digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















"Exploitation" redirects here. For exploitation of workers, see Exploitation of labour. For other uses, see Exploitation (disambiguation).

The exploitation of natural resources is the use of natural resources for humanity's purposes. It started to emerge on an industrial scale in the 19th century as the extraction and processing of raw materials (such as in mining, steam power, and machinery) developed much further than it had in preindustrial eras. During the 20th century, energy consumption rapidly increased. Today, about 80% of the world’s energy consumption is sustained by the extraction of fossil fuels, which consists of oil, coal and gas.[1] Another non-renewable resource that is exploited by humans are Subsoil minerals such as precious metals that are mainly used in the production of industrial commodities. Intensive agriculture is an example of a mode of production that hinders many aspects of the natural environment, for example the degradation of forests in a terrestrial ecosystem and water pollution in an aquatic ecosystem. As the world population rises and economic growth occurs, the depletion of natural resources influenced by the unsustainable extraction of raw materials becomes an increasing concern.[2]

Why resources are under pressure[edit]

  • Increase in the sophistication of technology enabling natural resources to be extracted quickly and efficiently. E.g., in the past, it could take long hours just to cut down one tree only using saws. Due to increased technology, rates of deforestation have greatly increased
  • Cultures of consumerism. Materialistic views lead to the mining of gold and diamonds to produce jewelry, unnecessary commodities for human life or advancement.
  • Non-equitable distribution of resources.

Problems arising from the exploitation of natural resources[edit]

Effects on local communities[edit]

The Global South[edit]

Human Resources Macon, Georgia, 1909

When a mining company enters a developing country to extract raw materials, advocating the advantages of the industry’s presence and minimizing the potential negative effects gain cooperation of the local people. Advantageous factors are primarily in economic development so services that the government could not provide such as health centers, police departments and schools can be established.[3] However with economic development, money becomes a dominant subject of interest. This can bring about major conflicts that a local community in a developing country has never dealt with before.[4] These conflicts emerge by a change to more egocentric views among the locals influenced by consumerist values.[5]

The effects of the exploitation of natural resources in the local community of a developing country are exhibited in the impacts from the Ok Tedi Mine. After BHP, now BHP Billiton, entered into Papua New Guinea to exploit copper and gold, the economy of the indigenous peoples boomed. Although their quality of life has improved, initially disputes were common among the locals in terms of land rights and who should be getting the benefits from the mining project.[6] The consequences of the Ok Tedi environmental disaster illustrate the potential negative effects from the exploitation of natural resources. The resulting mining pollution includes toxic contamination of the natural water supply for communities along the Ok Tedi River, causing widespread killing of aquatic life. When a mining company ends a project after extracting the raw materials from an area of a developing country, the local people are left to manage with the environmental damage done to their community and the long run sustainability of the economic benefits stimulated by the mining company’s presence becomes a concern.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Planas, Florent. "The Exploitation of Natural Resources". Un An Pour La Planete. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  2. ^ McNicoll, Geoffrey (2007). "Population and Sustainability". Handbook of Sustainable Development (PDF). Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 125–139. Retrieved 2012-03-13. 
  3. ^ Pedro, Antonio M.A. (2004). Mainstreaming Mineral Wealth in Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategies (PDF). Economic Commission for Africa. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9789211250978. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Pegg, Simon (2006). "Mining and poverty reduction: Transforming rhetoric into reality" (PDF). Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier) 14 (3-4): 376–387. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.06.006. ISSN 0959-6526. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Weber-Fahr, M.; Strongman, J.; Kunanayagam, R.; McMahon, G.; Sheldon, C. (2001). "Mining and Poverty Reduction". Noord Internationaal WB PRSP Sourcebook (PDF). pp. 4–6. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Bray, John (2003). "Attracting Reputable Companies to Risky Environments: Petroleum and Mining Companies". Natural Resources and Conflict: Options and Actions. World Bank Publications. pp. 287–347. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  7. ^ Brereton, D; Forbes, P. (2004). "Monitoring the Impact of Mining on Local Communities: A Hunter Valley Case Study". (PDF). CSRM. pp. 12–13 http://www.csrm.uq.edu.au/docs/Hunter_Valley.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploitation_of_natural_resources — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1981 news items

Jakarta Post
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 17:00:00 -0700

Jakarta is hosting a two-day conference called Tropical Landscapes Summit 2015: A Global Investment Opportunities, starting Monday, which aims to increase environmental awareness in order to provide a platform for governments to explain their plans and ...
Fri, 22 May 2015 10:14:54 -0700

They also see the potential of untrammeled exploitation of natural resources, fossil fuels included, in Bangsamoro areas. The ad hoc committee draft gives the Bangsamoro autonomous government hefty funds from the state should a plebiscite approve the ...
The Worldfolio
Wed, 20 May 2015 05:56:15 -0700

As a government seeking to do the best by its people, it does however face the predicament that so many others have faced before it: balancing economic development through exploitation of natural resources with environmental conservation. It is a ...

The Altamont Enterprise

The Altamont Enterprise
Thu, 21 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

“The game is still the same — exploitation of natural resources for the benefit of the few at the expense of many.” It is now no longer just about saving patches of land, he said — it's about saving the planet. “Now is the time when diversity really ...
Mail & Guardian Africa
Sun, 17 May 2015 06:18:45 -0700

In July 2007, UN OIOS issued a report titled “Investigation: Exploitation of Natural Resources and the Trafficking of Weapons in the Mongbwalu Region”, which related to the United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ...
Wed, 20 May 2015 06:41:15 -0700

Before the committee, the state did not impose any tax on exploitation of natural resources, and this injustice would never have continued under any circumstances. The state had several ways of proceeding against the developers, and the one chosen was ...
National Catholic Reporter (blog)
Tue, 12 May 2015 10:03:45 -0700

In 2002, then U.N. Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Hans Corell determined that the exploitation of natural resources in Western Sahara is a "violation of the international law principles applicable to mineral resource activities in Non-Self ...


Fri, 15 May 2015 01:08:11 -0700

The document aims to break the connection between the exploitation of natural resources and the financing of armed conflicts in developing countries. These minerals are tantalum, tin, tungsten and gold and are found in nearly all the electronic devices ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight