(DE30AC and DM30AC)
Dual mode (Diesel-electric/straight electric)
|Builder||General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)|
|Build date||1997 – 1999|
|AAR wheel arr.||B-B|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Length||75 feet (22.86 m)|
|Locomotive weight||128 t (126.0 long tons; 141.1 short tons)|
|Electric system(s)||750 V DC Third rail (DM30AC only)|
|Contact shoe (DM30AC only)|
|Engine type||Two-stroke diesel|
|Displacement||8,520 cu in (139.6 L)|
|Cylinder size||710 cu in (11.63 L)|
|Top speed||160 km/h (99 mph) diesel,
130 km/h (81 mph) electric
|Power output||Diesel: 3,000 hp (2,200 kW)
Electric: 2,151 kW (2,885 hp) (DM30AC only)
Max at rail: 2,873 hp (2,142 kW)
|Tractive effort||360 kN (81,000 lbf)|
|Locomotive brake||Blended Brake|
|Train brakes||KNORR SA-26 air|
|Railroad(s)||Long Island Rail Road|
The EMD DE30AC and EMD DM30AC are 46 locomotives built in 1997-1998 by Electro-Motive Division in the Super Steel Plant in Schenectady NY for the Long Island Rail Road of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York. Originally split evenly between DE and DM locomotives, the fleet currently consists of 24 DE30AC locomotives (engines that operate on diesel power only) and 21 DM30AC locomotives (engines that can operate on both diesel and electric power).
Details and usage
The DE30AC and DM30AC locomotives replaced aging GP38s, Alco FA1/FA2s, F7As and F9As, and MP15AC and SW1001 locomotives, with GP38s used to push and pull diesel trains and other locomotives used to provide Head End Power for the trains. The bodies of the DE30AC and the DM30AC are similar; the difference is the ability of the DM30AC to use electric third rail while the diesel engine is off, enabling the locomotive to use the East River Tunnels into New York Penn Station. DM30ACs have third rail contact shoes, permitting direct service from non-electrified lines in eastern Long Island via the western electrified main lines all the way to Penn Station. A few such trains a day run on the Port Jefferson, Oyster Bay, and Montauk Branches.
Single engines generally run with 6 cars or less and are placed on the East (Montauk) end of the train, although some single engine services run with up to 8 cars. Generally two engines are used when there are 8 or more cars. Of the original 46 locomotives, 45 are still in use: #503 (DM30AC) was damaged in an accident at Huntington on October 23, 2000, when it hit a shopping cart on the tracks, which shorted out the third rail and caused a fire. It currently sits in the LIRR's Morris Park yard and has been stripped for spare parts to maintain the remainder of the fleet. #507 (DM30AC) suffered an electrical cabinet failure and was converted into DE30AC #423 at the Morris Park Facility.
- "Diesel-Electric Passenger Locomotives DE30AC and DM30AC". Siemens AG. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- LaMay, Robert A. (1998). "Long Island Rail Road's DE30 and DM30 Locomotives". Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- Demoretcky, Tom; Mason, Bill (October 24, 2000). "LIRR Fire Delays Port Jeff Branch". Newsday. p. A.28.
- "Whatever Happened to DM30AC #503?". The LIRR Today. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- "Whatever Happened to DM30AC #507?". The LIRR Today. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
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