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|Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University|
|Motto||हे ज्ञानिची पवित्रता। ज्ञानीचि आथि ।। English: "Knowledge is sacred and is the source of enlightenment"|
|Vice-Chancellor||Dr. Vijay M. Pandharipande|
|Location||Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India|
|Campus||Urban, total 650 acres (2.63 km²)|
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University (BAMU), formerly Marathwada University, is located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, Republic of India. It is named after Bharat Ratna "Babasaheb" Ambedkar, an Indian jurist, political leader, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, orator, economist, teacher, editor, prolific writer, a revivalist for Buddhism in India and mainly the chief architect of the Indian Constitution.This university was established primarily on the initiative of Babasaheb Ambedkar so as to fill the huge lacuna of higher education facilities in western Vidarbh, Marathwada and North maharashtra region.The university was established on August 23, 1958.It is one of the oldest premier[clarification needed] university established by Maharashtra state government after Mumbai and Pune Universities.This university has contributed to the progress of adjoining regions and people in innumerable ways.Since its inception, the university has around 400 colleges affiliated to it, which come under four districts (Aurangabad, Jalna, Beed and Osmanabad) of Maharashtra State. The student population exceeds 100,000.
For a long period Marathwada was educationally neglected. There were only nine intermediate college and ninety-five high schools for a total population 5,300,000 in Marathwada region before 1 November 1958. Moreover all the colleges were affiliated to the Osmania University, Hyderabad. The Students of Aurangabad (Marathwada) had to go to the Osmania University of Hyderabad for further studies as there were no facilities for post graduate and research students. It was difficult for a student of average means form the distinct to avail of the educational facilities in Hyderabad.Hence there was a demand form the people of Marathwada region for having an independent University in Marathwada Region increased when the number of students had to gone all the way to Hyderabad for their education. After merging of the Marathi speaking areas of Hyderabad in the old state of Bombay the people of Marathwada felt free to give expression to their aspiration, and began to voice their demand for the establishment of University for the region. Educational and other associations urged the need for a separate University for Marathwada for the educational cultural and general development of the region.
In the Osmania University, the medium of instruction was Urdu as it was established in the Nizam State After political change in 1947, the independence of India the regional language were adopted as medium of Secondary Level Education. Therefore, It was necessary to teach the higher education in regional language because of this problem people form Marathwada region demanded a new University for the educational as well as Socio-Economic development.
There were nine colleges in Marathwada, listed below, all affiliated with Osmania University at Hyderabad in current Andhra Pradesh state. In response to demand of the public in Marathwada region for a university, the government appointed on 27 April 1957 a committee with the charter to provide recommendations regarding establishment of such a university. The governor of Maharashtra signed the Marathwada University Act on May 5, 1958. Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, inaugurated Marathwada University on August 23, 1958 at Aurangabad on the premises of the temporary main building of the university.
S.R. Dongerkery became the first vice-chancellor. Affiliation of the following nine colleges was transferred from Osmania University to the newly formed Marathwada University:
- The Government College of Arts and Science, Aurangabad (established in 1923).
- The Milind Mahavidyalaya, Aurangabad (established in 1950).
- The People’s College, Nanded (established in 1950).
- The Government College of Education, Aurangabad (established in 1954).
- The Marathwada College of Agriculture, Parbhani (established in 1956).
- The Manikchand Pahade Law College, Aurangabad (established in 1956).
- The Government Medical College, Aurangabad (established in 1956).
- The Yogeshwari Science College, Mominabad (established in 1956).
- The Arts and S.B.L. Commerce College, Jalna (established in 1958).
In 1978, the Maharashtra Chief Minister, the state legislature and University administration approved the renaming University after B. R. Ambedkar. This decision was strongly opposed by Hindu community resulting in the anti-Dalit pogrom. The Namantar Andolan was the renaming movement raised by Dalits for 16 years. On 14 January 1994 the University name was renamed as "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University".
Objectives/mission & vision
Vision - To disseminate, create and preserve knowledge and understand by teaching, research, extension and service and by effective demonstration and influence of its corporate, extension and society.”
(1) To play a significant role in the economic, educational, social and cultural development of people of Marathwada & India.
(2) To cater to the need of higher education in the region.
(3) To cultivate and promote the arts, commerce, science, medicine, engineering, technology and other branches of learning and culture.
(4) To organize maintain and manage university laboratories, libraries, museum and other equipments for teaching and research.
(5) To contribute to the advancement and dissemination of knowledge by undertaking Post Graduate and research in its own departments as well as through its college and recognized institutions.
(6) To serve as a nursery of leaders indifferent walks of life, Professional, industrial economic, Political, social who can actively help in all direction and in the resuscitation if its unique culture.
The university campus covers more than 650 acres (2.6 km2). The hills provide a picturesque background. The Aurangabad caves are embedded in the campus. The Soneri Mahal (Golden Palace), an ancient monument at the foot of the hills, is at the center of the campus, while Bibi Ka Maqbara is at the north side.
Mr B.Shyam Sunder was born in Aurangabad, later moved to Hyderabad and became Legislator and Mr.B.S.Venkat Rao was an educational Minister in the Nizam government.The duo were responsible in creating a trust named as " Rupees One Crore Educational Trust Fund" and Shyam Sunder was nominated as one of the member of the aforesaid trust fund, both were instrumental in granting two hundred acres land for the society from Nizam government. After the re-organization of States on the linguistic basis the Andra Pradesh government filed a suit in the court and demanded the aforesaid grant given to the society should be returned with interest to the Andhra Pradesh. Mean while Mr Shyam Sunder was a legislator to Mysore Assembly and pleaded in the court that the amount was given as a grant and not as loan and cannot be recovered back from Andhra Pradesh and court upheld his contention and the Society was absolved from this payment. Mr Shyam Sunder was a governing council member from 1964-66. In the year 1968 he conveyed a conference of Scheduled Caste leaders at Nanded and in his small book let entitled "Four Immediate needs of Twelve suppressed human beings " He demanded that the Milind college started by Dr Ambedker should be converted into a university and it should be named after Dr.Ambedkar and his dream came true after many years. It is unfortunate the Society has not named a single institution either in the name of Shyam Sunder, B.S.Venkat rao nor the Nizam . At least the society should wake up now and name some institution in the name of the trio.
Knowledge Resource Centre is the main library of the University. The University library was founded in the year 1958 as the Varsity library. The University library houses some old books dating all the way back to the year 1600. Recently Knowledge Resource Centre subscribed to the World E-book Library through a Noida based company, which will enable the students to access over 300,000 e-books including journals and other documents.
Coat of arms
The university's coat of arms bears the following emblems:
- An Ajanta Arch with the university motto inscribed in its base. The arch is a symbol of the glory of the art of painting and sculpture which reached their acme in the Ajanta Caves.
- An open book lying on a book-rest, symbolizing learning.
- A sheaf of jowar, representing agriculture, the chief means of livelihood of the people of Marathwada.
- Two elephants, representing the strength of purpose of the people of Marathwada.
- A wheel representing progress.
The coat of arms may be regarded as fair representation of the aims and ideals of the university, which has been established among, people mainly devoted of the vocation of agriculture, with a rich cultural back ground and a firm determination to pursue knowledge and learning and at the same time to achieve economic and industrial progress. The motto affirms the inviolability of knowledge; a quality that abides is knowledge itself.
BAMU has 42 departments:
- Marathi Language and Literature
- Foreign Language
- Political Science
- Public Administration
- History and Ancient Indian Culture
- Management Science
- Cultural Studies
- Communication & Journalism
- Library and Information Science
- Pali and Buddhism
- Physical Education
- Environmental Science
- M.E.(Digital Communication)
- Computer Science and IT
- Tourism Administration and Management
- Atomic Physics
- Chemical Technology
- Fine Arts
- Marine Science
- Printing Technology
On August 5, 2004, a subcenter of BAMU was established at Osmanabad. It has been temporarily started at Government Ayurvedic College in Osmanabad.
The subcenter has the following postgraduate departments:
- Water and Land Management
- Department of Management Science (MBA & MCA)
Student halls of residence
There are separate halls of residence for both boys and girls those who are enrolled at university.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Boys Hostel No. 1
- Siddharth Sanshodhan Chatra Boys Hostel No. 2
- Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil Boys Hostel No. 3 (Earn and Learn)
- Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde Boys Hostel No. 4
- Boys Rest-House
- Krantijoyti Savitribai Phule Hostel Girls Hostel No. 1
- Matoshri Jijau Girls Hostel No. 2
- Priyadarshini Ladies Hostel
* Note: Hostel admissions are made on the basis of Merit and adhering to the government norms.
- University, Website. "Dr.BAMU Affiliated Colleges".
- Historical, Highlights. "University History". Website of university.
- Damle, Y.B. (January–June 1994). "Holocaust in Marathwada". ICSSR Research Abstracts Quarterly (Indian Council of Social Science and Research). XXIII. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- Atyachar Virodh Samiti (12 May 1979). "The Marathwada Riots: A Report". Economic and Political Weekly 14 (19): 845–852. JSTOR 4367590. (subscription required)
- Jaoul, Nicolas (2008). "The 'Righteous Anger' of the Powerless: Investigating Dalit Outrage over Caste Violence". South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal (2). Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Shastree, Uttara (1996). Religious Converts in India: Socio-political Study of Neo-Buddhists. Mittal Publications. pp. 100–101. ISBN 9788170996293.
- "Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University set to open dedicated research e-library tomorrow". TOI. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- "University Library". BAM University. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- Facilities, Hall of Residence. "Hostels".
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