digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Didiwas (Kalinga, Kankanai)
Diwas upce.jpg
A Diwas of UP Center of Ethnomusicology
Woodwind instrument
Other names Dad-ayu (Balangaw), Diwdiwas (Bontoc), Saggeypo (Kalinga), Dewdew-as (Tingguian)
Classification Wind instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 412.112[1]
(Sets of end-blown flutes or panpipes)
Related instruments
Diwas sound sample. Each pipe in the Diwas was played.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Diwas is a native bamboo wind instrument in the Philippines which is a variation of the well-known panflutes or panpipes. It is made of bamboo with one of its end closed via the node of the bamboo. It also does not have finger holes (or tone holes) which is unlike popular aerophones like flutes that have finger holes or tone holes to play different pitches on the instrument. But Diwas compensate on this by grouping pipes of graduated length together. So to produce sound with varying pitch, you shift from one pipe to another. In Kalinga, these individual pipes are known as Saggeypo which is why Diwas is sometimes called as Saggeypo. Usually, the number of Saggeypos strung together ranges from 5 to 8.[2]

Playing techniques[edit]

Simply, the instrument is played by blowing on the embouchure of the instrument. The embouchure has two distinct sides but both these sides can be used to play the instrument. However the big difference on these two sides, when you played on the side with shorter cutnstrument tend to produce higher pitch than when you played on the side with longer cut.

Science behind panpipes[edit]

How the instrument produce its sound can be traced by the concept of closed-end pipes/tubes. Basically, it is the very application of that concept. The starting point is at the time the person blows on the embouchure. As he blows, air jet enters the body of the instrument causing vibration inside the instrument. The slanted cut in the embouchure is responsible in controlling the air that will flow in the body. The time for this vibration to reach the end of the body and then get reflected back determines the frequency produced by the instrument. Thus the length of the tube is essential in determining the frequency produced by the instrument.[3]

Instrument variations[edit]

Most of the variations of the Philippine bamboo panpipes can be traced in Northern Luzon where the instrument is known by different names. In Balangaw, the instrument is called as Dad-ayu. In Bontoc, it is known as Diwdiw-as. In Tingguian, Dewdew-as. And in Kankanai it is still Diwas.[4] In these variations, the typical number of pipes consisted in the panpipes ranges from 5 to 8. The size, length and radius, of the instruments also varies from one ethnic group to another but there are no exact measurements for they do not depend highly on this. Also, the aesthetics of the instrument varies from one group to another.

Saggeypo[edit]

In Kalinga, Saggeypo and Diwas are the same because Saggeypo is the individual pipes in Diwas. There is no significant difference in the physical features of Saggeypo and Diwas. However, since Diwas is a group of Saggeypo strung together, the lengths of the pipe are more fixed. Typically, Saggeypo has no fixed length.

Physical features[edit]

The production of Diwas do not depend highly on exact measurements. This affects the generality of the music in indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Thus unlike the Western music which depends largely on musical notes in producing melody, indigenous music in the Philippines depends highly on rhythm. This is the very reason why sizes, length, radius, etc of the instruments have no fixed value where these values are important in producing pitch.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of aerophones by Hornbostel–Sachs number
  2. ^ http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.php?i=155&igm=1
  3. ^ http://www.sarahtulga.com/panpipes.htm
  4. ^ C. Dioquinio. (2008) Philippine Bamboo Instruments. Humanities Diliman (January - December 2008), Vol. 5, No. 1 & 2, Pages 101-113. http://journals.upd.edu.ph/index.php/humanitiesdiliman/article/view/1484, accessed 04 September 2011.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwas — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
73727 videos foundNext > 

Rashtriya Fuddu Diwas- National Fools day (ODF)

Click Here To Subscribe To Old Delhi Films YouTube Channel http://goo.gl/E3hLHY Keep watching and enjoy the video, and share your thoughts in the comments section below. Stay tuned and ...

Cuando yo te encuentre - ( Video oficial rap ) ( rap romantico 2013 ) mc Diwas ft Aama mc

pagina mc Diwas : http://www.facebook.com/pages/MC-Diwas/100264583430949?ref=hl link de descarga :http://soundcloud.com/mc-diwas/cuando-yo-te-encuentre-mc.

Delhi Fateh Diwas Giani Tarsem Singh ji Moranwali - Lal Qila,Delhi 22 March 2015

Delhi Fateh Diwas Giani Tarsem Singh ji Moranwali - Lal Qila,Delhi 22 March 2015 Amrit Chakko Singh Sajjo _/\_ Now Download Our App on Android Download http://goo.gl/R0Y45v for more videos...

Dr Subhash Chandra, Vasundhara Raje attend Rajasthan Diwas celebrations

Essel group chairman, Dr Subhash Chandra and CM of Rajasthan Vasundhara Raje attended Rajasthan Diwas celebrations in Jaipur.

Diwas Olya by Swapnil Bandodkar and Bela Shende

Mangalashtak Once more Subscribe for more beautiful songs.

Gatka Khalse Anandpur Sahib Wale - Delhi Fateh Diwas 2015, Lal Qila Delhi 22 March 2015

Amrit Chakko Singh Sajjo _/\_ Now Download Our App on Android Download http://goo.gl/R0Y45v for more videos & updates- open this- http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=gsb8tv.

Sona Mohapatra- Hey Sajni LIVE at Bihar Diwas

Sona Mohapatra performing at Bihar Diwas 2015.

PM Narendra Modi inaugrates 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas

'Opportunities await you in India,' Prime Minister Narendra Modi tells Indian diaspora at the inauguration of 13th Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

PREM DIWAS New Nepali Movie Ajhai Pani 'प्रेम दिवस' चलचित्र 'अझै पनि'

Song Title:Prem Diwas Film:Ajahi Pani Vocal:Hari Lamsal Music:Hari Lamsal Lyrics:Sanjeeb Thapa Company:Sudarshan Thapa Production/Poonam Entertainment Artist:Sudarshan Thapa,Puza ...

Shahid Diwas: Bhagat Singh continues to inspire the youth of this country,says PM Modi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday paid homage to freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev at Hussainiwala, Punjab. The last rites of the three great freedom fighters were ...

73727 videos foundNext > 

11608 news items

Odisha Sun Times

Odisha Sun Times
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 22:28:15 -0700

“Wishing my sisters and brothers of Odisha on Utkal Diwas. My best wishes for Odisha's progress,” Modi tweeted. Odisha Day, also known as Utkal Diwas is celebrated on April 1 in Odisha in the memory of the formation of the state as a separate province ...
 
ANINEWS
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Jaipur, April 1 (ANI): Recently held seven day long Rajasthan Diwas festival took the people of the state by awe. For the very first time in the history of 66 years of Rajasthan, tableau of all 7 divisions took part in the final procession that was ...
 
Zee News
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 02:56:15 -0700

"Greetings to people of Rajasthan on Rajasthan Diwas," Prime Minister Modi said. "My dear Brothers and Sisters of Rajasthan, On Rajasthan Diwas, my greetings to all of you," he added in his message. Prime Minister Modi said Rajasthan is a land known ...
 
The Echo of India
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 14:56:15 -0700

The Gorkha National Liberation Front, which chose to steer clear of the statehood demand when Subash Ghisingh was alive, has now decided to observe April 5, the day it was founded, as 'Gorkhaland Namkaran Diwas'. Ghisingh formed the GNLF in 1980 to ...
 
New Kerala
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 02:33:45 -0700

The Prime Minister's message to the people of Rajasthan further said: "My dear Brothers and Sisters of Rajasthan, on Rajasthan Diwas, my greetings to all of you," he said. "Rajasthan is a land known for its splendid culture and glorious history. The ...

Odisha Sun Times

Odisha Sun Times
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Odisha chief minister Naveen Patnaik would launch the 'Aahaar' scheme simultaneously at the Capital Hospital in Bhubaneswar and the Rourkela Government Hospital (RGH) in Rourkela on the Utkal Diwas on April 1. aahaar This was decided at a high level ...

I am in dna of India

Patna Daily
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 18:45:37 -0700

Patna: Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Sunday inaugurated the state-sponsored three-day 'Bihar Diwas at the sprawling Gandhi Maidan in Patna to mark the 103rd anniversary of the foundation of the state of Bihar. Featuring about half a dozen pavilions to ...

Orissadiary.com

Orissadiary.com
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 11:20:04 -0700

Bhubaneswar: PM Narendra Modi will dedicate the 2nd phase expansion of Rourkela Steel Plant to the nation tomorrow, 1 April 2015. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, Union Tribal Affairs Minister Jual Oram, Union Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight