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Edward Payson Weston, the Father of Modern Pedestrianism, 1909

Edward Payson Weston (1839–1929) was a notable pedestrian, who was largely responsible for the rise in popularity of the sport in the 1860s and 1870s.


Edward Payson Weston was born on March 15, 1839 in Providence, Rhode Island to Silas Weston, a teacher and publisher, and Maria Gaines, a writer. As a teenager, Weston published books about his father's trips to the California Gold Rush and to the Azores, and Edward also published a novel written by his mother in 1859.[1] During childhood Weston moved frequently, and by his own account, spent some time travelling with the popular Hutchinson Family Singers.[2]

He first received attention as a notable pedestrian in 1861, when he walked 478 miles (769 km) from Boston, Massachusetts to Washington, D.C. in 10 days and 10 hours, from February 22 to March 4. During the walk, he faced snow, rain, and mud, and he fell several times. His longest period of uninterrupted sleep was 6 hours, and he usually ate while walking. He arrived in Washington at 5:00 pm, and was strong enough to attend Abraham Lincoln's inaugural ball that evening.

Title page of Weston's account of his Boston-DC walk in 1861

The walk was part of the terms of a bet on the 1860 presidential election. The bettor whose candidate lost was to walk to Washington to see the inauguration of the new president. Weston lost when he bet against Lincoln, and received only a bag of peanuts for his trouble. However, he also received newspaper coverage and a congratulatory handshake from the new president, which inspired him to further pedestrian feats.

In 1867, Weston walked from Portland, Maine to Chicago, Illinois, covering over 1200 miles (1900 km) in 26 days, winning a prize of $10,000. He received several death threats from gamblers who had bet against him, and was attacked once. He gave lectures to crowds of spectators on the health benefits of walking, both during the walk and afterwards.

Over the next few decades, Weston continued his professional walking career. While he was sometimes beaten in indoor multiday races, he held numerous records for long-distance endurance events. In 1869 he walked 1058 miles (1703 km) through snow-covered New England in 30 days. In 1871, he walked backwards for 200 miles around St. Louis, Missouri in 41 hours.

Weston spent 8 years touring Europe, starting in 1876 in England where he challenged England's racewalking champion to a 24-hour, 115 mile ultramarathon. The Englishman quit 14 hours and 65.6 miles into the race, but Weston walked the full 24 hours and covered 109.5 miles. His performance caused a bit of a controversy when he later admitted to having been chewing coca leaf throughout much of the race.[3]

In 1879 he defeated the British champion "Blower" Brown, in a 550 mile (890 km) match which he walked in 141 hours 44 minutes, winning him the prestigious Astley Belt.

In April 1906, Weston walked from Philadelphia to New York, a distance of over 100 miles, in less than 24 hours.[4]

In 1907, at the age of 68, Weston repeated his Maine-to-Chicago walk of 1867, beating his own time by over 24 hours. In 1909, he walked 4,000 miles, from New York to San Francisco, in 100 days.[5][6]

His last great journey was in 1913, when he walked 1546 miles (2488 km) from New York to Minneapolis in 51 days.

Weston spent most of the remainder of his life urging others to take up walking for exercise and competition. He warned that automobiles were making people lazy and sedentary.


Weston was severely injured when he was struck by a New York City taxicab in 1927, and never walked again. He died in his sleep two years later.


His life story has been told in the 2012 biography, A Man in a Hurry,[7] described by U.S. sports writer Brian Phillips as "a spectacularly entertaining book."[8] His career biography, "Weston, Weston, Rah-Rah-Rah!", was published on December 12, 2012.


  1. ^ http://www.riheritagehalloffame.org/inductees_detail.cfm?crit=det&iid=663
  2. ^ Weston. 1861; p.47.
  3. ^ Steven B. Karch. A Brief History of Cocaine, 2nd Edition. This story can be found online in a preview of the book.
  4. ^ Peck, Wiliam F. (1908). History of Rochester and Monroe County. p. 108. Retrieved 2009-08-25. 
  5. ^ "Heat and Insects Compel Pedestrian to Take Day Off.". New York Times. April 3, 1909. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  6. ^ "Weston's Auto Lost, Needs His Supplies". New York Times. June 30, 1909. Retrieved 2008-05-26. Veteran Suffers Chiefly From Lack Of Proper Attention On Road. Best Day's Walk Of Task Notwithstanding Hardships The Old Pedestrian Says He Never Felt Better Or Stronger. Lost. One automobile, one chauffeur, and one trained nurse; incidentally several suits of underclothes, three pairs of boots, dozen pairs of socks, two dozen handkerchiefs, two white garabaldis, one oilskin coat, and one straw hat. All belong to Edward Payson Weston, en route from New York to San Francisco via a devious route, over sundry obstacles, chiefly clay mud, knee deep, and still becoming deeper. 
  7. ^ "Man in a Hurry, A: Amazon.co.uk: Nick Harris, Helen Harris, Paul Marshall: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 
  8. ^ "Brian Phillips on Edward Payson Weston". Grantland. 1929-03-15. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Edward Payson Weston. The pedestrian: being a correct journal of "incidents" on a walk from the state house, Boston, Massachusetts, to the U.S. Capitol, at Washington, D.C., performed in "ten consecutive days", between February 22d and March 4, 1861. NY: E.P. Weston, 1862
  • A Man in a Hurry - The extraordinary life and times of Edward Payson Weston, the world's greatest walker by Nick Harris, Helen Harris and Paul Marshall (De Coubertin, 2012)
  • "Weston, Weston, Rah-Rah-Rah!" Edward Payson Weston - A Career Biography - by P. S. Marshall (Authorhouse, 12/12/12)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Payson_Weston — Please support Wikipedia.
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483 news items

Utne Reader Online

Utne Reader Online
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 14:22:30 -0700

In 1909, seventy year-old sportsman Edward Payson Weston left New York to walk across America to San Francisco. Having long been America's greatest pedestrian, he was attempting the most ambitious and physically taxing walk of his career. Walk of Ages ...

SportsBlog.com (blog)

SportsBlog.com (blog)
Sat, 14 Mar 2015 23:00:00 -0700

More than a century before Jordan was the face of the sports universe and even known outside those circles, Edward Payson Weston was the most recognizable man in the industry. It could be argued that in a world without radio, television and yes, even ...
Wed, 05 Sep 2012 13:14:04 -0700

In the summer of 1856, Edward Payson Weston was struck by lightning and fired from his job at the circus. He was 17 years old and had been traveling with the big top for no more than a few weeks — “under an assumed name,” as he reassured the readers ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 14:18:47 -0700

Edward Payson Weston was a pedestrian little man with a lofty ambition—to walk farther and faster than any American had ever done before. He is lost today in the mists of American oddity, but in his time Weston—who stood just 5-foot-8 and weighed 125 ...

New Hampshire Public Radio

New Hampshire Public Radio
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 16:11:15 -0800

Even as a child, Charles Dickens was an avid, sometimes compulsive walker. So much so, he once wrote, “If I could not walk far and fast, I think I should just explode and perish.” Today's show is all about walking, from the ancient origins of ...

New York Times

New York Times
Fri, 05 Dec 2014 10:22:30 -0800

In the early 20th century, Edward Payson Weston, a slight, elderly, charismatic man given to fancy dress, captured the attention of the nation with his journey on foot across the country. Curtis, a contributing editor at The Atlantic, doesn't set out ...

The Atlantic

The Atlantic
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 04:16:26 -0700

Edward Payson Weston started off on foot from New York to San Francisco in March 1909. He was 70 years old, and would eventually arrive 105 days later, averaging about 40 miles per day. Not surprisingly, his walk triggered a lot of talk about aging and ...


Thu, 03 Apr 2014 13:05:10 -0700

[Edward Payson Weston] was one of the most famous pedestrians of the 19th century. He was ... a door-to-door bookseller from Providence, R.I. And ... in 1860, he made a bet with a friend on the presidential election. [He] bet that Lincoln would lose ...

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