Duke of Edinburgh, named after the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a title that has been created four times for members of the British royal family since 1726. The current holder is Prince Philip, consort to Queen Elizabeth II.
was the second Duke of Edinburgh, before he became George III.
The title was first created in the Peerage of Great Britain on 26 July 1726 by George I, who bestowed it on his grandson Prince Frederick, who also became Prince of Wales the following year. The subsidiary titles of the dukedom were Baron of Snowdon, in the County of Caernarvon, Viscount of Launceston, in the County of Cornwall, Earl of Eltham, in the County of Kent, and Marquess of the Isle of Ely. These titles were also in the Peerage of Great Britain. The marquessate was apparently erroneously gazetted as Marquess of the Isle of Wight although Marquess of the Isle of Ely was the intended title. In later editions of the London Gazette the Duke is referred to as the Marquess of the Isle of Ely. Upon Frederick's death, the titles were inherited by his son Prince George. When Prince George became King George III in 1760, the titles "merged into the crown", and ceased to exist.
On 19 November 1764, George III created a variation of the title for his younger brother, Prince William, the full form being "Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh". This title was in the Peerage of Great Britain. The subsidiary title of the dukedom was Earl of Connaught, in the Kingdom of Ireland, a title in the Peerage of Ireland. In 1805, the titles were inherited by William's only son, Prince William Fredrick, who died without a male heir, causing the title to cease to exist.
Queen Victoria re-created the title on 24 May 1866 for her second son Prince Alfred, this time in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The subsidiary titles of the dukedom were Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. When Alfred became the sovereign of the two German duchies Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in 1893, he retained his British titles. His only son Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha committed suicide in 1900, so the title Duke of Edinburgh again became extinct upon the elder Alfred's death.
The title was created for a fourth time on 19 November 1947 by King George VI, who bestowed it on his son-in-law Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, when he married Princess Elizabeth. Subsequently, Elizabeth was primarily known as HRH Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh until she became Queen in 1952. The subsidiary titles of the dukedom were Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich, of Greenwich in the County of London. Like the dukedom, these titles were also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Earlier that year, Philip had renounced his Greek and Danish royal titles (he was born a Prince of Greece and Denmark, being a male-line grandson of King George I of Greece and male-line great-grandson of King Christian IX of Denmark) along with his rights to the Greek throne. In 1957, Philip became a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Dukes of Edinburgh; First creation (1726)
Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh; Second creation (1764)
was the only Duke of Edinburgh of the third creation.
Dukes of Edinburgh; Third creation (1866)
Dukes of Edinburgh; Fourth creation (1947)
Line of succession
- Charles, Prince of Wales (b. 1948), Prince Philip's eldest son
- Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1982), Prince Charles' elder son
- Prince George of Cambridge (b. 2013), Prince William's only son
- Prince Henry of Wales (b. 1984), Prince Charles' younger son
- Prince Andrew, Duke of York (b. 1960), Prince Philip's second son
- Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (b. 1964), Prince Philip's youngest son
- James, Viscount Severn (b. 2007), Prince Edward's only son
It was announced that in 1999, at the time of the wedding of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, he would follow his father as Duke of Edinburgh. This is unlikely to happen by direct inheritance, as Prince Edward is the youngest of Prince Philip's three sons. Rather, the title is expected to be newly created for Prince Edward after it "eventually reverts to the crown" after "both the death of the current Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales' succession as King."
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 06:52:30 -0700
The awards were presented by the vice chairman of East Riding of Yorkshire Council, Councillor Peter Turner; Councillor Julie Abraham, portfolio holder for children, young people and education; and Sue Emmerson, Duke of Edinburgh's award operations ...
The Westmorland Gazette
The Westmorland Gazette
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 02:52:14 -0700
A TEENAGER on a Duke of Edinburgh expedition had to be assisted by mountain rescuers after suffering an ankle injury. The 17-year-old was approaching Side Farm, Patterdale, when the team was able to locate her. The incident occurred on Friday at ...
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 00:52:30 -0700
The Duke of Edinburgh was visiting nearby Royal Marines to help them celebrate their 350th anniversary. Obviously, a helicopter cannot land if there are rugby posts in the way, so the posts were temporarily removed at the request of the police ...
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 07:05:54 -0700
The Princess Royal, the Duke of Cambridge, Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh took part in the Knights of the Thistle Service at St Giles' Cathedral in Edinburgh today. And despite temperatures reaching a scorching 28C across the UK today ...
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 08:52:51 -0700
The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh will visit the National Hockey Centre in Glasgow the following morning and watch Wales take on England in their opening pool match before meeting volunteers, medical staff and athlete. The Royal couple will also visit ...
Scottish Daily Record
Scottish Daily Record
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 05:53:29 -0700
It is not clear if the Duke of Edinburgh is with her as he has official engagements in Cornwall on Friday and in Cumbria on August 8. The 88-year-old monarch's move to Craigowan has been prompted by the growing need to maximise tourist revenue to make ...
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 06:13:25 -0700
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh visited the Bowles Outdoor Centre this week to celebrate its 50th anniversary. The site, founded by John Walters, was bought for a deposit of just £100 in 1961 but has grown to accommodate 130 people and also includes a wide ...
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 12:41:15 -0700
The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh have been on a tour of the Derbyshire Dales. During the visit, the Queen was presented with a hamper of local foods and met staff from the air ambulance, mountain and dog rescue search teams. She also met local ...
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