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A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles.[1] Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a Landing Ship, Tank [LST]). Modern dock landing ships also operate helicopters.

A ship with a well deck (docking well) can transfer cargo to landing craft in rougher seas than a ship that has to use cranes or a stern ramp.[2] The US Navy hull classification symbol for a ship with a well deck depends on its facilities for aircraft - a (modern) LSD has a helicopter deck, a LPD also has a hangar, and a LHD or LHA has a full-length flight deck.[2]

History[edit]

The LSD (US Navy hull classification for Landing Ship, Dock) came as a result of a British requirement during the Second World War for a vessel that could carry large landing craft across the seas at speed.

The first LSD came from a design by Sir Roland Baker who had designed the British Landing Craft, Tank. It was an answer to the problem of launching small craft rapidly. The "Landing Ship Stern Chute", which was a converted train ferry, was an early attempt. Thirteen Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) could be launched from these ships down the chute. The Landing Ship Gantry was a converted tanker with a crane to transfer its cargo of landing craft from deck to sea - 15 LCM in a little over half an hour.[3]

The design was developed and built in the US for the USN and the Royal Navy. The LSD could carry 36 LCM at 16 knots. It took one and a half hours for the dock to be flooded down and two and half to pump it out. When flooded they could also be used as docks for repairs to small craft.

Amphibious vehicles inside a US LSD

Vessels of the LSD hull classification[edit]

In the United States Navy, two related groups of vessels classified as LSDs are in service as of 2011, the Whidbey Island and Harpers Ferry classes, mainly used to carry hovercraft (LCACs), operate helicopters, and carry Marines.[4]

The Dutch and Spanish collaborated on the "Enforcer" design which entered service as the Rotterdam-class amphibious transport dock and Galicia-class landing platform dock.

The British Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) operates three Bay-class landing ships - related to the Enforcer design - in support of the Royal Navy's operations while a fourth ship of the class, previously in RFA service, is now operated by the Royal Australian Navy.

Former US LSDs include: Ashland class, Casa Grande class, Thomaston class and Anchorage class.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mother of Minesweepers". Popular Mechanics: 97–104, see drawings pp. 98–99. February 1952. 
  2. ^ a b "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock". Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  3. ^ Brown 2006, p. 145
  4. ^ US Navy Office of Information Fact File - LSD

Cited literature[edit]

  • Brown, D. K. (November 2006). Nelson to Vanguard. Annapolis, Maryland: US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-602-X. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dock_landing_ship — Please support Wikipedia.
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DVIDS (press release)
Tue, 05 May 2015 10:03:45 -0700

CHESAPEAKE BAY, Va. (May, 4, 2015) A landing craft utility (LCU) enters the well deck of the amphibious dock landing ship USS Oak Hill (LSD 51). Oak Hill is underway as part of the Amphibious Squadron (PHIBRON) 4 and the 26th Marine Expeditionary ...

USNI News

USNI News
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 12:51:45 -0700

... wants changes allowing two upcoming ship classes to get off to a smoother start – allowing for more funding opportunities for the Ohio Replacement Program (ORP) and accelerating the start of the LX(R) amphibious dock landing ship replacement program.

ErieTVNews

ErieTVNews
Mon, 04 May 2015 11:22:30 -0700

From left, the guided missile cruiser USS Hue City (CG 66) leads the amphibious dock landing ship USS Rushmore (LSD 47), amphibious assault ship USS Peleliu (LHA 5), amphibious transport dock ship USS Green Bay (LPD 20) and the guided missile ...

Times of San Diego

Times of San Diego
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Dock landing ship USS Comstock returned Feb. 25, 2015, to Naval Base San Diego following a seven-month deployment to the U.S. 5th and 7th Fleet areas of operations. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Rosalie Chang “It began ...

ErieTVNews

ErieTVNews
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 13:48:45 -0700

From left, the guided missile cruiser USS Hue City (CG 66) leads the amphibious dock landing ship USS Rushmore (LSD 47), amphibious assault ship USS Peleliu (LHA 5), amphibious transport dock ship USS Green Bay (LPD 20) and the guided missile ...
 
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Wed, 29 Apr 2015 11:33:45 -0700

Fire Controlman 2nd Class Darold Harris, from Nezperce, Idaho, loads a .50 caliber machine gun during a sea and anchor detail aboard the amphibious dock landing ship USS Fort McHenry (LSD 43). Photos. Back Photo: 1 of 13 Next. Lt.j.g. Brendan Shields, ...

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USNI News
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 07:28:34 -0700

It also bumps up the start of the LX(R) amphibious dock landing ship from Fiscal Year 2020 to FY 2018. The congressmen want to provide advance procurement funding in 2016 and 2017 to allow for a construction contract award in 2018. Additionally, the ...

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Mon, 27 Apr 2015 12:41:15 -0700

The committee chose to add $250 million to the Navy's procurement account and $29 million to the research and development budget to help accelerate the LX(R) amphibious dock landing ship replacement program. The Navy plans for the program to go into ...
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