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The opening parade of the 2008 Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in Tullamore, County Offaly

The Fleadh Cheoil (Irish pronunciation: [fʲlʲaː çoːlʲ], meaning "festival of music") is an Irish music competition run by Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann (CCÉ).

There are various stages to the competition. In Ireland there are county and provincial competitions leading to the All-Ireland Fleadh. In Britain there are regional, then national stages of qualification for the All-Ireland. North America has two regional qualifying Fleadh Cheoil. The Mid Atlantic Fleadh[1] covers the US eastern seaboard, eastern Canada and the Maritimes. The Midwest Fleadh[2] covers the rest of North America from Cleveland, Chicago, St. Louis, Atlanta and Detroit to San Francisco.

Competitions are divided into the following age categories: under 12, 12–15, 15–18, and over 18 (senior).

History[edit]

The first national festival of Irish traditional music was held in Mullingar in 1951. At its inaugural meeting in September 1951, CCÉ came up with the title of Fleadh Cheoil, aiming to make this a great national festival of traditional music. The fleadh has been held in many different venues.

In the years that followed, the number of would-be competitors grew so large that qualifying stages had to be arranged at county and provincial levels. Since then, Fleadh Nua (the new fleadh), Fleadh na Breataine (an All-Britain fleadh) and regional fleadhanna in Britain, and two major fleadhanna in the USA have also become annual CCÉ events.

From its beginning, the goal of the Fleadh Cheoil was to establish standards in Irish traditional music through competition. The fleadh developed as a mainly competitive event, but it also included many concerts, céilíthe, parades, and sessions.

Today, nearly 55 years on, fleadhanna at each level provide a platform and a meeting place for the thousands of musicians, singers and dancers who carry on the tradition. Around 20,000 performers compete in fleadhanna each year.

The 2008 festival was held in Tullamore, County Offaly and attracted an estimated crowd of 250,000 people making it Ireland's largest festival, music or otherwise.[3] The Fleadh came to Sligo in 2014 and 2015. It will then be scheduled to Ennis in 2016.

The largest fleadh to date was 2013 in Derry, an event which attracted 430,000 people.[4]

Competition categories[edit]

According to CCÉ's official rules for 2005:

Solo competitions shall be held for the following instruments: fiddle; two-row accordion; concert flute; whistle; piano accordion; concertina; uilleann pipes; harp; mouth organ; banjo; mandolin – excluding banjo-mandolin; piano; old-style melodeon; bodhrán; war pipes; miscellaneous such as three and five row button accordion, piccolo, [chromatic] harmonica and other stringed instruments; céilí band drums; accompaniment – confined to piano, harp, guitar and bouzouki-type instruments; solo traditional singing in Irish and English; whistling; lilting; newly composed ballads and amhráin nua-cheaptha (newly composed songs in Irish).
Solo competitions for slow airs shall be held in all age groups for the following instruments: (a) fiddle; (b) concert flute; (c) whistle; (d) uilleann pipes; and (e) harp (as of 2010).

There are also competitions for the following ensembles: duet, trio, céilí band, instrumental group (grupaí cheoil), accordion band, pipe band, and miscellaneous ensemble.

The full rule set, which may change from year to year, is available from CCÉ web site[5] in the Press Room section. Comhaltas has a constitution or "Bunreacht"[6] in the Irish language.

Application[edit]

Towns and cities wishing to host Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann must submit several applications to Ardchomhairle an Chomaltais – the highest committee within CCÉ. Certain members of the Ardchomhairle then inspect the applicant towns and the locations that have been proposed as competition venues, before coming to a final decision several weeks after the preceding fleadh, usually in September. Once a town has been chosen to host the Fleadh, it undertakes to host the festival for two consecutive years. However, Comhaltas has the right to deny any the successful town the Fleadh for the second year if poor venues, organisational problems, etc. are demonstrated on the town's first year of hosting. On 10 September 2011, the 2012 All-Ireland Fleadh Cheoil was awarded to Cavan, County Cavan, for the third year in succession. The other towns who applied for the 2012 festival were Ennis, County Clare; and Sligo, County Sligo. The Fleadh was held in Derry in 2013, the first time that it was held in Northern Ireland. One of the primary reasons for holding the Fleadh in Derry was due to that city being awarded the UK City of Culture for 2013. In 2014, it was confirmed that the Fleadh Cheoil would be held in Sligo for 2014 and 2015. Ennis is up next to host the Fleadh in August 2016.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CCE Mid Atlantic Fleadh". Sites.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  2. ^ midwestfleadh.com
  3. ^ Tullamore's Fleadh-trick Offaly Express, 27 August 2008
  4. ^ "Derry Fleadh 'biggest ever' say organisers". BBC. |
  5. ^ "comhaltas.com". comhaltas.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Comhaltas: Comhaltas Constitution (Bunreacht)". Comhaltas.ie. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fleadh_Cheoil — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1822 news items

The Clare Herald

The Clare Herald
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 07:11:08 -0700

20160425_Fleadh_Cheoil_Shannon_Airport_Sponsorship_0256 Shannon Airport has been announced as the main sponsor for the world's largest Irish traditional music festival – Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann Inis 2016. In what will be the biggest 'homecoming' ...
 
Mayo Advertiser
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 00:41:15 -0700

The fleadh cheoil season is upon us again and it is time to take to the road. This year's Fleadh Cheoil Mhaigh Eo will take place in Ballinrobe on the weekend of Saturday May 7 and Sunday May 8, full details of the event were announced in Ballinrobe ...

The Irish World Newspaper

The Irish World Newspaper
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 08:45:00 -0700

The small, and very English, north Hertfordshire market town of Baldock will be hosting its seventh fleadh cheoil next Bank Holiday Monday, (2 May). It is part of the Baldock Festival and has become ever more popular over the years. Organiser Brian ...

Offaly Express

Offaly Express
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 04:03:39 -0700

Sacred Heart School, Tullamore. 6pm. Including the Official opening of Fleadh Cheoil Uíbh Fhailí 2016. SAT 7th May: Competitions continue. Sacred Heart School, Tullamore. 11am. SAT 7th May: Fleadh Mass. Church of the Assumption,Tullamore. 6.30pm.

Irish Times

Irish Times
Sun, 09 Aug 2015 11:21:20 -0700

Sligo was full of people dragging wheelie suitcases and musical instruments through its streets on Sunday as Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann , “the biggest traditional Irish music festival on the planet”, was launched by President Michael D Higgins. Just a ...

Nenagh Guardian

Nenagh Guardian
Wed, 06 Apr 2016 03:03:38 -0700

With August fast approaching, Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann Inis 2016 is actively seeking accommodation in neighbouring counties. 400,000 visitors are expected in Ennis over a nine-day period from August 14th-22nd. The demand for quantity, quality and a ...
 
The Clare Herald
Sat, 12 Mar 2016 03:24:39 -0800

With August fast approaching, the Clare Volunteer Centre is actively recruiting and training volunteers for the return of Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann to Ennis. Nineteen representatives from Community and Voluntary Groups have attended a “Building ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 17:03:42 -0700

It may have been a soft Sligo day but rain separated the men and women from the boys and girls at Fleadh Cheoil . As clouds hung low over Ben Bulben, the sound of jigs and reels wafted around every corner, and the organising committee reported that ...
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