|— Village —|
|Autonomous Prefecture||Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture|
|County Level City||Hunchun|
|Elevation||12 m (12 ft)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Fangchuancun (Chinese: 防川), a settlement in Hunchun county-level city, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture (延边) in Jilin Province on the Tumen River in adjust to Lake Khasan, known in China as "Changkufeng". The town is near the triple border between China, North Korea and Russia. East of the town is the Russian settlement of Khasan and south of it, from the other side of the Tumen River lies the North Korean border town of Tumangang.
In 1860, China’s Qing government ceded Fangchuancun and other strategic coastal territories through the Treaty of Peking, in return for Russian assistance in ending an Anglo-French occupation of Beijing.
Plans for port 
In the 90s the Jilin government planned to dredge the shallow and non-navigable Tumen River and construct an export river port at Fangchuancun. Russian politicians and environmentalists in Primorsky Krai protested that such plans, if realized, would bring an ecological disaster to the wetlands and Russia’s marine national parks, and threaten the breeding ground for the bulk of fish. The Tumen River Area Development Company Secretariat was requested by the Russians to intervene over the Jilin government's plans to construct a port at Fangchuancun and dredge the Tumen River. Following briefings in Vladivostok, the Secretariat raised the political sensitivity of the issue in Jilin with vice-governors and Party officials at both the provincial and the prefectural level. Details of Russian concerns over Chinese plan to dredge were conveyed, and advice on the uneconomic nature (if not futility) of building a river port at Fangchuancun was offered. By mid-1997, the Jilin government had stopped all further planning and publicity about the project.
In the town there is a watching post which overlooks the triple border and is open to tourists. There is a metal plaque at the observation tower commemorating visits by Chinese President Jiang Zemin in 1991 and 1995. Another plaque in the town mentions it is a United Nations world heritage-listed site, due to its unique historical, geographical and ecological significance.
See also