digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Didiwas (Kalinga, Kankanai)
Diwas upce.jpg
A Diwas of UP Center of Ethnomusicology
Woodwind instrument
Other names Dad-ayu (Balangaw), Diwdiwas (Bontoc), Saggeypo (Kalinga), Dewdew-as (Tingguian)
Classification Wind instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 412.112[1]
(Sets of end-blown flutes or panpipes)
Related instruments
Diwas sound sample. Each pipe in the Diwas was played.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Diwas is a native bamboo wind instrument in the Philippines which is a variation of the well-known panflutes or panpipes. It is made of bamboo with one of its end closed via the node of the bamboo. It also does not have finger holes (or tone holes) which is unlike popular aerophones like flutes that have finger holes or tone holes to play different pitches on the instrument. But Diwas compensate on this by grouping pipes of graduated length together. So to produce sound with varying pitch, you shift from one pipe to another. In Kalinga, these individual pipes are known as Saggeypo which is why Diwas is sometimes called as Saggeypo. Usually, the number of Saggeypos strung together ranges from 5 to 8.[2]

Playing techniques[edit]

Simply, the instrument is played by blowing on the embouchure of the instrument. The embouchure has two distinct sides but both these sides can be used to play the instrument. However the big difference on these two sides, when you played on the side with shorter cutnstrument tend to produce higher pitch than when you played on the side with longer cut.

Science behind panpipes[edit]

How the instrument produce its sound can be traced by the concept of closed-end pipes/tubes. Basically, it is the very application of that concept. The starting point is at the time the person blows on the embouchure. As he blows, air jet enters the body of the instrument causing vibration inside the instrument. The slanted cut in the embouchure is responsible in controlling the air that will flow in the body. The time for this vibration to reach the end of the body and then get reflected back determines the frequency produced by the instrument. Thus the length of the tube is essential in determining the frequency produced by the instrument.[3]

Instrument variations[edit]

Most of the variations of the Philippine bamboo panpipes can be traced in Northern Luzon where the instrument is known by different names. In Balangaw, the instrument is called as Dad-ayu. In Bontoc, it is known as Diwdiw-as. In Tingguian, Dewdew-as. And in Kankanai it is still Diwas.[4] In these variations, the typical number of pipes consisted in the panpipes ranges from 5 to 8. The size, length and radius, of the instruments also varies from one ethnic group to another but there are no exact measurements for they do not depend highly on this. Also, the aesthetics of the instrument varies from one group to another.

Saggeypo[edit]

In Kalinga, Saggeypo and Diwas are the same because Saggeypo is the individual pipes in Diwas. There is no significant difference in the physical features of Saggeypo and Diwas. However, since Diwas is a group of Saggeypo strung together, the lengths of the pipe are more fixed. Typically, Saggeypo has no fixed length.

Physical features[edit]

The production of Diwas do not depend highly on exact measurements. This affects the generality of the music in indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Thus unlike the Western music which depends largely on musical notes in producing melody, indigenous music in the Philippines depends highly on rhythm. This is the very reason why sizes, length, radius, etc of the instruments have no fixed value where these values are important in producing pitch.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of aerophones by Hornbostel–Sachs number
  2. ^ http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.php?i=155&igm=1
  3. ^ http://www.sarahtulga.com/panpipes.htm
  4. ^ C. Dioquinio. (2008) Philippine Bamboo Instruments. Humanities Diliman (January - December 2008), Vol. 5, No. 1 & 2, Pages 101-113. http://journals.upd.edu.ph/index.php/humanitiesdiliman/article/view/1484, accessed 04 September 2011.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwas — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
70254 videos foundNext > 

Cuando yo te encuentre - ( Video oficial rap ) ( rap romantico 2013 ) mc Diwas ft Aama mc

pagina mc Diwas : http://www.facebook.com/pages/MC-Diwas/100264583430949?ref=hl link de descarga :http://soundcloud.com/mc-diwas/cuando-yo-te-encuentre-mc.

PM Narendra Modi inaugrates 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas

'Opportunities await you in India,' Prime Minister Narendra Modi tells Indian diaspora at the inauguration of 13th Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas in Gandhinagar, Guj...

Diwas Olya by Swapnil Bandodkar and Bela Shende

Mangalashtak Once more Subscribe for more beautiful songs.

PREM DIWAS New Nepali Movie Ajhai Pani 'प्रेम दिवस' चलचित्र 'अझै पनि'

Song Title:Prem Diwas Film:Ajahi Pani Vocal:Hari Lamsal Music:Hari Lamsal Lyrics:Sanjeeb Thapa Company:Sudarshan Thapa Production/Poonam Entertainment Artist...

Diwas Gurung - Mai Runchu

Mai runchu, mai pagal hunchu rune maana lai bujhaune jaal bunchu akasai bhari nau lakhai tara, ek tara jun sita hajarau tira, hajarau maya, hajarau tira, haj...

Diwas Gurung - Lekali

An cover version of Ram Thapa by Diwas Gurung.

Asarai Mainama - Diwas Gurung

Prerana diwas

Nirankari song.

Hindi Diwas (14 Sept.) song for school programs

Written and composed by Pt. Avadhkishor Pandey from Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Group song sung by Pt. Avadhkishor Pandey and chorus. Recorded at CPS, New Bhu...

Diwas Gurung w/Ayurveda - Haami Aayou

Diwas Gurung featuring Ayurveda Grassroots 2011 www.movingboxstudios.com.

70254 videos foundNext > 

12935 news items

 
Times of India
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 12:03:29 -0800

LUCKNOW: The Hindu Mahasabha may have deferred plans for a "bhoomi pujan" in Sitapur for construction of a temple for Nathuram Godse, but Friday will be observed as "Shaurya Diwas" by members of the organization in its offices across Uttar Pradesh, ...
 
NDTV
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 09:00:10 -0800

"We are going to organise UP Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas (UPPBD) in the state for the first time. As per plans, UPPBD will be a two-day event from February 28 in which besides NRIs, investors from all over the world would be invited." "We are also extending ...
 
Newsx
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 21:36:32 -0800

Lucknow: Upset over removal of 'UP Rising' posters at Pravasi Bhartiya Divas in Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh government has planned to organise a diaspora conclave of its own for the first time next month to woo investors and associate NRIs in development of ...
 
Jagran Josh
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 05:38:42 -0800

13th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas (PBD) 2015 concluded on 9 January 2015 in Gujarat. PBD is the flagship event of Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA). The event concluded with giving away Pravasi Bharatiya Samman awards to 15 members of the Indian ...

Hindustan Times

Economic Times
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 08:22:20 -0800

GANDHINAGAR: The three-day 13th edition of Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas (PDB) got off to a grand start at the majestic Mahatma Gandhi Mandir here - with a great display of soft power -- as the Modi government made a concerted effort to connect with young ...

I am in dna of India

I am in dna of India
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 19:25:26 -0800

... Delhi, North West Delhi, Pataliputra, Patna Sahib, Pune, South Delhi, Srinagar, Thane, Varanasi, West Delhi. Leave this field blank. Menu. I am in DNA · of Pune. Follow Us On b a · Home > Pune > For these enthusiasts, every Sunday is Swachata Diwas ...
 
Economic Times
Fri, 09 Jan 2015 14:30:00 -0800

GANDHINAGAR: Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Friday harped on the economic situation in 1998 when Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister of the country, inheriting a financial legacy which was similar to the condition when Mahatma ...
 
The New Indian Express
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 14:18:45 -0800

BHUBANESWAR: The All India Forward Bloc has called upon Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik to declare January 23, the birthday of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, as Deshprem Diwas. Odisha will always command a place of pride as the soil that has given ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight