digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
Fascia
Gray395.png
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Details
Latin fascia
Precursor mesenchyme
Identifiers
Gray's p.376
MeSH D005205
Dorlands
/Elsevier
f_03/12354757
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective fascial; from Latin: "band") is connective tissue fibers, primarily collagen, that form sheets or bands beneath the skin to attach, stabilize, enclose, and separate muscles and other internal organs.[1] Fasciae are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[1]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they have collagen as their major component. They differ in their location and function: ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.

Structure[edit]

There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[2] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[3] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium

Function[edit]

Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[4]

Clinical significance[edit]

Fascia becomes important clinically when it loses stiffness, becomes too stiff or has decreased shearing ability.[5] When inflammation or trauma causes fibrosis and adhesions, fascial tissue fails to differentiate the adjacent structures effectively. This can happen after surgery where the fascia has been incised and healing includes a scar that traverses the surrounding structures. A fasciotomy may be used to relieve compartment syndrome as a result of high pressure within an anatomical compartment created by fascia.

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  2. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  3. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  4. ^ Faller, A.; Schuenke, M. (2004). The Human Body. Thieme Medical Publishers. p. 127. 
  5. ^ PMID 24962403

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
183328 videos foundNext > 

Thomas Myers - Fascia 101

Thomas Myers from Anatomy Trains breaks down the basics of our fascia system. For more information, be sure to visit: www.anatomytrains.com TRAINING FOR ...

Fascia Magnified 25x (Subtitled)

What used to be "intuited" can now be seen. In vivo living fascial tissue is now viewable. It IS fiber optics baby! Used by permission of Jean-Cleaude ...

How To Install Soffit And Fascia

Shannon from http://www.house-improvements.com shows you how to install soffit and fascia on your next home improvement DIY project.

FTM 2014 June - Views of the living Fascia

To help our viewers understand the universality of the fascia we have looked at the complex connective tissue of a grapefruit followed by microendoscopic ...

Muscular System : Fascia (09:06)

Lesson 6 in our Muscular System series. This is part of our Anatomy and Physiology lecture series. No conversation about the muscular system is compete ...

Integral Anatomy V2 pt1: Deep Fascia and Muscle

I VERY HIGHLY RECOMMEND WATCHING SERIES IN ORDER: V1, pt. 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K68kC9R7THc V1, pt.

Integral Anatomy V1 pt2: Skin and Superficial Fascia

I VERY HIGHLY RECOMMEND WATCHING SERIES IN ORDER: V1, pt. 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K68kC9R7THc V1, pt.

FSP. Fascia Stretching Protocol by Dr. Dr. Homayun Gharavi

Dr. Dr. Homayun Gharavi, inventor of the 4D PRO ReAction Trainer, says that strechting muscle tissue in athletics is a senseless waste of time & effort. According ...

¿ Qué es la Fascia ? en español subtitulado

Qué es la Fascia ? ¿ Cómo se comporta ? Un acercamiento con las nuevas funcionalidades descubiertas acerca de este tejido.

Gil Hedley: Fascia and stretching: The Fuzz Speech

The entire Integral Anatomy Series is available for viewing on YouTube. V1, pt. 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K68kC9R7THc Here, Gil Hedley, Ph.D., ...

183328 videos foundNext > 

1702634 news items

Massage Today

Massage Today
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Fascia was, for many years, seen as a sort of second-class tissue, a form of supportive wrapping, a nuisance during dissection, where it obscured the views of pretty muscles and joints. Fascia's increased visibility, due largely to the series of ...
 
cleveland.com
Fri, 19 Jun 2015 07:26:15 -0700

Fascia boards rest behind your gutter. Since they're never exposed to sunlight, are in areas that are constantly wet or damp, and seldom get repainted, they often rot out. There are a couple of ways to prolong the life of your fascia boards. When ...

Dallas Morning News (blog)

Dallas Morning News (blog)
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 16:23:25 -0700

The starting safety has suffered from chronic plantar fascia in his right foot since entering the league. On Monday, he had blood drawn from his arm, treated and injected into his right foot to help it heal. He can begin working out again next week and ...
 
Sierra Star
Wed, 03 Jun 2015 15:57:40 -0700

All of the muscles, bones, organs and nerves in our bodies are connected with tissue called fascia. Fascia is a 3D matrix within the body that forms layers and lines of support. Easy, pain-free movement is dependent on healthy fascia. It is woven ...
 
Marketing
Thu, 18 Jun 2015 03:49:30 -0700

But who are the winners here? At best it's good for the pocket of pressurised consumers in difficult economic times. At worst it is destroying retail brands and branded goods alike and creating a culture of fascia-agnostic deal hunters. It's all about ...

News24

News24
Tue, 16 Jun 2015 20:56:15 -0700

She studied muscle activation and lynotherapy as well as trauma release exercises with David Berceli from U.S. and went to Germany last year to the University of Ulm where she attended the fascia research summer school to gain the latest knowledge of ...

Car and Driver (blog)

Car and Driver (blog)
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 08:11:15 -0700

The biggest change to the 2016 Jetta GLI is its new front-fascia treatment. The honeycomb grille's red underline now extends into the headlamp cluster, which gets additional LED elements. Meanwhile, the lower air intake is shallower and wider-looking; ...

WorldCarFans.com

WorldCarFans.com
Mon, 22 Jun 2015 12:40:19 -0700

The camouflage is starting to come off the 2016 / 2017 Jaguar F-Pace as the latest spy photos have revealed the crossover's aggressive front fascia. While we've already seen the model countless times before, the latest pictures reveal the F-Pace will ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight