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A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles.[1] Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a Landing Ship, Tank [LST]). Modern dock landing ships also operate helicopters.

A ship with a well deck (docking well) can transfer cargo to landing craft in rougher seas than a ship that has to use cranes or a stern ramp.[2] The US Navy hull classification symbol for a ship with a well deck depends on its facilities for aircraft - a (modern) LSD has a helicopter deck, a LPD also has a hangar, and a LHD or LHA has a full-length flight deck.[2]

History[edit]

The LSD (US Navy hull classification for Landing Ship, Dock) came as a result of a British requirement during the Second World War for a vessel that could carry large landing craft across the seas at speed.

The first LSD came from a design by Sir Roland Baker who had designed the British Landing Craft, Tank. It was an answer to the problem of launching small craft rapidly. The "Landing Ship Stern Chute", which was a converted train ferry, was an early attempt. Thirteen Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) could be launched from these ships down the chute. The Landing Ship Gantry was a converted tanker with a crane to transfer its cargo of landing craft from deck to sea - 15 LCM in a little over half an hour.[3]

The design was developed and built in the US for the USN and the Royal Navy. The LSD could carry 36 LCM at 16 knots. It took one and a half hours for the dock to be flooded down and two and half to pump it out. When flooded they could also be used as docks for repairs to small craft.

Amphibious vehicles inside a US LSD

Vessels of the LSD hull classification[edit]

In the United States Navy, two related groups of vessels classified as LSDs are in service as of 2011, the Whidbey Island and Harpers Ferry classes, mainly used to carry hovercraft (LCACs), operate helicopters, and carry Marines.[4]

The Dutch and Spanish collaborated on the "Enforcer" design which entered service as the Rotterdam-class amphibious transport dock and Galicia-class landing platform dock.

The British Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) operates three Bay-class landing ships - related to the Enforcer design - in support of the Royal Navy's operations while a fourth ship of the class, previously in RFA service, is now operated by the Royal Australian Navy.

Former US LSDs include: Ashland class, Casa Grande class, Thomaston class and Anchorage class.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mother of Minesweepers". Popular Mechanics: 97–104, see drawings pp. 98–99. February 1952. 
  2. ^ a b "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock". Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  3. ^ Brown 2006, p. 145
  4. ^ US Navy Office of Information Fact File - LSD

Cited literature[edit]

  • Brown, D. K. (November 2006). Nelson to Vanguard. Annapolis, Maryland: US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-602-X. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dock_landing_ship — Please support Wikipedia.
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Military Times
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 09:11:27 -0700

Meanwhile, the Makin Island amphibious ready group and the embarked 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit is also en route to CENTCOM, where it is scheduled to replace the Bataan ARG. The amphibious assault ship Makin Island, dock landing ship Comstock ...
 
U.S. 7th Fleet
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 05:11:15 -0700

The amphibious ready group (ARG) is comprised of the flagship amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island (LHD 8), dock landing ship USS Comstock (LSD 45), and amphibious transport dock ship USS San Diego (LPD 22). The visit served as the first port ...
 
Gloucester Daily Times
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 21:38:38 -0700

A coxswain, the seaman first class served with Bayfield-class attack transport ship the USS Clay (APA-39), and the Casa Grande-class dock landing ship the USS Catamount (LSD-17). He landed troops on the invasion beaches in the Pacific. Frontiero was ...
 
U.S. 7th Fleet
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 05:33:45 -0700

Makin Island is the flagship of the Makin Island Amphibious Ready Group (ARG), and is joined in Hong Kong by amphibious transport dock ship USS San Diego (LPD 22) and dock landing ship USS Comstock (LSD 45). The ARG is on a deployment with the ...
 
NavyTimes.com
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 14:17:34 -0700

He has served on the fast combat support ship Sacramento, the dock landing ship Fort Fisher and has served with Amphibious Construction Battalion 1 and earned the Seabee combat warfare device. Senior Chief Katy Willdigg has been named the interim ...
 
SEAPOWER Magazine Online
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 06:41:15 -0700

Installations continue on three carriers, one amphibious assault ship, eight destroyers, one dock landing ship and one cruiser. An additional 28 installations are planned throughout fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2016. To date, the program's system maturity is ...

CRIENGLISH.com

CRIENGLISH.com
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 05:22:30 -0700

... Kong Special Administrative Region. Makin Island is the flagship of the Makin Island Amphibious Ready Group (ARG), and is joined in Hong Kong by amphibious transport dock ship USS San Diego (LPD 22) and dock landing ship USS Comstock (LSD 45).
 
Pocono Record
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 21:13:24 -0700

... with fleet replenishment oiler USNS Henry J. Kaiser and amphibious dock landing ship USS Comstock. Makin Island is on a scheduled deployment to promote peace and freedom of the seas by providing deterrence, humanitarian aid and disaster response ...
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