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A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles.[1] Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a Landing Ship, Tank [LST]). Modern dock landing ships also operate helicopters.

A ship with a well deck (docking well) can transfer cargo to landing craft in rougher seas than a ship that has to use cranes or a stern ramp.[2] The US Navy hull classification symbol for a ship with a well deck depends on its facilities for aircraft - a (modern) LSD has a helicopter deck, a LPD also has a hangar, and a LHD or LHA has a full-length flight deck.[2]

History[edit]

The LSD (US Navy hull classification for Landing Ship, Dock) came as a result of a British requirement during the Second World War for a vessel that could carry large landing craft across the seas at speed.

The first LSD came from a design by Sir Roland Baker who had designed the British Landing Craft, Tank. It was an answer to the problem of launching small craft rapidly. The "Landing Ship Stern Chute", which was a converted train ferry, was an early attempt. Thirteen Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) could be launched from these ships down the chute. The Landing Ship Gantry was a converted tanker with a crane to transfer its cargo of landing craft from deck to sea - 15 LCM in a little over half an hour.[3]

The design was developed and built in the US for the USN and the Royal Navy. The LSD could carry 36 LCM at 16 knots. It took one and a half hours for the dock to be flooded down and two and half to pump it out. When flooded they could also be used as docks for repairs to small craft.

Amphibious vehicles inside a US LSD

Vessels of the LSD hull classification[edit]

In the United States Navy, two related groups of vessels classified as LSDs are in service as of 2011, the Whidbey Island and Harpers Ferry classes, mainly used to carry hovercraft (LCACs), operate helicopters, and carry Marines.[4]

The Dutch and Spanish collaborated on the "Enforcer" design which entered service as the Rotterdam-class amphibious transport dock and Galicia-class landing platform dock.

The British Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) operates three Bay-class landing ships - related to the Enforcer design - in support of the Royal Navy's operations while a fourth ship of the class, previously in RFA service, is now operated by the Royal Australian Navy.

Former US LSDs include: Ashland class, Casa Grande class, Thomaston class and Anchorage class.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mother of Minesweepers". Popular Mechanics: 97–104, see drawings pp. 98–99. February 1952. 
  2. ^ a b "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock". Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  3. ^ Brown 2006, p. 145
  4. ^ US Navy Office of Information Fact File - LSD

Cited literature[edit]

  • Brown, D. K. (November 2006). Nelson to Vanguard. Annapolis, Maryland: US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-602-X. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dock_landing_ship — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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96 news items

Stars and Stripes

Stars and Stripes
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 08:00:00 -0700

The group also includes the amphibious dock landing ship USS Gunston Hall and the embarked 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit. “We came right up to the line a couple of times but we never stepped over the point to say, 'We can't do that because we don't ...

Times of San Diego

fox5sandiego.com
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 13:03:45 -0700

The group also includes amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island, the amphibious dock landing ship USS Comstock, and the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit from Camp Pendleton. “We have a fantastic Navy and Marine Corps team, and we have just ...

fox5sandiego.com

fox5sandiego.com
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 15:30:00 -0700

The group also includes amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island, the amphibious dock landing ship USS Comstock, and the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit from Camp Pendleton. “These last couple of months the Makin Island ARG has taken on many ...
 
KUSI
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 13:03:45 -0700

The group also includes amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island, the amphibious dock landing ship USS Comstock, and the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit from Camp Pendleton. "We have a fantastic Navy and Marine Corps team, and we have just ...
 
Hookelenews
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 13:15:00 -0700

Boatswain's Mate 2nd Class Dominique Jackson, from Jackson, Miss., signals to an MV-22 Osprey, assigned to Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron (VMM) 161, to take off from the flight deck of the amphibious dock landing ship USS Rushmore (LSD 47) during ...
 
Western Queens Gazette
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 07:15:00 -0700

Lt. j.g. Leon Pinheiro, from Woodside, plots fire boundaries on a damage control chart during a fire drill aboard the amphibious dock landing ship USS Rushmore (LSD 47) during Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise 2014. U.S. Navy photo by Mass ...
 
SEAPOWER Magazine Online
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 10:15:00 -0700

The Navy is working to get the design and affordability of the next-generation dock landing ship, LX(R), exactly right, a discussion that “is as robust as any we've had,” he said. Hilarides said that the backlog in repair of nuclear-powered submarines ...
 
KHON2
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 05:22:30 -0700

The Corps showed off a prototype of its Ultra Heavy-lift Amphibious Connector (UHAC) last week during Rim of the Pacific exercises in Hawaii, running it from the Navy's amphibious dock landing ship USS Rushmore to the beaches of Marine Corps Training ...
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