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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
Fascia
Gray395.png
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Details
Latin fascia
Precursor mesenchyme
Identifiers
Gray's p.376
MeSH D005205
Dorlands
/Elsevier
f_03/12354757
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is connective tissue fibers, primarily collagen, that form sheets or bands beneath the skin to attach, stabilize, enclose, and separate muscles and other internal organs.[1] Fasciae are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.

Structure[edit]

There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium

Function[edit]

Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Reduces friction between muscles, allowing sliding.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their cavities.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

Clinical significance[edit]

A Fasciotomy may be used to relieve compartment syndrome as a result of high pressure within an anatomical compartment created by fascia.

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  2. ^ Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Nature.com
Fri, 30 Jan 2015 02:50:34 -0800

To report on the application of autologous fascia lata as a readily available natural biomaterial for ocular tectonic support in SINS, we performed this retrospective chart review including two eyes of two patients; one case following both repaired ...
 
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Fri, 30 Jan 2015 02:18:45 -0800

The 11 stores will continue to trade under the Open fascia while JD looks for alternative uses for the sites, Drapers reported. JD reportedly lost confidence in the fashion side of the business after experiencing difficulties in its Bank fashion fascia ...

Lifehacker Australia

Lifehacker Australia
Sat, 10 Jan 2015 10:03:07 -0800

Check out the video above for instructions on mitering fascia boards to accommodate corners. Avoid overly thick nails which can cause fascia boards to crack and splinter. Use galvanised finishing nails to install the new fascia boards. Use wood filler ...
 
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Gap has revealed plans to shutter its multi-brand Piperlime fashion fascia in the first quarter of 2015. Piperlime, which operates online and from one store in New York, has annual revenue of less than $100m (£65.8m), representing less than 1% of Gap's ...
 
Monthly Prescribing Reference
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 09:59:11 -0800

(HealthDay News) — Excision of the deep fascia does not improve the outcome of patients with cutaneous melanomas thicker than 2 millimeters, according to a study published in the December issue of the British Journal of Dermatology. Robert E. Hunger ...

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Sports Direct high street fascia USC has been bought out of administration by Republic.com, a retailer also owned by Mike Ashley's Sports Direct. The retailer filed a notice of intention to appoint receivers at the High Court earlier this month ...

Physicians News Digest

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Tue, 06 Jan 2015 07:56:15 -0800

melanoma (HealthDay News) — Excision of the deep fascia does not improve the outcome of patients with cutaneous melanomas thicker than 2 millimeters, according to a study published in the December issue of the British Journal of Dermatology. Robert E.
 
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Family behind Lululemon to launch new fascia in the UK. 16 January 2015 | By Jill Geoghegan. Members of the Wilson family, which owns Canadian yoga brand Lululemon, are launching a new fashion fascia called Kit and Ace in the UK in 2015 as part of ...
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