digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















This article is about the ancient region of Italy. For the district of Stoke-on-Trent, see Etruria, Staffordshire.
The area covered by the Etruscan civilization.

Etruria —usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia (Greek: Τυρρηνία) —was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what now are Tuscany, Lazio, and Umbria. A particularly noteworthy work dealing with Etruscan locations is D. H. Lawrence's Sketches of Etruscan Places and other Italian essays.

The ancient people of Etruria are labelled Etruscans, and their complex culture was centered on numerous city-states that rose during the Villanovan period in the ninth century BC and were very powerful during the Orientalizing and Archaic periods. The Etruscans were a dominant culture in Italy by 650 BC,[1] surpassing other ancient Italic peoples such as the Ligures, and their influence may be seen beyond Etruria's confines in the Po River Valley and Latium, as well as in Campania and through their contact with the Greek colonies in Southern Italy (including Sicily). Indeed, at some Etruscan tombs, such as those of the Tumulus di Montefortini at Comeana (see Carmignano) in Tuscany, physical evidence of trade has been found in the form of grave goods—fine faience ware cups are particularly notable examples. Such trade occurred either directly with Egypt, or through intermediaries such as Greek or Etruscan sailors.

Rome, buffered from Etruria by the Silva Ciminia, the Ciminian Forest, was influenced strongly by the Etruscans, with a series of Etruscan kings ruling at Rome until 509 BC when the last Etruscan king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was removed from power and the Roman Republic was established.[2] The Etruscans are credited with influencing Rome's architecture and ritual practice; it was under the Etruscan kings that important structures such as the Capitolium, Cloaca Maxima, and Via Sacra were realized.

The Etruscan civilization was responsible for much of the Greek culture imported into early Republican Rome, including the twelve Olympian gods, the growing of olives and grapes, the Latin alphabet (adapted from the Greek alphabet), and architecture like the arch, sewerage and drainage systems.

The classical name Etruria was revived in the early 19th century and applied to the Kingdom of Etruria, an ephemeral creation of Napoleon I of France in Tuscany which existed from 1801 to 1807.


Main article: Etruscan cities

Latin and Italian names are given between parentheses:

There was a period between 600 BC and 500 BC, in which 12 Etruscan city-states formed a loose confederation known as the Etruscan League. Etruscan was the official language for meetings. When Etruria was conquered by the Roman Republic, Latin became the official language.

See also[edit]


  • Hall, John F. (1996). Etruscan Italy: Etruscan Influences on the Civilizations of Italy from Antiquity to the Modern Era. Indiana University Press. p. 411. ISBN 9780842523349.  Chronology of Etruscan Italy, [1].
  • Giuliano Bonfante; Larissa Bonfante (2003). The Etruscan Language: An Introduction. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0719055407. 


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut. "Etruscan." In The Ancient Languages of Europe, ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 141-164.
  2. ^ Cary, M.; Scullard, H. H., A History of Rome. Page 28. 3rd Ed. 1979. ISBN 0-312-38395-9.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etruria — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
29637 videos foundNext > 

SECRETS OF ARCHAEOLOGY: A Place Called Etruria (Ancient History Documentary)

SECRETS OF ARCHAEOLOGY: A Place Called Etruria (Ancient History Documentary) Take a virtual reality tour of history's most intriguing ancient civilizations. ...

Los Etruscos un lugar llamado Etruria

Las tierras bajas y pantanosas de la Toscana acogieron entre los siglos VII y V a.C. a una poderosa civilización, la etrusca, que terminó sucumbiendo al pode...


Musica della Antica Roma Etruria

Esperia - Etruria

Etruria - Chimera (Luca Agnelli)

Etruria - Chimera written & produced by Luca Agnelli 2007 (Laterra recordings)

HAPPY from CAMPING ETRURIA Castiglione Della Pescaia

www.campeggioetruria.net Il Camping Etruria ringrazia tutti coloro che hanno contribuito alla realizzazione del video Camping Etruria would like to thank eve...

Pen Review - Stipula Etruria Rainbow LE

A review of the Limited Edition Stipula Etruria Rainbow with a 14K Gold Nib. This pen was a prize from Fahrney's Pens of Washington, DC for their 2014 Nation...

Stipula Etruria Alter Ego - Ink Nouveau

www.GouletPens.com www.InkNouveau.com I had a chance to play with a Stipula Etruria Alter Ego with a titanium flex nib, and I compare it here with a Namiki s...

Etruria Resort & Natural Spa

Un Resort nel cuore della terra del vino Nobile di Montepulciano, in Toscana. Realizzato dall'eccellente ristrutturazione di una storica dimora ottocentesca,...

29637 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Etruria" right now.


Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Etruria

You can talk about Etruria with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!