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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Latin fascia
Gray's p.376
Precursor mesenchyme
MeSH Fascia

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is a layer of fibrous tissue.[1] A fascia is a structure of connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.[2] Various kinds of fascia may be distinguished. They are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.


There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium


Myofascia is defined as a layer of loose but strong connective tissue often containing fat covering and investing all muscles; an aponeurosis. The intrinsic connection between muscles and muscle fibers with connective tissue, fascia.


Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Provide a sliding and gliding environment for muscles.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their proper place.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


  1. ^ "fascia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ a b Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
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39304 news items

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 12:08:04 -0700

Fascia is a web of fibrous tissue that permeates the body, but is it really the "Cinderella Tissue" that new age therapists, Rolfers, and yoga instructors suggest? The fascial system is still a medical mystery. But that could soon change, thanks to an ...
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 02:32:53 -0700

Jaguar has released an image depicting the front fascia of what appears to be an XE-S. It was only yesterday when Jaguar published a new batch of details about their 3-Series fighter and now the model has made a comeback in an image showing the front ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 21:52:30 -0700

Its job is to maintain the arch of the foot – it acts as a bowstring pulled between the heel and the toes. "Itis" as a suffix indicates inflammation, but with the plantar fascia there is still some controversy over what exactly happens to the tissue ...
New Jersey Hills
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 22:37:30 -0700

Fascia, an executive recruiter and married father of 2, was among 31 Big Brothers nationwide who were competing for the title of Big Brother of the Year, presented each year by Big Brothers Big Sisters of America. Fascia gets a little choked up ...
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 00:00:56 -0700

Just like in the previous set of spy shots, the car was spotted somewhere in the Alps and it was the estate variant (CW) hiding a modestly revised front fascia that will also be largely applied on the smaller i30 facelift. There will be a more angular ...
Retail Week
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 02:54:36 -0700

Waterstones has opened a 'quintessentially local' store called Southwold Books. It is the first branch not to use the Waterstones brand. The 900 sq ft on Southwold High Street in Suffolk is an experiment to represent the “ethos of an independent bookshop”.

Indian Autos Blog (blog)

Indian Autos Blog (blog)
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 23:00:00 -0700

Based on the spy image showing the front fascia, the U301 is likely to get design inspirations from Mahindra's flagship product, the XUV500. The grille seems to sport vertical slats like in the XUV500 and current Bolero. The spare wheel of the ...

Il Tempo

Il Tempo
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Samsung alla riscossa. Dopo il lancio del Galaxy S5 e dell'S5 mini nei mesi scorsi, adesso prevede di lanciare in tutto il globo due nuovi smartphone di fascia alta entro i prossimi mesi. Come annunciato dallo stesso colosso coreano durante l'ultima ...

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