digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















This article is about bodies which oversee elections. For bodies which elect people to particular offices, see Electoral college.

An election commission is a body charged with overseeing the implementation of election procedures. The exact name used varies from country to country, including such terms as "electoral commission", "central election commission", "electoral branch" or "electoral court". Election commissions can be independent, mixed, judicial or governmental. They may also be responsible for electoral boundary delimitation. In federations there may be a separate body for each subnational government.

Electoral models[edit]

Independent model

In the independent model the election commission is independent of the executive and manages its own budget. Countries with an independent election commission include Australia, Canada, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, South Africa, Thailand and the United Kingdom. In some of these countries the independence of the election commission is constitutionally guaranteed e.g. section 190 of the Constitution of South Africa.

Branch model

In the branch model the election commission is often called an electoral branch, and is usually a constitutionally-recognized separate branch of government, with its members appointed by either the executive or the legislative branch. Countries with an electoral branch include Bolivia, Costa Rica, Panama, Nicaragua and Venezuela.

Mixed model

In the mixed-model there is an independent board to determine policy, but implementation is usually a matter for an executive department with varying degrees of supervision by the independent board. Countries with such a model include Cameroon, France, Germany, Japan, Senegal and Spain.

Executive model

In the executive model the election commission is directed by a cabinet minister as part of the executive branch of government, and may include local government authorities acting as agents of the central body. Countries with this model include Denmark, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia and the United States.

Judicial model

In the judicial model the election commission is closely supervised by and ultimately responsible to a special "electoral court". Countries with such a model include Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.

Boards of elections in the United States[edit]

Tangipahoa Parish Board of Election Supervisors selecting election commissioners for 2011 by means of the statutorily required plastic balls. Left to right: James "Rube" Ardillo, John Russell, Richard David Ramsey, Cindy Benitez, and Julian Dufreche.

A board of elections is a body of officials designated to administer elections in some U.S. states and municipalities, such as New York City. The board is typically not under the direct control of the executive branch and therefore is buffered somewhat from political pressure.

An example of a board of elections in the process of selecting election commissioners appears in the image to the right—the Tangipahoa Parish Board of Election Supervisors.[1] Such a board is established by the Louisiana Revised Statutes § 18:484. The statute specifies that such a board in every one of Louisiana's 64 parishes (counties) shall be constituted of a representative of each recognized political party plus the Registrar of Voters, the Governor's appointee, and the clerk of court. The statute articulates explicit charges to the board, including stipulating the manner of selecting the commissioners:

"A ball made of plastic or a similar material with a number corresponding to each of the numbers on the compiled list of proposed commissioners for a precinct shall be placed in a receptacle and thoroughly mixed. The members of the parish board of election supervisors may participate in the mixing."[2]

List of election commissions[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tangipahoa Parish Board of Election Supervisors site (accessed 2011-04-02).
  2. ^ Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 18:484. This section is also annually published separately by the Louisiana Secretary of State as the Louisiana Election Code.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Election_commission — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Election Commission of India Present Electronic Voting Machine

Poll Awareness campaign by Election Commission

For better and active participation of citizens in the electoral process, Election Commission of India has launched Poll Awareness campaign. A look at the me...

Election Commission delivers sharp rebuke to BJP over Varanasi protests

With the BJP challenging its neutrality and the decision to disallow a rally by Narendra Modi in the heart of Varanasi, the Election Commission today said it...

Shirdi : Election Commission Voter List Jumble 0209

Indian of the Year - Election Commission

NDTV's Prannoy Roy presented the award for Indian of the Year collectively to the Election Commission. Watch full video: http://www.ndtv.com/video/player/ind...

Election Commission Training Film For Peethaseen Adhikari in Hindi

Developed by DEO Barabanki Team.

Modi intended to influence voters, says furious Election Commission

The Election Commission has ordered a police complaint or FIR (First Information Report), against Narendra Modi for flashing his party symbol and making a sp...

Tunisia's Election Commission Registers More Than a Million New Voters

More than a million new voters have registered for Tunisia's elections later this year. This follows a two month campaign to encourage Tunisians to make thei...

Narendra Modi slams Election Commission

Narendra Modi slams Election Commission For more content go to http://www.indiatvnews.com/video/ Follow us on facebook at https://www.facebook.com/indiatvnew...

Taliban attack election commission headquarters in Kabul

Taliban insurgents attack the Independent Election Commission headquarters in the Afghan capital of Kabul, the latest in a spate of attacks ahead of next wee...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

12593 news items

Economic Times

Economic Times
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 02:33:45 -0700

NEW DELHI: The Election Commission today rejected suggestions that Electronic Voting Machines being sent to Jammu and Kashmir for the coming Assembly polls were manufactured in Gujarat and have been manipulated. In a letter to J and K Panthers ...
Times of India
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 13:48:24 -0700

JAIPUR: The state election commission (SEC) will keep an eye on the "extraordinary rise" in registration of voters in the electoral rolls for the upcoming municipal and panchayat elections. The SEC has already started preparation for the elections and ...

Kyiv Post

Kyiv Post
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Central Election Commission denies extra funding for early parliamentary elections. Print version. Sept. 2, 2014, 7:04 p.m. | Ukraine — by Interfax-Ukraine. Members of the election commission empty a ballot box at a polling station in the Ukrainian ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 15:26:20 -0700

Partly by design and largely by choice, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) wears a cloak of helplessness. Much like the rest of the bureaucracy it prefers to function like a glorified post office rather than an autonomous and empowered body that ...


Thu, 28 Aug 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Chandigarh, Aug 28: The Election Commission of India has issued guidelines to check the menace of paid news during the forthcoming Legislative Assembly elections in Haryana. Stating this here today, Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) Haryana, Shrikant ...

Economic Times

Economic Times
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 22:32:52 -0700

NEW DELHI: The Election Commission is set to announce assembly elections in Haryana, Maharashtra and possibly Jharkhand next week, with polling likely to be scheduled in October. However, the Commission is discussing separate polls in Jammu ...

The Malay Mail Online

The Malay Mail Online
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 08:33:45 -0700

KUALA LUMPUR, Sept 2 — Former Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Ministry secretary-general Datuk Seri Mohd Hashim Abdullah has been appointed the new deputy chairman of the Election Commission (EC). He succeeds Datuk Wan Ahmad Wan ...

Memphis Daily News

Memphis Daily News
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 09:44:19 -0700

There were five candidates who were official write-in candidates, meaning they notified the Election Commission in advance of their intent to wage a write-in campaign. Kemario Davis, a write-in candidate for the Shelby County Schools board District 6 ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Election commission

You can talk about Election commission with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!