digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Elephant Butte Dam
Elephant butte dike.jpg
Country United States
Location Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
Status In use
Construction began 1911
Opening date 1916
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity
Impounds Rio Grande
Height 301 ft (92 m)
Length 1,674 ft (510 m)
Width (crest) 18 ft (5 m)
Width (base) 228 ft (69 m)
Dam volume 618,785 cu yd (473,095 m3)
Reservoir
Creates Elephant Butte Lake
Total capacity 2,065,010 acre·ft (2.547152329×109 m3)
Catchment area 28,900 sq mi (75,000 km2)
Surface area 36,500 acres (14,800 ha)
Power station
Hydraulic head 140 ft (43 m) (rated)
Turbines 1 x Francis turbine
Installed capacity 27.95 MW
Annual generation 38,449,061 kWh
Elephant Butte Dam
Elephant Butte Dam under construction 1914.JPG
The spillway is in the lower left corner of the picture and the power plant is located at the base of the opposite side of the dam.
Elephant Butte Dam is located in New Mexico
Elephant Butte Dam
Location Sierra County, New Mexico
Nearest city Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
Coordinates 33°09′14″N 107°11′32″W / 33.153969°N 107.192113°W / 33.153969; -107.192113Coordinates: 33°09′14″N 107°11′32″W / 33.153969°N 107.192113°W / 33.153969; -107.192113
Built 1910
Architect Louis C. Hill
Architectural style Other
Governing body U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
NRHP Reference # 79001556[1]
Added to NRHP April 9, 1979

Elephant Butte Dam or Elephant Butte Dike is a concrete gravity dam on the Rio Grande river near Truth or Consequences, New Mexico. The dam impounds Elephant Butte Reservoir, which is used for both recreation and agriculture. The construction of the dam has reduced the flow of the Rio Grande to a small stream, with high releases occurring only during the summer irrigation season, or during years of exceptionally heavy snow melt.

Dam at Elephant Butte, on Rio Grande, near Truth or Consequences, NM (postcard, circa 1916)

The dam is part of the Rio Grande Project, a project to provide power and irrigation to south-central New Mexico and west Texas. The United States Congress authorized construction of the dam on February 25, 1905 and it began in 1911. It was completed in 1916 but allowed to begin filling in 1915.[2]

Elephant Butte Dam is 301 feet (91.7 m) high, 1,674 feet (510.2 m) long including the spillway and is made from 618,785 cubic yards (473,095 m³) of concrete.[2] The width at the top of the dam is 18 feet (5.5 m) and 228 feet (69.5 m) at the base.[3]

The reservoir has a capacity of 2,065,010 acre feet (2.54715×109 m3) of water[2] and controls the runoff from 28,900 square miles (74,850 km²).[3] It provides irrigation to 178,000 acres (720 km²) of land. The dam also contains a 27,945-kilowatt hydroelectric powerplant. The current turbine was installed in 1940 and generates 38,449,061 kWh per year (as of 2005).[2] The crest elevation is 4390 ft (1338 m).[4]

At the time of its construction, the dam was the largest irrigation dam ever built with the exception of the Aswan Dam in Egypt.[5] It was expected that the dam would become the property of the local settlers once a water tax had reimbursed the government for the cost of construction. During construction the government used a system of 3 cables, each having a capacity of 15 tons and a span of 1,400 feet (430 m).

The name "Elephant Butte" refers to a volcanic core similar to Devils Tower in Wyoming. It is now an island in the lake. The butte was said to have the shape of an elephant.

Dam site, Elephant Butte (postcard, circa 1916-1924)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Elephant Butte Powerplant". Rio Grande Project. Bureau of Reclamation. December 28, 2005. Archived from the original on September 26, 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2006. 
  3. ^ a b "Elephant Butte Dam". Dataweb. Bureau of Reclamation. August 22, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2006. 
  4. ^ "Elephant Butte Dike". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  5. ^ "Great Elephant Butte Dam Approaching Completion". Popular Mechanics Magazine. January 1915. Retrieved 9 February 2009. 

External links[edit]

EBID. "Elephant Butte Irrigation District". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_Butte_Dam — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

43 news items

North Kitsap Herald

North Kitsap Herald
Thu, 04 Jun 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Water from the Colorado snow peaks has not reached the Gulf of Mexico in close to 50 years, after the construction of the Elephant Butte Dam. With wrong forecasts, new irrigations and lack of rain, most of the snowmelt evaporates from reservoirs, lawns ...
 
Las Cruces Sun-News
Sun, 29 Apr 2012 20:42:07 -0700

LAS CRUCES — For almost a century, the Rio Grande has come to a stop at what was once the largest man-made reservoir in the world. From there, through the spillway of the Elephant Butte Dam, the river waters become part of a complex irrigation network ...
 
Ruidoso News
Wed, 24 Dec 2014 14:29:19 -0800

MARK LAMBIE — EL PASO TIMES First Day Hike at Elephant Butte Lake State Park will be the only opportunity during the year for visitors to walk across the Elephant Butte Dam. New Mexico State Parks celebrate the new year with First Day Hikes on Jan. 1.

EcoWatch

EcoWatch
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 08:57:35 -0800

Texas would like to go to war with Mexico over the flow of the Rio Conchos right now, and Texas and New Mexico currently have lawsuits before the US Supreme Court over the flow of the Rio Grande south of Elephant Butte dam too. If the decision goes ...
 
Santa Fe New Mexican.com
Thu, 25 Dec 2014 09:37:30 -0800

TRUTH OR CONSEQUENCES — The Upper Rio Grande Basin has been struggling with drought for most of the past decade, forcing cities and farmers from southern Colorado to Texas' Hudspeth County to pump water from the ground to make up for the lack ...
 
Scientific American
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 10:17:24 -0700

Big Engineering and Water: The Elephant Butte Dam was started in 1905 and finished in 1916. At the time, it was the second largest dam for irrigation in the world (the Aswan Dam in Egypt being the first). A hydroelectric plant was installed in 1940 ...
 
National Geographic
Fri, 18 Jan 2013 08:46:10 -0800

Texas charges that New Mexico's pumping of groundwater in the region below Elephant Butte Dam to the New Mexico-Texas border is reducing Rio Grande flows into Texas, thereby depriving the state's farms and cities of water they are legally entitled to ...
 
KRQE News 13
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 14:45:00 -0700

TRUTH OR CONSEQUENCES, N.M. (AP) – New Mexico State Police say blasting caps and deteriorated dynamite has been disposed of after being found in a manhole near Elephant Butte Dam. It's unclear how long the items had been there. Authorities say ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight