digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The Elizabeth Islands and Martha's Vineyard, off the coast of Massachusetts
Satellite image of Elizabeth Islands and Martha's Vineyard
The Elizabeth Islands
ElizabethIslandsChart.png
Major Islands listed in order from east to west
Nonamesset Uncatena Naushon Pasque Nashawena Penikese Cuttyhunk
Minor Islands:
Bachelor Baret Bull Cedar Gosnold Gull Rock Veckatimest Weepecket Islands

The Elizabeth Islands are a chain of small islands extending southwest from the southern coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts in the United States. They are located at the outer edge of Buzzards Bay, north of Martha's Vineyard from which they are separated by Vineyard Sound, and constitute the town of Gosnold, Massachusetts in Dukes County. All of the Elizabeth Islands except Cuttyhunk and Penikese are privately owned by the Forbes family.[1]

The islands were claimed by England and named after Queen Elizabeth I.[2] In 1641, Thomas Mayhew the Elder of Watertown, Massachusetts, bought the islands (along with Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard) from William Alexander, the Earl of Sterling. Before the creation of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691, the islands were part of the extinct Dukes County, New York. The total land area of the islands is 34.55 km² (13.34 sq mi) and there was a permanent population of 86 persons as of the 2000 census.

Named islands[edit]

Stretching south-west from land's end at Falmouth, Massachusetts, the islands are:

  • Nonamesset Island, the closest to the mainland
  • Veckatimest, a small island.
  • Uncatena Island, uninhabited as of the 2000 Census
  • Naushon Island, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) long and the largest. Composed of the main island and small uninhabited Bull Island. Owned by the Forbes' Naushon Island Trust, and while it is not generally open to the public, the Forbes family has set aside Tarpaulin Cove to the south and Kettle Cove to the north as well as Bull Island and Hadley's Harbor to the northeast for public enjoyment including picknicking.
  • The Weepecket Islands, three small, publicly accessible islands north of central Naushon owned by the Forbes family. These islands offer very few places to land, are nearly obscured by water, and are home to numerous shore birds, seals and other animals.
  • Pasque Island, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long, owned by a subset of the Forbes family, and covered in poison ivy. A shallow tidal creek cuts part way through the island.
  • Nashawena Island, 3 miles (4.8 km) long, owned by another subset of the Forbes family, it has grazing livestock.
  • Penikese, located about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) north of Nashawena and Cuttyhunk. Penikese is owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and has a colorful history. It was the site of a groundbreaking 19th-century research facility that was the precursor to the famed Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, was the site of the state's only leper colony in the early 20th century, and is currently a bird sanctuary and site of the Penikese Island School, an innovative, 35-year-old school for troubled teens.
  • Cuttyhunk, farthest west in the chain, and home to most of Gosnold's municipal population. Like Penikese, Cuttyhunk is not owned by the Forbes family, and therefore much of the island is publicly accessible.

Named channels and harbors[edit]

Channels with strong tidal currents, known locally as holes, separate the islands from each other and the mainland. Currents of up to 6 knots (11 km/h) are driven by the different sizes and filling rates of Vineyard Sound to the southeast and Buzzard's Bay to the northwest. At high tide, water flows from Buzzards Bay to the Vineyard Sound. Near mid-tide the water stops and reverses, filling the Bay at low tide.

Listed in order away from Falmouth, the named channels are:

  • Woods Hole separating the mainland from Nonamesset Island
  • Robinson Hole between Naushon Island and Pasque Island
  • Quick's Hole between Pasque Island and Nashawena Island
  • Canapitsit Channel between Nashawena Island and Cuttyhunk Island.

Cuttyhunk Harbor is sheltered on its east by Nashawena Island on its west by Cuttyhunk Island and on its north by Penikese Island.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gabel, Sue. "The Elizabeth Islands". USA Today. Retrieved 2015-07-26. 
  2. ^ "Visiting the Elizabeth Islands," North American Review 5 (15) (Sept 1817), 313-324 [1](accessed July 7, 2009)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°28′30″N 70°46′00″W / 41.475°N 70.7667°W / 41.475; -70.7667


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Islands — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

219 news items

 
Kenai Peninsula Online
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 16:48:45 -0700

To answer several emails that have rolled in lately, yes, the rumors are true, I also write a summer fishing column for the Homer News. Several years ago its editor suggested that because of my love for the sport I should take a shot at reaching not ...
 
Cape Cod Times (subscription)
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 06:30:00 -0700

FALMOUTH — Thunder and lightning storm blew through the Cape and Islands before 2 a.m., leaving hundreds without power during the early morning hours. The storm came over the Elizabeth Islands and crossed the Cape, hitting Woods Hole to Dennis ...

Homer News

Homer News
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 10:15:00 -0700

You can still nail them and other rockfish in the waters surrounding the Chugach and Elizabeth Islands if you are on a craft able to safely motivate through the unpredictable fall weather conditions and are immune to professional class power hurling ...

The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News

The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 03:41:15 -0700

Most of the known shipwrecks in the region that pose a navigational hazard are scattered around Nantucket Sound, Buzzards Bay and the Elizabeth Islands. Only five are documented in the waters directly off Aquinnah, which Mr. Reynolds attributes in part ...

Homer News

Homer News
Thu, 20 Aug 2015 13:03:45 -0700

Success can still be found in waters surrounding the Chugach and Elizabeth Islands if fishermen have access to honkin' vessels able to safely navigate in the sometimes unpredictable fall weather where waves can be a psycho surfer's dream. At the end of ...

The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News

The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News
Thu, 13 Aug 2015 16:47:58 -0700

The first European on Martha's Vineyard arrived in 1524, Ms. Coombs said, but it wasn't until the 1640s that Thomas Mayhew “bought” the islands of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket and the Elizabeth Islands from King George III. His son, Thomas Jr, went on ...

American Thinker (blog)

American Thinker (blog)
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 04:33:13 -0700

Again this year, the President and his family will stay in Chilmark, at a home off North Road with sweeping views of Vineyard Sound and the Elizabeth islands. The home, owned by Joanne Hubschman, has seven bedrooms, a pool, workout room, basketball ...

WCAI

WCAI
Mon, 03 Aug 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Long before crowd-sourcing and citizen science were buzzwords, volunteers for Buzzards Bay Coalition were monitoring water quality along the estuary's edges, from Westport to the Elizabeth Islands. The resulting data set spans twenty four years, and ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight