Philippine movie award-giving bodies are institutions, academies and fellowships that are handing out awards, citations and recognitions to outstanding film achievements for a certain calendar year.
The Maria Clara Awards is established in 1950. However, it was criticized for being judged only by movie writers, and not other film artisans and filmmakers. In response, a group of writers established the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences Awards (FAMAS Awards) in 1952.
From 1952 to 1976, the FAMAS was the sole award-giving body for film in the Philippines. During this period, many film festivals have also been established everywhere in the Philippines, including:
- The Quezon City Film Festival (held at Quezon, then capital of the Philippines)
- Bacolod Film Festival (held at the City of Bacolod in Negros Occidental)
- Manila Film Festival
Nevertheless, the FAMAS was still recognized as the main national film award-giving body even with the existence of these film festivals.
On May 1, 1976, a group of Filipino film critics and writers formed the Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino (English: Filipino Film Critics), an organization aiming at giving recognition to Filipino film achievements through the eyes of a film critic. The MPP formed the Gawad Urian, the first award-giving body to contest the long-reigning FAMAS Awards. The Gawad Urian gave a Philippine equivalent to the New York Film Critics' Circle Awards.
During the commercialist era of movies in the 1980s, more award-giving bodies have sprung up to honor film achievements. In 1981, President Ferdinand Marcos passed Executive Order 640-A, which established the Film Academy of the Philippines, the Philippines' official counterpart of the United States' Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. The FAP handed out the first Luna Awards (then called the FAP Award until 2005) in 1983 to honor film achievements in 1982. In addition, the Catholic Church also established the Catholic Mass Media Awards. In 1985, the Philippine Movie Press Club initiated the Star Awards for Movies and Television, which is currently the Philippines' Golden Globes' counterpart. In addition, under the auspices of First Lady Imelda Marcos, the first Filipino international film festival was held in 1982: the Manila International Film Festival. This prestigious festival opened at the Manila Film Center.
Grand Slam 
During the 1980s, the term grand slam became popular. The Philippine grand slam is an unofficial moniker given to an actor or actress who had won the following awards: FAMAS Awards, Gawad Urian, CMMA and FAP Awards(became Luna Awards in 2005) in one year. CMMA though stopped giving acting awards by 1990 while Star Awards started giving their awards in 1985. The moniker was first earned by actress Vilma Santos in 1983 when she won the FAMAS, Gawad Urian, CMMA and FAP Awards for her performance in the Ishmael Bernal film Relasyon.
The proliferation of award-giving bodies in the Philippines, however, grew in the 1990s. Various university scholars and other groups have formed their own awards (see below). In addition,. breakaway groups from the existing award-giving bodies have made their own awards, too. Because of the sheer number of award-giving bodies in the Philippines, various film insiders have concluded that, indeed, the Philippines is an award-crazed country.
Filipino Film Awards (Award-Giving Body) 
- FAMAS Awards (Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences)
- Gawad Urian (Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino)
- Luna Awards (Film Academy of the Philippines)
- Star Awards for Movies (Philippine Movie Press Club)
- Young Critics Circle - Film Desk Awards
- Golden Screen Awards (Entertainment Press Society) - breakaway group from PMPC
- Gawad Tanglaw
- Gawad Pasado
Filipino Film Festivals 
- Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival (held at the Cultural Center of the Philippines every July)
- Cinema One Originals (held at select malls in Metro Manila and Cebu every October/November)
- Cinemanila International Film Festival (held at select malls within Metro Manila every November)
- Metro Manila Film Festival (held every December 25 to January 7 in all cinemas nationwide)
- Sineng Pambansa (held every June and November in select Philippine cities)
Defunct Filipino Awards 
- Maria Clara Awards (1950–1951) (resurrected in 2006 as a temporary venue of awards for the FAMAS, which was undergoing a leadership crisis and an anti-awards-night ruling from the Securities and Exchange Commission)
- Manila International Film Festival
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
- Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences - unofficial website
- Film Academy of the Philippines - official website
- Cinemalaya Philippine Film Festival - official website
- Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino - official website
- Young Critics Circle Film Desk - official blog
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