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Erddig Hall, Wrexham

Erddig Hall is a National Trust property on the outskirts of Wrexham, Wales. Located 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Wrexham town centre, it was built in 1684–1687 for Joshua Edisbury, the High Sheriff of Denbighshire; it was designed in 1683 by Thomas Webb ( - 1699), 'freemason', of Middlewich, Cheshire.[1]

Erddig is one of the country's finest stately homes. In 2003 it was voted by readers of the Radio Times and viewers of the Channel 5 television series "Britain's Finest Stately Homes" as "Britain's second finest".[2] In September 2007 it was voted the UK's "favourite Historic House" and the "8th most popular historic site" in the UK by Britain's Best.[3]

House and family history[edit]

Erddig house and gardens, from Pennant's A Tour in Wales, 1778
A print of the 1822 meeting of the "Royal British Bowmen" archery club (1823 print engraved after J. Townshend)
Caption: This Plate representing the Meeting of the Royal British Bowmen on the Grounds of Erthig, Denbighshire, the Seat of Simon Yorke Esq. on Septr. 13th. 1822, is respectfully dedicated to that Society by ONE of its MEMBERS
Notice that both men and women members of the society have uniforms (the women's uniform was a green dress with yellow at the shoulder puffs and yellow triangles at the bottom hem). In the 1806 book Microcosm by William Henry Pyne, a number of these archery clubs are mentioned, along with a brief capsule history of both working and hobby archery.

The building was sold to the master of the Chancery, John Meller in 1714. John Meller refurbished and enlarged the house (including adding two wings in the 1720s), and, on his death in 1733 unmarried and childless, passed it to his nephew, Simon Yorke (d. 1767) (first cousin of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke). The house was passed down through the Yorke family until March 1973, when it was given to the National Trust. This followed the collapse several years earlier of a shaft from the nearby coal mine (Bersham colliery) under the house, causing subsidence of 5 feet (1.5 m), which seriously affected the structural security of the house to the extent that, without suitable underpinning, it would have become a ruin. It was strengthened using the compensation of £120,000 the National Trust was able to extract from the National Coal Board. 63 acres (250,000 m2) of Erddig Park (out of view of the house) was subsequently sold for £995,000 and this paid for the restoration work on the house. The restoration was completed on 27 June 1977 when Charles, Prince of Wales officially opened Erddig to the public, joking that it was the first time in his, albeit short, life that he had opened something that was already 300 years old.

Tour of the mansion house[edit]

A tour of the house, which starts "below stairs", tells of the Yorke family's unusually high regard for their servants and, through a collection of portraits, photographs and verses (a family tradition started by Simon's son Philip Yorke (1743–1804), who published The Royal Tribes of Wales in 1799), provides a record of the people who lived and worked on the estate. In the staterooms "above stairs" there is a fine collection of 18th century furniture and other treasures (many of which originally belonged to John Meller, including a portrait in the Music Room of Judge Jeffreys, the "Hanging Judge"). The Yorke family seemingly never threw anything away and the house now has a unique collection ranging from the rare and magnificent (including some exquisite Chinese wallpaper in the State Bedroom) to the ordinary and everyday: indeed, one of the conditions that the last Squire, Philip S. Yorke (1905–1978) imposed on handing over the house and estate to the National Trust in 1973 was that nothing was to be removed from the house. He is quoted as saying: "My only interest for many years has been that this unique establishment for which my family have foregone many luxuries and comforts over seven generations should now be dedicated to the enjoyment of all those who may come here and see a part of our national heritage preserved for all foreseeable time."

General John Yorke (1814–1890) was to become from 1861, the owner of the distinctive Plas Newydd in Llangollen, the self-styled home of the famous Ladies of Llangollen.

Gardens[edit]

View in Erddig grounds, 1794
Gates made by the Davies brothers for Stansty Park, moved to Erddig in 1908

Erddig's walled garden is one of the most important surviving 18th century formal gardens in Britain. The gardens contain rare fruit trees, a canal, a pond, a Victorian era parterre, and are home to an NCCPG National Plant Collection of Hedera (ivy). There is also a fine example of gates and railings made by ironsmiths the Davies brothers, of nearby Bersham, for Stansty Park; the gates were moved to Erddig in 1908. The arrangement of alcoves in the yew hedges in the formal gardens may be a form of bee bole.

'The Cup and Saucer' hydraulic ram at Erddig Hall, Wrexham

Estate buildings[edit]

The estate buildings include the joiners' shop and smithy (where the joiner and blacksmith worked), the Midden Yard (with its saw mill and cart sheds), and the Stable Yard (with its stables and tack room, carriages and vintage bicycles and vintage cars). The tour of the house ends with the laundry, bakehouse, kitchen and scullery.

The nearby river supplied a source of water, which was pumped uphill by a hydraulic ram, to a font at the house known as Erddig's Cup & Saucer.

Whilst occupied by the Yorke family the house was never installed with mains electricity, with the last Squire, Philip, relying on a portable generator to power his single television set. The saw mill, however, was equipped with its own static steam engine to provide the power for sawing and turning.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, 3rd ed. 1995, s.v. "Webb, Thomas;" Webb was named as 'measurer' in a contract of 1696 for building the chancel of the church at Aston-by-Sutton, Cheshire; he was buried 28 March 1699. Nothing else is known of him.
  2. ^ "Erddig House and Gardens : Wales UK Holiday News". Wales.info. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  3. ^ "Oops - you've clicked on a broken link!". Uktv.co.uk. 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°01′38″N 3°00′24″W / 53.0272°N 3.0066°W / 53.0272; -3.0066


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erddig — Please support Wikipedia.
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546 news items

ITV News

ITV News
Sun, 20 Mar 2016 23:46:24 -0700

Erddig's most loved horses, Jerry and Claire will be visiting sites across Wales before putting their hooves up. This will be the first time Jerry and Claire, who have been at Erddig for more than 10 years, have left the estate. As part of their ...

LeaderLive

LeaderLive
Wed, 23 Mar 2016 07:37:30 -0700

SHIRE horses from a heritage tourist attraction are embarking on a farewell tour before retirement. Jerry and Claire, from Erddig Hall, have been getting ready for their first – and last - tour of National Trust special places in Wales. This will be ...

LeaderLive

LeaderLive
Thu, 22 Oct 2015 05:45:00 -0700

The finals of the Erddig Apple Challenge took place at the Rendezvous restaurant of the Yale Campus of Coleg Cambria on Wednesday. The event marked the end of weeks of competing by more than 14 eateries throughout the area, with secret testers ...

LeaderLive

LeaderLive
Fri, 04 Dec 2015 08:41:15 -0800

The estate also has six Christmas trees decorated in the Twelve Days of Christmas theme by volunteers from Erddig Youth Club, Esclusham Scouts, homeless youngsters working with Clwyd Alyn Housing Association, Caia Park Partnership's junior youth ...

LeaderLive

LeaderLive
Sun, 23 Aug 2015 00:52:30 -0700

TIME is running out to develop a dish with a twist for a new food competition. Friday, August 28 is the deadline for entries to the Erddig Apple Food Challenge, organised by Destination Wrexham Team and the National Trust to celebrate the 25th ...

ITV News

ITV News
Fri, 02 Oct 2015 12:07:30 -0700

'We've got 180 types of apple!': Erddig's Apple Festival celebrates 25 years. The 25th Erddig Apple Festival takes place this weekend in the grounds of one of north Wales's most beautiful stately homes! apple festival. In a quarter of a century the ...

WalesOnline

WalesOnline
Mon, 04 Apr 2016 03:01:23 -0700

Two retiring shire horses are setting off on their last tour of National Trust properties in Wales today (April 4) to encourage visitors to go wildlife spotting in and around the historic sites this spring. Jerry and Claire have been at Erddig Hall ...

Wrexham.com

Wrexham.com
Sun, 22 Nov 2015 16:14:35 -0800

Visitors to Erddig are invited to create magical memories with family this Christmas and join a host of festive activities with a new 'Twelve Days of Christmas' trail. Local Wrexham artist, Josie Rayworth has been commissioned to interpret the ...
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