digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the ethical concept. For other uses, see Duty (disambiguation).
"Duty" by Edmund Leighton

Duty (from "due" meaning "that which is owing"; Old French: deu, did, past participle of devoir; Latin: debere, debitum, whence "debt") is a term that conveys a sense of moral commitment or obligation to someone or something. The moral commitment should result in action;[citation needed] it is not a matter of passive feeling or mere recognition. When someone recognizes a duty, that person theoretically commits themself to its fulfillment without considering their own self-interest. This is not to suggest that living a life of duty entirely precludes a life of leisure; however, its fulfillment generally involves some sacrifice of immediate self-interest. Typically, "the demands of justice, honor, and reputation are deeply bound up" with duty.[1]

Cicero, an early philosopher who discusses duty in his work “On Duty", suggests that duties can come from four different sources:[2]

  1. as result of being human
  2. as a result of one's particular place in life (one's family, one's country, one's job)
  3. as a result of one's character
  4. as a result of one's own moral expectations for oneself

Various derivative uses of the word have sprung from the root idea of obligation, a concept involved in the notion of duty; thus it is used in the services performed by a minister of a church, by a soldier, or by any employee or servant.

Many schools of thought have debated the idea of duty. While many assert mankind's duty on their own terms, some philosophers have absolutely rejected a sense of duty.[citation needed]

Duty has to be accepted and understood on the basis of one's foundation of sense and knowledge. Therefore, duty and its manifestations vary with values from culture to culture. On one hand duty may be seen as terms of reference, job description, or behavior - and it is all of that ... but duty is not only about doing things right, it is about doing the right thing.

Civic duty[edit]

Main article: Civic engagement

Duty[3] is also often perceived as something owed to one’s country (patriotism), or to one's homeland or community. A civic duty could include:

  • going to the aid of victims of accidents and street-crime and testifying as a witness later in court.[4]
  • reporting contagious illnesses or pestilence to public-health authorities.
  • voting in or standing for elections, and keeping current with issues
  • paying taxes
  • volunteering for public services (e.g. life-saving drills)
  • donating blood

Filial duty[edit]

See also: Filial piety

In most cultures, children are expected to take on duties in relation to their families. This may take the form of behaving in such a way that upholds the family’s honor in the eyes of the community, entering into arranged marriages that benefit the family’s status, or caring for ailing relatives. This family-oriented sense of duty is a particularly central aspect to the teachings of Confucius, and is known as xiao, or filial piety. As such, the duties of filial piety have played an enormous role in the lives of people in eastern Asia for centuries. For example, the painting Lady Feng and the Bear, from ancient China, depicts the heroic act of a consort of the emperor placing herself between her husband and a rampaging bear. This is meant to be taken as an example of admirable filial behavior. Filial piety is considered so important that in some cases, it outweighs other cardinal virtues: In a more modern example, “concerns with filial piety of the same general sort that motivate women to engage in factory work in Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and elsewhere in Asia are commonly cited by Thai prostitutes as one of their primary rationales for working in the skin trade”.[5] The importance of filial piety can be expressed in this quote from "The Analects of Confucius", "Yu Tzu said, ‘It is rare for a man whose character is such that he is good as a son and obedient as a young man to have the inclination to transgress against his superiors; it is unheard of for one who has no such inclination to be inclined to start a rebellion. The gentleman devotes his efforts to the roots, for once the roots are established, the Way will grow there from. Being good as a son and obedient as a young man is, perhaps, the root of a man's character."

Duty in various cultures[edit]

Duty varies between different cultures and continents. Duty in Asia and Latin America is commonly more heavily weighted than in Western culture. According to a study done on attitudes toward family obligation:

"Asian and Latin American adolescents possessed stronger values and greater expectations regarding their duty to assist, respect, and support their families than their peers with European backgrounds." [6]

The deeply rooted tradition of duty among both Asian and Latin American cultures contributes to much of the strong sense of duty that exists in comparison to western cultures. Michael Peletz discusses the concept of duty in his book Gender, Sexuality, and Body Politics in Modern Asia:

"Notions of filial duty … are commonly invoked to mobilize the loyalties, labor power, and other resources children in the ostensible interests of the household and, in some cases, those of the lineage clan as a whole. Doctrines of filial piety … attuned to them may thus be a source of great comfort and solace to the elders but they can also be experienced as stressful, repressive, or both by those who are enjoined to honor their parents’ (and grandparents’) wishes and unspoken expectations."[7]

An arranged marriage is an example of an expected duty in Asia and the Middle East. In an arranged marriage relating to duty, it is expected that the wife will move in with the husband’s family and household to raise their children. Rarely does the man move in with the woman, or that the married couple is allowed to start their own household and life somewhere else. They need to provide for the entire family in labor and care for the farms and family. Older generations rely heavily on the help from their children's and grandchildren's families. This form of duty is in response to keeping the lineage of a family intact and obliging to the needs of elders.

Criticisms of the concept of duty[edit]

Nietzsche[edit]

Friedrich Nietzsche is among the most articulate critics of the concept of duty. "What destroys a man more quickly," he asks, "than to work, think, and feel without inner necessity, without any deep personal desire, without pleasure—as a mere automaton of “duty”?" (The Antichrist, § 11)

Nietzsche claims that the task of all higher education is "to turn men into machines." The way to turn men into machines is to teach them to tolerate boredom. This is accomplished, Nietzsche says, by means of the concept of duty. (Twilight of the Idols, “Skirmishes of an untimely man” § 9.29)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pvv.ntnu.no/~leirbakk/rpg/mythus/mythus_samurai.html
  2. ^ Cicero, Marcus T. De Officiis. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1913. Print.
  3. ^ Ekman, Joakim; Amnå, Erik (2009). "Political Participation and Civic Engagement: Towards A New Typology". Youth & Society (Working Paper) (2): 4. 
  4. ^ Mabbot, Nick. "Harm Minimisation for Victims of Road Trauma". ARRB Transport Research Ltd., WA, USA. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  5. ^ Peletz, Michael Gates. Gender, Sexuality, and Body Politics in Modern Asia. Ann Arbor, MI: Association for Asian Studies, 2011. Print.
  6. ^ Fuligni, A. J., Tseng, V. and Lam, M. (1999), Attitudes toward Family Obligations among American Adolescents with Asian, Latin American, and European Backgrounds. Child Development, 70: 1030–1044. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00075.
  7. ^ Peletz, Michael G. Gender, Sexuality, and Body Politics in Modern Asia. Ann Arbor: Association for Asian Studies, 2011. Print.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duty — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

"DIAMOND CAMO?" - Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare CAMOS - (COD 2014 Multiplayer)

Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare CAMOS - Enjoy! :) ○ Advanced Warfare NUKE? - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBK7kPTtQ-U ○ Advanced Warfare STREAKS - http://youtu.be/hr3KYb41l_U Call of...

Advanced Warfare - Shotguns and Snipers Review! (Call of Duty Multiplayer Tips)

Thanks for watching guys! More AW videos coming soon! ○ AW Assault Rifle Review: http://youtu.be/YCrzJtJHOM8 ○ AW SMG Review: http://youtu.be/2sYlx1E2jsY Improve ur aim! Use "TMARTN"...

ALDENRADE ★ Call of Duty Zombies Mod (Zombie Games)

The #1 source for Left 4 Dead 2, Call of Duty Zombies, Mods & other Scary games. We post new Custom Zombies videos every day, and enjoy playing other Zombie games. Whether you play on a PC,...

Call of Duty 4: Prop Hunt Funny Moments - Home Alone Rated R, Scanning for Retards (CoD4 Mod)

In case you guys are wondering, this is NOT Gmod, this is a mod in Call of Duty 4 (on PC) that lets us play prop hunt. However, in this video, I created the Home Alone skit animation in Gmod...

"COLLAT HEADSHOT!" - Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 - LIVE w/ Ali-A! (COD MW3)

Ali-A plays Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 - ENJOY! :D ▻ ADVANCED WARFARE - http://bit.ly/AliASubscribe ○ Advanced Warfare NUKE! - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBK7kPTtQ-U Lots of you...

Free For All Madness (Call Of Duty #8)

We're playing Call Of Duty and we're kickin' it old school! Avidya - https://www.youtube.com/user/AvidyaZen Baj - https://www.youtube.com/user/W92Baj Coe - https://www.youtube.com/user/Coestar...

ALDENRADE (Part 2) ★ Call of Duty Zombies Mod (Zombie Games)

The #1 source for Left 4 Dead 2, Call of Duty Zombies, Mods & other Scary games. We post new Custom Zombies videos every day, and enjoy playing other Zombie games. Whether you play on a PC,...

Call Of Duty: Black Ops 2 - Ep. #1 - Mi arano tantissimo!

La mia pagina Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Pepo3393 Il mio canale Twitch dove vado in LIVE: http://www.twitch.tv/pepo3393live Comprare giochi a basso prezzo: http://www.kinguin.it/7en/pepo339...

Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare NUCLEAR Gameplay Multiplayer! - COD 2014 NUKE

Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare NUCLEAR gameplay! NUKE in Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare multiplayer? ○ Advanced Warfare QUAD - http://youtu.be/TzBjjCwkMm4 ○ Advanced Warfare SNIPING - http://yo...

Call of Duty: UO Multiplayer - 08 - Pavlov's Deathmatch

Proving once again that I show more skills and have more fun when playing by myself! Let's get into some classic FPS shoot-outs with friends! The early '00s gaming nostalgia floods back as...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

3192779 news items

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 00:41:15 -0700

While it appears unlikely that the Prime Minister will be heading to Vladivostok for a late summer holiday – he tends to prefer Cornwall or the Algarve – he will be unable to stock up on cut-price Stolichnaya at its international airport should he ...

Metro.us

News 12 Bronx (registration)
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 18:13:54 -0700

Police released new video of suspects who allegedly attacked an off-duty police officer and authorities were seeking three additional men Monday in connection with the case. Tyron Selby, 32, Adrian Medina, 17, and a 15-year-old are three suspects in ...

New York Daily News

New York Daily News
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 07:37:30 -0700

Three punks jumped an off-duty cop in Midtown, leaving him hospitalized with a head injury, authorities said Saturday. In what is believed to be an unprovoked assault, the three suspects ganged up on the 42-year-old cop on W. 49th St. near Ninth Ave ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 05:45:00 -0700

With nearly 300 international brands under one roof, it is the first time that several of them, including Prada, Rolex and Giorgio Armani, have been included in a duty free shop on mainland China, the country's state-run Xinhua News Agency reported.

Economic Times

Economic Times
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 23:00:00 -0700

NEW DELHI: The biggest achievement of the new government in its first 100 days has been in imposing the largest-ever hike in excise duty on cigarettes — from 11% to 72%. The government also substantially raised taxes on pan masala, gutka and other ...

Cinema Blend

Cinema Blend
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 21:52:30 -0700

The Day Zero edition of Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare comes with bonus gaming items, including an AK-12 G Assault Rifle and a Crossbow BO2. How much of an advantage the weapons will give you over the opponents is kind of hard to tell at this point ...
 
Newsday
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

ROME, N.Y. - (AP) -- An off-duty New York police officer had just called it a day when he came across a robbery suspect whom he chased and caught. It happened Monday afternoon at the intersection of Embargo and James streets in Rome just as Police ...
 
abc27
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 05:22:30 -0700

(AP) - An off-duty municipal police officer has been charged with simple assault and harassment along with a woman after an apparent domestic dispute. Online court records don't list attorneys for 42-year-old Redstone Township Officer Norman Howard III ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Duty

You can talk about Duty with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!