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Fazlul Quader Chaudhury Tiger of chittagong
Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
29 November 1963 – 12 June 1965
Deputy Mohammad Afzal Cheema
Preceded by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
Succeeded by Abdul Jabbar Khan
Personal details
Born (1919-03-26)March 26, 1919
Gahira village, Chittagong District, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died July 17, 1973(1973-07-17) (aged 54)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Political party Muslim League (Before 1962)
Convention Muslim League (1962–1969)
Alma mater Calcutta Presidency College
Calcutta University Law College

Fazlul Quader Chaudhury (1919-1973) was a Bengali politician who served as the 5th speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan from East Pakistan. He belonged to Ayub Khan's Convention Muslim League. He was also the acting President of Pakistan from time aaato time when Ayub Khan left the country. His elder brother Fazlul Kabir Chaudhury was the leader of the opposition in East Pakistan assembly. Quader was preceded by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan of Awami League.

Early life[edit]

Chaudhury was born on 26 March 1919 at Gahira village in Chittagong District. He graduated from Calcutta Presidency College and earned B.L degree from Calcutta University Law College. In 1941 he was elected general secretary of All India Muslim Student Federation. He joined the Muslim League and was elected the secretary of Chittagong district unit of the party in 1943.[1]


Chaudhury was elected member of the Pakistan National Assembly in 1962. In Ayub Khan’s cabinet he served in the Ministry of Agriculture and Works, the Ministry of Education and Information and the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare. He played an important role in floating the Convention Muslim League (1962) and was elected a member of the central committee of the party.[1]

He facilitated the foundation of University of Chittagong,[2] Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong Marine Academy, Chittagong Marine Fisheries and the Polytechnic Institute.[1]

In 1973, after the independence of East Pakistan, he was jailed in Bangladesh by the Awami League government of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman for war crimes as collaborator of Pakistan Army during 1971. He died in Dhaka Central Jail on July 17, 1973.[3]


Chaudhury's elder son Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury turned out to be a popular politician as well. He was elected member of the Bangladeshi Parliament six times. In October 2015, Supreme Court of Bangladesh upheld the death sentence awarded by international crime tribunal for the alleged crime committed by S Q Chowdhury during the "Liberation war of Bangladesh" in 1971. The death sentence was executed on early hours of 22 November 2015 inside Dhaka Central Jail where his father Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry died in 1973. [4]


  1. ^ a b c Muazzam Hussain Khan. "Chaudhury, Fazlul Quader". Banglapedia. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Azim, Fayezul. "University of Chittagong". Banglapedia. Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Tread Warily To The Dream". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 6 February 2010. 
  4. ^ "SQ Chy now booked for war crimes". The Daily Star. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
Speaker of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Abdul Jabbar Khan

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fazlul_Qadir_Chaudhry — Please support Wikipedia.
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2 news items

Daily Times
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 01:48:45 -0700

The first free and fair elections of 1970 were disastrous for the Ayub lotas (turncoats). An honest ballot knocked out heavyweights like Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi, Chaudhry Muhammed Hussain, Anwar Bhinder, Yasin Wattoo, Ayub Khuro, Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry, ...


Thu, 08 Aug 2013 15:01:51 -0700

Lahore-based newspaper Pakistan Today on August 6 ran a report on six Pakistanis' submission of a statement to save suspected war criminal Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury, who is also a BNP standing committee member. His trial on 23 charges at final ...

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