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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Latin fascia
Precursor mesenchyme
Gray's p.376
MeSH Fascia
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is a layer of fibrous tissue.[1] A fascia is a structure of connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.[2] Various kinds of fascia may be distinguished. They are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.


There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium


Myofascia is defined as a layer of loose but strong connective tissue often containing fat covering and investing all muscles; an aponeurosis. The intrinsic connection between muscles and muscle fibers with connective tissue, fascia.


Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Provide a sliding and gliding environment for muscles.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their proper place.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


  1. ^ "fascia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ a b Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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What used to be "intuited" can now be seen. In vivo living fascial tissue is now viewable. It IS fiber optics baby! Used by permission of Jean-Cleaude Guimba...


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No conversation about the muscular system is compete without looking at fascia. In this lecture we look at the structure and function of this often unappreci...

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43309 news items

GP online

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Thu, 23 Oct 2014 16:03:45 -0700

The plantar fascia is a longitudinally organised fibrous connective tissue which originates on the periosteum of the medial calcaneal tubercle. It extends into five bands surrounding the flexor tendons as it passes all metatarsal heads, then blends ...

The Grocer

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Wed, 08 Oct 2014 07:23:21 -0700

Costcutter will now add the Simply Fresh fascia to its Costcutter, Kwiksave and Mace brands. “Simply Fresh is an innovative addition to the symbol group sector and complements our existing family of brands, which will help attract and inspire new and ...
Waterbury Republican American
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 20:01:51 -0700

WATERBURY — Karen Emmendorfer worked feverishly at Fascia's Chocolates on Wednesday, placing pieces of toffee into an "enrober" to coat them with milk chocolate. "You have to be quick on the assembly line," said Emmendorfer, 74, of Southington, ...

Herts and Essex Observer

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Fri, 10 Oct 2014 06:02:57 -0700

A SECTION of pavement outside the Potter Street entrance of Jackson Square in Bishop's Stortford is taped off today after a delivery lorry hit the overhead glass fascia, causing thousands of pounds worth damage. One of the panels of glass over the ...

Talking Retail

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Fri, 03 Oct 2014 01:48:43 -0700

Symbol groups Spar and Simply Fresh were the big winners at this year's Retail Industry Awards, which were unveiled at a ceremony in London last week. Spar took the coveted title of Symbol/Fascia Group of the Year, its first victory in this category ...

Indian Autos Blog (blog)

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Wed, 08 Oct 2014 05:00:00 -0700

This image from CarToq gives an early look at the refreshed Tata Safari Storme's front fascia. Changes are subtle, as they extend to a new honeycomb mesh for the grille and airdam. CarToq reports that a new infotainment system and front-facing third ...
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Thu, 23 Oct 2014 09:38:04 -0700

Il culmine, nella produzione delle graduatorie di istituto di II e III fascia, sembra essere stato raggiunto dalle scuole della provincia di Milano, che avranno tempo fino al 3 novembre per sistemare gli errori. L'avviso dell'Ufficio Scolastico di ...

Retail Times

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Wed, 24 Sep 2014 16:03:45 -0700

Mahmood has operated the store for 12 years, all of which have been under the Spar fascia. One Stop launched its franchise scheme at the end of January this year, following a successful pilot within five stores during 2013. The proposition provides ...

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