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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Latin fascia
Gray's p.376
MeSH D005205
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is connective tissue fibers, primarily collagen, that form sheets or bands beneath the skin to attach, stabilize, enclose, and separate muscles and other internal organs.[1] Fasciae are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.


There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium


Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Provide a sliding and gliding environment for muscles.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their proper place.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

Clinical significance[edit]

A Fasciotomy may be used to relieve compression syndrome as a result of high pressure within a anatomical compartment created by fascia.

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


  1. ^ Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  2. ^ Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
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2409183 news items

Huffington Post
Wed, 03 Dec 2014 08:47:49 -0800

The culprit could be your fascia (pronounced "fash-ya"), says Mary Ann Wilmarth, DPT, chief of physical therapy at Harvard University Health Services. This sheet of tissue, made up of densely packed protein fibers, weaves throughout the entire body ...
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 13:33:45 -0800

(1:47 am ET) Nuggets point guard Ty Lawson scored 12 points on 4 of 12 shooting while matching a season high with 16 assists in his team's 115-111 overtime loss to the Rockets Wednesday. Lawson played 47 minutes in the overtime affair and was the only ...

Tech Times

Tech Times
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 05:18:45 -0800

Toyota has released another teaser picture of the 2016 Tacoma pickup truck, revealing the trapezoidal grille and LED-infused headlights of the vehicle. (Photo : Toyota). Truck enthusiasts got their first glimpse at the front of the much-anticipated ...

Vigilant Sports

Sun, 07 Dec 2014 12:05:57 -0800

The Pacers announced on Sunday that Mahinmi has a torn left plantar fascia, which he suffered during the first half of Friday's game against the Sacramento Kings. The injury will keep Mahinmi out for six to eight weeks. The Indiana Pacers announced ...
Business Wire (press release)
Tue, 02 Dec 2014 11:07:30 -0800

EDISON, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Starborn Industries, Inc., a leading fastener manufacturer and distributor, today announced that Trex® is now recommending the Starborn® DeckFast® Fascia System for attaching Trex composite deck fascia profiles.


Wed, 03 Dec 2014 16:47:56 -0800

Unfortunately for head coach Mike Brey he'll have to look elsewhere for bench production the next few weeks, as it was reported Wednesday that Beachem is out with a torn plantar fascia in his foot. According to reports the injury is expected to ...
PR Newswire (press release)
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:36:54 -0800

CRESSKILL, N.J., Nov. 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The oldest and largest mentoring organization in the United States, Big Brothers Big Sisters, recently announced their Big Brother of the Year. The honor was granted to Tom Fascia of Randolph, New Jersey, ...
Sun, 07 Dec 2014 13:11:15 -0800

Pacers center Ian Mahinmi will miss six-to-eight weeks of action while recovering from a torn plantar fascia, the team announced Sunday. Mahinmi suffered the injury in the first half of Friday's overtime loss in Sacramento. He has appeared in all 20 ...

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