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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Latin fascia
Gray's p.376
Precursor mesenchyme
MeSH Fascia
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is a layer of fibrous tissue.[1] A fascia is a structure of connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.[2] Various kinds of fascia may be distinguished. They are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.


There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium


Myofascia is defined as a layer of loose but strong connective tissue often containing fat covering and investing all muscles; an aponeurosis. The intrinsic connection between muscles and muscle fibers with connective tissue, fascia.


Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Provide a sliding and gliding environment for muscles.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their proper place.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


  1. ^ "fascia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ a b Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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40491 news items

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 22:30:44 -0700

We are literally surrounded by fascia. Matrix-like, it wraps around all 600 muscles in the body connecting them to each other and to our bones. Sounds significant. But is fascia, the most plentiful tissue in the human body, really the 'Cinderella ...
Retail Week
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 07:49:58 -0700

JD's new menswear fascia Open has launched a store in Stevenage, the first in an opening spree for the value format ahead of Christmas. The 2,000 sq ft store, which opened on Saturday, is the first of ten Open stores that will begin trading before the ...
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (subscription)
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 14:56:15 -0700

The objective of this study was to raise awareness of the diagnosis of enthesopathy of the lateral cord of the plantar fascia (LCPF) and describe its sonographic findings. We conducted a retrospective case series of 13 sonographic examinations with the ...
CTV News
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 05:45:00 -0700

Involves pain and inflammation of a thick band of tissue, called the plantar fascia; Runs across the bottom of foot; Connects heel bone to toes. Causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with very first steps in the morning. Once foot limbers up, the ...
Orizzonte Scuola
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 07:15:00 -0700

inviato da Marta - Sono una docente di 2 e 3 fascia, come la maggior parte di precari come me, alle prese con i punteggi sbagliati da poco pubblicati. Dunque, per la cronaca, i punteggi sono tutti sbagliati. Al mio primo accesso su istanze on line mi ...
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Following a sneak preview in an OnStar commercial, Cadillac has taken the wraps off the 2015MY CTS. The main attraction is an updated front fascia highlighted by the wreathless crest as seen on recent Cadillac products. As standard it gets projector ...

Indian Autos Blog (blog)

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Mon, 18 Aug 2014 21:30:00 -0700

The 2015 Skoda Fabia's front fascia is expected to have the same features as that of the Fabia Combi shown in these magazine scans. While the headlamps, grille and bonnet have been revealed through teasers, this is the first time that the bumper design ...


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Viceversa, "ci sono squadre che non vincono niente da anni e che sono in prima, seconda o terza fascia. Questo perchè i punti che fai in Europa League influiscono sull'andamento generale e non lo trovo giusto. In Europa league si giocano molte più ...

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