digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Diwas (Kalinga, Kankanai)
Diwas upce.jpg
A Diwas of UP Center of Ethnomusicology
Woodwind instrument
Other names Dad-ayu (Balangaw), Diwdiwas (Bontoc), Saggeypo (Kalinga), Dewdew-as (Tingguian)
Classification Wind instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 412.112[1]
(Sets of end-blown flutes or panpipes)
Related instruments
Diwas sound sample. Each pipe in the Diwas was played.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Diwas is a native bamboo wind instrument in the Philippines which is a variation of the well-known panflutes or panpipes. It is made of bamboo with one of its end closed via the node of the bamboo. It also does not have finger holes (or tone holes) which is unlike popular aerophones like flutes that have finger holes or tone holes to play different pitches on the instrument. But Diwas compensate on this by grouping pipes of graduated length together. So to produce sound with varying pitch, you shift from one pipe to another. In Kalinga, these individual pipes are known as Saggeypo which is why Diwas is sometimes called as Saggeypo. Usually, the number of Saggeypos strung together ranges from 5 to 8.[2]

Playing techniques[edit]

Simply, the instrument is played by blowing on the embouchure of the instrument. The embouchure has two distinct sides but both these sides can be used to play the instrument. However the big difference on these two sides, when you played on the side with shorter cutnstrument tend to produce higher pitch than when you played on the side with longer cut.

Science behind panpipes[edit]

How the instrument produce its sound can be traced by the concept of closed-end pipes/tubes. Basically, it is the very application of that concept. The starting point is at the time the person blows on the embouchure. As he blows, air jet enters the body of the instrument causing vibration inside the instrument. The slanted cut in the embouchure is responsible in controlling the air that will flow in the body. The time for this vibration to reach the end of the body and then get reflected back determines the frequency produced by the instrument. Thus the length of the tube is essential in determining the frequency produced by the instrument.[3]

Instrument variations[edit]

Most of the variations of the Philippine bamboo panpipes can be traced in Northern Luzon where the instrument is known by different names. In Balangaw, the instrument is called as Dad-ayu. In Bontoc, it is known as Diwdiw-as. In Tingguian, Dewdew-as. And in Kankanai it is still Diwas.[4] In these variations, the typical number of pipes consisted in the panpipes ranges from 5 to 8. The size, length and radius, of the instruments also varies from one ethnic group to another but there are no exact measurements for they do not depend highly on this. Also, the aesthetics of the instrument varies from one group to another.

Saggeypo[edit]

In Kalinga, Saggeypo and Diwas are the same because Saggeypo is the individual pipes in Diwas. There is no significant difference in the physical features of Saggeypo and Diwas. However, since Diwas is a group of Saggeypo strung together, the lengths of the pipe are more fixed. Typically, Saggeypo has no fixed length.

Physical features[edit]

The production of Diwas do not depend highly on exact measurements. This affects the generality of the music in indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Thus unlike the western music who depend highly on musical notes in producing melody, indigenous music in the Philippines depend highly on rhythm. This is the very reason why sizes, length, radius, etc of the instruments have no fixed value where these values are important in producing the pitches.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of aerophones by Hornbostel–Sachs number
  2. ^ http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.php?i=155&igm=1
  3. ^ http://www.sarahtulga.com/panpipes.htm
  4. ^ C. Dioquinio. (2008) Philippine Bamboo Instruments. Humanities Diliman (January - December 2008), Vol. 5, No. 1 & 2, Pages 101-113. http://journals.upd.edu.ph/index.php/humanitiesdiliman/article/view/1484, accessed 04 September 2011.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwas — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
51162 videos foundNext > 

Diwas Olya by Swapnil Bandodkar and Bela Shende

Mangalashtak Once more Subscribe for more beautiful songs.

Cuando yo te encuentre - ( Video oficial rap ) ( rap romantico 2013 ) mc Diwas ft Aama mc

pagina mc Diwas : http://www.facebook.com/pages/MC-Diwas/100264583430949?ref=hl link de descarga :http://soundcloud.com/mc-diwas/cuando-yo-te-encuentre-mc.

Diwas Gurung - Lekali

An cover version of Ram Thapa by Diwas Gurung.

Bhai Manpreet Singh 1st celebration of Delhi Fateh Diwas - Lal Kilaa - March 08, 2014

Bhai Manpreet Singh Ji 1st celebration of Delhi Fateh Diwas to mark 231st anniversary on winning Delhi - March 08, 2014.

Vijay Sankalp Diwas

In the run up to 2014 general elections, Bhartiya Janata Party has decided to celebrate its foundation day as 'Vijay Sankalp Diwas'. On this day, all booth I...

Diwas Olya - New Song From Marathi Movie Mangalashtak Once More - Bela Shende & Swapnil Bandodkar

Listen to the melodious romantic marathi song "Diwas Olya" from the upcoming marathi movie Mangalashtak Once More starring today's favorite onscreen couple S...

Haami Aayou - Diwas Gurung w / Ayurveda (Live @ 2011 Finger Lakes Grassroots Festival)

Lyrics: hami aayou aadha raat ma banduk haat ma daar cha chati ma nidar nepali sabai bhanchan tara kina cha daar yo chati ma hija samma daudi khelthe aja fas...

Vishwa Seva Diwas - Celebration of the Divine Birth of Asaram Bapuji!

Vishwa Seva Diwas - Celebration of a Divine Birth for mankind! To Watch FREE LIVE Webcast of Sant Shri Asharamji Bapu on Mangalmay TV Visit : http://www.ashr...

Bhai Balbir Singh Ji 1st celebration of Delhi Fateh Diwas to mark 231st anniversary on winning Del

Diwas Olya - Mangalashtak Once More Title Song..

Photo Courtesy - "Mangalashtak Once More" FB Official Page.. Video Created By - Rakesh Bedge.

51162 videos foundNext > 

207 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Ushering in the new month of the year, the Sikh community gathered at the venue to offer prayers as part of the 'Khalsa Sajana Diwas' as the day symbolises the birth of Khalsa Panth where Gobind Rai, the 10th Guru of Sikhs, became Guru Gobind Singh ...
 
South China Morning Post
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 14:45:00 -0700

What started as a small act of remembrance in Hong Kong a decade ago has grown into a major commemoration for Gurkhas across the world. Gurkha communities in Brunei, Britain and Nepal now observe Purkha Diwas, which translates to Ancestors' Day, ...
 
Times of India
Sat, 22 Mar 2014 14:22:30 -0700

PATNA: 'Bihar gaurav gaan', state anthem and state prayer song recitals called upon the people to work for regaining the state's glory as it set the tone of Bihar Diwas 2014 celebrations that kicked off at the S K Memorial Hall here on Saturday evening.

Sikh24 News & Updates

Sikh24 News & Updates
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 15:07:30 -0700

Sikh pilgrimage Amritsar Sahib, India (April 11, 2014)— Nearly 2,400 Sikh pilgrims, including an 824-member SGPC group, on Thursday, left for Pakistan in special trains to celebrate the foundation day of the Khalsa Panth (Vaisakhi) in the historic ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 00:38:52 -0700

The 102nd Bihar Diwas celebrations concluded recently with the promise of a bigger and better version of the festival next year. The three-day celebrations organized at SK Memorial Hall were inaugurated by Ashok Sinha, chief secretary of the state and ...

IBNLive

IBNLive
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 21:32:44 -0700

Over 10,000 booth level BJP workers in Uttarakhand may get an opportunity to talk to Narendra Modi on Sunday. In a bid to motivate the workers for the upcoming Lok Sabha polls on the occasion of BJP's foundation day, Modi will connect with workers from ...

Jagran Post

Jagran Post
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Utkala Diwas, also known as Odisha Day, is celebrated on April 1 every year to commemorate the foundation day of the state. Odisha was formed on April 1, 1936, and to remember the contributions and sacrifices made by the people of the state in those ...
 
Times of India
Mon, 24 Mar 2014 00:54:35 -0700

Fifty out of 63 Maoist prisoners led by veteran Maoist leader Narayan Sanyal and Mokhtar Ahmad lodged in the high-security cell of Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Central Jail in Hazaribag on Sunday went on a fast to observe the "Shahid Diwas" in memory ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Diwas

You can talk about Diwas with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!