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Edna Ferber
Edna Ferber.jpg
circa 1904
Born August 15, 1885
Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA
Died April 16, 1968 (age 82)
New York City, New York, USA
Occupation Novelist, playwright
Nationality United States
Genre drama, romance

Edna Ferber (August 15, 1885 – April 16, 1968) was an American novelist, short story writer and playwright. Her novels were especially popular and included the Pulitzer Prize-winning So Big (1924), Show Boat (1926; made into the celebrated 1927 musical), Cimarron (1929; made into the 1931 film which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), and Giant (1952; made into the 1956 Hollywood movie).

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Ferber was born August 15, 1885, in Kalamazoo, Michigan, to a Hungarian-born Jewish storekeeper, Jacob Charles Ferber, and his Milwaukee, Wisconsin-born wife, Julia (Neumann) Ferber. After living in Chicago, Illinois, and Ottumwa, Iowa, at the age of 12 Ferber and her family moved to Appleton, Wisconsin, where she graduated from high school and briefly attended Lawrence University. She took newspaper jobs at the Appleton Daily Crescent and the Milwaukee Journal before publishing her first novel. She covered the 1920 Republican National Convention and 1920 Democratic National Convention for the United Press Association.

Career[edit]

Ferber's novels generally featured strong female protagonists, along with a rich and diverse collection of supporting characters. She usually highlighted at least one strong secondary character who faced discrimination ethnically or for other reasons; through this technique, Ferber demonstrated her belief that people are people and that the not-so-pretty people have the best character.

Several theatrical and film productions have been based on her works, including Show Boat, Giant, Ice Palace, Saratoga Trunk, Cimarron (which won an Oscar) and the 1960 remake. Three of these works – Show Boat, Saratoga Trunk and Giant – have been developed into musicals.

When composer Jerome Kern proposed turning the very serious Show Boat into a musical, Ferber was shocked, thinking it would be transformed into a typical light entertainment of the 1920s. It was not until Kern explained that he and Oscar Hammerstein II wanted to create a different type of musical that Ferber granted him the rights. Saratoga, based on Saratoga Trunk, was written at a much later date, after serious plots had become acceptable in stage musicals.

In 1925, she won the Pulitzer Prize for her book So Big, which was made into a silent film starring Colleen Moore that same year. An early talkie movie remake followed, in 1932, starring Barbara Stanwyck and George Brent, with Bette Davis in a supporting role. A 1953 remake of So Big starred Jane Wyman in the Stanwyck role, and is the version most often seen today.

Ferber was a member of the Algonquin Round Table, a group of wits who met for lunch every day at the Algonquin Hotel in New York. Ferber and another member of the Round Table, Alexander Woollcott, were long-time enemies, their antipathy lasting until Woollcott's death in 1943, although Howard Teichmann states in his biography of Woollcott that their feud was due to a misunderstanding. According to Teichmann, Ferber once described Woollcott as "a New Jersey Nero who has mistaken his pinafore for a toga."

Ferber collaborated with Round Table member George S. Kaufman on several plays presented on Broadway, most notably The Royal Family (1927), Dinner At Eight (1932) and Stage Door (1936).

Plaque located in Manhattan, at 65th Street & Central Park West, in the building in which Edna Ferber lived for 6 years

Personal life[edit]

Ferber never married, had no children, and is not known to have engaged in a romance or sexual relationship.[1] In her early novel Dawn O'Hara, the title character's aunt is said to have remarked, "Being an old maid was a great deal like death by drowning – a really delightful sensation when you ceased struggling." Ferber did take a maternal interest in the career of her niece Janet Fox, an actress who performed in the original Broadway casts of Ferber's plays Dinner at Eight and Stage Door.

Ferber died at her home in New York City, of stomach cancer,[2] at the age of 82.

Legacy[edit]

Ferber was portrayed by the actress Lili Taylor in the 1994 film Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle.[3]

In 2008, The Library of America selected Ferber's article "Miss Ferber Views 'Vultures' at Trial" for inclusion in its two-century retrospective of American True Crime.

On July 29, 2002, in her hometown of Appleton, Wisconsin, the U.S. Postal Service issued an 83¢ Distinguished Americans series postage stamp honoring her. Artist Mark Summers, well known for his scratchboard technique, created this portrait for the stamp referencing a black-and-white photograph of Ferber taken in 1927.[4]

Works[edit]

Musicals adapted from Ferber novels:

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Ferber has been rumored to be a lesbian in several undocumented sources. Professor John Unsworth makes an unsupported claim in John Sutherland (2007) Bestsellers: A Very Short Introduction Oxford University Press: 53. Haggerty and Zimmerman imply she was gay because of her visits to Provincetown in the early 20th century (Haggerty and Zimmerman (2000), Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia, Taylor and Francis, p. 610). Porter (Porter, Darwin (2004) Katherine the Great, Blood Moon Productions, Ltd, p. 204) comments in passing that Ferber was a lesbian, but offers no support. Burrough (Burrough, Brian (2010) The Big Rich: The Rise and Fall of the Greatest Texas Oil Fortunes, Penguin) also remarks in passing that Ferber was gay, citing the biography written by Julie Goldsmith Gilbert (Ferber's great niece, see bibliography). Gilbert, however, makes no mention of lesbian relationships.
  2. ^ Great American Writers: Twentieth Century
  3. ^ Internet Movie Database entry for Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle
  4. ^ The Postal Store (2008). "Distinguished Americans Series: Edna Ferber". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
Bibliography
  • Ferber, Edna (1960). A Peculiar Treasure. New York: Doubleday. 
  • Gilbert, Julie Goldsmith (2000). Edna Ferber and Her Circle, A Biography. New York: Hal Leonard Corporation. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edna_Ferber — Please support Wikipedia.
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39 news items

Press & Sun-Bulletin

Press & Sun-Bulletin
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 14:33:05 -0700

Our local battle made national headlines, and it was adapted by Edna Ferber in Saratoga Trunk, as well as used in the movie by the same name. After all that, the only words left to describe this whole mess could have been uttered by Gary Cooper as the ...

New York Times

New York Times
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 07:41:27 -0700

The category arguably began with Edna Ferber's “Giant” and has proven elastic enough to encompass not just earnest cycloramic texts like James Michener's “Texas” but also literary benchmarks as varied as Larry McMurtry's “Lonesome Dove,” Cormac ...
 
Jezebel
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 11:33:45 -0700

Ladies' Home Journal was launched in 1883 by the Philadelphia-based Curtis Publishing Group; over its lifetime, it straddled three centuries. But it's a monthly publication no more—the staff has been gutted and it'll survive as nothing more than a ...
 
Huffington Post
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 12:41:15 -0700

Historians credit the 1866 production of The Black Crook as the birth of the American musical theatre. Since then (like numerous politicians), the art form has continued to evolve. From George Gershwin and Cole Porter to Cy Coleman and Stephen Sondheim ...
 
HamletHub
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 15:41:15 -0700

If so, then join the Hendrick Hudson Free Library's Play-Reading Group, in which participants will read through scripts from plays, much like actors do when first preparing for a production. Our group will not culminate in a performance - our goal is ...
 
Chicago Tribune
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 07:09:55 -0700

The Minnesota Opera recently announced it has commissioned him and librettist Mark Campbell to write a comic opera, "Dinner at Eight," based on the play by George S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber. The company has scheduled the world premiere for its ...

Chicago Classical Review

Chicago Classical Review
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 09:34:28 -0700

He is about to “clear the decks” to begin work on his next opera, Dinner at Eight, based upon the hit 1932 play by George S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber (made into a successful film starring John Barrymore, Wallace Beery and Jean Harlow). As with ...

New York Times

New York Times
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 14:40:07 -0700

Made prominent by Edna Ferber and George S. Kaufman's play “Stage Door” and famous by the film starring Katharine Hepburn and Ginger Rogers, it had a waiting list the length of a line at a hit show. Continue reading the main story. She walked to ...
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