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A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles.[1] Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a Landing Ship, Tank [LST]). Modern dock landing ships also operate helicopters.

A ship with a well deck (docking well) can transfer cargo to landing craft in rougher seas than a ship that has to use cranes or a stern ramp.[2] The US Navy hull classification symbol for a ship with a well deck depends on its facilities for aircraft - a (modern) LSD has a helicopter deck, a LPD also has a hangar, and a LHD or LHA has a full-length flight deck.[2]

History[edit]

The LSD (US Navy hull classification for Landing Ship, Dock) came as a result of a British requirement during the Second World War for a vessel that could carry large landing craft across the seas at speed.

The first LSD came from a design by Sir Roland Baker who had designed the British Landing Craft, Tank. It was an answer to the problem of launching small craft rapidly. The "Landing Ship Stern Chute", which was a converted train ferry, was an early attempt. Thirteen Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) could be launched from these ships down the chute. The Landing Ship Gantry was a converted tanker with a crane to transfer its cargo of landing craft from deck to sea - 15 LCM in a little over half an hour.[3]

The design was developed and built in the US for the USN and the Royal Navy. The LSD could carry 36 LCM at 16 knots. It took one and a half hours for the dock to be flooded down and two and half to pump it out. When flooded they could also be used as docks for repairs to small craft.

Amphibious vehicles inside a US LSD

Vessels of the LSD hull classification[edit]

In the United States Navy, two related groups of vessels classified as LSDs are in service as of 2011, the Whidbey Island and Harpers Ferry classes, mainly used to carry hovercraft (LCACs), operate helicopters, and carry Marines.[4]

The Dutch and Spanish collaborated on the "Enforcer" design which entered service as the Rotterdam-class amphibious transport dock and Galicia-class landing platform dock.

The British Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) operates three Bay-class landing ships - related to the Enforcer design - in support of the Royal Navy's operations while a fourth ship of the class, previously in RFA service, is now operated by the Royal Australian Navy.

Former US LSDs include: Ashland class, Casa Grande class, Thomaston class and Anchorage class.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mother of Minesweepers". Popular Mechanics: 97–104, see drawings pp. 98–99. February 1952. 
  2. ^ a b "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock". Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  3. ^ Brown 2006, p. 145
  4. ^ US Navy Office of Information Fact File - LSD

Cited literature[edit]

  • Brown, D. K. (November 2006). Nelson to Vanguard. Annapolis, Maryland: US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-602-X. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dock_landing_ship — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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NavyTimes.com

NavyTimes.com
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 13:11:15 -0800

The amphibious assault ship Iwo Jima and dock landing ship Fort McHenry, with embarked troops from the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit, have not been tasked, but could aid in the event of an evacuation of the U.S. embassy in Sanaa, Navy spokeswoman ...
 
Stars and Stripes
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 04:47:54 -0800

The USS Iwo Jima, an amphibious assault ship, and the USS Fort McHenry, a dock landing ship, were moved in recent hours from the Gulf of Aden to the Red Sea, nearer to Yemen's capital, U.S. 5th Fleet spokesman Cmdr. Kevin Stephens said. Both ships ...

Times of San Diego

Times of San Diego
Sun, 11 Jan 2015 07:56:15 -0800

The amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island and the amphibious dock landing ship USS Comstock left the Arabian Sea Friday after almost four months of operations against the ISIL Islamic terrorist group in Iraq and Syria. The San Diego-based ships were ...
 
National Monitor
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 13:56:15 -0800

The U.S. Navy repositioned two ships, the an amphibious assault ship USS Iwo Jima and the USS Fort McHenry, a dock landing ship, shifting them to the Red Sea in order to be closer to Sanaa. Both ships are manned with Marines. The U.S. has used Yemen ...

WJXT Jacksonville

WJXT Jacksonville
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 07:55:42 -0800

AMPHIBIOUS TRANSSHIP U.S. SS NEW YORK AND AMPHIBIOUS DOCK LANDING SHIP ARE PART OF THE GROUP TOO. THESE OPERATIONS ARE DESIGNED AN IMPLEMENTED TO, THEY SAY, DISRUPT VIOLENT EXTREMIST ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES ...
 
DVIDS (press release) (registration)
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 19:45:00 -0800

Boatswain's Mate 3rd Class Janie Saldivar, a native of De Queen, Ark., stands by on the forecastle of the dock landing ship USS Comstock (LSD 45) while the ship is moored for a port visit. Comstock, part of the Makin Island Amphibious Ready Group, is ...

Defenseworld.net

Defenseworld.net
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 02:07:30 -0800

China's Hudong Shipyard launched three warships simultaneously on January 22, including one 054A frigate, one 815G electronic reconnaissance ship, and one 071A amphibious dock landing ship. This is just a “miniature” of the new warships ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 09:37:53 -0800

Two US warships, the amphibious assault ship USS Iwo Jima and the dock landing ship USS Fort McHenry, are nearby should instability escalate. “There are no plans for charter flights or other US government-sponsored evacuations,” the State Department ...
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