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Not to be confused with fassia, fuchsia, or fascism.
For other uses, see Fascia (disambiguation).
The rectus sheath, an example of a fascia.
Latin fascia
Gray's p.376
Precursor mesenchyme
MeSH Fascia
Anatomical terminology

A fascia (/ˈfæʃə/, /ˈfæʃiə/; plural fasciae /ˈfæʃɨ.i/; adjective or fascial; from Latin: "band") is a layer of fibrous tissue.[1] A fascia is a structure of connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.[2] Various kinds of fascia may be distinguished. They are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia.

Like ligaments, aponeuroses, and tendons, fasciae are dense regular connective tissues, containing closely packed bundles of collagen fibers oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. Fasciae are consequently flexible structures able to resist great unidirectional tension forces until the wavy pattern of fibers has been straightened out by the pulling force. These collagen fibers are produced by the fibroblasts located within the fascia.[2]

Fasciae are similar to ligaments and tendons as they are all made of collagen except that ligaments join one bone to another bone, tendons join muscle to bone and fasciae surround muscles or other structures.


There exists some controversy about what structures are considered "fascia", and how fascia should be classified.[3] The two most common systems are:

NA 1983 TA 1997 Description Example
Superficial fascia (not considered fascia in this system) This is found in the subcutis in most regions of the body, blending with the reticular layer of the dermis.[4] Fascia of Scarpa
Deep fascia Fascia of muscles This is the dense fibrous connective tissue that interpenetrates and surrounds the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Transversalis fascia
Visceral fascia Visceral fascia, parietal fascia This suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue membranes. Pericardium


Myofascia is defined as a layer of loose but strong connective tissue often containing fat covering and investing all muscles; an aponeurosis. The intrinsic connection between muscles and muscle fibers with connective tissue, fascia.


Fasciae are normally thought of as passive structures that transmit mechanical tension generated by muscular activities or external forces throughout the body.

The function of muscle fasciae is to reduce friction to minimize the reduction of muscular force. In doing so, fasciae:

  1. Provide a sliding and gliding environment for muscles.[citation needed]
  2. Suspend organs in their proper place.[citation needed]
  3. Transmit movement from muscles to bones.[citation needed]
  4. Provide a supportive and movable wrapping for nerves and blood vessels as they pass through and between muscles.[5][need quotation to verify]

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.


  1. ^ "fascia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ a b Marieb, Elaine Nicpon; Hoehn, Katja (2007). Human anatomy & physiology. Pearson Education. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-321-37294-9. 
  3. ^ Committee on Anatomical Termi, Federative. Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. p. 33. ISBN 3-13-114361-4. 
  4. ^ Skandalakis, John E.; Skandalakis, P.N.; Skandalakis, L.J.; Skandalakis, J. (2002). Surgical Anatomy and Technique, 2nd Ed. Atlanta, GA: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-387-98752-5. 
  5. ^ Faller, A; Schuenke, M (2004) The Human Body, Thieme, p 127

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia — Please support Wikipedia.
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59761 news items

The Star-Ledger
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:18:24 -0700

22, has an injury to the plantar fascia in one of his feet. "Rest is a big part of it," said Enemkpali, who's listed on the depth chart behind Quinton Coples and Jason Babin as a third-string rush linebacker. "Right now, I'm just leaving it in the ...
Rock Hill Herald (press release)
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:11:15 -0700

EDISON, N.J. — Starborn Industries, Inc., a leading fastener manufacturer and distributor, today announced the availability of its Deckfast® Fascia System, a fastening system for deck fascia boards. The Deckfast Fascia System is designed to ...
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:11:15 -0700

EDISON, NJ -- Starborn Industries, Inc., a leading fastener manufacturer and distributor, today announced the availability of its Deckfast® Fascia System, a fastening system for deck fascia boards. The Deckfast Fascia System is designed to accommodate ...
Orizzonte Scuola
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 07:27:40 -0700

Il dm n. 717 del 5 settembre 2014 per la domanda della terza fascia delle graduatorie ATA indica quali sono i possibili motivi di esclusione. E' dunque necessaria la dovuta attenzione nella presentazione della domanda in due due fasi ( Come si presenta ...
Huffington Post
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 08:45:00 -0700

Plantar fasciitis is defined as inflammation of the plantar fascia, the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of the foot (National Library of Medicine). While there is a variety of ...
Bloomington Pantagraph
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 18:52:30 -0700

Special Sections · Marketplace · Community Calendar · Data & Public Info · Video · Style & Trends · Health · Limited · BN Inc. Bridal · Pantagraph Archives · Get-it; /Boolman Homes; /Free gutters on all complete exterior remodels! (Siding, soffit, and ...
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Aston Martin Redesigns Grille After Ford 'Steals' Fascia. By Anita Yeung on September 19, 2014. Cars TweetShare. Well, it seems Aston Martin is finally getting over the grille incident as their design studios are up and running to come out with a brand ...
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 13:24:23 -0700

Recently caught undergoing testing, the 2016 Elantra has a familiar design but adopts a new front fascia that echoes the Genesis. As a result, the car has been equipped with a larger grille and restyled headlights. Additional changes are hard to spot ...

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