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Fazlul Quader Chaudhury
Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
29 November 1963 – 12 June 1965
Deputy Mohammad Afzal Cheema
Preceded by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
Succeeded by Abdul Jabbar Khan
Personal details
Died 17 July 1973
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Political party Muslim League (Before 1962)
Convention Muslim League (1962–1969)

Fazlul Qadir Chaudhury (also known as A.K.M. Fazlul Quader Chowdhry) was the 5th speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan, from East Pakistan. He belonged to Ayub Khan's Convention Muslim League. He was also the acting President of Pakistan from time to time when Ayub Khan left the country. His elder brother Fazlul Kabir Chowdhury was the leader of the opposition in East Pakistan assembly. Quader was Preceded by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan of Awami League.


Early life[edit]

A.K.M. Fazlul Quader Chowdhury was born on 26 March 1919 in Raozan, under Chittagong District.[1]

Political career[edit]

Pakistan Period[edit]

Fazlul Quader Chaudhury was elected member of the Pakistan National Assembly in 1962 under the Basic Democracy system. He was a minister in Ayub Khan’s cabinet (1962) in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Works, then in charge of the Ministry of Education and Information, and later in charge of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (1963). He played an important role in floating the Convention Muslim League (1962) and was elected a member of the central committee of the party. Consequent upon a judgment of the Supreme Court in 1963 cancelling the membership of a cabinet member to the National Assembly, his post in the Assembly was vacated (May 1963).[2]

He was instrumental in the founding of the University of Chittagong,[3] Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong Marine Academy, Chittagong Marine Fisheries and the Polytechnic Institute.[1]

1971 and post- independence[edit]

In 1973, after the independence of East Pakistan, he was jailed in Bangladesh by the Awami League government of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman for war crimes as collaborator of Pakistan Army during 1971. He died in the prison in 1973.[4]

His elder son Salauddin Quader Chowdhury was sixth term member of the Bangladeshi Parliament. Forty years after independence he also lies in prison for the same case under the War Crimes Tribunal set up by the Awami League government of Sheikh Hasina Wazed, daughter of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.[5][6] According to the law in Bangladesh Saka Cowdhury Salauddin Quader ChowdhuryHas been deemed The death penalty today the 29th of July 2015.


Although Fazlul Qadir Chaudhury established a number of educational institutions in his own district, and pioneered various social welfare and development activities, his involvement in war crimes in 1971 make him a reviled figure in Bangladeshi politics.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Fazlul Quader Chowdhury". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Khan, Muazzam Hussain. "Banglapedia". Banglapedia. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Azim, Fayezul. "University of Chittagong". Banglapedia. Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "Tread Warily To The Dream". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 6 February 2010. 
  5. ^ http://www.parliament.gov.bd/9th_Parliament_MP%20List.pdf
  6. ^ "SQ Chy now booked for war crimes". The Daily Star. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
Speaker of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Abdul Jabbar Khan

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fazlul_Qadir_Chaudhry — Please support Wikipedia.
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Daily Times
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 01:48:45 -0700

The first free and fair elections of 1970 were disastrous for the Ayub lotas (turncoats). An honest ballot knocked out heavyweights like Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi, Chaudhry Muhammed Hussain, Anwar Bhinder, Yasin Wattoo, Ayub Khuro, Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry, ...

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