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Periods of
Western classical music
AD / CE
Early
Medieval c. 500–1400
Renaissance c. 1400–1600
Common practice
Baroque c. 1600–1760
Classical c. 1730–1820
Romantic c. 1815–1910
Modern and contemporary
Modern c. 1890–1930
20th century 1901–2000
Contemporary c. 1975–present
21st century 2001–present

Early music is generally understood as comprising all music, usually of the Occident, from the earliest times up to the Baroque.[1] However, today this term has come to include "any music for which a historically appropriate style of performance must be reconstructed on the basis of surviving scores, treatises, instruments and other contemporary evidence."[2]

Revival[edit]

Main article: Early music revival

Performance practice[edit]

Musical eras
Prehistoric
Ancient (before 500 AD)
Early (500–1760)
Common practice (1600–1900)
Modern and contemporary (1900–present)

According to Margaret Bent, "Renaissance notation is under-prescriptive by our standards; when translated into modern form it acquires a prescriptive weight that overspecifies and distorts its original openness. Accidentals … may or may not have been notated, but what modern notation requires would then have been perfectly apparent without notation to a singer versed in counterpoint".[3]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Kennedy, "Early Music"", in The Oxford Dictionary of Music, second revised edition, Associate Editor Joyce Bourne. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-19-869162-9.
  2. ^ Harry Haskell, "Early Music", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers, 2001.
  3. ^ Bent, Margaret. 1998. "The Grammar of Early Music: Preconditions for Analysis", p. 25. In Tonal Structures in Early Music, edited by Cristle Collins Judd, 15–59. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities 1998; Criticism and Analysis of Early Music 1. New York: Garland Publishing. ISBN 0-8153-2388-3.

Further reading[edit]

  • Davidson, Audrey Ekdahl. 2008. Aspects of Early Music and Performance. New York: AMS Press. ISBN 978-0-404-64601-1.
  • Donington, Robert. 1989. The Interpretation of Early Music, new revised edition. London and Boston: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-15040-3.
  • Epp, Maureen, and Brian E. Power (eds.). 2009. The Sounds and Sights of Performance in Early Music: Essays in Honour of Timothy J. Mcgee. Farnham, Surrey (UK); Burlington, VT: Ashgate. ISBN 978-0-7546-5483-4.
  • Haskell, Harry. 1988. The Early Music Revival: A History. London and New York: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-01449-3.
  • Haynes, Bruce. 2007. The End of Early Music: A Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-518987-2.
  • Judd, Cristle Collins. 1998. "Introduction: Analyzing Early Music". In Tonal Structures in Early Music, edited by Cristle Collins Judd, 3–13. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities 1998; Criticism and Analysis of Early Music 1. New York: Garland Publishing. ISBN 0-8153-2388-3.
  • Kelly, Thomas Forrest. 2011. Early Music: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-973076-6.
  • Roche, Jerome, and Elizabeth Roche. 1981. A Dictionary of Early Music: From the Troubadours to Monteverdi. London: Faber Music in association with Faber & Faber; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-571-10035-X (UK, cloth); ISBN 0-571-10036-8 (UK, pbk); ISBN 0-19-520255-4 (US, cloth).
  • Sherman, Bernard. 1997. Inside Early Music: Conversations with Performers. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509708-4.
  • Stevens, Denis. 1997. Early Music, revised edition. Yehudi Menuhin Music Guides. London: Kahn & Averill. ISBN 1-871082-62-5. First published as Musicology (London: Macdonald & Co. Ltd, 1980).

External links[edit]


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Vancouver Sun

Vancouver Sun
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 09:07:30 -0700

But it is the latest offering in that preeminent early, early music group's remarkable series of Vancouver performances, and a certain highlight of this summer's Early Music Festival. Given that this festival's theme is The Hand of Time, Sequentia's ...

The Press, York

The Press, York
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 00:18:45 -0700

ARTIST Alfred Huckett has completed his residency at the York Early Music Festival, during which he became a familiar sight as he painted during rehearsals and performances. Mr Huckett, from London, is creating about 20 paintings and drawings, which ...
 
Your Houston News
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 07:08:13 -0700

Join Houston Early Music for its expanded 2014-2015 Concert Season featuring six renowned early music ensembles. Dedicated to showcasing music from the Middle Ages through the 18th century, Houston Early Music presents concerts performed with ...
 
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 14:11:15 -0700

For the 28th time, Early Music Now will offer Milwaukee audiences a time-traveling season of music from the medieval era to the Baroque. Here's a look at the 2014-'15 EMN lineup, which includes a post-season concert: □"Dowland in Dublin: An Evening of ...
 
Your Houston News
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 02:00:00 -0700

By Peggie Miller / performing arts columnistClassical music lovers who sometimes decry lack of their musical choices may take hearts and autos to Houston where an early music series focuses on timeless masterpieces from the Middle Ages through the 18th ...

The Paper Magazine

The Paper Magazine
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 10:37:30 -0700

HOUSTON (July 8, 2014) – Join Houston Early Music for its expanded 2014-2015 Concert Season featuring six renowned early music ensembles. Dedicated to showcasing music from the Middle Ages through the 18th century, Houston Early Music presents ...
 
Capecodonline
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 23:11:15 -0700

Held at St. Mary's Episcopal Church in Barnstable, the first-ever Cape Cod Early Music Festival will offer a group of ensembles providing listeners with the types of music heard in the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods. Scores written by early ...

Vancouver Sun

Vancouver Sun
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 09:58:36 -0700

Several favourite early music specialists return, in part because they are welcome fixtures of EMV's concurrent summer educational programs. But there is also a shiny new concept. This year's festival is themed — all its concerts relating in some ...
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