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Edson Zvobgo
1st Minister of Local Government & Housing, Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1980 – 18 April 1982
President Canaan Banana
Prime Minister Robert Mugabe
Preceded by None
Constituency Masvingo, Masvingo Province
2nd. Minister of Justice, Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1982 – 18 April 1985
President Canaan Banana
Prime Minister Robert Mugabe
1st Minister of Parliament & Constitutional Affairs, Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1985 – 18 April 1992
President Robert Mugabe
Minister of Mines, Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1992 – 18 April 1996
President Robert Mugabe
Minister Without Portfolio, Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1996 – 18 April 2000
President Robert Mugabe
Personal details
Born (1935-10-02)2 October 1935
Fort Victoria, Southern Rhodesia
(now Masvingo, Zimbabwe)
Died 22 August 2004(2004-08-22) (aged 68)
Harare, Zimbabwe
Nationality Zimbabwean
Political party ZANU PF
Spouse(s) Julia Tukai Zvobgo (1937–2004)
Children 7 children (Kerina, Edson Jnr., Tsungi, Jonasi, Esther, Tendai, Farai Emily)
Residence Glen Lorne, Harare & Masvingo
Alma mater Tufts University; Harvard University
Occupation Nationalist; Politician ; M.P. – Masvingo South (18 April 1980 – 22 August 2004); Hotelier
Profession Lawyer; Academic
Religion Dutch Reformed Church

Edson Jonasi Zvobgo (2 October 1935 – 22 August 2004) was a founder of Zimbabwe's ruling party Zanu-PF,[citation needed] was the Patriotic Front's spokesman at the Lancaster House in late 1979,[1] a Harvard-trained lawyer, and a poet.

His name is often misspelled by the media, either as Eddison instead of Edson or Zvogbo instead of Zvobgo.

He was born in then Southern Rhodesia in 1935, near Fort Victoria (now Masvingo), where his father was a minister in the Dutch Reformed Church. In 1960, Zvobgo won a scholarship to Tufts University in Boston, Massachusetts aged 25. After taking a bachelor's degree there in 1964, he returned home to be arrested and detained for political activism against white rule in Rhodesia, along with Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo.

Zvobgo was freed in 1971, and he spent a period in exile in Canada. He then studied law at Harvard and international relations at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, followed by a position as associate professor teaching criminal law at Lewis University College in Illinois.

Zvobgo played a key role in international negotiations at Lancaster House that ended the bitter bush war and led to British-sponsored all race elections ahead of independence in 1980. He was the Zanu-PF spokesman, and impressed many in the international press with his quick repartee and astute analysis of the negotiations. In the 1980 elections, he won a seat in parliament for Masvingo, which he continued to hold until his death.

An influential member of Zimbabwe's first fully independent cabinet, Zvobgo was minister for local government and housing until 1982, and minister for justice until 1985. As minister of parliamentary and constitutional affairs, in 1987 he made several amendments to the Constitution that concentrated power in the hands of the president and moved Zimbabwe towards a one-party state.

Initially a staunch supporter of Zanu-PF policies, in later years he criticised Robert Mugabe's autocratic rule.

In 1992 Zvobgo was moved to the less influential post of Minister of Mines. In 1996 he survived a car accident, in which both his legs were broken. This accident was considered suspicious by many. Shortly after the accident Mugabe demoted Zvobgo further to Minister Without Portfolio, and, in 2000, he was dropped from the cabinet altogether.

In the 2002 presidential elections, he refused to campaign for Mugabe, but did not endorse the opposition challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). He also voiced his opposition to the sweeping media law, passed the same year, calling it "the most serious assault on our constitutional liberties since independence".[2]

Despite his criticism, Zvobgo eventually voted for the legislation, which was used to close off Zimbabwe's only privately owned daily newspaper, The Daily News, and to arrest at least 31 independent journalists.

He became the subject of an internal party disciplinary inquiry in 2003 for his refusal to campaign for Mugabe and after describing the laws as a weapon to stifle opposition to the government, but allegations of disloyalty were eventually dropped.

Zvobgo had also been accused of holding private talks with the opposition Movement for Democratic Change as the ruling party abandoned formal dialogue between the two parties.

Zvobgo died on 22 August 2004 after a lengthy battle with cancer. His wife Julia Tukai Zvobgo, a former Zanu-PF MP, died in February 2004 at the age of 67. He is survived by his seven children, Kerina, Edson Junior, Tsungirirai, Jonasi, Esther, Tendai and Farai Emily.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Zvobgo — Please support Wikipedia.
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45 news items

 
Bulawayo24
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 02:57:44 -0700

A former Minister of Justice, and member of cabinet,Dr Edson Zvobgo had given a public lecture on the importance of the original Supreme Court ruling. No one knew, until today as I write, that he was the one who had tipped me off about the ...
 
Zimbabwe Independent
Fri, 09 Nov 2012 00:07:01 -0800

... struggle in camps across Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique, has been playing itself out mainly on the Masvingo political landscape, with two rival groups led by the late vice-president Simon Muzenda and maverick Edson Zvobgo at each other's throats.

Mail & Guardian Africa

Mail & Guardian Africa
Mon, 18 May 2015 11:24:44 -0700

Dispatches from Harare to Canberra in 1983 show how Zanu-PF ministers Emmerson Mnangagwa, who was at the time intelligence chief but is now Mugabe's deputy, then defence minister Sydney Sekeramayi and the late justice minister Edson Zvobgo were ...

NewsDay

NewsDay
Wed, 24 Jun 2015 20:01:00 -0700

The ruling by High Court judge Justice Hlekani Mwayera that children born out of wedlock should be able to benefit from the estate of their deceased parents has been welcomed by different sections of society. BY SILENCE CHARUMBIRA. Zimbabwe has for ...

Nehanda Radio

Nehanda Radio
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 22:15:00 -0700

“Those you trust will distribute the seed,” referring to Mzembi and interestingly his political foe Mahofa, now the Provincial Minister for Masvingo. Mzembi has also admitted having a very solid relationship with the late Edson Zvobgo, once seen as the ...

ITV News

ITV News
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 00:37:30 -0800

As Zimbabwe's president Robert Mugabe celebrated his 91st birthday with a feast fit for a medieval King, it is fair to say that for the average Zimbabwean, it is an opportune moment to reflect on the state of affairs in this Southern African country. A ...

Zimbabwe Independent

Zimbabwe Independent
Thu, 02 Apr 2015 00:54:16 -0700

Mubako was in the Zanu PF group that included the late Tongogara, Josiah Chinamano, Herbert Ushewokunze, Edson Zvobgo, Walter Kamba and Josiah Tungamirai, who attended the Lancaster House talks. He was a professor and Dean at the University of ...

NewsDay

NewsDay
Sun, 21 Jun 2015 20:01:05 -0700

MINES minister Walter Chidakwa has revealed that government will soon implement a policy to repossess mining concessions which were not being utilised amid concerns that some investors were holding onto idle concessions for speculative purposes.
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