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The opening parade of the 2008 Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in Tullamore, County Offaly

The Fleadh Cheoil (Irish pronunciation: [fʲlʲaː çoːlʲ], meaning "festival of music") is an Irish music competition run by Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann (CCÉ).

There are various stages to the competition. In Ireland there are county and provincial competitions leading to the All-Ireland Fleadh. In Britain there are regional, then national stages of qualification for the All-Ireland. North America has two regional qualifying Fleadh Cheoil. The Mid Atlantic Fleadh[1] covers the US eastern seaboard, eastern Canada and the Maritimes. The Midwest Fleadh[2] covers the rest of North America from Cleveland, Chicago, St. Louis, Atlanta and Detroit to San Francisco.

Competitions are divided into the following age categories: under 12, 12–15, 15–18, and over 18 (senior).

History[edit]

The first national festival of Irish traditional music was held in Mullingar in 1951. At its inaugural meeting in September 1951, CCÉ came up with the title of Fleadh Cheoil, aiming to make this a great national festival of traditional music. The fleadh has been held in many different venues.

In the years that followed, the number of would-be competitors grew so large that qualifying stages had to be arranged at county and provincial levels. Since then, Fleadh Nua (the new fleadh), Fleadh na Breataine (an All-Britain fleadh) and regional fleadhanna in Britain, and two major fleadhanna in the USA have also become annual CCÉ events.

From its beginning, the goal of the Fleadh Cheoil was to establish standards in Irish traditional music through competition. The fleadh developed as a mainly competitive event, but it also included many concerts, céilíthe, parades, and sessions.

Today, nearly 50 years on, fleadhanna at each level provide a platform and a meeting place for the thousands of musicians, singers and dancers who carry on the tradition. Around 20,000 performers compete in fleadhanna each year.

The 2008 festival was held in Tullamore, County Offaly and attracted an estimated crowd of 250,000 people making it Ireland's largest festival, music or otherwise.[3] The Fleadh is scheduled to go to Sligo in 2014.

The largest fleadh to date was 2013 in Derry, an event which attracted 430,000 people. [4]

Competition categories[edit]

According to CCÉ's official rules for 2005:

Solo competitions shall be held for the following instruments: fiddle; two-row accordion; concert flute; whistle; piano accordion; concertina; uilleann pipes; harp; mouth organ; banjo; mandolin – excluding banjo-mandolin; piano; old-style melodeon; bodhrán; war pipes; miscellaneous such as three and five row button accordion, piccolo, [chromatic] harmonica and other stringed instruments; céilí band drums; accompaniment – confined to piano, harp, guitar and bouzouki-type instruments; solo traditional singing in Irish and English; whistling; lilting; newly composed ballads and amhráin nua-cheaptha (newly composed songs in Irish).
Solo competitions for slow airs shall be held in all age groups for the following instruments: (a) fiddle; (b) concert flute; (c) whistle; (d) uilleann pipes; and (e) harp (as of 2010).

There are also competitions for the following ensembles: duet, trio, céilí band, instrumental group (grupaí cheoil), accordion band, pipe band, and miscellaneous ensemble.

The full rule set, which may change from year to year, is available from CCÉ web site[5] in the Press Room section. Comhaltas has a constitution or "Bunreacht"[6] in the Irish language.

Application[edit]

Towns and cities wishing to host Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann must submit several applications to Ardchomhairle an Chomaltais – the highest committee within CCÉ. Certain members of the Ardchomhairle then inspect the applicant towns and the locations that have been proposed as competition venues, before coming to a final decision several weeks after the preceding fleadh, usually in September. Once a town has been chosen to host the Fleadh, it undertakes to host the festival for two consecutive years. However, Comhaltas has the right to deny any the successful town the Fleadh for the second year if poor venues, organisational problems, etc. are demonstrated on the town's first year of hosting. On 10 September 2011, the 2012 All-Ireland Fleadh Cheoil was awarded to Cavan, County Cavan, for the third year in succession. The other towns who applied for the 2012 festival were Ennis, County Clare; and Sligo, County Sligo. The Fleadh was held in Derry in 2013, the first time that it was held in Northern Ireland. One of the primary reasons for holding the Fleadh in Derry was due to that city being awarded the UK City of Culture for 2013. In 2014, it was confirmed that the Fleadh Cheoil would be held in Sligo for 2014 and 2015.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CCE Mid Atlantic Fleadh". Sites.google.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  2. ^ midwestfleadh.com
  3. ^ Tullamore's Fleadh-trick Offaly Express, 27 August 2008
  4. ^ ""Derry Fleadh 'biggest ever' say organisers"". BBC. |
  5. ^ "comhaltas.com". comhaltas.com. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Comhaltas: Comhaltas Constitution (Bunreacht)". Comhaltas.ie. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fleadh_Cheoil — Please support Wikipedia.
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557 news items

Limerick Leader

Limerick Leader
Fri, 22 May 2015 23:56:15 -0700

Cllr John Sheahan, chairman of Glin Fleadh Coiste officially launching the Fleadh Cheoil Luimnigh 2015 with from left; Shannon Kilkenny, Glin, Neal Carmody, Ballylongford, Nicola Sheahan, Glin and Aisling Culhane, Glin at the Community Hall, Glin ...

RTE.ie

RTE.ie
Sat, 07 Mar 2015 10:22:30 -0800

It has been announced the 2016 Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann will be staged in Ennis, Co Clare. Ennis secured the event ahead of two other towns, with Sligo and Drogheda both in contention. The All-Ireland Fleadh comprises a ten-day cultural festival ...

Irish Examiner

Irish Examiner
Sun, 08 Mar 2015 18:07:30 -0700

Ennis town mayor Johnny Flynn said: “Ennis has not hosted the event since 1977 and I firmly believe that the awarding of the Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann to the town is thoroughly deserved, especially considering the fact that the town has and continues ...

Entertainment.ie

Entertainment.ie
Wed, 20 May 2015 04:26:15 -0700

If it's fit for a future King and Queen it's surely fit for you! Plan a fairytale summer escape retracing the footsteps of Prince Charles and Camilla who will make a historic whistle-stop tour of the west of Ireland this week. The royal couple will dip ...

IrishCentral (blog)

IrishCentral (blog)
Fri, 15 May 2015 05:04:22 -0700

Wrapping around that engagement, Ni Chathasaigh's harp expertise will be put to good use at the Comhaltas Ceoltoiri Eireann North American convention and Mid-Atlantic Fleadh Cheoil when she does an afternoon harp workshop open to harp students ...

Connacht Tribune Group

Connacht Tribune Group
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 05:11:15 -0700

The head of Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann has said he would welcome an application to host a future Fleadh Cheoil na hÉireann in Galway City, which has never launched a bid despite being worth at least €50 million to the local economy. Sligo will hold ...

Derry Now

Irish Independent
Tue, 21 Apr 2015 03:30:00 -0700

PLANS to hold the Fleadh Cheoil in Wexford in 2020 were discussed at the Economic Development & Enterprise SPC, the meeting was told. Share. Facebook · Twitter · Google · Email. Go To. Comments. Cllr George Lawlor made the suggestion to put a bid in ...

The Clare Herald

The Clare Herald
Fri, 15 May 2015 10:15:00 -0700

Future plans would include moving more into the corporate clothing market and I anticipate the Fleadh Cheoil in Ennis in 2016 as being a big opportunity for branded merchandise”. With over ten years experience in sales, Shane Collins outlines his ...
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