are county and provincial competitions leading to the All-Ireland Fleadh. In Britain there are regional, then national stages of qualification for the All-Ireland. North America has two regional qualifying Fleadh Cheoil. The Mid Atlantic Fleadh[1] covers the US eastern seaboard, eastern Canada and the Maritimes. The Midwest Fleadh[2] covers the rest of North America from Cleveland, Chicago, St. Louis, Atlanta and Detroit to San Francisco.

Competitions are divided into the following age categories: under 12, 12–15, 15–18, and over 18 (senior).

History[edit]

The first national festival of Irish traditional music was held in Mullingar in 1951. At its inaugural meeting in September 1951, CCÉ came up with the title of Fleadh Cheoil, aiming to make this a great national festival of traditional music. The fleadh has been held in many different venues.

In the years that followed, the number of would-be competitors grew so large that qualifying stages had to be arranged at county and provincial levels. Since then, Fleadh Nua (the new fleadh), Fleadh na Breataine (an All-Britain fleadh) and regional fleadhanna in Britain, and two major fleadhanna in the USA have also become annual CCÉ events.

From its beginning, the goal of the Fleadh Cheoil was to establish standards in Irish traditional music through competition. The fleadh developed as a mainly competitive event, but it also included many concerts, céilíthe, parades, and sessions.

Today, nearly 50 years on, fleadhanna at each level provide a platform and a meeting place for the thousands of musicians, singers and dancers who carry on the tradition. Around 20,000 performers compete in fleadhanna each year.

The 2008 festival was held in Tullamore, County Offaly and attracted an estimated crowd of 250,000 people making it Ireland's largest festival, music or otherwise.[3] The Fleadh is scheduled to go to Sligo in 2014.

The largest fleadh to date was 2013 in Derry, an event which attracted 430,000 people. [4]

Competition categories[edit]

According to CCÉ's official rules for 2005:

Solo competitions shall be held for the following instruments: fiddle; two-row accordion; concert flute; whistle; piano accordion; concertina; uilleann pipes; harp; mouth organ; banjo; mandolin – excluding banjo-mandolin; piano; old-style melodeon; bodhrán; war pipes; miscellaneous such as three and five row button accordion, piccolo, [chromatic] harmonica and other stringed instruments; céilí band drums; accompaniment – confined to piano, harp, guitar and bouzouki-type instruments; solo traditional singing in Irish and English; whistling; lilting; newly composed ballads and amhráin nua-cheaptha (newly composed songs in Irish).
Solo competitions for slow airs shall be held in all age groups for the following instruments: (a) fiddle; (b) concert flute; (c) whistle; (d) uilleann pipes; and (e) harp (as of 2010).

There are also competitions for the following ensembles: duet, trio, céilí band, instrumental group (grupaí cheoil), accordion band, pipe band, and miscellaneous ensemble.

The full rule set, which may change from year to year, is available from CCÉ web site[5] in the Press Room section. Comhaltas has a constitution or "Bunreacht"[6] in the Irish language.

Application[edit]

Towns and cities wishing to host Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann must submit several applications to Ardchomhairle an Chomaltais – the highest committee within CCÉ. Certain members of the Ardchomhairle then inspect the applicant towns and the locations that have been proposed as competition venues, before coming to a final decision several weeks after the preceding fleadh, usually in September. Once a town has been chosen to host the Fleadh, it undertakes to host the festival for two consecutive years. However, Comhaltas has the right to deny any the successful town the Fleadh for the second year if poor venues, organisational problems, etc. are demonstrated on the town's first year of hosting. On 10 September 2011, the 2012 All-Ireland Fleadh Cheoil was awarded to Cavan, County Cavan, for the third year in succession. The other towns who applied for the 2012 festival were Ennis, County Clare; and Sligo, County Sligo. The Fleadh was held in Derry in 2013, the first time that it was held in Northern Ireland. One of the primary reasons for holding the Fleadh in Derry was due to that city being awarded the UK City of Culture for 2013. In 2014, it was confirmed that the Fleadh Cheoil would be held in Sligo for 2014 and 2015.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CCE Mid Atlantic Fleadh". Sites.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  2. ^ midwestfleadh.com
  3. ^ Tullamore's Fleadh-trick Offaly Express, 27 August 2008
  4. ^ ""Derry Fleadh 'biggest ever' say organisers"". BBC. |
  5. ^ "comhaltas.com". comhaltas.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Comhaltas: Comhaltas Constitution (Bunreacht)". Comhaltas.ie. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fleadh_Cheoil — Please support Wikipedia.
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433 news items

Nenagh Guardian

Nenagh Guardian
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 09:37:30 -0800

It is a huge honour to host this event so this is your chance to come out and help to ensure that this Munster Fleadh Cheoil will be most memorable and the best yet! This run/walk is for everyone – young and not so young – where everyone can go at ...

Mayo Advertiser

Mayo Advertiser
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 21:26:15 -0800

Six decades on, the All Ireland Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann champion singer has just launched his debut album on his native Clare Island. Clare Island of Yore was produced and recorded by Irish TV and is a collection partly inspired by the long history ...

Connaught Telegraph

Connaught Telegraph
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 05:12:13 -0800

Crowned All-Ireland senior fiddle champion at Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann and Fiddler of Dooney in 2007, she has been acclaimed for her flowing and dynamic style of playing as well as her vast repertoire of Irish traditional music, and is a much sought ...

Irish Examiner

Irish Examiner
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 16:56:15 -0800

Fota Island Resort is in the market to welcome back the Irish Open to Cork "in the not too distant future", as the city and county prepares to bid for a number of spectacular international sporting events on the back of a successful staging of the ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 01:09:34 -0700

Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann has been criticised for accepting sponsorship for next week's Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann from oil company Shell, which has developed the gas field off Mayo and has been involved in long controversy over its onshore pipeline ...

IrishCentral

IrishCentral
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 04:51:34 -0700

350,000 people have taken to the streets of Sligo town in the annual gathering for the Fleadh Cheoil or music festival. (See YouTube video below from RTE, Ireland's national broadcast station.) Dedicated Irish music and dance lovers from as far away as ...

Derry Journal

Derry Journal
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 06:14:37 -0800

“I am extremely proud to be a member of my local branch of Comhaltas and to have been involved in the incredible Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in Derry in 2013. This was widely recognised as the biggest and best Fleadh in the history of the organisation.

Irish Times

Irish Times
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 17:02:11 -0700

While the town waited yesterday afternoon for President Michael D Higgins to arrive and start Fleadh Cheoil 2014, a group of young buskers gave a taste of what was to come at the feast of traditional Irish music. The children playing a selection of ...
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