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The Reverend Monsignor
Karm Psaila
National Poet of Malta
Malta - Floriana - Triq Sant' Anna - Dun Karm Psaila monument 02 ies.jpg
Monument to Dun Karm Psaila at Floriana
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Malta
Orders
Ordination 1894
Rank Monsignor
Personal details
Born (1871-10-18)October 18, 1871
Żebbuġ, Malta
Died October 13, 1961(1961-10-13) (aged 89)
Valletta, Malta
Buried Cemetery of the Sacred Heart in Żebbuġ
Nationality Maltese
Dun Karm Psaila wrote L-Innu Malti

Dun Karm Psaila (Żebbuġ, 18 October 1871 – 13 October 1961) was a Maltese writer and poet, sometimes called 'the bard of Malta' [1]

He was educated at the seminarju between the years 1885 and 1894 and then proceeded to study philosophy in 1888 and theology in 1890 the University of Malta.

He was ordained priest in 1894. From 1895 to 1921 he taught various subjects at the Seminary: Italian, Latin, English, arithmetic, geography, cosmography, ecclesiastical history and Christian archaeology. In 1921 he was appointed assistant librarian at the National Library of Malta and in 1923 directory of circulating libraries, a post he held till his retirement in 1936.

In 1921, Albert Laferla, the director of education, asked Dun Karm to compose some verses to a music score by Robert Samut. The Innu Malti was sung for the first time in 1923. In 1941 it was officially designated the national anthem, a status confirmed by the Constitution at independence in 1964.

In 1921 Dun Karm was one of the founding members of the Għaqda tal-Kittieba tal-Malti and on the death of Ġużè Muscat Azzopardi in 1927, he was elected president of the Għaqda and later editor of the official organ, Il-Malti. He carried out these functions till 1942 when he was nominated honorary president of the ghaqda for life. In recognition of his contribution to Maltese literature, he was granted a D. Litt (honoris causa) by the Royal University of Malta in 1945 - the first time the University granted such an honour. A year later he was awarded the Ġużè Muscat Azzopardi gold medal. Queen Elizabeth II decorated him with the Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1956. In 1957 the Maltese government issued him an ex-gratia pension in recognition of his services to Maltese literature. During his lifetime he was also honoured as the National Poet of Malta.

Before 1912 Dun Karm wrote only in Italian. His first known published poem is La Dignità Episcopale (1889) after which he published Foglie d'Allora (1896) and Versi (1903) another collection of Italian poems.

Dun Karm wrote Quddiem Xbieha tal-Madonna his first poem in Maltese, which appeared in the first issue of the Maltese periodical Il-Ħabib, published by Mgr. Pawl Galea and Ġużè Muscat Azzopardi. His best poems include Il-Musbieħ tal-Mużew (1920).

Dun Karm often found poetic expression in his solitude, which was eventually accompanied by a high degree of spiritual balance. His poetry reflects a background of village life crowned with an atmosphere of family feelings and it also portrays the Maltese countryside with a perspective imagination. It synthesises the popular culture of the Maltese people, which is quite evident from the rural characteristics that furnish its local identity with the literary culture based largely on Italian romanticism.

His first works in Italian reveal an early life of peace and calm; after the death of his mother, solitude became his companion. When he decided to make Maltese the medium of his creativity he poetically explored the history of Malta to confirm its cultural and national identity. At the same time some of his best poems illustrate an inner journey of sentimental and more experience. His poetry exhibits great subjectivity but it also expresses his country collective aspirations. Both the personal and the national sentiments are treated from a deep religious viewpoint that discusses existentialism The spiritual crisis in Il-Jien u lil hinn Minnu is analyzed in universal human terms that illuminate man's existence and insist on the inexplicability of the relations between God and man, except for the latter's absolute acceptance of the formers hidden power.

A.J. Arberry translated about 37 of Dun Karm's poems into English, Guze Delia translated Il-Vjatku into Spanish and Laurent Ropa translated Il-Jien u lil hinn Minnu into French. Carmel Mallia translated the latter into Esperanto. Yevgeniy Vitkovskiy (Евгений Владимирович Витковский) translated "Ħerba", "Kewkbet is-Safar", and "Wied Qirda" into Russian.

Dun Karm's writings include Żewġ Anġli: Inez u Emilia (translated in 1934 from an Italian novel by D Caprile) Besides these he wrote a few critical works. He also compiled a dictionary between 1947 and 1955 in three volumes, Dizzjunarju Ingliż u Malti.[1]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dun_Karm_Psaila — Please support Wikipedia.
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55 news items

 
Times of Malta
Sat, 09 May 2015 23:33:45 -0700

Of course, we should at least be thankful that this building wasn't demolished and built into a modern block, which is what is happening to two beautiful, double-fronted houses, one in Isouard Street and the other in Dun Karm Psaila Street ...
 
Times of Malta
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 22:26:15 -0700

This was also the year in which Dun Karm Psaila wrote his famous poem about the Great Siege entitled Il-Għanja tar-Rebħa. After World War II (1939-45), the Great Siege of 1565 started tobe commemorated together with the siege endured by Malta in the ...

Times of Malta

Times of Malta
Mon, 04 May 2015 06:41:15 -0700

This has resulted in Fr Gino Gauci calling him Iż-żagħżugħ ta' dejjem (the eternal youth) after Dun Karm Psaila's poem, which would elate him. Chircop's love of life and his vigour can indeed be felt through each stroke of the brush. Painting was what ...

Gozo News

Gozo News
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 07:48:36 -0700

Commemorative events taking place for National Poet Dun Karm Psaila October is always synonymous with the birth and death of Malta's National Poet Dun Karm Psaila, who was born in Zebbug, Malta, on the 18th of October 1871. In 1894 he was ordained ...
 
Times of Malta
Sun, 13 Oct 2013 05:09:30 -0700

October is dedicated to national poet Dun Karm Psaila. Born in Żebbuġ on October 18, 1871, he died on October 13, aged 90. A remembrance ceremony for schoolchildren, organised by the National Festivities Committee and the Directorate for Quality and ...
 
Times of Malta
Tue, 16 Oct 2012 00:59:17 -0700

In keeping with its tradition of celebrating Malta's national poet in October, the feasts committee is organising a commemoration ceremony on Thursday. This month marks 141 years from Dun Karm Psaila's birth and 51 years sincehis death. On Thursday, a ...
 
Gozo News
Tue, 26 Feb 2013 07:11:43 -0800

'European Writers' - Dun Karm Psaila numismatic coins issue The Central Bank of Malta has issued a numismatic coin in gold and in silver commemorating Malta's national poet, Dun Karm Psaila (1871-1961), as part of the Europa Programme 2013 ...
 
Times of Malta
Fri, 16 Jan 2015 05:52:30 -0800

During the works traffic from Triq Dun Karm Psaila, Birkirkara (the Birkirkara by-pass) towards Mosta will be directed to the right towards Mosta from Main Street. Traffic from the direction of Naxxar Road, Birkirkara and Valley Road, Balzan towards ...
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