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This article is about the title. For the present holder, see Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
For the award programme, see The Duke of Edinburgh's Award.
Dukedom of Edinburgh
Coat of Arms of Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.svg
Creation date 20 November 1947
Created by George VI
Peerage Peerage of the United Kingdom
First holder HRH The Prince Philip,
1st Duke of Edinburgh
Present holder HRH The Prince Philip,
1st Duke of Edinburgh
Heir apparent HRH The Prince of Wales
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
The Prince Frederick Lewis (1707–1751) was the very first Duke of Edinburgh, from 1727 to his death.

Duke of Edinburgh, named after the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a title that has been created four times for members of the British royal family since 1726. The current holder is the Prince Philip, consort to Queen Elizabeth II.

1726 creation[edit]

Prince George was the second Duke of Edinburgh, before he became George III.

The title was first created in the Peerage of Great Britain on 26 July 1726 by George I, who bestowed it on his grandson Prince Frederick, who also became Prince of Wales the following year. The subsidiary titles of the dukedom were Baron of Snowdon, in the County of Caernarvon, Viscount of Launceston, in the County of Cornwall, Earl of Eltham, in the County of Kent,[1] and Marquess of the Isle of Ely.[2][3][4] These titles were also in the Peerage of Great Britain. The marquessate was apparently erroneously gazetted as Marquess of the Isle of Wight[1] although Marquess of the Isle of Ely was the intended title. In later editions of the London Gazette the Duke is referred to as the Marquess of the Isle of Ely.[5][6] Upon Frederick's death, the titles were inherited by his son Prince George. When Prince George became King George III in 1760, the titles "merged into the crown", and ceased to exist.

Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh[edit]

On 19 November 1764, George III created a variation of the title for his younger brother, Prince William, the full form being "Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh". This title was in the Peerage of Great Britain and the sole subsidiary title of the dukedom was Earl of Connaught, in the Kingdom of Ireland, a title in the Peerage of Ireland.[7] In 1805, the titles were inherited by William's only son, another William, who died without a male heir, causing the title to cease to exist.

1866 creation[edit]

Queen Victoria re-created the title on 24 May 1866 for her second son Prince Alfred, this time in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The subsidiary titles of the dukedom were Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[8] When Alfred became the sovereign of the two German duchies Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in 1893, he retained his British titles. His only son Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha committed suicide in 1900, so the title Duke of Edinburgh again became extinct upon the elder Alfred's death.

1947 creation[edit]

The title was created for a fourth time on 19 November 1947 by King George VI, who bestowed it on his son-in-law Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, when he married Princess Elizabeth. Subsequently, Elizabeth was primarily known as HRH Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh until she became Queen in 1952. The subsidiary titles of the dukedom were Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich, of Greenwich in the County of London. Like the dukedom, these titles were also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[9] Earlier that year, Philip had renounced his Greek and Danish royal titles (he was born a Prince of Greece and Denmark, being a male-line grandson of King George I of Greece and male-line great-grandson of King Christian IX of Denmark) along with his rights to the Greek throne. In 1957, Philip became a Prince of the United Kingdom.[10]

Dukes of Edinburgh; First creation (1726)[edit]

Dukes of Gloucester and Edinburgh; First creation (1764)[edit]

Dukes of Edinburgh; Second creation (1866)[edit]

Dukes of Edinburgh; Third creation (1947)[edit]

Line of succession[edit]

  1. Charles, Prince of Wales (b. 1948), Prince Philip's eldest son
  2. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1982), Prince Charles' elder son
  3. Prince George of Cambridge (b. 2013), Prince William's only son
  4. Prince Henry of Wales (b. 1984), Prince Charles' younger son
  5. Prince Andrew, Duke of York (b. 1960), Prince Philip's second son
  6. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (b. 1964), Prince Philip's youngest son
  7. James, Viscount Severn (b. 2007), Prince Edward's only son

Future creations[edit]

It was announced in 1999, at the time of the wedding of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, that he would follow his father as Duke of Edinburgh. This is unlikely to happen by direct inheritance, as Prince Edward is the youngest of Prince Philip's three sons. Rather, the title is expected to be newly created for Prince Edward after it "eventually reverts to the crown"[11] after "both the death of the current Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales' succession as King."[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Edinburgh — Please support Wikipedia.
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4021 news items

Express.co.uk

Express.co.uk
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 14:16:54 -0700

Even a Prince gets peckish! Duke of Edinburgh stops in at Little Chef. STAFF at a Little Chef were stunned when none other than Duke of Edinburgh dropped in to their restaurant last week. By: Sarah Ann HarrisSarah Ann Harris. Published: Mon, August 11, ...

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 07:43:29 -0700

A former personal assistant to the Duke of Edinburgh has denied sexually abusing a girl in the early 1970s. Benjamin Herman, 79, is charged with three indecent assaults between 1972 and 1974, during which time he served as an equerry to Prince Philip.

Daily Mail

BBC News
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 22:54:55 -0700

A former aide to the Duke of Edinburgh has been accused of sexually assaulting a girl in the 1970s. Benjamin Herman, 79, is charged with three indecent assaults between 1972 and 1974, during which time he served as an equerry to Prince Philip.

Midhurst and Petworth Observer

Midhurst and Petworth Observer
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 02:00:00 -0700

Four other members of the Midhurst Duke of Edinburgh group have returned from Dartmoor, where they successfully completed the Gold Qualifying Expedition. Walking for some 55 miles they circumnavigated Dartmoor, camping wild on the moor fully self ...

Isle of Wight County Press

Isle of Wight County Press
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 06:33:50 -0700

THE Duke of Edinburgh visited internationally renowned-boatbuilders Clare Lallow in Cowes this morning (Monday). Prince Philip met workers as he toured the historic boat yard — established in 1867 — and viewed a number of restoration projects ...

West Sussex County Times

West Sussex County Times
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 08:45:00 -0700

The photo shows 27 very happy Millais Year 10 girls at the end of their successful Duke of Edinburgh's Silver Expedition in the New Forest at the start of July. A big 'well done' to all for completing this challenging assignment. They did 15km each day ...

cornishguardian.co.uk

cornishguardian.co.uk
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 01:53:50 -0700

THE DUKE of Edinburgh is due to arrive in Newquay this morning as part of a whistlestop tour of Cornwall. Prince Philip was invited along to Newquay Rowing Club by president John Cuthill, who sent a letter to Buckingham Palace inviting the Duke to see ...

Getty Images

Norfolk Eastern Daily Press
Sun, 03 Aug 2014 22:59:07 -0700

The Duke of Edinburgh will tonight lead commemorations in Norfolk to the thousands of men who died during the First World War. Comments; Email; Print. To send a link to this page to a friend, you must be logged in. help us keep our site free. One ...
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