digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Didiwas (Kalinga, Kankanai)
Diwas upce.jpg
A Diwas of UP Center of Ethnomusicology
Woodwind instrument
Other names Dad-ayu (Balangaw), Diwdiwas (Bontoc), Saggeypo (Kalinga), Dewdew-as (Tingguian)
Classification Wind instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 412.112[1]
(Sets of end-blown flutes or panpipes)
Related instruments
Diwas sound sample. Each pipe in the Diwas was played.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Diwas is a native bamboo wind instrument in the Philippines which is a variation of the well-known panflutes or panpipes. It is made of bamboo with one of its end closed via the node of the bamboo. It also does not have finger holes (or tone holes) which is unlike popular aerophones like flutes that have finger holes or tone holes to play different pitches on the instrument. But Diwas compensate on this by grouping pipes of graduated length together. So to produce sound with varying pitch, you shift from one pipe to another. In Kalinga, these individual pipes are known as Saggeypo which is why Diwas is sometimes called as Saggeypo. Usually, the number of Saggeypos strung together ranges from 5 to 8.[2]

Playing techniques[edit]

Simply, the instrument is played by blowing on the embouchure of the instrument. The embouchure has two distinct sides but both these sides can be used to play the instrument. However the big difference on these two sides, when you played on the side with shorter cutnstrument tend to produce higher pitch than when you played on the side with longer cut.

Science behind panpipes[edit]

How the instrument produce its sound can be traced by the concept of closed-end pipes/tubes. Basically, it is the very application of that concept. The starting point is at the time the person blows on the embouchure. As he blows, air jet enters the body of the instrument causing vibration inside the instrument. The slanted cut in the embouchure is responsible in controlling the air that will flow in the body. The time for this vibration to reach the end of the body and then get reflected back determines the frequency produced by the instrument. Thus the length of the tube is essential in determining the frequency produced by the instrument.[3]

Instrument variations[edit]

Most of the variations of the Philippine bamboo panpipes can be traced in Northern Luzon where the instrument is known by different names. In Balangaw, the instrument is called as Dad-ayu. In Bontoc, it is known as Diwdiw-as. In Tingguian, Dewdew-as. And in Kankanai it is still Diwas.[4] In these variations, the typical number of pipes consisted in the panpipes ranges from 5 to 8. The size, length and radius, of the instruments also varies from one ethnic group to another but there are no exact measurements for they do not depend highly on this. Also, the aesthetics of the instrument varies from one group to another.


In Kalinga, Saggeypo and Diwas are the same because Saggeypo is the individual pipes in Diwas. There is no significant difference in the physical features of Saggeypo and Diwas. However, since Diwas is a group of Saggeypo strung together, the lengths of the pipe are more fixed. Typically, Saggeypo has no fixed length.

Physical features[edit]

The production of Diwas do not depend highly on exact measurements. This affects the generality of the music in indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Thus unlike the western music which depends largely on musical notes in producing melody, indigenous music in the Philippines depends highly on rhythm. This is the very reason why sizes, length, radius, etc of the instruments have no fixed value where these values are important in producing pitch.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ List of aerophones by Hornbostel–Sachs number
  2. ^ http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.php?i=155&igm=1
  3. ^ http://www.sarahtulga.com/panpipes.htm
  4. ^ C. Dioquinio. (2008) Philippine Bamboo Instruments. Humanities Diliman (January - December 2008), Vol. 5, No. 1 & 2, Pages 101-113. http://journals.upd.edu.ph/index.php/humanitiesdiliman/article/view/1484, accessed 04 September 2011.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwas — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
75189 videos foundNext > 

Diwas Olya by Swapnil Bandodkar and Bela Shende

Mangalashtak Once more Subscribe for more beautiful songs.

Hindi Diwas Special: Vishwas Ki Pathshala

PREM DIWAS New Nepali Movie Ajhai Pani 'प्रेम दिवस' चलचित्र 'अझै पनि'

Song Title:Prem Diwas Film:Ajahi Pani Vocal:Hari Lamsal Music:Hari Lamsal Lyrics:Sanjeeb Thapa Company:Sudarshan Thapa Production/Poonam Entertainment Artist...

Hindi Diwas (14 Sept.) song for school programs

Written and composed by Pt. Avadhkishor Pandey from Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Group song sung by Pt. Avadhkishor Pandey and chorus. Recorded at CPS, New Bhu...

Diwas Gurung w/Ayurveda - Haami Aayou

Diwas Gurung featuring Ayurveda Grassroots 2011 www.movingboxstudios.com.

Diwas Gurung - Lekali

An cover version of Ram Thapa by Diwas Gurung.

Asarai Mainama - Diwas Gurung

Diwas Gurung - Mai Runchu

Mai runchu, mai pagal hunchu rune maana lai bujhaune jaal bunchu akasai bhari nau lakhai tara, ek tara jun sita hajarau tira, hajarau maya, hajarau tira, haj...

Hindi diwas: Is Hindi losing out to English?

Every year, 14th September is celebrated as Hindi diwas. On this day we ask an important question- Has English language completely overshadowed Hindi? Is spe...

hindi diwas special: Poet Kumar vishwas tortured by police for writing hindi

hindi diwas special: Poet Kumar vishwas tortured by police for writing hindi हिंदी लिखने पर प्रताड़ित होता है एक कवि, कट जाता है चालान http://www.bhaskar.com...

75189 videos foundNext > 

221 news items

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 12:18:45 -0700

Here, I have given a small report on the events that happened around 'Mahishasur Shahadat Diwas' which almost went unreported in our mainstream media because of the fear in brahminical forces that such a reporting many set in motion a discourse on ...


Zee News
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 06:54:08 -0700

New Delhi: The government on Thursday declared September 25 as 'Antyodaya Diwas' in memory of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, one of the key leaders of Bharatiya Jana Sangh from which the BJP later emerged. "The Government of India has decided to ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Hindi Diwas is celebrated on September 14 every year. A special assembly marked the occasion with a speech highlighting the birth of Hindi followed by recitation of Kabir's Dohey, Rahim's Dohey and Thulasidas's Dohey by students of various classes.
Sikh24 News & Updates
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 10:37:30 -0700

GWALIOR, Madhya Pardesh (India) (September 25, 2014)—The historical day of the release of the sixth Sikh master Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji from Gwalior fort (Madhya Pardesh) was celebrated at a large scale and with great enthusiasm by Sikh Sangat at ...
Jagran Josh
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 06:26:42 -0700

When: 25 September 2014. 25 September: Antyodya Diwas Union Government declared 25 September as Antyodya Diwas. Antyodya diwas was observed to mark the 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay was ...
Free Press Journal
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 20:33:45 -0700

Ujjain : 78th birthday of veteran astrologer Pt Anandshankar Vyas will be celebrated as Sanskriti Diwas on Saturday. Scholars of Veda Karmkand will perform Laghurudra Yagya at Mahakaleshwar temple under the aegis of Pt Kamlashankar Trivedi. Scholars ...
Avenue Mail
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 11:00:00 -0700

Jamshedpur: The Maoists have resorted to a poster campaign at Chaliama under Nimdih police station area in adjoining Seraikela-Kharsawan district , about 30 kilometres away from here. The rebels had fixed as many as 40 posters in which they had called ...
Sat, 27 Sep 2014 10:37:30 -0700

New York, Sep 27 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while addressing the United Nations General Assembly highlighted the need to emphasize on development. Modi said that just like the popularity of social networking sites is increasing we need to ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!