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The Elizabeth Islands, off the coast of Massachusetts
Satellite image of Elizabeth Islands and Martha's Vineyard
The Elizabeth Islands
Major Islands listed in order from east to west
Nonamesset Uncatena Naushon Pasque Nashawena Penikese Cuttyhunk
Minor Islands:
Bachelor Baret Bull Cedar Gosnold Gull Rock Veckatimest Weepecket Islands

The Elizabeth Islands are a chain of small islands extending southwest from the southern coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts in the United States. They are located at the outer edge of Buzzards Bay, north of Martha's Vineyard from which they are separated by Vineyard Sound, and constitute the town of Gosnold, Massachusetts in Dukes County. All of the Elizabeth Islands except Cuttyhunk and Penikese are privately owned by the Forbes family.[1]

The islands were claimed by England and named after Queen Elizabeth I.[2] In 1641, Thomas Mayhew the Elder of Watertown, Massachusetts, bought the islands (along with Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard) from William Alexander, the Earl of Sterling. Before the creation of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691, the islands were part of the extinct Dukes County, New York. The total land area of the islands is 34.55 km² (13.34 sq mi) and there was a permanent population of 86 persons as of the 2000 census.

Named islands[edit]

Stretching south-west from land's end at Falmouth, Massachusetts, the islands are:

  • Nonamesset Island, the closest to the mainland
  • Veckatimest small island.
  • Uncatena Island, uninhabited as of the 2000 Census
  • Naushon Island, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) long and the largest. Composed of the main island and small uninhabited Bull Island. Owned by the Forbes' Naushon Island Trust, and while it is not generally open to the public, the Forbes family has set aside Tarpaulin Cove to the south and Kettle Cove to the north as well as Bull Island and Hadley's Harbor to the northeast for public enjoyment including picknicking.
  • The Weepecket Islands, three small, publicly accessible islands north of central Naushon owned by the Forbes family. These islands offer very few places to land, are nearly obscured by water, and are home to numerous shore birds, seals and other animals.
  • Pasque Island, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long, owned by a subset of the Forbes family, and covered in poison ivy. A shallow tidal creek cuts part way through the island.
  • Nashawena Island, 3 miles (4.8 km) long, owned by another subset of the Forbes family, it has grazing livestock.
  • Penikese, located about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) north of Nashawena and Cuttyhunk. Penikese is owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and has a colorful history. It was the site of a groundbreaking 19th-century research facility that was the precursor to the famed Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, was the site of the state's only leper colony in the early 20th century, and is currently a bird sanctuary and site of the Penikese Island School, an innovative, 35-year-old school for troubled teens.
  • Cuttyhunk, farthest west in the chain, and home to most of Gosnold's municipal population. Like Penikese, Cuttyhunk is not owned by the Forbes family, and therefore much of the island is publicly accessible.

Named channels and harbors[edit]

Channels with strong tidal currents, known locally as holes, separate the islands from each other and the mainland. Currents of up to 6 knots (11 km/h) are driven by the different sizes and filling rates of Vineyard Sound to the southeast and Buzzard's Bay to the northwest. At high tide, water flows from Buzzards Bay to the Vineyard Sound. Near mid-tide the water stops and reverses, filling the Bay at low tide.

Listed in order away from Falmouth, the named channels are:

  • Woods Hole separating the mainland from Nonamesset Island
  • Robinson Hole between Naushon Island and Pasque Island
  • Quick's Hole between Pasque Island and Nashawena Island
  • Canapitsit Channel between Nashawena Island and Cuttyhunk Island.

Cuttyhunk Harbor is sheltered on its east by Nashawena Island on its west by Cuttyhunk Island and on its north by Penikese Island.


  1. ^ Gabel, Sue. "The Elizabeth Islands". USA Today. Retrieved 2015-07-26. 
  2. ^ "Visiting the Elizabeth Islands," North American Review 5 (15) (Sept 1817), 313-324 [1](accessed July 7, 2009)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°28′30″N 70°46′00″W / 41.475°N 70.7667°W / 41.475; -70.7667

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Islands — Please support Wikipedia.
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201 news items


Mon, 03 Aug 2015 13:26:15 -0700

Long before crowd-sourcing and citizen science were buzzwords, volunteers for Buzzards Bay Coalition were monitoring water quality along the estuary's edges, from Westport to the Elizabeth Islands. The resulting data set spans twenty four years, and ...

New York Times

New York Times
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 13:20:19 -0700

The 1.5-mile loop trail winds through mostly wooded terrain with glimpses of blue through the beech trees as you approach the spectacular view across Vineyard Sound and the Elizabeth Islands. You will also find a site on the Vineyard African-American ...
Homer News
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 13:15:00 -0700

Anglers fishing near the Barren, Chugach, and Elizabeth islands are catching some nice lingcod and rockfish as well as other target species. One guy sent me a picture of a blue lingcod that almost made me retract my cracks about how ugly they are. Almost.

Yale Alumni Magazine (blog)

Yale Alumni Magazine (blog)
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 06:30:00 -0700

Martha's Vineyard—Menemsha Waterfront Rental: A unique property on 140 acres with one mile of private frontage on Menemsha Pond with views of the Elizabeth Islands. Beautiful 3 bedroom home with separate studio. The privacy, views and sunsets are ...

The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News

The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News
Wed, 22 Jul 2015 22:15:00 -0700

The number of double-crested cormorants on Big Sandy has increased, so the young of the year are moving away from their nesting areas in the Elizabeth Islands, Noman's Land and Sengekontacket Pond. Two ospreys are fishing the Great Pond daily.

Daily Yonder

Daily Yonder
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 04:37:30 -0700

The most rural areas are western Worcester County and Franklin County along with Hampshire and Berkshire counties in the central and western part of the Commonwealth. The islands of Dukes County (Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands) are rural, ...

Homer News

Homer News
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 13:04:09 -0700

Anglers fishing near the Barren, Chugach and Elizabeth islands are doing pretty well popping lingcod and rockfish. Rockfish caught in deep water suffer injuries from decompression. Recent research by ADFG staff indicates that survival of released ...
KTVA.com - Alaska News and Weather
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 18:58:37 -0700

Early-run coho salmon are arriving at the Nick Dudiak Fishing Lagoon on the Homer Spit and fishing has been reported as good. Anglers fishing near the Barren, Chugach and Elizabeth Islands are catching lingcod and rockfish as well as other target species.

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