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A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles.[1] Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a Landing Ship, Tank [LST]). Modern dock landing ships also operate helicopters.

A ship with a well deck (docking well) can transfer cargo to landing craft in rougher seas than a ship that has to use cranes or a stern ramp.[2] The US Navy hull classification symbol for a ship with a well deck depends on its facilities for aircraft - a (modern) LSD has a helicopter deck, a LPD also has a hangar, and a LHD or LHA has a full-length flight deck.[2]

History[edit]

The LSD (US Navy hull classification for Landing Ship, Dock) came as a result of a British requirement during the Second World War for a vessel that could carry large landing craft across the seas at speed.

The first LSD came from a design by Sir Roland Baker who had designed the British Landing Craft, Tank. It was an answer to the problem of launching small craft rapidly. The "Landing Ship Stern Chute", which was a converted train ferry, was an early attempt. Thirteen Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) could be launched from these ships down the chute. The Landing Ship Gantry was a converted tanker with a crane to transfer its cargo of landing craft from deck to sea - 15 LCM in a little over half an hour.[3]

The design was developed and built in the US for the USN and the Royal Navy. The LSD could carry 36 LCM at 16 knots. It took one and a half hours for the dock to be flooded down and two and half to pump it out. When flooded they could also be used as docks for repairs to small craft.

Amphibious vehicles inside a US LSD

Vessels of the LSD hull classification[edit]

In the United States Navy, two related groups of vessels classified as LSDs are in service as of 2011, the Whidbey Island and Harpers Ferry classes, mainly used to carry hovercraft (LCACs), operate helicopters, and carry Marines.[4]

The Dutch and Spanish collaborated on the "Enforcer" design which entered service as the Rotterdam-class amphibious transport dock and Galicia-class landing platform dock.

The British Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) operates three Bay-class landing ships - related to the Enforcer design - in support of the Royal Navy's operations while a fourth ship of the class, previously in RFA service, is now operated by the Royal Australian Navy.

Former US LSDs include: Ashland class, Casa Grande class, Thomaston class and Anchorage class.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mother of Minesweepers". Popular Mechanics: 97–104, see drawings pp. 98–99. February 1952. 
  2. ^ a b "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock". Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  3. ^ Brown 2006, p. 145
  4. ^ US Navy Office of Information Fact File - LSD

Cited literature[edit]

  • Brown, D. K. (November 2006). Nelson to Vanguard. Annapolis, Maryland: US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-602-X. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dock_landing_ship — Please support Wikipedia.
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NavyTimes.com
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 07:38:28 -0700

... public for their handling of rapes and other sex crimes. Earlier in the year, the CO of the dock landing ship Germantown was relieved after his command master chief was accused of sexual assault. Questions over the CO's handling of such cases led ...

Jacksonville Daily News

Jacksonville Daily News
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 06:52:30 -0700

The units are deployed on the ships of the Bataan Amphibious Ready Group, which includes the USS Bataan; the USS Mesa Verde, an amphibious transport dock ship; and USS Gunston Hill, an amphibious dock landing ship. The MEU served as a ...

Philippine Star

NavyTimes.com
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 11:32:52 -0700

Bradford is a Cornell grad who has served on the destroyer John S. McCain and the dock landing ship Fort McHenry. He has also served tours on Stethem as combat systems officer, engineering officer and executive officer. Bradford did not immediately ...

Hanford Sentinel

Hanford Sentinel
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 17:45:00 -0700

PHILIPPINE SEA -- Fire Controlman Second Class Andrew Wanthal, foreground, from Phoenix, and Fire Controlman Second Class Judah Burton, from Bellingham, Wash., load the Close-in Weapons System (CWIS) aboard the amphibious dock landing ship ...
 
Marine Corps Times
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 11:38:50 -0700

The Marines from the MEU will go on the amphibious ship Peleliu and the dock landing ship Germantown, two boats that were a part of PHIBLEX. Philippine marines also shared some tips on how to survive in the jungle by setting traps and finding food like ...

USNI News

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Mon, 20 Oct 2014 14:48:00 -0700

Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus has signed an internal memo recommending the service base its next generation amphibious warship (LX(R)) on the existing San Antonio-class (LPD-17) warship design, first reported by the Inside the Navy newsletter on ...
 
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Wed, 22 Oct 2014 09:18:45 -0700

... vehicles to the British army, $175 million to the U.S. Navy to provide planning and support services for nuclear submarines, and $140 million to maintain and upgrade the dock landing ship Pearl Harbor — General Dynamics' operating margins grew 12.9%.

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Florida Times-Union
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 12:41:15 -0700

Electrician's Mate 2nd Class Anton Lebed poses for a photo aboard the amphibious dock landing ship USS Fort McHenry (LSD 43). Fort McHenry is underway as part of the Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group conducting Composite Training Unit Exercise ...
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