digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Education in Guatemala is free and compulsory for six years.[1] In 1997, the gross primary enrollment rate was 88.1 percent and the net primary enrollment rate was 73.5 percent.[1] However, only 30 percent of students who begin primary school in Guatemala complete this level of education.[1] Children who do not attend school are concentrated in rural areas, and a disproportionate number of them are indigenous.[1]

List of universities in Guatemala

Issues Regarding Education in Guatemala[edit]

Guatemala has a 3-tier system of education starting with primary school, followed by secondary school and tertiary education, depending on the level of technical training. Despite primary education being compulsory and provided free by the government, mean years of schooling in 2011 still stood at a low of 4.1. The difference in percentages between gross enrolment ratio dropped by more than half from primary to secondary school.[2] Although the Guatemalan government devotes a percentage of its budget to education expenditure, nearly 31.7% of the country’s near 12 million people are illiterate, with illiteracy rates up to more than 60% in the indigenous population.[3]

The current state of education in Guatemala still remains significantly under-funded and many classrooms nationwide, especially in rural Guatemala, do not meet minimum standards for classroom space, teaching materials, classroom equipment and furniture, and water/sanitation.[4]

With more than half the population of Guatemalans living below the poverty line,[5] it is hard for school going children, especially indigenous children, to afford the rising cost of school uniforms, books, supplies and transportation, all of which are not supplemented by the government.[6] This is exacerbated by the fact that, for poorer students, time spent in school could be time better spent working to sustain the family. It is especially hard for children living in the rural areas to attend primary school and most drop out due to the lack of access and largely inadequate facilities.

Gender inequality in the sphere of education is also common, where male literacy and school enrollment rates dominate female rates in all aspects. Out of the 2 million children who do not attend school in Guatemala, majority are indigenous girls living in rural areas. In addition, most families still subscribe to patriarchal traditions that tie women to a domestic role and the majority would rather send a son than a daughter to school if they could afford it.[7]

Moreover, the recruitment and retaining of quality teachers poses a large problem in rural areas of Guatemala. Apart from the meagre pay, most teachers often come from larger towns, where they have been able to receive higher education, and, faced with a daily commute of a few hours in order to reach the rural areas, many would rather seek employment in the larger towns first. The lack of curriculum guides or teaching materials in rural schools also hamper efforts to improve education standards in those areas[6]


  1. ^ a b c d "Guatemala". 2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor. Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor (2002). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "2011 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. p. 160.
  3. ^ [ Education (all levels) profile – Guatemala. UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2012.]
  4. ^ The Development of an Educational System in a Rural Guatemalan Community Oscar H. Horst and Avril McLellandJournal of Inter-American Studies , Vol. 10, No. 3 (Jul., 1968), p. 478-479Published by: Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Miami
  5. ^ [ CIA World Factbook, Guatemala". July 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2012]
  6. ^ a b School Efficiency in Rural Guatemala Kathleen S. Gorman and Ernesto PollittInternational Review of Education / Internationale Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft / Revue Internationale de l'Education , Vol. 38, No. 5 (Sep., 1992), p. 523 Published by: Springer
  7. ^ Education and Poverty in Guatemala, John Edwards, 2002. p. 23 and 30. Retrieved 22 February 2012.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Guatemala — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

4 news items

Action Hub
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 08:08:01 -0700

”We're looking for the children to have opportunities for a safe life and education in Guatemala,” she told NBC. “It's another way of looking into how to solve the problem of the children coming across the borders.” The first section of her trip will ...


Sat, 12 Jul 2014 16:25:57 -0700

“We're looking for the children to have opportunities for a safe life and education in Guatemala,” she said. “It's another way of looking into how to solve the problem of the children coming across the borders.” Walters now is a member of the ...

The Free Lance-Star

The Free Lance-Star
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 11:50:39 -0700

Wil had no formal education in Guatemala, but that didn't stop him from finishing his homework after he arrived in the U.S., even though it took him about three times as long as it would take a normal student, his mother said. Wil also had to overcome ...
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 06:55:21 -0700

Working through a non-profit aimed at fighting global poverty, Morales set up a campaign to raise money for primary-level education in Guatemala in lieu of birthday gifts. Police said she was sitting in the back seat of a stopped Toyota Corolla when a ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Education in Guatemala

You can talk about Education in Guatemala with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!