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Erddig Hall, Wrexham

Erddig Hall is a National Trust property on the outskirts of Wrexham, Wales. Located 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Wrexham town centre, it was built in 1684–1687 for Joshua Edisbury, the High Sheriff of Denbighshire; it was designed in 1683 by Thomas Webb ( - 1699), 'freemason', of Middlewich, Cheshire.[1]

Erddig is one of the country's finest stately homes. In 2003 it was voted by readers of the Radio Times and viewers of the Channel 5 television series "Britain's Finest Stately Homes" as "Britain's second finest".[2] In September 2007 it was voted the UK's "favourite Historic House" and the "8th most popular historic site" in the UK by Britain's Best.[3]

The house and family history[edit]

A print of the 1822 meeting of the "Royal British Bowmen" archery club (1823 print engraved after J. Townshend)
Caption: This Plate representing the Meeting of the Royal British Bowmen on the Grounds of Erthig, Denbighshire, the Seat of Simon Yorke Esq. on Septr. 13th. 1822, is respectfully dedicated to that Society by ONE of its MEMBERS
Notice that both men and women members of the society have uniforms (the women's uniform was a green dress with yellow at the shoulder puffs and yellow triangles at the bottom hem). In the 1806 book Microcosm by William Henry Pyne, a number of these archery clubs are mentioned, along with a brief capsule history of both working and hobby archery.

The building was sold to the master of the Chancery, John Meller in 1714. John Meller refurbished and enlarged the house (including adding two wings in the 1720s), and, on his death in 1733 unmarried and childless, passed it to his nephew, Simon Yorke (d. 1767) (first cousin of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke). The house was passed down through the Yorke family until March 1973, when it was given to the National Trust. This followed the collapse several years earlier of a shaft from the nearby coal mine (Bersham colliery) under the house, causing subsidence of 5 feet (1.5 m), which seriously affected the structural security of the house to the extent that, without suitable underpinning, it would have become a ruin. It was strengthened using the compensation of £120,000 the National Trust was able to extract from the National Coal Board. 63 acres (250,000 m2) of Erddig Park (out of view of the house) was subsequently sold for £995,000 and this paid for the restoration work on the house. The restoration was completed on 27 June 1977 when Charles, Prince of Wales officially opened Erddig to the public, joking that it was the first time in his, albeit short, life that he had opened something that was already 300 years old.

A tour of the mansion house[edit]

A tour of the house, which starts "below stairs", tells of the Yorke family's unusually high regard for their servants and, through a collection of portraits, photographs and verses (a family tradition started by Simon's son Philip Yorke (1743–1804), who published The Royal Tribes of Wales in 1799), provides a record of the people who lived and worked on the estate. In the staterooms "above stairs" there is a fine collection of 18th century furniture and other treasures (many of which originally belonged to John Meller, including a portrait in the Music Room of Judge Jeffreys, the "Hanging Judge"). The Yorke family seemingly never threw anything away and the house now has a unique collection ranging from the rare and magnificent (including some exquisite Chinese wallpaper in the State Bedroom) to the ordinary and everyday: indeed, one of the conditions that the last Squire, Philip S. Yorke (1905–1978) imposed on handing over the house and estate to the National Trust in 1973 was that nothing was to be removed from the house. He is quoted as saying: "My only interest for many years has been that this unique establishment for which my family have foregone many luxuries and comforts over seven generations should now be dedicated to the enjoyment of all those who may come here and see a part of our national heritage preserved for all foreseeable time."

General John Yorke (1814–1890) was to become from 1861, the owner of the distinctive Plas Newydd in Llangollen, the self-styled home of the famous Ladies of Llangollen.

The Gardens[edit]

Gates made by the Davies brothers for Stansty Park, moved to Erddig in 1908

Erddig's walled garden is one of the most important surviving 18th century formal gardens in Britain. The gardens contain rare fruit trees, a canal, a pond, a Victorian era parterre, and are home to an NCCPG National Plant Collection of Hedera (ivy). There is also a fine example of gates and railings made by ironsmiths the Davies brothers, of nearby Bersham, for Stansty Park; the gates were moved to Erddig in 1908. The arrangement of alcoves in the yew hedges in the formal gardens may be a form of bee bole.

'The Cup and Saucer' hydraulic ram at Erddig Hall, Wrexham

Estate buildings[edit]

The estate buildings include the joiners' shop and smithy (where the joiner and blacksmith worked), the Midden Yard (with its saw mill and cart sheds), and the Stable Yard (with its stables and tack room, carriages and vintage bicycles and vintage cars). The tour of the house begins with the laundry, bakehouse, kitchen and scullery.

The nearby river supplied a source of water, and it was pumped uphill by a self running hydraulic ram, which utilised falling water to power itself, and pump the drinking water uphill to the house known as Erddig's Cup & Saucer

Whilst occupied by the Yorke family the house was never installed with mains electricity, with the last Squire, Philip, relying on a portable generator to power his single television set. The saw mill, however, was equipped with its own static steam engine to provide the power for sawing and turning.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, 3rd ed. 1995, s.v. "Webb, Thomas;" Webb was named as 'measurer' in a contract of 1696 for building the chancel of the church at Aston-by-Sutton, Cheshire; he was buried 28 March 1699. Nothing else is known of him.
  2. ^ "Erddig House and Gardens : Wales UK Holiday News". Wales.info. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  3. ^ "Oops - you've clicked on a broken link!". Uktv.co.uk. 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°01′38″N 3°00′24″W / 53.0272°N 3.0066°W / 53.0272; -3.0066


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erddig — Please support Wikipedia.
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53 news items

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 10:02:12 -0700

Thousands of fruit lovers flocked to Erddig Hall over the weekend for the annual apple festival. Visitors to the National Trust hall in Wrexham were treated to a host of stalls, cooking demonstrations and live music during the 24th Erddig Apple Festival.

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 06:52:30 -0700

A National Trust property in Wrexham is inviting visitors to see its beautiful autumn colours in all their glory. Guided walks are being held at Erddig every Monday, where you can see the stunning estate in shades of red, yellow, purple, and brown ...

Wrexham.com

Wrexham.com
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 16:26:15 -0700

The Partnership Board currently comprises of 14 business including Wrexham County Borough Council, Visit Wales, Erddig Hall and Chirk Castle (National Trust), Coleg Cambria and the Canal & River Trust. Winners of the public vote on the night included ...
 
News North Wales
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 02:45:00 -0700

Erddig Hall and country park saw about 7,000 apple-fiends flock to its 24th fruit-themed event on Saturday and Sunday. More than 100 varieties of apple were harvested at the gardens in time for the festival and guests sampled dozens of ciders. As well ...

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 06:57:12 -0700

Latest figures show 48 million people took day trips in Wales in the first six months of the year - a 19% increase from the 40 million recorded in 2013. August has also been a bumper month with 82% of tourism businesses reporting more, or a similar ...
 
News North Wales
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 01:02:35 -0700

“It is up there with Erddig and our other stately homes. “The gardens are used by people with learning disabilities on the Erlas Project and it's important that sort of enterprise continues.” Operation Pallial, an investigation by the National Crime ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 01:40:23 -0700

Stepping into the courtyard of Blue Door Barns is like walking on to the set of an interior design shoot. Encircling an outdoor bar, fireplace and dining table set among roses, wisteria and purple verbena is a collection of rambling outhouses which ...
 
News North Wales
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 00:18:45 -0700

Promising boxer David Platt, 25, and his bride-to-be Alicia Williams, also 25, drowned in the River Clywedog at Erddig Country Park on September 26, 2012. The Ruabon couple, who had got engaged shortly before their deaths, were out walking their dogs ...
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