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Human Resources Macon, Georgia, 1909
Main article: Overexploitation

The exploitation of natural resources[when defined as?] started to emerge in the 19th century as natural resource extraction developed. During the 20th century, energy consumption rapidly increased. Today, about 80% of the world’s energy consumption is sustained by the extraction of fossil fuels, which consists of oil, coal and gas.[1] Another non-renewable resource that is exploited by humans are Subsoil minerals such as precious metals that are mainly used in the production of industrial commodities. Intensive agriculture is an example of a mode of production that hinders many aspects of the natural environment, for example the degradation of forests in a terrestrial ecosystem and water pollution in an aquatic ecosystem. As the world population rises and economic growth occurs, the depletion of natural resources influenced by the unsustainable extraction of raw materials becomes an increasing concern.[2]

Why resources are under pressure[edit]

  • Increase in the sophistication of technology enabling natural resources to be extracted quickly and efficiently. E.g., in the past, it could take long hours just to cut down one tree only using saws. Due to increased technology, rates of deforestation have greatly increased
  • Cultures of consumerism. Materialistic views lead to the mining of gold and diamonds to produce jewelry, unnecessary commodities for human life or advancement.
  • Non-equitable distribution of resources.

Problems arising from the exploitation of natural resources[edit]

Effects on local communities[edit]

The Global South[edit]

When a mining company enters a developing country to extract raw materials, advocating the advantages of the industry’s presence and minimizing the potential negative effects gain cooperation of the local people. Advantageous factors are primarily in economic development so services that the government could not provide such as health centers, police departments and schools can be established.[3] However with economic development, money becomes a dominant subject of interest. This can bring about major conflicts that a local community in a developing country has never dealt with before.[4] These conflicts emerge by a change to more egocentric views among the locals influenced by consumerist values.[5]

The effects of the exploitation of natural resources in the local community of a developing country are exhibited in the impacts from the Ok Tedi Mine. After BHP, now BHP Billiton, entered into Papua New Guinea to exploit copper and gold, the economy of the indigenous peoples boomed. Although their quality of life has improved, initially disputes were common among the locals in terms of land rights and who should be getting the benefits from the mining project.[6] The consequences of the Ok Tedi environmental disaster illustrate the potential negative effects from the exploitation of natural resources. The resulting mining pollution includes toxic contamination of the natural water supply for communities along the Ok Tedi River, causing widespread killing of aquatic life. When a mining company ends a project after extracting the raw materials from an area of a developing country, the local people are left to manage with the environmental damage done to their community and the long run sustainability of the economic benefits stimulated by the mining company’s presence becomes a concern.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Planas, Florent. "The Exploitation of Natural Resources". Un An Pour La Planete. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  2. ^ McNicoll, Geoffrey (2007). "Population and Sustainability". Handbook of Sustainable Development. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 125–139. Retrieved 2012-03-13. 
  3. ^ Pedro, Antonio M.A. (2004). Mainstreaming Mineral Wealth in Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategies. Economic Commission for Africa. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9789211250978. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Pegg, Simon (2006). "Mining and poverty reduction: Transforming rhetoric into reality". Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier) 14 (3-4): 376–387. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.06.006. ISSN 0959-6526. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Weber-Fahr, M.; Strongman, J.; Kunanayagam, R.; McMahon, G.; Sheldon, C. (2001). "Mining and Poverty Reduction". Noord Internationaal WB PRSP Sourcebook. pp. 4–6. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Bray, John (2003). "Attracting Reputable Companies to Risky Environments: Petroleum and Mining Companies". Natural Resources and Conflict: Options and Actions. World Bank Publications. pp. 287–347. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  7. ^ Brereton, D; Forbes, P. (2004). "Monitoring the Impact of Mining on Local Communities: A Hunter Valley Case Study". CSRM. pp. 12–13.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploitation_of_natural_resources — Please support Wikipedia.
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AllAfrica.com
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 02:18:45 -0800

The unsustainable exploration and exploitation of natural resources is giving rise to environmental challenges like biodiversity loss, deforestation and desertification, erosion and flooding, the minister of environment, Mrs. Laurencia Mallam has asserted.

UN News Centre

UN News Centre
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 09:23:27 -0800

According to the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), at least 40 per cent of all internal conflicts of the past 60 years have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources, whether high-value resources such as timber, diamonds, gold and oil, or ...

teleSUR English

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Mon, 24 Nov 2014 18:03:45 -0800

We now have some idea of what is meant by economic exploitation (i.e. class exploitation and the exploitation of natural resources) and where we might find it (i.e. in people-to-people and people-to-planet relationships). That is a good start! However ...

Independent Online

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Sat, 15 Nov 2014 04:45:00 -0800

Sanders blamed the rampant spread of Ebola, which has a fatality rate of 60 percent, on three main factors: the exploitation of natural resources which has led to gross environmental changes, the continuing impoverishment of affected nations, and ...
 
The Hindu
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 11:18:45 -0800

He was in despair about the impact the untrammelled exploitation of natural resources would have on the precarious life of tribes. The recent deaths of Chaiti Bai and the other tribal women justify Buch's ominous prediction and despair. (Krishna Kumar ...
 
The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 12:26:15 -0800

A spot check by the KeNHA team that visited the area earlier last week indicated the road will boost and ease exploitation of natural resources. Petrol stations and banking institutions have already been set up, owing to an increase in the number of ...

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Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:07:30 -0800

Ruto, however, said the government will give priority to local investors in all development projects in the country, adding that the interest of Kenyans must be protected in the exploitation of natural resources so long as they have the capacity and ...
 
CounterPunch
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 01:56:15 -0800

As any country or region of the world, which is under the total control of Western business and geopolitical interests, Iraqi Kurdistan is mainly geared towards the exploitation of natural resources and the neglect of its own people. While the income ...
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