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"Empress Ki" redirects here. For the TV series, see Empress Ki (TV series).
Empress Gi
Empress of the Yuan dynasty
Empress Dowager
Reign 1340-1369/70 (29-30 years)
Spouse Toghon Temür
Issue Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara
Father Gi Ja-o
Born 1315
Died 1369/70 (aged 54-55)

Empress Gi (or Ki; Hangul: 기황후; 1315–1369/70), known as Empress Qi (or Ch'i; 奇皇后) in Chinese and Öljei Khutuk (Өлзий хутуг) in Mongolian, was one of the primary empresses of Toghon Temür of the Yuan dynasty and the mother of Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara. She was from a Korean aristocratic family.


Öljei Khutuk, the Mongolian name by which she came to be known, was born to Gi Jao (hanja: 奇子敖 ) in Haengju (hanja: 幸州 , modern Goyang) in Goryeo. She had an elder brother named Gi Cheol (hanja: 奇轍 , Mongolian: Bayn Bukha). She became a concubine of Toghon Temür and was the mother of Ayurshiridara. After the primary empress Danashri was executed on 22 July 1335 in a purge because of the rebellion of her brother Tankis (Tangqishi),[1] Toghon Temür tried to install Öljei Khutuk as the empress. However Bayan of the Merkid, who held real power, opposed it. When Bayan was purged, Öljei Khutuk became the secondary empress in 1340 (the primary was Bayn Khutuk of the Khongirad). Her son Ayurshiridara was designated Crown Prince in 1353. Using her Korean eunuch Bak Bulhwa (Hangul: 박불화; hanja: 朴不花) as her agent, she began a campaign to force the emperor to pass the imperial throne to her son Ayurshiridara. However her intentions became known to the emperor and he grew apart from her.

Depending on Öljei Khutuk's position in the imperial capital, her elder brother Gi Cheol came to threaten the position of the king of Goryeo, which was a client state of the Mongols. Gongmin of Goryeo exterminated the Gi family in a coup in 1356. Öljei Khutuk responded by selection Tash Temür as the new king of Goryeo and dispatched troops to Goryeo. The Mongol troops were defeated by the army of Goryeo while attempting to cross the Yalu River.

Within the Mongol capital an internal strife was fought between supporters and opponents of the Crown Prince. An opposition leader Bolud Temür finally occupied the capital in 1364. Ayurshiridara fled to Köke Temür who supported him but Öljei Khutuk was imprisoned by Bolud Temür. Bolud Temür was overthrown by Köke Temür the next year. Once again, she tried to install her son as Khagan, this time with the support of Köke Temür, but in vain. After Bayan Khutuk died, Öljei Khutuk was elevated to the primary empress.

The collapse of the Mongol rule of China in 1368 forced her to flee to Yingchang. In 1370, Toghon Temür died and Ayurshiridara ascended to the throne. Empress Gi became Empress Dowager, but soon after that went missing.

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ Association for Asian Studies. Ming Biographical History Project Committee; Luther Carrington Goodrich (15 October 1976). Dictionary of Ming biography, 1368-1644. Columbia University Press. p. 1291. 


  • Чулууны Далай; Нямбуугийн Ишжамц; Найдангийн Дангаасүрэн (1992). Монголын түүх. Улаанбаатар: Эрдэм. 
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Bayan Khutugh
Consorts of rulers of China
Succeeded by
Empress Ma (Hongwu)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empress_Gi — Please support Wikipedia.
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10 news items

Korea JoongAng Daily
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 07:01:55 -0800

Her last drama was “Empress Gi” (2013). Ha is widely considered a sure ticket seller, with most of her previous works going on to become huge hits. Those include “Damo” (2003), “Secret Garden” (2010) and “Empress Gi.” The original version of the drama ...


Mon, 09 Jun 2014 20:56:15 -0700

The National Palace Museum boasts one of the largest collections of ancient Chinese artifacts and artworks in the world and Ha is an avid museum lover. The actress gained popularity in Taiwan with her role as Empress Gi from the Yuan Dynasty in the TV ...


Fri, 31 Jan 2014 01:47:12 -0800

A music source revealed, "The three people will be be appearing in the drama that follows MBC's 'Empress Gi.' The new drama is tentatively called 'Triangle' and will be airing on Mondays and Tuesdays. They're planning to get together for this new work.


Fri, 27 Dec 2013 02:30:00 -0800

Not only that, he will be singing MBC drama "Empress Gi" OST "I Love You" and KBS 2TV drama "The Innocent Man" OST "Love Is Like Snow." A C-JeS rep stated, "Just like last year's concert, this year's lineup includes songs by other artists as well ...
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 03:33:47 -0700

Publik Korea tahu betul sosok Ha Ji Won begitu mendunia berkat aktingnya yang prima. Tapi kariernya di dunia tarik suara juga tak bisa dikesampingkan. Bagi penggemar Ha Ji Won, suara sang aktris merupakan hiburan tersendiri untuk mereka.
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 06:37:00 -0700

... - Co my mamy oglądać w święta? Ile razy jeszcze "Samych swoich", "Potop" i "Pana Wołodyjowskiego"? – pyta Janusz Zaorski, twórca kilku arcydzieł polskiej kinematografii. – Nie możemy ciągle kręcić kameralnych dramatów psychologicznych – dodaje.

Người Đưa Tin

Tin tức 24h
Tue, 27 May 2014 23:18:46 -0700

Nữ diễn viên mới xuất sắc nhất: Beak Jin Hee (Empress Gi). Nam nghệ sĩ chương trình giải trí xuất sắc nhất: Shin Dong Yeop (Witch Hunt). Nữ nghệ sĩ chương trình giải trí xuất sắc nhất: Kim Young Hee (Gag Concert). Nhạc phim xuất sắc nhất: My Destiny ...

Việt Times Australia

Zing News
Tue, 27 Aug 2013 00:34:35 -0700

Empress Gi dài 50 tập và Ha Ji Won sẽ có những cảnh hành động trong phim. Nhà văn Jang Young Chul người đã viết kịch bản cho bộ phim truyền hình Dae Jo Yeong (2006) sẽ đảm nhận khâu kịch bản cho Empress Gi. Trước đó, Ha Ji Won đã rất thành ...

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