digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Fisherman (disambiguation).
Fisherman and his catch, including small sharks, hooked on hand lines many miles off shore in the Seychelles

A fisherman or fisher is someone who captures fish and other animals from a body of water, or gathers shellfish.[1]

Worldwide, there are about 38 million commercial and subsistence fishermen and fish farmers.[2] The term can also be applied to recreational fishermen and may be used to describe both men and women. Fishing has existed as a means of obtaining food since the Mesolithic period.[3]

History[edit]

Egyptians bringing in fish and splitting them for salting
Main article: History of fishing

Fishing has existed as a means of obtaining food since the Mesolithic period. During the time of the Ancient Egyptians, fishermen provided the majority of food for Egyptians. Fishing had become a major means of survival as well as a business venture.[4]

Fishing and the fisherman have also influenced Ancient Egyptian religion; mullets were worshiped as a sign of the arriving flood season. Bastet was often manifested in the form of a catfish. In ancient Egyptian literature, the method that Amun used to create the world is associated with the tilapia's method of mouth-brooding.

Commercial fishermen[edit]

A fisherman in Kerala, India
Main article: Commercial fishing

According to the FAO, there were 38 million commercial and subsistence fishermen and fish farmers in 2002, more than triple the number in 1970. Of this total, 74% worked in capture fisheries and 26% in aquaculture. The total fishery production of 133 million tonnes equated to an average productivity of 3.5 tonnes per person.[2]

Most of this growth took place in Asian countries, where four-fifths of world fishers and fish farmers dwell.[2]

Most fishermen are men involved in offshore and deep-sea fisheries. Women fish in some regions inshore from small boats or collect shellfish and seaweed. In many artisanal fishing communities, women are responsible for making and repairing nets, post-harvest processing and marketing.[2]

Recreational fishermen[edit]

Main article: Recreational fishing

Recreational fishing is fishing for pleasure or competition. It can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is fishing for economic profit, or subsistence fishing, which is fishing for survival.

The most common form of recreational fishing is done with a rod, reel, line, hooks and any one of a wide range of baits. Lures are frequently used in place of bait. Some people make handmade lures, including plastic lures and artificial flies.

The practice of catching or attempting to catch fish with a hook is called angling. When angling, it is sometimes expected or required that the fish be caught and released. Big-game fishing is fishing from boats to catch large open-water species such as tuna, sharks and marlin. Noodling and trout tickling are also recreational activities.

Fishing communities[edit]

Main articles: Fishing village and Artisan fishing

For some communities, fishing provides not only a source of food and work but also community and cultural identity.[5]

In the New Testament, Jesus is reported to have said to his disciples: Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.[6]

Safety issues[edit]

A Royal Air Force search and rescue Sea King helicopter comes to the aid of the French fishing vessel Alf during a storm in the Irish Sea.

The fishing industry is hazardous for fishermen. Between 1992 and 1999, US commercial fishing vessels averaged 78 deaths per year. The main contributors to fatalities are:[7]

  • inadequate preparation for emergencies
  • poor vessel maintenance and inadequate safety equipment
  • lack of awareness of or ignoring stability issues.

Many fishermen, while accepting that fishing is dangerous, staunchly defend their independence. Many proposed laws and additional regulation to increase safety have been defeated because fishermen oppose them.[7]

Alaska's commercial fishermen work in one of the world's harshest environments. Many of the hardships they endure include isolated fishing grounds, high winds, seasonal darkness, very cold water, icing, and short fishing seasons, where very long work days are the norm. Fatigue, physical stress, and financial pressures face most Alaska fishermen through their careers. The hazardous work conditions faced by fishermen have a strong impact on their safety. Out of 948 work-related deaths that took place in Alaska during 1990-2006, one-third (311) occurred to fishermen. This is equivalent to an estimated annual fatality rate of 128/100,000 workers/year. This fatality rate is 26 times that of the overall U.S. work-related fatality rate of approximately 5/100,000 workers/year for the same time period.[8]

While the work-related fatality rate for commercial fishermen in Alaska is still very high, it does appear to be decreasing: since 1990, there has been a 51 percent decline in the annual fatality rate. The successes in commercial fishing are due in part to the U.S. Coast Guard implementing new safety requirements in the early 1990s. These safety requirements contributed to 96 percent of the commercial fishermen surviving vessel sinkings/capsisings in 2004, whereas in 1991, only 73 percent survived. While the number of occupational deaths in commercial fishermen in Alaska has been reduced, there is a continuing pattern of losing 20 to 40 vessels every year. There are still about 100 fishermen who must be rescued each year from cold Alaska waters. Successful rescue is still dependent on the expertly trained personnel of the US Coast Guard Search and Rescue operations, and such efforts can be hindered by the harshness of seas and the weather. Furthermore, the people involved in Search and Rescue operations are themselves at considerable risk for injury or death during these rescue attempts.[8]

Types of fishermen[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 45-3011 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers US Department of Labor
  2. ^ a b c d FAO: Fishing people. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  3. ^ Early humans followed the coast BBC News article.
  4. ^ Fisheries history
  5. ^ International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF)
  6. ^ Matthew 4:19
  7. ^ a b FAO Profile for the USA
  8. ^ a b "NIOSH Commercial Fishing in Alaska". United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Fields, Leslie Leyland (editor) (2002) Out On The Deep Blue: Women, Men, and the Oceans They Fish. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-27726-0
  • Jones, Stephen (2001) Working Thin Waters: Conversations with Captain * Lawrence H. Malloy, Jr. University Press of New England. ISBN 978-1-58465-103-1

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fisherman — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

The Congo's - Fisherman

The Congos formed as the trio(3). "Ashanti" Roy Johnson (tenor) (b. Roydel Johnson, 1947, Hanover, Jamaica), Cedric Myton (falsetto) (b. 1947, Saint Catherin...

Giant Shark defeats Two Experienced Fisherman

It's not everyday that you hook a giant shark like the one in this video. This shark was extremely strong! We used a cobia carcass for bait and within 15 min...

Automatic Fisherman How To Ice Fish

How to use an Automatic Fisherman for ice fishing. Eric Haataja shows How to ice fish videos.http://automaticfisherman.com.

Fisherman's Blues The Waterboys

Fisherman's Blues The Waterboys.

Casey Ashley - Fisherman

New single by Casey Ashley Entitled "Fisherman" Great song. Buy the track for .99 Cents http://www.outdoormusic.com/products/index.html Casey Ashley is a pro...

Hammerhead Shark Attacks Kayak Fisherman!!!

A large hammerhead shark took I liking to my friends kayak while we were offshore fishing. The huge shark even bit the back and side of his kayak and had to ...

World's Most Extreme Fisherman - Human Planet - BBC

Human Planet joins Sam Niang, a Laotian fisherman, as he walks a high wire strung above the raging Mekong River rapids on an extraordinary commute to work. R...

The Last Fishermen

Be a fisherman's friend at www.greenpeace.org.uk/beafishermansfriend. An overhaul of the law that governs fishing in Europe only happens every 10 years, so w...

drunk fisherman

we were fishing for haddock at jeffreys ledge and my friend was wasted so we tied his line to the boat and made him think that he had the biggest fish in the...

Kayak fisherman has close encounter with shark

An Oahu man fishing from a kayak had his catch stolen while at sea.

1000000 videos foundNext > 

39498 news items

SFGate

SFGate
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 14:47:56 -0700

Hundreds of union supporters celebrated Labor Day by marching from San Francisco's Pier 39 to the Hyatt Fisherman's Wharf, a nonunion hotel that labor officials say is one of the last holdouts in a city filled with organized hotels. The marchers ...
 
StarNewsOnline.com
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 20:45:00 -0700

It was a Friday at daybreak that we rode out into an ocean that had no horizon. The sky and sea were nickel steel, and they met somewhere beyond us. We could see every twitch of life – pods of pogies, pulsing jellies, finning spadefish, Spanish that ...
 
Indianapolis Star
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 17:00:00 -0700

Two Indianapolis brothers wanted on warrants had apparently eluded police by living in a homeless camp near the White River, but were arrested Monday after a fisherman tipped off a conservation officer. Conservation officers with the Indiana Department ...

myfox8.com

WSOC Charlotte
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 06:18:45 -0700

A North Carolina fisherman was in for the surprise of his life after he thought he was reeling in a large mouth bass at a lake this weekend, only to find that what was on the end of his line was a 5-foot long alligator. He captured video of his catch ...
 
KTRK-TV
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 11:33:45 -0700

A man has quite the fish tale to tell after hooking a gator in Falls Lake, North Carolina, and he has the pictures and video to prove it. Stephen Rhodes was out at Falls Lake fishing for large mouth bass when he spotted something strange. At first ...
 
Delmarva Daily Times
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 10:49:10 -0700

An Assateague pony grazes on the grass near the welcome sign to Assateague Island National Park. (Photo: Staff file photo by Todd Dudek). 629 CONNECT 13 TWEETLINKEDINCOMMENTEMAILMORE. Mathew Vickers walked into the water to grab the ...

Middle East Eye

Middle East Eye
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 02:22:30 -0700

GAZA CITY - Abdelsalam al-Essi knows better than anyone that he didn't choose to be a fisherman. It was handed down to him from his father, who got it from his father, who got it from his father before him. The chain goes back generations, acting as a ...

Inquirer.net

Philippine Star
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 03:18:45 -0700

MANILA, Philippines (Xinhua) - Philippine Coast Guard personnel charged with homicide for shooting a fisherman from China's Taiwan last year pleaded not guilty during the arraignment before the Batanes Regional Trial Court (RTC) today. Six of the eight ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Fisherman

You can talk about Fisherman with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!