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This article is about the ancient region of Italy. For the district of Stoke-on-Trent, see Etruria, Staffordshire.
The area covered by the Etruscan civilization.

Etruria —usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia (Greek: Τυρρηνία) —was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what now are Tuscany, Lazio, and Umbria. A particularly noteworthy work dealing with Etruscan locations is D. H. Lawrence's Sketches of Etruscan Places and other Italian essays.

The ancient people of Etruria are labelled Etruscans, and their complex culture was centered on numerous city-states that rose during the Villanovan period in the ninth century BC and were very powerful during the Orientalizing and Archaic periods. The Etruscans were a dominant culture in Italy by 650 BC,[1] surpassing other ancient Italic peoples such as the Ligures, and their influence may be seen beyond Etruria's confines in the Po River Valley and Latium, as well as in Campania and through their contact with the Greek colonies in Southern Italy (including Sicily). Indeed, at some Etruscan tombs, such as those of the Tumulus di Montefortini at Comeana (see Carmignano) in Tuscany, physical evidence of trade has been found in the form of grave goods—fine faience ware cups are particularly notable examples. Such trade occurred either directly with Egypt, or through intermediaries such as Greek or Etruscan sailors.

Rome, buffered from Etruria by the Silva Ciminia, the Ciminian Forest, was influenced strongly by the Etruscans, with a series of Etruscan kings ruling at Rome until 509 BC when the last Etruscan king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was removed from power and the Roman Republic was established.[2] The Etruscans are credited with influencing Rome's architecture and ritual practice; it was under the Etruscan kings that important structures such as the Capitolium, Cloaca Maxima, and Via Sacra were realized.

The Etruscan civilization was responsible for much of the Greek culture imported into early Republican Rome, including the twelve Olympian gods, the growing of olives and grapes, the Latin alphabet (adapted from the Greek alphabet), and architecture like the arch, sewerage and drainage systems.

The classical name Etruria was revived in the early 19th century and applied to the Kingdom of Etruria, an ephemeral creation of Napoleon I of France in Tuscany which existed from 1801 to 1807.


Main article: Etruscan cities

Latin and Italian names are given between parentheses:

There was a period between 600 BC and 500 BC, in which 12 Etruscan city-states formed a loose confederation known as the Etruscan League. Etruscan was the official language for meetings. When Etruria was conquered by the Roman Republic, Latin became the official language.

See also[edit]


  • Hall, John F. (1996). Etruscan Italy: Etruscan Influences on the Civilizations of Italy from Antiquity to the Modern Era. Indiana University Press. p. 411. ISBN 9780842523349.  Chronology of Etruscan Italy, [1].
  • Giuliano Bonfante; Larissa Bonfante (2003). The Etruscan Language: An Introduction. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0719055407. 


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut. "Etruscan." In The Ancient Languages of Europe, ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 141-164.
  2. ^ Cary, M.; Scullard, H. H., A History of Rome. Page 28. 3rd Ed. 1979. ISBN 0-312-38395-9.

External links[edit]

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Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 04:15:00 -0700

But just four days later, Smith, of Josiah Wedgwood Street, Etruria, started sending yet more texts to his ex-partner. That led to a charge of harassment, for which he received a conditional discharge at a separate court hearing. Appearing at crown ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Mon, 30 Jun 2014 08:11:36 -0700

COUNCIL leaders have confirmed they are still in talks over an asset transfer deal with volunteers at a museum. Members of the Etruria Museum Trust want Stoke-on-Trent City Council to let them take over the historic site after funding was withdrawn ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Fri, 27 Jun 2014 04:45:27 -0700

WHEN an historic Potteries heritage centre was threatened with closure, a group of passionate volunteers stepped in to save it. Stoke-on-Trent City Council announced its intention to dispose of Etruria Industrial Museum as part of cost-cutting measures ...
Stoke Sentinel
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:50:51 -0700

ON THE MOVE: Recruitment company Intro Personnel has expanded into new offices after outgrowing its old base. Directors Rob Hulse and Stuart Nicholson have also recruited two new members of staff as the business prepares to mark its fourth ...


Mon, 21 Jul 2014 04:48:45 -0700

VITERBO – “Unire le forze sarebbe l'unico modo per uscire da questa empasse”. L'idea di dare vita a una nuova Provincia che unisca i territori della Tuscia a quelli di Civitavecchia – lanciata dal sindaco civitavecchiese, Antonio Cozzolino – è stata ...

Il Giunco.net

Il Giunco.net
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 -0700

Cadetti Junior Grosseto GROSSETO – Si è concluso il secondo torneo delle Tuscany Series, categoria cadetti, con 5 squadre e 80 atleti in campo. La vittoria è andata all'Etruria Lions, davanti allo Junior Grosseto, all'Israele Baseball, al Chianti e al ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 22:00:26 -0700

The site has been inhabited since the Etruscan era at least, when it was “Velzna”, one of Etruria's most powerful cities. It is a place whose character shifts after dark. The streets around the “Golden Lily of Cathedrals” are a united nations of ...
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 21:01:56 -0700

(Corrects name in Banca Popolare dell Etruria entry to Fabio Arpe) The following factors could affect Italian markets on Wednesday. Reuters has not verified the newspaper reports, and cannot vouch for their accuracy. New items are marked with (*). FIAT.

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