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This article is about the ancient region of Italy. For the district of Stoke-on-Trent, see Etruria, Staffordshire.
The area covered by the Etruscan civilization.

Etruria —usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia (Greek: Τυρρηνία) —was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what now are Tuscany, Lazio, and Umbria. A particularly noteworthy work dealing with Etruscan locations is D. H. Lawrence's Sketches of Etruscan Places and other Italian essays.

The ancient people of Etruria are labelled Etruscans, and their complex culture was centered on numerous city-states that rose during the Villanovan period in the ninth century BC and were very powerful during the Orientalizing and Archaic periods. The Etruscans were a dominant culture in Italy by 650 BC,[1] surpassing other ancient Italic peoples such as the Ligures, and their influence may be seen beyond Etruria's confines in the Po River Valley and Latium, as well as in Campania and through their contact with the Greek colonies in Southern Italy (including Sicily). Indeed, at some Etruscan tombs, such as those of the Tumulus di Montefortini at Comeana (see Carmignano) in Tuscany, physical evidence of trade has been found in the form of grave goods—fine faience ware cups are particularly notable examples. Such trade occurred either directly with Egypt, or through intermediaries such as Greek or Etruscan sailors.

Rome, buffered from Etruria by the Silva Ciminia, the Ciminian Forest, was influenced strongly by the Etruscans, with a series of Etruscan kings ruling at Rome until 509 BC when the last Etruscan king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was removed from power and the Roman Republic was established.[2] The Etruscans are credited with influencing Rome's architecture and ritual practice; it was under the Etruscan kings that important structures such as the Capitolium, Cloaca Maxima, and Via Sacra were realized.

The Etruscan civilization was responsible for much of the Greek culture imported into early Republican Rome, including the twelve Olympian gods, the growing of olives and grapes, the Latin alphabet (adapted from the Greek alphabet), and architecture like the arch, sewerage and drainage systems.

The classical name Etruria was revived in the early 19th century and applied to the Kingdom of Etruria, an ephemeral creation of Napoleon I of France in Tuscany which existed from 1801 to 1807.

Cities[edit]

Main article: Etruscan cities

Latin and Italian names are given between parentheses:

There was a period between 600 BC and 500 BC, in which 12 Etruscan city-states formed a loose confederation known as the Etruscan League. Etruscan was the official language for meetings. When Etruria was conquered by the Roman Republic, Latin became the official language.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hall, John F. (1996). Etruscan Italy: Etruscan Influences on the Civilizations of Italy from Antiquity to the Modern Era. Indiana University Press. p. 411. ISBN 9780842523349.  Chronology of Etruscan Italy, [1].
  • Giuliano Bonfante; Larissa Bonfante (2003). The Etruscan Language: An Introduction. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0719055407. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut. "Etruscan." In The Ancient Languages of Europe, ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 141-164.
  2. ^ Cary, M.; Scullard, H. H., A History of Rome. Page 28. 3rd Ed. 1979. ISBN 0-312-38395-9.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etruria — Please support Wikipedia.
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4403 news items

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 03:52:30 -0700

ENTHUSIASTS have launched an appeal for funding to transform a narrowboat into a floating classroom to help educate people about canals. Members of Etruria Boat Group have set a target of £16,000 to completely overhaul a 54-year-old craft in order to ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 00:36:09 -0700

The A500 D road in Etruria is closed and there is very slow traffic northbound between the Stoke Road Interchange and the B5045 junction because of the accident. A diversion is in operation and all traffic is leaving the carriageway at the interchange.

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 23:22:09 -0700

Fears as boy racers start to return to Etruria's Festival Park after injunction lapses. By The Sentinel | Posted: August 27, 2014. By LAURA JAMES. WORRIES: People living near Festival Park fear boy racers will return after an injunction expired ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 02:56:15 -0700

WATER park managers hope £250,000 of improvements to its heated outdoor pool will prove a splash-hit and boost visitor numbers. Etruria's WaterWorld is investing in the pool, which will have an overhead canopy so it can open all-year-round. The project ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 23:59:51 -0700

SHOPPERS at a retail park will now be able to browse the stores for longer after free parking was extended by a further 30 minutes. Visitors to Festival Park in Etruria can now leave their vehicles at the site for four-and-a-half hours. Owner M&G Real ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 06:17:51 -0700

SIX new lorries have been named after Royal Navy ships to honour sailors who served in the First and Second World Wars. Etruria-based Diamond Freight has launched the vehicles, which are decorated with a symbol of the vessel it is named after ...

Stoke Sentinel

Stoke Sentinel
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 23:49:27 -0700

Carol Walmsley says she spoke to John Ball just hours before he fell into the Caldon Canal – and admits regretting not extending that final phone call. Firefighters pulled John, a former delivery driver, from the waterway in Etruria at about 1.30am on ...
 
Stoke Sentinel
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 03:52:30 -0700

John William Ball, who lived on a canal boat in Stoke-on-Trent, died in hospital last Saturday after he had fallen into the canal at Etruria. Police are not treating his death as suspicious. The 48-year-old previously lived in Rudyard and had worked as ...
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