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Exclusivism is the practice of being exclusive; mentality characterized by the disregard for opinions and ideas other than one's own, or the practice of organizing entities into groups by excluding those entities which possess certain traits. (for an opposite example, see essentialism).

Religious exclusivism[edit]

Main articles: Chosen people and One true faith

Religious exclusivism asserts that one religion is true and that all others are in error.

It has two forms:

  • Absolute exclusivism asserts that one must be born into the religion to be a true adherent. Historical examples are the religion of Athens during the golden age
  • Relative exclusivism asserts that conversion is mandatory. Christianity and Islam are some such examples. Cf Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus.

In Ancient Greece[edit]

The Decree of Diopithes (430 BCE) forbade the worship of and belief in gods other than those of the Olympian pantheon recognised by the Athenian polis. The introduction of other gods was treated as asebeia, or impiety, and was punishable by death. The philosophers Anaxagoras, Protagoras, Socrates, Stilpo, Theodorus of Cyrene, Aristotle, and Theophrastus were accused of impiety under this decree. Socrates was found guilty of the charge of introducing new gods and condemned to death by drinking hemlock.

Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Selucid ruler of Israel, decided to Hellenize the Jews by ordering the worship of Zeus; when they refused, Antiochus sent an army to enforce his decree.

According to Herodotus the Caunians, a Greek people who claimed to have originated in Crete and settled in Asia Minor, worshiped the Olympian Gods exclusively. "They determined that they would no longer make use of the foreign temples which had been established among them, but would worship their own old ancestral Gods alone. Then their whole youth took arms, and striking the air with their spears, marched to the Calyndic frontier, declaring that they were driving out the foreign Gods."

Plato, in his Laws, advocates that the state should punish those who deny the existence of the Olympian Gods or believe that the gods exist but think they are indifferent to mankind or can be easily bought by bribes.

Interpretatio graeca, the common tendency of ancient Greek writers to identify foreign divinities with members of their own pantheon, can be seen as a kind of exclusivism. The syncretism of the Hellenistic period whereby aspects of the cults of foreign Gods such as iconography and epithets, can also be seen as a kind of exclusivism.



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23 news items

MWC News

MWC News
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 14:56:15 -0700

... probably caused by the tribal, racist and supremacist roots of Jewish tradition, heritage and texts. And it is the same Jewish racial exclusivism that is manifested in contemporary Jewish politics both Zionist and 'anti.' Practically speaking ...
 
Kashmir Reader
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 11:39:11 -0700

Only by grasping this dialectical articulation of sovereignty can one distinguish sovereignty as an ideology of struggle against oppression from sovereignty as an ideology of exclusivism. Such a politico-theoretical move is essential to the production ...
 
Malaysia Kini
Fri, 04 Jul 2014 22:03:45 -0700

ADUN SPEAKS Secular vs religious; inclusivism vs exclusivism We cannot deny that our society, by and large is a very religious one. This is the case across almost all the different ethnic groups. It is also undeniable that we are a multiethnic society ...
 
The News Journal
Sat, 12 Jul 2014 21:13:32 -0700

They rape and pillage Palestine to support their own lifestyle and in pursuit of their fanatical dreams of religious exclusivism that I don't believe people of any religion or good faith or good will should tolerate or condone. The Bible had no right ...
 
Trinidad & Tobago Express
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 19:08:10 -0700

Now, I don't know if Griffith embraces the United National Congress (UNC) agenda of exclusivism, but he is a minister who seems to be cut from a different bale of cloth where financial corruption is concerned. The government's LifeSport programme has ...

Christian Post

Christian Post
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:33:45 -0700

While the comparison between churches and coffee shops is unconventional, Bethke argues that the similarities between the two are based on creating a culture of exclusivism. "Sadly, every once awhile I come across a church that seems to resemble these ...

The Express Tribune (blog)

The Express Tribune (blog)
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 03:19:45 -0700

As victims of colonialism ourselves we should oppose it just as we should oppose Muslim supremacism and exclusivism.Recommend. WB. 300 deaths is a genocide? Then what do you call 3,000,000 Bengalis getting killed? What do you call 150,000 syrian ...
 
Al-Jazeerah.info
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 22:03:45 -0700

He finds it impossible to admit that the making of the Jews-only state was determined by the same Jewish exclusivism, ghetto-mentality, ethno-centrism and racial orientation that is symptomatic of all Jewish collectives whether Zionist or 'anti.' Ilan ...
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