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"Empress Ki" redirects here. For the TV series, see Empress Ki (TV series).
Empress Gi
Empress of the Yuan dynasty
Empress Dowager
Reign 1340-1369/70 (29-30 years)
Spouse Toghon Temür
Issue Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara
Father Gi Ja-o
Born 1315
Died 1369/70 (aged 54-55)

Empress Gi (or Ki; Hangul기황후; 1315–1369/70), known as Empress Qi (or Ch'i; 奇皇后) in Chinese and Öljei Khutuk (Өлзий хутуг) in Mongolian, was one of the primary empresses of Toghon Temür of the Yuan dynasty and the mother of Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara. She was from a Korean aristocratic family.


Öljei Khutuk, the Mongolian name by which she came to be known, was born to Gi Jao (hanja: 奇子敖 ) in Haengju (hanja: 幸州 , modern Goyang) in Goryeo. She had an elder brother named Gi Cheol (hanja: 奇轍 , Mongolian: Bayn Bukha). She became a concubine of Toghon Temür and was the mother of Ayurshiridara. After the primary empress Danashri was executed on 22 July 1335 in a purge because of the rebellion of her brother Tankis (Tangqishi),[1] Toghon Temür tried to install Öljei Khutuk as the empress. However Bayan of the Merkid, who held real power, opposed it. When Bayan was purged, Öljei Khutuk became the secondary empress in 1340 (the primary was Bayn Khutuk of the Khongirad). Her son Ayurshiridara was designated Crown Prince in 1353. Using her Korean eunuch Bak Bulhwa (Hangul박불화; hanja朴不花) as her agent, she began a campaign to force the emperor to pass the imperial throne to her son Ayurshiridara. However her intentions became known to the emperor and he grew apart from her.

Depending on Öljei Khutuk's position in the imperial capital, her elder brother Gi Cheol came to threaten the position of the king of Goryeo, which was a client state of the Mongols. Gongmin of Goryeo exterminated the Gi family in a coup in 1356. Öljei Khutuk responded by selection Tash Temür as the new king of Goryeo and dispatched troops to Goryeo. The Mongol troops were defeated by the army of Goryeo while attempting to cross the Yalu River.

Within the Mongol capital an internal strife was fought between supporters and opponents of the Crown Prince. An opposition leader Bolud Temür finally occupied the capital in 1364. Ayurshiridara fled to Köke Temür who supported him but Öljei Khutuk was imprisoned by Bolud Temür. Bolud Temür was overthrown by Köke Temür the next year. Once again, she tried to install her son as Khagan, this time with the support of Köke Temür, but in vain. After Bayan Khutuk died, Öljei Khutuk was elevated to the primary empress.

The collapse of the Mongol rule of China in 1368 forced her to flee to Yingchang. In 1370, Toghon Temür died and Ayurshiridara ascended to the throne. Empress Gi became Empress Dowager, but soon after that went missing.

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ Association for Asian Studies. Ming Biographical History Project Committee; Luther Carrington Goodrich (15 October 1976). Dictionary of Ming biography, 1368-1644. Columbia University Press. p. 1291. 


  • Чулууны Далай; Нямбуугийн Ишжамц; Найдангийн Дангаасүрэн (1992). Монголын түүх. Улаанбаатар: Эрдэм. 
Preceded by
Bayan Khutugh
Consort of Toghon Temür
Succeeded by
Khatun of the Mongols
Succeeded by
Empress Gwon
Empress of China
Succeeded by
Empress Ma (Hongwu)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empress_Gi — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

14 news items

Korea Times

Korea Times
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 02:22:30 -0700

The most conspicuous and powerful of these Korean females was the emperor's own concubine, who eventually became his queen, Empress Gi (Gi Hwanghu). This earlier form of the Korean wave arose from a unique set of circumstances, based on the ...
Korea JoongAng Daily
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 07:00:00 -0800

Her last drama was “Empress Gi” (2013). Ha is widely considered a sure ticket seller, with most of her previous works going on to become huge hits. Those include “Damo” (2003), “Secret Garden” (2010) and “Empress Gi.” The original version of the drama ...


Mon, 09 Jun 2014 20:56:15 -0700

South Korean actress Ha Ji-won, who is visiting Taiwan to promote the historical TV series Empress Ki, expressed hope Monday that she will be able to visit the National Palace Museum during her trip. "I'm very glad to see everyone. I miss everyone very ...


Fri, 31 Jan 2014 01:47:12 -0800

A music source revealed, "The three people will be be appearing in the drama that follows MBC's 'Empress Gi.' The new drama is tentatively called 'Triangle' and will be airing on Mondays and Tuesdays. They're planning to get together for this new work.


Fri, 27 Dec 2013 02:33:26 -0800

Not only that, he will be singing MBC drama "Empress Gi" OST "I Love You" and KBS 2TV drama "The Innocent Man" OST "Love Is Like Snow." A C-JeS rep stated, "Just like last year's concert, this year's lineup includes songs by other artists as well ...

Tin tức 24h

Tin tức 24h
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 01:01:18 -0700

Ha Ji Won là nữ diễn viên hạng A nổi tiếng tại Hàn Quốc, những bộ phim có sự tham gia của cô như Scret Garden, The King 2 Hearts, Empress Gi đều có tỉ lệ người xem rất cao và trở thành đề tài bàn tán sôi nổi trên các diễn đàn. Tuy nhiên với The Time We ...
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 03:33:47 -0700

Publik Korea tahu betul sosok Ha Ji Won begitu mendunia berkat aktingnya yang prima. Tapi kariernya di dunia tarik suara juga tak bisa dikesampingkan. Bagi penggemar Ha Ji Won, suara sang aktris merupakan hiburan tersendiri untuk mereka.
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 06:37:00 -0700

... - Co my mamy oglądać w święta? Ile razy jeszcze "Samych swoich", "Potop" i "Pana Wołodyjowskiego"? – pyta Janusz Zaorski, twórca kilku arcydzieł polskiej kinematografii. – Nie możemy ciągle kręcić kameralnych dramatów psychologicznych – dodaje.

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