digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Didiwas (Kalinga, Kankanai)
Diwas upce.jpg
A Diwas of UP Center of Ethnomusicology
Woodwind instrument
Other names Dad-ayu (Balangaw), Diwdiwas (Bontoc), Saggeypo (Kalinga), Dewdew-as (Tingguian)
Classification Wind instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 412.112[1]
(Sets of end-blown flutes or panpipes)
Related instruments
Diwas sound sample. Each pipe in the Diwas was played.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Diwas is a native bamboo wind instrument in the Philippines which is a variation of the well-known panflutes or panpipes. It is made of bamboo with one of its end closed via the node of the bamboo. It also does not have finger holes (or tone holes) which is unlike popular aerophones like flutes that have finger holes or tone holes to play different pitches on the instrument. But Diwas compensate on this by grouping pipes of graduated length together. So to produce sound with varying pitch, you shift from one pipe to another. In Kalinga, these individual pipes are known as Saggeypo which is why Diwas is sometimes called as Saggeypo. Usually, the number of Saggeypos strung together ranges from 5 to 8.[2]

Playing techniques[edit]

Simply, the instrument is played by blowing on the embouchure of the instrument. The embouchure has two distinct sides but both these sides can be used to play the instrument. However the big difference on these two sides, when you played on the side with shorter cutnstrument tend to produce higher pitch than when you played on the side with longer cut.

Science behind panpipes[edit]

How the instrument produce its sound can be traced by the concept of closed-end pipes/tubes. Basically, it is the very application of that concept. The starting point is at the time the person blows on the embouchure. As he blows, air jet enters the body of the instrument causing vibration inside the instrument. The slanted cut in the embouchure is responsible in controlling the air that will flow in the body. The time for this vibration to reach the end of the body and then get reflected back determines the frequency produced by the instrument. Thus the length of the tube is essential in determining the frequency produced by the instrument.[3]

Instrument variations[edit]

Most of the variations of the Philippine bamboo panpipes can be traced in Northern Luzon where the instrument is known by different names. In Balangaw, the instrument is called as Dad-ayu. In Bontoc, it is known as Diwdiw-as. In Tingguian, Dewdew-as. And in Kankanai it is still Diwas.[4] In these variations, the typical number of pipes consisted in the panpipes ranges from 5 to 8. The size, length and radius, of the instruments also varies from one ethnic group to another but there are no exact measurements for they do not depend highly on this. Also, the aesthetics of the instrument varies from one group to another.

Saggeypo[edit]

In Kalinga, Saggeypo and Diwas are the same because Saggeypo is the individual pipes in Diwas. There is no significant difference in the physical features of Saggeypo and Diwas. However, since Diwas is a group of Saggeypo strung together, the lengths of the pipe are more fixed. Typically, Saggeypo has no fixed length.

Physical features[edit]

The production of Diwas do not depend highly on exact measurements. This affects the generality of the music in indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Thus unlike the Western music which depends largely on musical notes in producing melody, indigenous music in the Philippines depends highly on rhythm. This is the very reason why sizes, length, radius, etc of the instruments have no fixed value where these values are important in producing pitch.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of aerophones by Hornbostel–Sachs number
  2. ^ http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.php?i=155&igm=1
  3. ^ http://www.sarahtulga.com/panpipes.htm
  4. ^ C. Dioquinio. (2008) Philippine Bamboo Instruments. Humanities Diliman (January - December 2008), Vol. 5, No. 1 & 2, Pages 101-113. http://journals.upd.edu.ph/index.php/humanitiesdiliman/article/view/1484, accessed 04 September 2011.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwas — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
67106 videos foundNext > 

Diwas Olya by Swapnil Bandodkar and Bela Shende

Mangalashtak Once more Subscribe for more beautiful songs.

Hindi Diwas Special: Vishwas Ki Pathshala

PREM DIWAS New Nepali Movie Ajhai Pani 'प्रेम दिवस' चलचित्र 'अझै पनि'

Song Title:Prem Diwas Film:Ajahi Pani Vocal:Hari Lamsal Music:Hari Lamsal Lyrics:Sanjeeb Thapa Company:Sudarshan Thapa Production/Poonam Entertainment Artist...

Prerana diwas

Nirankari song.

Diwas Gurung - Lekali

An cover version of Ram Thapa by Diwas Gurung.

Diwas Gurung - Mai Runchu

Mai runchu, mai pagal hunchu rune maana lai bujhaune jaal bunchu akasai bhari nau lakhai tara, ek tara jun sita hajarau tira, hajarau maya, hajarau tira, haj...

Asarai Mainama - Diwas Gurung

Hindi Diwas (14 Sept.) song for school programs

Written and composed by Pt. Avadhkishor Pandey from Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Group song sung by Pt. Avadhkishor Pandey and chorus. Recorded at CPS, New Bhu...

Diwas Gurung w/Ayurveda - Haami Aayou

Diwas Gurung featuring Ayurveda Grassroots 2011 www.movingboxstudios.com.

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas - commemorating the Birth Anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

67106 videos foundNext > 

6930 news items

Orissadiary.com

Jagran Josh
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 22:54:22 -0700

The decision to observe 31 October as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Integration Day was taken by the Union Government to reiterate India's strength and buoyancy against adversaries. The day was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi who ...

I am in dna of India

I am in dna of India
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 08:30:00 -0800

Thousands of devotees gathered today at Gurdwara Bangla Sahib to observe the Shaheedi Diwas (Martyrdom Anniversary) of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the 9th guru of Sikh community. On the occasion, Gurdwara committee organized a langar and band ...

E-Pao.net

E-Pao.net
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 15:54:18 -0800

Imphal, November 19 2014: Kwami Ekta Diwas was celebrated today on the occasion of the 97th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi at Congress Bhavan. Chief Minister Okram Ibobi, MPs Dr T Meinya, Thangso Baite and Abdul Salam, ...

Times of India

Times of India
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 08:59:06 -0800

DEHRADUN: "Baal to sabke hote hai, isme mithai kyon baatein? (Everyone has hair; why distribute sweets to celebrate the day ?), was the innocent response of 11-year-old Shaheen when asked about the significance of Children's Day. Like many other kids ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 11:56:15 -0700

Kadapa District Collector K.V. Ramana, Joint Collector M. Rama Rao and officials of several departments, police personnel, NCC cadets and students participated in Rashtriya Ekta Diwas walk from Ambkedar statue near the RTC bus stand to Kadapa Zilla ...

I am in dna of India

I am in dna of India
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 04:45:00 -0800

Madhya Pradesh state came into existence on November1, 1956. Every year on November the state government organises Madhya Pradesh Sthapna Diwas in Bhopal. Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, Madhya Pradesh Home Minister Babulal Gaur, ...

Firstpost

Business Standard
Sat, 22 Nov 2014 04:00:00 -0800

Samajwadi Party (SP) workers across Uttar Pradesh (UP) marked party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav's 75th birthday as 'Samta Diwas' and celebrated the event by cutting cakes. "The people of UP are celebrating Mulayam Singh's birthday as 'Samta Diwas' as ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 05:59:13 -0800

"The party has decided to celebrate the 76th birthday of party's founder and national president as 'Samta Diwas'," SP spokesman Rajendra Chaudhary said on Wednesday. He said state president Akhilesh Yadav has asked all district and city units to ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight