digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Elephant Butte Dam
Elephant butte dike.jpg
Country United States
Location Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
Status In use
Construction began 1911
Opening date 1916
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity
Impounds Rio Grande
Height 301 ft (92 m)
Length 1,674 ft (510 m)
Width (crest) 18 ft (5 m)
Width (base) 228 ft (69 m)
Dam volume 618,785 cu yd (473,095 m3)
Reservoir
Creates Elephant Butte Lake
Total capacity 2,065,010 acre·ft (2.547152329×109 m3)
Catchment area 28,900 sq mi (75,000 km2)
Surface area 36,500 acres (14,800 ha)
Power station
Hydraulic head 140 ft (43 m) (rated)
Turbines 1 x Francis turbine
Installed capacity 27.95 MW
Annual generation 38,449,061 kWh
Elephant Butte Dam
Elephant Butte Dam under construction 1914.JPG
The spillway is in the lower left corner of the picture and the power plant is located at the base of the opposite side of the dam.
Elephant Butte Dam is located in New Mexico
Elephant Butte Dam
Location Sierra County, New Mexico
Nearest city Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
Coordinates 33.153969°N 107.192113°W / 33.153969°N 107.192113°W / 33.153969; -107.192113Coordinates: 33.153969°N 107.192113°W / 33.153969°N 107.192113°W / 33.153969; -107.192113
Built 1910
Architect Louis C. Hill
Architectural style Other
Governing body U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
NRHP Reference # 79001556[1]
Added to NRHP April 9, 1979

Elephant Butte Dam or Elephant Butte Dike is a concrete gravity dam on the Rio Grande river near Truth or Consequences, New Mexico. The dam impounds Elephant Butte Reservoir, which is used for both recreation and agriculture. After construction, the amount of water continuing to flow downstream in the Rio Bravo lessened to a stream a foot deep. Río Bravo, or Río Bravo del Norte, is the name given in Mexico to the river known in the United States as the Rio Grande.

Dam at Elephant Butte, on Rio Grande, near Truth or Consequences, NM (postcard, circa 1916)

The dam is part of the Rio Grande Project, a project to provide power and irrigation to south-central New Mexico and west Texas. The United States Congress authorized construction of the dam on February 25, 1905 and it began in 1911. It was completed in 1916 but allowed to begin filling in 1915.[2]

Elephant Butte Dam is 301 feet (91.7 m) high, 1,674 feet (510.2 m) long including the spillway and is made from 618,785 cubic yards (473,095 m³) of concrete.[2] The width at the top of the dam is 18 feet (5.5 m) and 228 feet (69.5 m) at the base.[3]

The reservoir has a capacity of 2,065,010 acre feet (2.54715×109 m3) of water[2] from a drainage of 28,900 square miles (74,850 km²).[3] It provides irrigation to 178,000 acres (720 km²) of land. The dam also contains a 27,945-kilowatt hydroelectric powerplant. The current turbine was installed in 1940 and generates 38,449,061 kWh per year (as of 2005).[2] It is at an elevation of 4390 ft (1338 m).[4]

At the time of its construction, the dam was the largest irrigation dam ever built with the exception of the Aswan Dam in Egypt.[5] It was expected that the dam would become the property of the local settlers once a water tax had reimbursed the government for the cost of construction. During construction the government used a system of 3 cables, each having a capacity of 15 tons and a span of 1,400 feet (430 m).

The name "Elephant Butte" refers to a volcanic core similar to Devils Tower in Wyoming. It is now an island in the lake. The butte was said to have the shape of an elephant.

Dam site, Elephant Butte (postcard, circa 1916-1924)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Elephant Butte Powerplant". Rio Grande Project. Bureau of Reclamation. December 28, 2005. Archived from the original on September 26, 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2006. 
  3. ^ a b "Elephant Butte Dam". Dataweb. Bureau of Reclamation. August 22, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2006. 
  4. ^ "Elephant Butte Dike". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  5. ^ "Great Elephant Butte Dam Approaching Completion". Popular Mechanics Magazine. January 1915. Retrieved 9 February 2009. 

External links[edit]

EBID. "Elephant Butte Irrigation District". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_Butte_Dam — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
3089 videos foundNext > 

Elephant Butte Impact: Lake Levels Near Elephant Butte Dam

This video shows how upstream drought has impacted Elephant Butte Lake in Southern New Mexico. Water released from the lake into the Rio Grande supplies much...

Elephant Butte Dam - Sierra County Centennial Video Series

This video tells the story of the Elephant Butte Dam (a National Historical Engineer Landmark with the ASCE) and how it came to be constructed in this partic...

Elephant Butte Dam

once a year walking tour.

MMM Skipping Rocks at Elephant Butte Dam in NM 06/06/2012

MMM tries to skip rocks at Elephant Butte Dam in New Mexico.

Elephant Butte Dam

Lake Elephant Butte, NM, Man made lake.

Boats on Elephant Butte Lake, Labor Day weekend 2013

View of people on various watercraft, playing out on the lake - video taken at the overlook next to Elephant Butte Dam. Labor Day weekend 2013.

Ski Boat on Elephant Butte Lake, New Mexico

Cruising in a Sea Ray ski boat on Elephant Butte Lake, NM. Video shows the sandy beaches, rugged desert scenery, Elephant Butte Dam, and cool waters of Eleph...

WALKING ACROSS THE DAM AT ELEPHANT BUTTE

WALKING ACROSS THE DAM AT ELEPHANT BUTTE.

Elephant Butte Lake- Dam New Mexico

Elephant Butte Lake, "Depth Perception" June 2013

Scuba Diving off off the three Marinas at Elephant Butte Lake, NM to check how the current depths are. Yep, there's alot of water for everyone to enjoy!

3089 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

El Defensor Chieftain

El Defensor Chieftain
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 05:11:15 -0700

... livestock, irrigation, municipal, industrial and commercial uses to include providing water to the state of New Mexico to augment its capacity to meet deliveries to the state of Texas at Elephant Butte Dam and offsetting effects of ground water ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Elephant Butte Dam

You can talk about Elephant Butte Dam with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!