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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Latin fascia
Gray's p.376
MeSH D005205
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is a layer of fibrous tissue.[1] A fascia is a connective tissue structure that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.[2] Fasciae are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.


There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium


Myofascia is defined as a layer of loose but strong connective tissue often containing fat covering and investing all muscles; an aponeurosis. The intrinsic connection between muscles and muscle fibers with connective tissue, fascia.


Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Provide a sliding and gliding environment for muscles.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their proper place.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

Clinical significance[edit]

A Fasciotomy may be used to relieve compression syndrome as a result of high pressure within a anatomical compartment created by fascia.

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


  1. ^ "fascia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ a b Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
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285666 news items

Sat, 08 Nov 2014 06:03:45 -0800

"At its best," Paltrow writes, "the fascia is a thin membrane that covers all of our muscles. At its worst, it bonds together to create knots, pain, tension, and thickness, impeding our body's ability to exercise its full range of motion." Working the ...
PR Newswire (press release)
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:30:00 -0800

CRESSKILL, N.J., Nov. 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The oldest and largest mentoring organization in the United States, Big Brothers Big Sisters, recently announced their Big Brother of the Year. The honor was granted to Tom Fascia of Randolph, New Jersey, ...

New York Magazine

New York Magazine
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:57:25 -0800

Fascia, plural fasciae, is the connective tissue around muscles that could be key to posture and shaping organs. One can assign all manner of problems to this aspect of the body, and "structural integrative specialist” Lauren Roxburgh answered now ...
Automotive News
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 21:05:31 -0800

Designers used a light touch to refresh the 2015 Chrysler 300, with a new front fascia and the addition of a rotary shifter as the biggest differences for what will be the 60th anniversary of the original 300 in 1955. Chrysler's flagship sedan is the ...
Rockford Register Star
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 14:37:23 -0800

ROSCOE — Physical therapists Ronit Golan, Bhernee Paragas, Peggy Erickson and Amy Carter from SwedishAmerican Medical Group in Roscoe recently completed a course on the assessment and treatment of fascia. The course, held through Summit ...
Shape Magazine (blog)
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 10:34:32 -0800

Gwyneth Paltrow is at it again. First, she revolutionized the breakup with the mythical "conscious uncoupling" and now, she's uncovered a "secret organ." In a new Goop post, Fascia: The Secret Organ, she describes what fascia is and why it's so ...
The Daily News of Newburyport
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 00:01:41 -0800

Most muscles in your body are wrapped in tough, fibrous tissue called fascia. There are also bands of fascia that connect bone to bone more like a ligament. On the bottom of your foot, called the plantar side, is a thick band of fascia that starts at ...

Southwales Evening Post

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Thu, 20 Nov 2014 23:54:48 -0800

A FIRE which began in a wheelie bin last night licked up against a Gorseinon building, setting alight to its fascia. At 10.13pm yesterday, two fire crews from Gorseinon and Morriston were sent to a street off High Street in the town to extinguish the ...

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