digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about motorcycle sport. For other uses, see Enduro (disambiguation).
Four-time world champion Stefan Merriman on a Yamaha

Enduro is a form of motorcycle sport run on courses that are predominantly off-road. Enduro consists of many different obstacles and challenges. The main type of enduro event, and the format to which the World Enduro Championship is run, is a time-card enduro, whereby a number of stages are raced in a time trial against the clock.

Time-keeping enduros[edit]

A KTM rider at the 2007 Enduro de Dinant.

In a traditional time-keeping enduro, riders leave together in groups or rows, and each row starts at a certain minute. The object of the event is to arrive at pre-defined locations according to a strict schedule. Early or late arrivals result in the riders' scores being penalized. Throughout a day there will also be allocated periods for refuelling and servicing the machine. Penalties apply for not meeting defined times or for outside-assistance when not permitted.[1]

A world championship course must be at least 200 km and a maximum of 30% of its length can be on asphalt roads.[1] American Motorcycle Association (AMA) rules are different with respect to course length and other variables (i.e. average speed, terrain type, etc.). The rules of the regional sanctioning body can also affect the rules for a particular enduro course.[1]

Enduros vs. rallies[edit]

E2 bike jumping in Arratzu, Spain.

Casual observers often confuse the two different types of events, enduros and rallies, but within the international off-road motorcycle community, the term enduro refers specifically to time keeping events. Rallies, on the other hand, are simply a course that has a start and finish, and the competitors try to race to achieve the fastest time from start to finish. Such courses may be shorter than the total length of the race, in which case the course is repeated several times, with each repetition being referred to as a lap. Such courses may also be very long such that competitors never cover the same ground twice.

Certainly part of the confusion stems from the fact that rallies and enduros share two pronounced qualities; they are usually lengthy compared to most forms of motorsport racing and they cover varying off-road terrain, usually without repeating any section of the terrain in the course of an event. Examples of such rallies include the Baja 500 and Baja 1000, which are promoted and administered by SCORE International and are amongst the most well known long-distance off-road races. Off-road races that span multiple days and that have different types of stages, some that are timed and others that are not, are generally referred to as rallies (or rallyes) or rally raids (a term widely used in the United Kingdom that is synonymous with off-road rally) such as the Dakar Rally.

Motorcycles[edit]

Main article: Enduro motorcycle
A WEC E2 class bike.

An enduro motorcycle is specialized for the nature of the sport, with the deep suspension of a motocross bike combined with the features required to make it legal for the public road portions of the course. Engines are generally single-cylinder two-stroke between 125 and 300 cm³ (cc), or four-stroke between 250 and 650 cm³ (cc).

The World Enduro Championship and several other championships currently categorize enduro motorcycles into three classes; Enduro 1 (100 to 125 cc 2-stroke or 175 - 250 cc 4-stroke), Enduro 2 (175 to 250 cc 2-stroke or 290 - 450 cc 4-stroke) and Enduro 3 (290 to 500 cc 2-stroke or 475 - 650 cc 4-stroke).

Events[edit]

Samuli Aro riding his KTM in the world championship.

Major events in the enduro calendar include the World Enduro Championship (WEC), the International Six Days Enduro (ISDE) and several national championships. The world governing body for enduro is the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM). In the United States, the national governing body is the American Motorcycle Association (AMA). In the United Kingdom, the national governing body is the Auto-Cycle Union.

World Enduro Championship[edit]

The World Enduro Championship (WEC) was started in 1990, replacing the European Enduro Championship, which had been contested since 1968. The championship is run under the FIM and generally consists of around eight or nine Grands Prix spread around the globe. These events are split into two days (and two different races), from which points towards the world championship are awarded. Each round includes a motocross test and an "extreme test", in addition to the enduro test.

In the 2008 season, Honda's Mika Ahola won the Enduro 1 class, Yamaha's Johnny Aubert took the enduro 2 class and KTM's Samuli Aro won his fifth title in the Enduro 3 class.

ISDE[edit]

The International Six Days Enduro (ISDE) has been held since 1913, and it is the oldest off-road event in the FIM calendar. The event brings together the best riders to represent their national team, and it is often referred to as the "World Cup of Enduro" or the "Olympics of Motorcycling".

AMA national and regional events[edit]

The American Motorcycle Association is the primary sanctioning body for motorcycle races of all types in America. AMA series are often analogous to FIM series. The East Coast Enduro Association has multiple classes divided by bike type and rider demographic that allow a qualified rider to choose a class to compete in.

Each Class (A, B, C) is divided into sub-classes depending on machine type. Some examples include "C 4-stroke," "C-Veteran," "B 2-Stroke Light," "B 2-Stroke Heavy," etc... Generally speaking, there are rewards at both the event and season level for each sub-class (i.e., "I was the B 2-Stroke Light winner at this event...").

The following is a list of bike classes:

  • Class AA - The most accomplished level of rider, same as "Class A,", but who competes for points as part of the AMA National Enduro Championship. For example, Mike Lafferty, who is the 7 time AMA National Champion, competes in the AA class.
  • Class A - These are also the fastest riders, but they are not competing for points as part of the National Championship. Their awards are restricted to the AMA Region in which they compete. They are amateur participants, although they possess a skill level comparable to many of the AA riders.
  • Class B - This is the second level of rider skill (one step up from the entry level C-class). Riders are "promoted" by the AMA when they have received a certain number of points (promotion points are different from the points that are awarded during a race; points during a race are bad, as the goal is to finish an event with as close to 0 points as possible, whereas title/promotion points are awarded at the end of each event depending on how well each rider performed - the dual use of the nomenclature "points" can often be confusing to outside observers, because the connotation of having points during an event is negative, whereas the connotation of having points relative to a rider's standing in a series is generally positive).
  • Class C - This is the entry level where all new riders begin. All riders start off as C-Class riders and if they continue to participate in and finish events they will likely be promoted to B-class after 2 or 3 seasons. Exceptional riders will make the leap to B-Class after their first season because they will have accumulated the requisite points quickly enough.

Because of the variety of awards that are possible, riders are sometimes accused of sandbagging.

Popularity[edit]

Spectators watch a junior class rider in Italy.

The popularity of enduro varies widely by continent, country, region, and even by event type. Some popular events are loosely categorized as enduros even though they fall into a category of off-road racing that is known as rally racing or rally raid.

Variations[edit]

In addition to rallying and rally raids, there are other off-road races that are very similar to enduros but that vary in that they are not necessarily timekeeping events and in that they are often sanctioned by other bodies than the primary enduro sanctioning bodies.

One example in the USA is the Grand National Cross Country, which more closely resembles hare scrambles, such as the Austrian Erzberg Rodeo than Enduros, but is on a shorter course of perhaps a few miles/kilometers in length that is repeated for several laps. GNCC is famous for the high level of ATV (four-wheeled off-road vehicles) competition in addition to motorcycle competition.

Endurocross or indoor enduro is a variation of enduro held indoors. Riders must complete as quick as possible a course with obstacles similar to those in enduro.

Notable Enduro riders[edit]

12-time world champion Juha Salminen at the 2008 GP of Italy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Brief History of Enduro, Enduro 411, AMA Western Checkpoint Enduro Championship, retrieved 20 February 2012

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enduro — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Enduro - Ass Whipping

This is Enduro KeX, really serious enduro, or eXtreme Enduro or even Hard eXtreme Enduro. Fb: http://on.fb.me/1ph2ghZ Read more... Thanks for watching! Here'...

Enduro Animals

Into the Wild! Fb: http://on.fb.me/1ph2ghZ Read more... Thanks for watching guys! Leave comment to help improve next episodes. Bikes: Honda CRF 250R KTM EXC 300 KTM EXC 525 KTM EXC 530 KTM...

Enduro World: Sand, Water and Forest

This is Enduro KeX. Follow: http://on.fb.me/1ph2ghZ Bikes: Gas Gas EC 300 Honda CR 500 Honda CRF 250X Honda CRF 450R Husqvarna FE 350 KTM EXC 300 KTM EXC 530...

Enduro Blood, Sweat & Tears of Joy

This is Enduro KeX. Follow: http://on.fb.me/1ph2ghZ Read... Bikes: Gas Gas EC 300 Honda CR 500 Honda CRF 250X Honda CRF 450R Husqvarna F...

Enduro Abandoned Mines

This is Enduro KeX. Follow: http://on.fb.me/1ph2ghZ Bikes: Honda CRF 450R KTM EXC 300 KTM EXC 530 KTM EXC-F 350 KTM SX 250 Suzuki RM-Z 450 Yamaha YZ 125 Yama...

Hard Enduro Race: Day 1 - Red Bull Romaniacs 2014

CLICK for more Hard Enduro http://win.gs/1exDN2F Traffic and work came to a screeching halt as the streets of Sibiu were cleared out and converted into the u...

Enduro Heaven or Hell 2

This is Enduro KeX. Follow: http://on.fb.me/1ph2ghZ Bikes: Honda CRF 250R Honda CRF 250X Honda CRF 450R KTM EXC 300 KTM EXC 525 KTM EXC-F 350 KTM SX-F 250 KT...

Enduro is Awesome 2014

Instagram: @derekhallman Watch in HD and enjoy! This is a compilation I made of sweet enduro videos. If you like the video: like it, share it, and subscribe ...

Hard Enduro Piatra Neamt 2014 - OFFICIAL - The Movie

In only a month, Piatra Neamt will become for three days the European capital of Hard Enduro. The first three editions were a totally success and this is the...

King Of The Hill 2013 Hard Enduro - Day 1- Official: The Forest Of Hell

Official clip of Day 1 King Of The Hill Hard Enduro 2013 featuring Graham Jarvis, Wade Young, Chris Birch, Melcior Faja, Markus Kehr, David Cyprian, Paul Bol...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

22571 news items

Cycle News

Cycle News
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 20:33:45 -0700

Union, South Carolina (August 31, 2014) – Grant Baylor claimed his first career national enduro victory over a stacked field of competitors at this weekend's Little Brown Jug National Enduro, the penultimate round of the Kenda AMA National Enduro ...
 
Daily Advertiser
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 00:01:43 -0700

In the fourth round of the Leaping Log Enduro series at the Gregadoo circuit outside Wagga, some of the divisions were decided my a matter of metres. Depending on the class, each competitor had four, five or six runs over the hilly terrain, with all ...

Cycle News

Cycle News
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 11:00:00 -0700

Russell Bobbitt will see action for the first time since March 2 at this weekend's Little Brown Jug National Enduro in Union, South Carolina. PHOTOGRAPHY BY SHAN MOORE. Four-time National Enduro Champ Russell Bobbitt will see action this weekend for ...
 
Green Bay Press Gazette
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 20:33:45 -0700

Top finishers: 1, Mike Friedman, OF, 17:06; 2, Cole Fitzgerald, WDP; 3, Josh Rentmeester, BP; 4, Sam Ricker, WDP; 5, Steven Hayes, BP; 6, Tanner Reinholtz, BP; 7, Kyle Beinlich, BP; 8, Gavin DuPont, BP; 9, Michael Fifield, OF; 10, Evan Konitzer, OF. Girls.
 
Pinkbike.com
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 11:11:13 -0700

The European Enduro Series, presented by XS Power Drink, completed its fourth round last weekend in Nauders at the Reschenpass. Three countries, four lifts, six stages up to 18 kilometres long, 1450 metres of uphill and more than 3000 metres of ...
 
Pinkbike.com
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 08:45:00 -0700

One week ago, the European Enduro elite got together at the 3-corner Enduro race at Reschenpass. Top class participants, three countries, four lifts and six stages warranted an Enduro event at the highest stage. Once more the race weekend in pictures.

Bike Magazine

Bike Magazine
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 11:45:00 -0700

The Enduro World Series continues on its quest to uncover the world's best trails and unites the world's best communities, as it increases to eight rounds and adds five new venues, three new countries, and one new continent to its 2015 calendar.
 
Dirt Rider Magazine
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 09:25:15 -0700

The Lucas Oil AMA Pro Motocross Series returned from a weeklong break for round 10 of its series at Unadilla Raceway in New Berlin, New York. At the end of the day, Ryan Dungey and Christophe Pourcel came away with impressive wins in the 450 and ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Enduro

You can talk about Enduro with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!