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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Latin fascia
Gray's p.376
Precursor mesenchyme
MeSH Fascia
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is a layer of fibrous tissue.[1] A fascia is a structure of connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.[2] Various kinds of fascia may be distinguished. They are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.


There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium


Myofascia is defined as a layer of loose but strong connective tissue often containing fat covering and investing all muscles; an aponeurosis. The intrinsic connection between muscles and muscle fibers with connective tissue, fascia.


Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Provide a sliding and gliding environment for muscles.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their proper place.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


  1. ^ "fascia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ a b Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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32528 news items

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 12:08:04 -0700

Fascia is a web of fibrous tissue that permeates the body, but is it really the "Cinderella Tissue" that new age therapists, Rolfers, and yoga instructors suggest? The fascial system is still a medical mystery. But that could soon change, thanks to an ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 22:30:44 -0700

We are literally surrounded by fascia. Matrix-like, it wraps around all 600 muscles in the body connecting them to each other and to our bones. Sounds significant. But is fascia, the most plentiful tissue in the human body, really the 'Cinderella ...

Indian Autos Blog (blog)

Indian Autos Blog (blog)
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 21:30:00 -0700

The 2015 Skoda Fabia's front fascia is expected to have the same features as that of the Fabia Combi shown in these magazine scans. While the headlamps, grille and bonnet have been revealed through teasers, this is the first time that the bumper design ...
CTV News
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 05:45:00 -0700

Involves pain and inflammation of a thick band of tissue, called the plantar fascia; Runs across the bottom of foot; Connects heel bone to toes. Causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with very first steps in the morning. Once foot limbers up, the ...
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 03:33:13 -0700

Following a sneak preview in an OnStar commercial, Cadillac has taken the wraps off the 2015MY CTS. The main attraction is an updated front fascia highlighted by the wreathless crest as seen on recent Cadillac products. As standard it gets projector ...


Thu, 07 Aug 2014 16:45:12 -0700

Yet fascia, the most plentiful tissue in the human body, remains a medical mystery. A new paper published in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapy points out that even the interpretation of fascia is debated. "The definition itself of the fascia ...
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 02:33:40 -0700

Jaguar has released an image depicting the front fascia of what appears to be an XE-S. It was only yesterday when Jaguar published a new batch of details about their 3-Series fighter and now the model has made a comeback in an image showing the front ...
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Fri, 22 Aug 2014 01:15:00 -0700

I servizi di seconda fascia, differentemente dalla valutazione dei servizi di terza fascia , non possono essere fatti valere per il medesimo anno scolastico come specifico su una classe di concorso e come aspecifici per altre classi di concorso ...

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