digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Dogma (disambiguation).

Dogma is a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true.[1] It serves as part of the primary basis of an ideology or belief system, and it cannot be changed or discarded without affecting the very system's paradigm, or the ideology itself. The term can refer to acceptable opinions of philosophers or philosophical schools, public decrees, religion, or issued decisions of political authorities.[2]

The term derives from Greek δόγμα "that which seems to one, opinion or belief"[3] and that from δοκέω (dokeo), "to think, to suppose, to imagine".[4] Dogma came to signify laws or ordinances adjudged and imposed upon others by the First Century. The plural is either dogmas or dogmata, from Greek δόγματα. The term "dogmatics" is used as a synonym for systematic theology, as in Karl Barth's defining textbook of neo-orthodoxy, the 14-volume Church Dogmatics.

In religion[edit]

Dogmata are found in religions such as Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam, where they are considered core principles that must be upheld by all believers of that religion. As a fundamental element of religion, the term "dogma" is assigned to those theological tenets which are considered to be well demonstrated, such that their proposed disputation or revision effectively means that a person no longer accepts the given religion as his or her own, or has entered into a period of personal doubt. Dogma is distinguished from theological opinion regarding those things considered less well-known. Dogmata may be clarified and elaborated but not contradicted in novel teachings (e.g., Galatians 1:6-9). Rejection of dogma may lead to expulsion from a religious group.

In Christianity, religious beliefs are defined by the Church.[5] It is usually based upon scripture or communicated by church authority.[6] It is believed that these dogmas will lead human beings towards redemption and thus the “paths which lead to God".[7]

For Catholicism and Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Christianity, the dogmata are contained in the Nicene Creed and the canon laws of two, three, seven, or twenty ecumenical councils (depending on whether one is Nestorian, Oriental Orthodox, Eastern Orthodox, or Roman Catholic). These tenets are summarized by St. John of Damascus in his Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith, which is the third book of his main work, titled The Fount of Knowledge. In this book he takes a dual approach in explaining each article of the faith: one, for Christians, where he uses quotes from the Bible and, occasionally, from works of other Fathers of the Church, and the second, directed both at non-Christians (but who, nevertheless, hold some sort of religious belief) and at atheists, for whom he employs Aristotelian logic and dialectics.

The decisions of fourteen later councils that Catholics hold as dogmatic and numerous decrees promulgated by Popes' exercising papal infallibility (for examples, see Immaculate Conception and Assumption of Mary) are considered as being a part of the Church's sacred body of doctrine.

Protestants to differing degrees affirm portions of these dogmata, and often rely on denomination-specific "Statements of Faith" which summarize their chosen dogmata (see, e.g., Eucharist).

In Islam, the dogmatic principles are contained in the aqidah.

Other usage[edit]

As a possible reaction to skepticism, dogmatism is a set of beliefs or doctrines that are established as undoubtedly in truth.[8] They are regarded as (religious) truths relating closely to the nature of faith.[9]

The term "dogmatic" can be used disparagingly to refer to any belief that is held stubbornly, including political[10] and scientific[11] beliefs.

A notable use of the term can be found in the Central Dogma of Molecular Biology. In his autobiography, What Mad Pursuit, Francis Crick wrote about his choice of the word dogma and some of the problems it caused him:

I called this idea the central dogma, for two reasons, I suspect. I had already used the obvious word hypothesis in the sequence hypothesis, and in addition I wanted to suggest that this new assumption was more central and more powerful. ... As it turned out, the use of the word dogma caused almost more trouble than it was worth.... Many years later Jacques Monod pointed out to me that I did not appear to understand the correct use of the word dogma, which is a belief that cannot be doubted... I used the word the way I myself thought about it, not as most of the world does, and simply applied it to a grand hypothesis that, however plausible, had little direct experimental support.

Similarly, Horace Freeland Judson records in The Eighth Day of Creation:[12]

"My mind was, that a dogma was an idea for which there was no reasonable evidence. You see?!" And Crick gave a roar of delight. "I just didn't know what dogma meant. And I could just as well have called it the 'Central Hypothesis,' or — you know. Which is what I meant to say. Dogma was just a catch phrase."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], "dogma." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 24 Oct. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/dogma>.
  2. ^ [2], "Dogma" The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Ed. John Bowker. Oxford University Press, 2000. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. York University. 25 October 2011 <http://www.oxfordreference.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t101.e2044>.
  3. ^ Dogma, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus
  4. ^ Dokeo, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus
  5. ^ [3], "dogma" The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. York University. 25 October 2011 <http://www.oxfordreference.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t98.e978>.
  6. ^ [4], Prof. David Berman "dogma" The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford University Press 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. York University. 25 October 2011 <http://www.oxfordreference.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t116.e662>.
  7. ^ [5], Journet, Charles. What Is Dogma? San Francisco: Ignatius, 2011. Google Book Search. Web. 21 Oct. 2011.
  8. ^ [6], "dogma" The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. York University. 25 October 2011 <http://www.oxfordreference.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t98.e978>.
  9. ^ [7], Journet, Charles. What Is Dogma? San Francisco: Ignatius, 2011. Google Book Search. Web. 21 Oct. 2011.
  10. ^ Gabler, Neal. [8], "The Los Angeles Times", October 2, 2009
  11. ^ Thompson, Michael. [9], The Analyst, 2004, 129, 865
  12. ^ Horace Freeland Judson (1996). "Chapter 6: My mind was, that a dogma was an idea for which there was no reasonable evidence. You see?!". The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology (25th anniversary edition). Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. ISBN 0-87969-477-7. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dogma — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
599429 videos foundNext > 

Dogma Full Movie HD

A comedy written & directed by Kevin Smith, who also stars in the film along with an ensemble cast including Ben Affleck, Matt Damon, George Carlin, Chris Ro...

Dogma Full Movie

Dogma Teljes film (1999)

Jó Szórakozást : )

Dogma trailer

Trailer for 'Dogma' Starring Ben Affleck, Matt Damon, and Linda Fiorentino.

"HIGH BRAND" MEGA-G feat.DOGMA

from MEGA-G 2nd PROJECT on CREATIVE PLATFORM『ORIGINAL SOUNDTRACK FROM THE M.E.T.S. LIFE』 "HIGH BRAND feat.DOGMA" beat by YOUNG-G BOOTBANG ENTERTAINMENT ; htt...

Steve Antal - Dogma (Dogma Official)

A teljes Dogma lemez ingyenesen letölthető | www.steveantal.com FACEBOOK.COM/THESTEVEFANPAGE © 2012 SteveAntal - Dogma. Minden jog fentartva.

Kevin Smith's Dogma Boardroom Scene

From Kevin Smith's Dogma - http://tinyurl.com/2lo3db . The boardroom scene with Matt Damon and Ben Affleck as banished angels Loki and Bartleby.

DOWNLOAD Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen FULL FOR FREE

DOWNLOAD: http://litle.me/342634 Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen new Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen netload Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen keygen Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen serial Dragon's...

Dogma - Alanis Morissette Is God

Clip from the film Dogma.

Download Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen Full For Free

DOWNLOAD: http://tiiny.me/347397 Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen new Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen netload Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen keygen Dragon's Dogma Dark Arisen serial Dragon's...

599429 videos foundNext > 

9274 news items

 
The Week Magazine
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 03:07:30 -0700

What makes libertarianism a dogma is the inability or unwillingness of those who espouse it to accept that some people might choose, for morally legitimate reasons, to dissent from it. On a range of issues, liberals seem not only increasingly incapable ...
 
Daily Californian
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 06:42:47 -0700

Open-mindedness is the single most valuable virtue someone can possess. Its absence is the single largest factor in all of humanity's problems. In the history of mankind, its single greatest enemy has been religion. That paragraph may have caused many ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 06:21:30 -0700

Which brings me to the Pinarello Dogma F8 bicycle, the official bike of Chris Froome's Team Sky, designed in conjunction with British sports car maker Jaguar. The bicycle, equipped with the latest electronic Shimano Di2 gear system and lightweight ...
 
RoadCyclingUK
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 02:37:11 -0700

This Pinarello Dogma F8 belongs to Geraint Thomas, who has been enjoying his best Tour de France to date. The 28-year-old was as high as 16th on the general classification after stage 16 but dropped to 22nd overall the following day. Thomas is looking ...
 
Westmoreland County Times
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 22:39:30 -0700

“Climate change [caused by human activity] is one of the greatest challenges of our time. It already threatens human health and welfare and economic well-being, and if left unchecked, it will have devastating impacts on the United States and the planet.

Nottingham Post

Nottingham Post
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 -0700

CITY centre club Dogma has been called “the most dangerous venue in Nottingham” by a police officer at a hearing to review its licence. The bar, in Byard Lane, had its licence suspended by the city council after a man was stabbed in the premises on ...

Somewhat Reasonable - Heartland Institute

Your Houston News
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 13:37:30 -0700

“Climate change [caused by human activity] is one of the greatest challenges of our time. It already threatens human health and welfare and economic well-being, and if left unchecked, it will have devastating impacts on the United States and the planet.
 
National Review Online
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 11:11:15 -0700

EDITOR'S NOTE: The following is Jonah Goldberg's weekly “news”letter, the G-File. Subscribe here to get the G-File delivered to your inbox on Fridays. Dear Reader (including the president of the United States whenever he gets to this after dealing with ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Dogma

You can talk about Dogma with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!