digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Detail of the Star Map from the Tang Dynasty showing the North Polar region (British Library Or.8210/S.3326). This map was made around the year 700,[1] around the reign of Emperor Zhongzong of Tang (705-710). Constellations of the three schools were distinguished with different colors: white, black and yellow for stars of Wu Xian, Gan De and Shi Shen respectively. The whole set of star maps contained 1,300 stars

The Dunhuang map or Dunhuang Star map is one of the first known graphical representations of stars from ancient Chinese astronomy, dated to the Tang Dynasty (618–907). Before this map, much of the star information mentioned in historical Chinese texts had been questioned.[2] The map provides a graphical verification of the star observations, and are part of a series of pictures on one of the Dunhuang manuscripts. The astronomy behind the map is explained in an educational resource posted on the website of the International Dunhuang Project, where much of the research on the map has been done.[3] The Dunhuang Star map is to date the world's oldest complete preserved star atlas.[4]

History[edit]

Early in 1900s (decade), a walled-up cave containing a cache of manuscripts was discovered by Chinese Taoist Wang Yuan-lu in the Mogao Caves. The scroll with the star chart was found amongst those documents by Aurel Stein when he visited and examined the content of the cave in 1907.[5] One of the first public mentionings of this script in Western studies was from Joseph Needham's 1959 version of the book Science and Civilisation in China. Since that time, only a few publications have been devoted to the map, nearly all being Chinese publications.[2]

Colors[edit]

The symbols for the stars are divided into three different groups. They groups are presented in three colors presenting the "Three Schools of Astronomical tradition".[2]

Color Chinese Astronomer Comments
Black Gan De (甘德)
Red Shi Shen (石申)
White Wu Xian (巫咸) There have been inconsistencies in his works. He is generally known as the astronomer who lived before Gan and Shi.[6]
Yellow Others

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xi, Zezong. "Chinese Studies in the History of Astronomy, 1949-1979," Isis (Volume 72, Number 3, 1981): 456–470. Page 464.
  2. ^ a b c Whitfield, Susan. [2004] (2004). The Silk Road: Trade, Travel, War and Faith. British Library Staff. Serindia Publications. ISBN 1-932476-12-1.
  3. ^ http://idp.bl.uk/education/astronomy/index.html.
  4. ^ Jean-Marc Bonnet-Bidaud, Dr Françoise Praderie and Dr Susan Whitfield (16 June 2009). "The Dunhuang Chinese Sky: A Comprehensive Study Of The Oldest Known Star Atlas". "The Dunhuang star atlas is one of the most spectacular documents of the history of astronomy. It is a complete representation of the Chinese sky including numerous stars and asterisms depicted in a succession of maps covering the full sky (Figure 1). Apart its aesthetic appeal, the document found on the Silk Road is remarkable as it is the oldest star atlas known today from any civilization." 
  5. ^ International Dunhuang Project.bl.uk
  6. ^ Peng, Yoke Ho (2000). Li, Qi and Shu: An Introduction to Science and Civilization in China. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-41445-0

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunhuang_Star_Chart — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
43 videos foundNext > 

"The Dunhuang celestial chart"

The oldest known stellar map in the world A spectacular document relating to the history of astronomy is brought back to light : the Dunhuang chart, a comple...

THE DUNHANG STAR CHART

A spectacular document relating to the history of astronomy is brought back to light : the Dunhuang chart, a complete star atlas discovered in China in 1900 ...

How to Use a Star Chart

Editor Alan MacRobert gives some explains how to use sky charts and star wheels and gives some tips on deciding what kind of chart is right for you. By the e...

Exploding Stars! | Lars Bildsten

Lars Bildsten KITP Apr 28, 2010 Slides here: http://online.kitp.ucsb.edu/online/friends/bildsten2/pdf/Bildsten2_Friends_KITP.pdf Stars explode once every sec...

Survey Results Star Chart

Results from Technology Survey.

Customize Map Objects in Starmap

Starmap let's you define the appearance of the objects displayed on the map. Discover with this tutorial how to create the star map that best fits your needs...

Pure Land

http://www.projectiondesign.com/corporate/news-events/Chinese-cave-temple-comes-ALIVE Inside the Mogao Grottoes at Dunhuang, an interactive stereoscopic 3D c...

Mrs. W's Star Chart Demo

Learning to use the star chart.

Prehistoric Astronomy: How the Ancients Looked at the Heavens (1/4)

An astronomer is a scientist who studies celestial bodies such as black holes, moons, planets, stars, nebulae, and galaxies, as well as Gamma-ray bursts and ...

Kaili-China Movie Star.mp4

Kaili City, is located about 75 miles east of Guiyang in Guizhou province in southwest China. It is the capital of the Miao-Doug Autonomous Region and hosts ...

43 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Dunhuang Star Chart" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Dunhuang Star Chart

You can talk about Dunhuang Star Chart with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!