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Politics and government of
Elections in Mozambique gives information on election and election results in Mozambique.
Mozambique elects on national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) has 250 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation. Mozambique has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with extreme difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. The Mozambique voters are the ones that vote for the people that are elected into office.
In the first democratic elections held in Mozambique, in 1994, FRELIMO candidate and president of Mozambique since 1986 Joaquim Chissano was elected and the opposition party and former guerillia group RENAMO acknowledged the result. The United Nations Security Council, which had a peacekeeping operation based there due to the civil war, endorsed the results as free and fair in Resolution 960.
In the elections in late 1999 President Joaquim Chissano from FRELIMO was re-elected with 52.3% of the vote, and FRELIMO secured 133 of 250 parliamentary seats. The main opposition parties candidate, RENAMO's Afonso Dhlakama, got 47.7% and the party won the remaining 117 parliamentary seats.
2004 – Presidential and Parliamentary election 
In the parliamentary election FRELIMO won 62% (1.8 million) of the votes, RENAMO 29.7% (905,000 votes), and 18 minor parties shared the remaining 8%. FRELIMO will hold 160 of the parliamentary seats, RENAMO 90.
The elections have been criticized for not having been conducted in a fair and transparent manner by the National Electoral Commission (CNE). Several cases of electoral fraud have occurred and remained unsanctioned. This has been criticized among others by the European Union Election Observation Mission to Mozambique and the Carter Center. However, the elections shortcomings have probably not (also according to EU observers) affected the final result in the presidential election. The distribution of parliamentary seats among the parties will have been somewhat altered, though (RENAMO probably losing a number of seats to FRELIMO).
On 2 February 2005 Guebuza was sworn in as president of the republic, but without Dhlakama and RENAMO's recognition and presence at the inauguration. RENAMO have, however, agreed to participate in the Parliament and the Council of State.
2009 – Presidential and Parliamentary election 
The Presidential and Parliamentary elections were held on 28 October 2009 for the fourth time since the introduction of the multy-party system. In the elections for the Assembly of the Republic, the FRELIMO and the RENAMO contested in all 13 parliamentary constituencies, but the newly formed Democratic Movement of Mozambique was able to contest in only 4 parliamentary constituencies.
|Candidates - Parties||Votes||%|
|Armando Guebuza - Liberation Front of Mozambique (FRELIMO)||2,974,627||75.00|
|Afonso Dhlakama - Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO)||650,679||16.41|
|Daviz Simango - Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM)||340,579||8.59|
|Total (turnout 44.52%)||3,965,785||100.00|
|Source: AIM - Mozambique News Agency|
|Liberation Front of Mozambique (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique, FRELIMO)||2,907,335||74.66||191||+31|
|Mozambican National Resistance (Resistência Nacional Moçambicana, RENAMO)||688,782||17.68||51||–39|
|Democratic Movement of Mozambique (Movimento Democrático de Moçambique, MDM)||152,836||3.93||8||+8|
|Total (turnout 44.4 %)||100.00||250||±0|
|Source: AIM - Mozambique News Agency|
Previous parliamentary election results 
|Political Party||Election Year|
|Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO)||129||133||160||191|
|Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO)||112||-||-||51|
|Mozambican National Resistance-Electoral Union (RENAMO-UE)||-||117||90||-|
|Democratic Union (UD)||09||-||-||-|
|Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM)||-||-||-||08|
See also 
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