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The Elizabeth Islands, off the coast of Massachusetts
Satellite image of Elizabeth Islands and Martha's Vineyard
The Elizabeth Islands
Major Islands listed in order from east to west
Nonamesset Uncatena Naushon Pasque Nashawena Penikese Cuttyhunk
Minor Islands:
Bachelor Baret Bull Cedar Gosnold Gull Rock Veckatimest Weepecket Islands

The Elizabeth Islands are a chain of small islands extending southwest from the southern coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts in the United States. They are located at the outer edge of Buzzards Bay, north of Martha's Vineyard from which they are separated by Vineyard Sound, and constitute the town of Gosnold, Massachusetts in Dukes County. All of the Elizabeth Islands except Cuttyhunk and Penikese are privately owned by the Forbes family.[citation needed]

The islands were claimed by England and named after Queen Elizabeth I.[1] In 1641, Thomas Mayhew the Elder of Watertown, Massachusetts, bought the islands (along with Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard) from William Alexander, the Earl of Sterling. Before the creation of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691, the islands were part of the extinct Dukes County, New York. The total land area of the islands is 34.55 km² (13.34 sq mi) and there was a permanent population of 86 persons as of the 2000 census.

Named islands[edit]

Stretching south-west from land's end at Falmouth, Massachusetts, the islands are:

  • Nonamesset Island, the closest to the mainland
  • Veckatimest small island.
  • Uncatena Island, uninhabited as of the 2000 Census
  • Naushon Island, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) long and the largest. Composed of the main island and small uninhabited Bull Island. Owned by the Forbes' Naushon Island Trust, and while it is not generally open to the public, the Forbes family has set aside Tarpaulin Cove to the south and Kettle Cove to the north as well as Bull Island and Hadley's Harbor to the northeast for public enjoyment including picknicking.
  • The Weepecket Islands, three small, publicly accessible islands north of central Naushon owned by the Forbes family. These islands offer very few places to land, are nearly obscured by water, and are home to numerous shore birds, seals and other animals.
  • Pasque Island, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long, owned by a subset of the Forbes family, and covered in poison ivy. A shallow tidal creek cuts part way through the island.
  • Nashawena Island, 3 miles (4.8 km) long, owned by another subset of the Forbes family, it has grazing livestock.
  • Penikese, located about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) north of Nashawena and Cuttyhunk. Penikese is owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and has a colorful history. It was the site of a groundbreaking 19th-century research facility that was the precursor to the famed Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, was the site of the state's only leper colony in the early 20th century, and is currently a bird sanctuary and site of the Penikese Island School, an innovative, 35-year-old school for troubled teens.
  • Cuttyhunk, farthest west in the chain, and home to most of Gosnold's municipal population. Like Penikese, Cuttyhunk is not owned by the Forbes family, and therefore much of the island is publicly accessible.

Named channels and harbors[edit]

Channels with strong tidal currents, known locally as holes, separate the islands from each other and the mainland. Currents of up to 6 knots (11 km/h) are driven by the different sizes and filling rates of Vineyard Sound to the southeast and Buzzard's Bay to the northwest. At high tide, water flows from Buzzards Bay to the Vineyard Sound. Near mid-tide the water stops and reverses, filling the Bay at low tide.

Listed in order away from Falmouth, the named channels are:

  • Woods Hole separating the mainland from Nonamesset Island
  • Robinson Hole between Naushon Island and Pasque Island
  • Quick's Hole between Pasque Island and Nashawena Island
  • Canapitsit Channel between Nashawena Island and Cuttyhunk Island.

Cuttyhunk Harbor is sheltered on its east by Nashawena Island on its west by Cuttyhunk Island and on its north by Penikese Island.


  1. ^ "Visiting the Elizabeth Islands," North American Review 5 (15) (Sept 1817), 313-324 [1](accessed July 7, 2009)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°28′30″N 70°46′00″W / 41.475°N 70.7667°W / 41.475; -70.7667

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Islands — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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25 news items

CT Post
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 18:07:30 -0700

... of displaced fish species usually found in tropical waters, which seems to get more pronounced each year as water temperatures rise, has started. A cobia (cobia!) was taken by an angler fishing off the Elizabeth Islands off the base of Cape Cod ...

Martha's Vineyard Gazette

Martha's Vineyard Gazette
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 11:56:15 -0700

The moon will appear above the Elizabeth Islands, amid the glow of twilight, not too far from where the sun set previously. More Vineyarders will see the moon on Tuesday night when it is a good deal higher in the southwestern sky. The moon moves ...
Wicked Local Plymouth
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 03:24:24 -0700

Since the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011 and the relicensing of Pilgrim in 2012, the movement to end operations at Pilgrim (or to ensure that certain standards are met at the facility) has seemingly gained momentum. Grassroots groups throughout ...


Fri, 18 Jul 2014 11:22:30 -0700

This week there was plenty of excitement among fishermen at the news, and picture (above), of Captain Nat Chalkley landing a sizable cobia while chunking for stripers off the Elizabeth Islands. Cobia are found mostly in southern waters; the NOAA ...
Homer News
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 01:26:15 -0700

Now that the silvers are starting to enter the Nick Dudiak Fishing Lagoon, it's time for some of you to pause and try to figure out why you missed more strikes than a blindfolded drunk at a piñata party when the chinooks were kings of The Hole. Let's ...

Martha's Vineyard Gazette

Martha's Vineyard Gazette
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:54:09 -0700

The upstairs is mostly bedrooms with an office and a viewing area, where during the day the Elizabeth Islands seem to float just offshore. At night, in the distance, the lights of New Bedford sparkle. In the basement there is a pool table and a workout ...


Thu, 10 Jul 2014 23:10:24 -0700

According to Pamela Bunker, assistant assessor for the town of Chilmark, the 7,846-square-foot summer home has sweeping views of the Elizabeth Islands, a combination basketball and tennis court and a pool but is not located on a swimming beach.
Homer News
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Normal available species include walleye pollock, Pacific cod, a variety of flatfish, Dolly Varden, salmon and some things that may chase you back to the car. Anglers fishing near the Barren, Chugach and Elizabeth islands are catching nice lingcod ...

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