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Erddig Hall, Wrexham

Erddig Hall is a National Trust property on the outskirts of Wrexham, Wales. Located 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Wrexham town centre, it was built in 1684–1687 for Joshua Edisbury, the High Sheriff of Denbighshire; it was designed in 1683 by Thomas Webb ( - 1699), 'freemason', of Middlewich, Cheshire.[1]

Erddig is one of the country's finest stately homes. In 2003 it was voted by readers of the Radio Times and viewers of the Channel 5 television series "Britain's Finest Stately Homes" as "Britain's second finest".[2] In September 2007 it was voted the UK's "favourite Historic House" and the "8th most popular historic site" in the UK by Britain's Best.[3]

The house and family history[edit]

A print of the 1822 meeting of the "Royal British Bowmen" archery club (1823 print engraved after J. Townshend)
Caption: This Plate representing the Meeting of the Royal British Bowmen on the Grounds of Erthig, Denbighshire, the Seat of Simon Yorke Esq. on Septr. 13th. 1822, is respectfully dedicated to that Society by ONE of its MEMBERS
Notice that both men and women members of the society have uniforms (the women's uniform was a green dress with yellow at the shoulder puffs and yellow triangles at the bottom hem). In the 1806 book Microcosm by William Henry Pyne, a number of these archery clubs are mentioned, along with a brief capsule history of both working and hobby archery.

The building was sold to the master of the Chancery, John Meller in 1714. John Meller refurbished and enlarged the house (including adding two wings in the 1720s), and, on his death in 1733 unmarried and childless, passed it to his nephew, Simon Yorke (d. 1767) (first cousin of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke). The house was passed down through the Yorke family until March 1973, when it was given to the National Trust. This followed the collapse several years earlier of a shaft from the nearby coal mine (Bersham colliery) under the house, causing subsidence of 5 feet (1.5 m), which seriously affected the structural security of the house to the extent that, without suitable underpinning, it would have become a ruin. It was strengthened using the compensation of £120,000 the National Trust was able to extract from the National Coal Board. 63 acres (250,000 m2) of Erddig Park (out of view of the house) was subsequently sold for £995,000 and this paid for the restoration work on the house. The restoration was completed on 27 June 1977 when Charles, Prince of Wales officially opened Erddig to the public, joking that it was the first time in his, albeit short, life that he had opened something that was already 300 years old.

A tour of the mansion house[edit]

A tour of the house, which starts "below stairs", tells of the Yorke family's unusually high regard for their servants and, through a collection of portraits, photographs and verses (a family tradition started by Simon's son Philip Yorke (1743–1804), who published The Royal Tribes of Wales in 1799), provides a record of the people who lived and worked on the estate. In the staterooms "above stairs" there is a fine collection of 18th century furniture and other treasures (many of which originally belonged to John Meller, including a portrait in the Music Room of Judge Jeffreys, the "Hanging Judge"). The Yorke family seemingly never threw anything away and the house now has a unique collection ranging from the rare and magnificent (including some exquisite Chinese wallpaper in the State Bedroom) to the ordinary and everyday: indeed, one of the conditions that the last Squire, Philip S. Yorke (1905–1978) imposed on handing over the house and estate to the National Trust in 1973 was that nothing was to be removed from the house. He is quoted as saying: "My only interest for many years has been that this unique establishment for which my family have foregone many luxuries and comforts over seven generations should now be dedicated to the enjoyment of all those who may come here and see a part of our national heritage preserved for all foreseeable time."

General John Yorke (1814–1890) was to become from 1861, the owner of the distinctive Plas Newydd in Llangollen, the self-styled home of the famous Ladies of Llangollen.

The Gardens[edit]

Gates made by the Davies brothers for Stansty Park, moved to Erddig in 1908

Erddig's walled garden is one of the most important surviving 18th century formal gardens in Britain. The gardens contain rare fruit trees, a canal, a pond, a Victorian era parterre, and are home to an NCCPG National Plant Collection of Hedera (ivy). There is also a fine example of gates and railings made by ironsmiths the Davies brothers, of nearby Bersham, for Stansty Park; the gates were moved to Erddig in 1908. The arrangement of alcoves in the yew hedges in the formal gardens may be a form of bee bole.

'The Cup and Saucer' hydraulic ram at Erddig Hall, Wrexham

Estate buildings[edit]

The estate buildings include the joiners' shop and smithy (where the joiner and blacksmith worked), the Midden Yard (with its saw mill and cart sheds), and the Stable Yard (with its stables and tack room, carriages and vintage bicycles and vintage cars). The tour of the house ends with the laundry, bakehouse, kitchen and scullery.

The nearby river supplied a source of water, which was pumped uphill by a hydraulic ram, to a font at the house known as Erddig's Cup & Saucer.

Whilst occupied by the Yorke family the house was never installed with mains electricity, with the last Squire, Philip, relying on a portable generator to power his single television set. The saw mill, however, was equipped with its own static steam engine to provide the power for sawing and turning.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, 3rd ed. 1995, s.v. "Webb, Thomas;" Webb was named as 'measurer' in a contract of 1696 for building the chancel of the church at Aston-by-Sutton, Cheshire; he was buried 28 March 1699. Nothing else is known of him.
  2. ^ "Erddig House and Gardens : Wales UK Holiday News". Wales.info. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  3. ^ "Oops - you've clicked on a broken link!". Uktv.co.uk. 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°01′38″N 3°00′24″W / 53.0272°N 3.0066°W / 53.0272; -3.0066


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erddig — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

354 news items

Wrexham.com

Wrexham.com
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 07:48:45 -0700

Trials for inclusion in the Wrexham team take place at Erddig on Friday 21 August between 10 am and 13.00 pm. Budding young Bradley Wiggins or Wrexham's own Rob Partridge are invited to register for the event by contact Sports Development on 01978 ...
 
BBC News
Sat, 06 Dec 2014 01:11:15 -0800

Wrexham's Erddig Hall will be shining brightly throughout the festive season. The Erddig Glow is a light display that illuminates the National Trust's 18th Century building and its walled garden. With frozen gates and trees, coloured up-lighters ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 15 Jun 2015 02:44:33 -0700

Chapterhouse Theatre Company are visiting Erddig Hall, Wrexham with the brand-new family show The Secret Garden along with two other productions this summer. The Secret Garden is the story of young Mary Lennox on a journey of discovery as she ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 08 Dec 2014 07:15:58 -0800

Wrexham's Erddig Hall was lit up with magical night-time illuminations on Friday evening. Erddig Glow attracted hundreds of visitors to the launch event and it will now take place every Friday and Saturday throughout December. The display could be seen ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 04:41:54 -0800

Tracey Lavery is now working at Erddig Country Park in Wrexham after leaving Glyndwr University with a First class degree. Tracey was thrilled to take on the role of curator, having completed a work placement at the attraction, and volunteered there ...

Cloverdale Reporter

Cloverdale Reporter
Fri, 30 Jan 2015 10:27:53 -0800

Housemaid Jane Ebbrell, wife of the Erddig coachman, faithfully served estate owner, Philip Yorke I, her entire working life. When Yorke wanted to reward her with a pensioned retirement, she flatly refused. Presumably Jane felt a pension was a form of ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 06:55:56 -0700

A National Trust property in Wrexham is inviting visitors to see its beautiful autumn colours in all their glory. Guided walks are being held at Erddig every Monday, where you can see the stunning estate in shades of red, yellow, purple, and brown ...

Daily Post North Wales

Daily Post North Wales
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 10:02:12 -0700

Thousands of fruit lovers flocked to Erddig Hall over the weekend for the annual apple festival. Visitors to the National Trust hall in Wrexham were treated to a host of stalls, cooking demonstrations and live music during the 24th Erddig Apple Festival.
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