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Main article: Overexploitation

The exploitation of natural resources[when defined as?] started to emerge in the 19th century as natural resource extraction developed. During the 20th century, energy consumption rapidly increased. Today, about 80% of the world’s energy consumption is sustained by the extraction of fossil fuels, which consists of oil, coal and gas.[1] Another non-renewable resource that is exploited by humans are Subsoil minerals such as precious metals that are mainly used in the production of industrial commodities. Intensive agriculture is an example of a mode of production that hinders many aspects of the natural environment, for example the degradation of forests in a terrestrial ecosystem and water pollution in an aquatic ecosystem. As the world population rises and economic growth occurs, the depletion of natural resources influenced by the unsustainable extraction of raw materials becomes an increasing concern.[2]

Why resources are under pressure[edit]

  • Increase in the sophistication of technology enabling natural resources to be extracted quickly and efficiently. E.g., in the past, it could take long hours just to cut down one tree only using saws. Due to increased technology, rates of deforestation have greatly increased
  • Cultures of consumerism. Materialistic views lead to the mining of gold and diamonds to produce jewelry, unnecessary commodities for human life or advancement.
  • Non-equitable distribution of resources.

Problems arising from the exploitation of natural resources[edit]

Effects on local communities[edit]

The Global South[edit]

When a mining company enters a developing country to extract raw materials, advocating the advantages of the industry’s presence and minimizing the potential negative effects gain cooperation of the local people. Advantageous factors are primarily in economic development so services that the government could not provide such as health centers, police departments and schools can be established.[3] However with economic development, money becomes a dominant subject of interest. This can bring about major conflicts that a local community in a developing country has never dealt with before.[4] These conflicts emerge by a change to more egocentric views among the locals influenced by consumerist values.[5]

The effects of the exploitation of natural resources in the local community of a developing country are exhibited in the impacts from the Ok Tedi Mine. After BHP, now BHP Billiton, entered into Papua New Guinea to exploit copper and gold, the economy of the indigenous peoples boomed. Although their quality of life has improved, initially disputes were common among the locals in terms of land rights and who should be getting the benefits from the mining project.[6] The consequences of the Ok Tedi environmental disaster illustrate the potential negative effects from the exploitation of natural resources. The resulting mining pollution includes toxic contamination of the natural water supply for communities along the Ok Tedi River, causing widespread killing of aquatic life. When a mining company ends a project after extracting the raw materials from an area of a developing country, the local people are left to manage with the environmental damage done to their community and the long run sustainability of the economic benefits stimulated by the mining company’s presence becomes a concern.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Planas, Florent. "The Exploitation of Natural Resources". Un An Pour La Planete. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  2. ^ McNicoll, Geoffrey (2007). "Population and Sustainability". Handbook of Sustainable Development. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 125–139. Retrieved 2012-03-13. 
  3. ^ Pedro, Antonio M.A. (2004). Mainstreaming Mineral Wealth in Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategies. Economic Commission for Africa. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9789211250978. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Pegg, Simon (2006). "Mining and poverty reduction: Transforming rhetoric into reality". Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier) 14 (3-4): 376–387. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.06.006. ISSN 0959-6526. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Weber-Fahr, M.; Strongman, J.; Kunanayagam, R.; McMahon, G.; Sheldon, C. (2001). "Mining and Poverty Reduction". Noord Internationaal WB PRSP Sourcebook. pp. 4–6. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Bray, John (2003). "Attracting Reputable Companies to Risky Environments: Petroleum and Mining Companies". Natural Resources and Conflict: Options and Actions. World Bank Publications. pp. 287–347. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  7. ^ Brereton, D; Forbes, P. (2004). "Monitoring the Impact of Mining on Local Communities: A Hunter Valley Case Study". CSRM. pp. 12–13. 

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The Independent

The Independent
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 03:35:41 -0700

The exploitation of natural resources by a foreign power is the hallmark of colonial history; a history which is being repeated today in occupied Palestinian territory. While IHL was not as developed during the scramble for Africa or during WWII as it ...
 
Republica
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 13:26:15 -0700

In June, a cabinet meeting had decided to impose a complete ban on the export of aggregates to India stating that excessive exploitation of natural resources like stones, gravels, boulders and sand in the Chure region has sped up the degradation of the ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 11:22:30 -0700

The minister was speaking at the opening of the World Economic Forum of Palop, stressing the need of rational exploitation of natural resources to establish economic links. The official said that this is an effort that requires active participation of ...

Independent Online

Independent Online
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 05:00:00 -0700

Roosevelt concluded: “Our task now is not discovery or exploitation of natural resources, or necessarily producing more goods. It is the soberer, less dramatic business of administering resources and plants already in hand.” The pioneering era of ...
 
Kashmir Dispatch
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 04:48:45 -0700

People of the area are protesting against the exploitation of natural resources of fresh water. A sources said curfew-like restrictions have been imposed in the adjoining areas of Aherabal in view of the Kausarnaag march call given by a local civil ...
 
Reuters
Mon, 30 Jun 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Roosevelt concluded: "Our task now is not discovery or exploitation of natural resources, or necessarily producing more goods. It is the soberer, less dramatic business of administering resources and plants already in hand." The pioneering era of ...

GreaterKashmir.com

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Mon, 28 Jul 2014 11:56:15 -0700

One who is conscious of the depths of nature will always get disturbed by the misguided constructions, unregulated tourism, ruthless exploitation of natural resources etc. Destroying nature will mean that we are reduced to what Eric Fromn called ...
 
Tuoitrenews
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 19:26:15 -0700

However, the profit mainly comes from the exploitation of natural resources. PVN's affiliate firms working in other fields such as construction and technology for energy endured losses in the same period. Education: -- Vietnam won two gold medals and ...
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