|Fazlul Quader Chaudhury|
|Speaker of the National Assembly|
29 November 1963 – 12 June 1965
|Deputy||Mohammad Afzal Cheema|
|Preceded by||Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan|
|Succeeded by||Abdul Jabbar Khan|
March 26, 1919|
Gahira village, Chittagong District, Bengal Presidency, British India
|Died||July 17, 1973
|Political party||Muslim League (Before 1962)
Convention Muslim League (1962–1969)
|Alma mater||Calcutta Presidency College
Calcutta University Law College
Fazlul Quader Chaudhury (1919-1973) was a Bengali politician who served as the 5th speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan from East Pakistan. He belonged to Ayub Khan's Convention Muslim League. He was also the acting President of Pakistan from time to time when Ayub Khan left the country. His elder brother Fazlul Kabir Chaudhury was the leader of the opposition in East Pakistan assembly. Quader was preceded by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan of Awami League.
Chaudhury was born on 26 March 1919 at Gahira village in Chittagong District. He graduated from Calcutta Presidency College and earned B.L degree from Calcutta University Law College. In 1941 he was elected general secretary of All India Muslim Student Federation. He joined the Muslim League and was elected the secretary of Chittagong district unit of the party in 1943.
In 1947, Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry supported the United Bengal pact of Sarat Bose and Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, but when Suhrawardy agreed to form Pakistan, he failed from presenting the matter to Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Chaudhury was elected member of the Pakistan National Assembly in 1962. In Ayub Khan’s cabinet he served in the Ministry of Agriculture and Works, the Ministry of Education and Information and the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare. He played an important role in floating the Convention Muslim League (1962) and was elected a member of the central committee of the party.
He facilitated the foundation of University of Chittagong, Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong Marine Academy, Chittagong Marine Fisheries and the Polytechnic Institute.
Arrest and death
In 1973, after the independence of East Pakistan, he was jailed in Bangladesh by the Awami League government of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman for war crimes as collaborator of Pakistan Army during 1971. He died in Dhaka Central Jail on July 17, 1973.
Chaudhury's elder son Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury was a politician. He was elected member of the Bangladeshi Parliament six times. In October 2015, Supreme Court of Bangladesh upheld the death sentence awarded by international crime tribunal for the alleged crime committed by Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury during the Liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971. The death sentence was executed on early hours of 22 November 2015 inside Dhaka Central Jail.
- Muazzam Hussain Khan. "Chaudhury, Fazlul Quader". Banglapedia. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- Mukhopadhay, Keshob. "An interview with prof. Ahmed sharif". News from Bangladesh. Daily News Monitoring Service. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Azim, Fayezul. "University of Chittagong". Banglapedia. Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- "Tread Warily To The Dream". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 6 February 2010.
- "SQ Chy now booked for war crimes". The Daily Star. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
|Speaker of the National Assembly
Abdul Jabbar Khan
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