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See also: Prosecutor

The district attorney (DA), in many jurisdictions in the United States, represents the government in the prosecution of criminal offenses. The district attorney - an elected or appointed official - is the highest officeholder in the legal department of the jurisdiction – generally the county in the U.S. – and supervises a staff of assistant (ADA) or deputy district attorneys. Depending on the system in place, district attorneys may be appointed by the chief executive of the region or elected by the voters of the jurisdiction.

The title "district attorney" is used by several jurisdictions of the United States, including Massachusetts, New York, Nevada, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon and Texas.

History and role[edit]

The United States Judiciary Act of 1789, Section 35, provided for the appointment of a person in each judicial district to prosecute federal crimes and to represent the United States in all civil actions to which it was a party. Initially, there were 13 districts to cover the 11 States that had by that time ratified the constitution. Each State was a district, except for Massachusetts and Virginia which formed two. Districts were added when additional States were admitted. The statute did not confer a title upon these local agents of federal authority, but subsequent statutes and court decisions referred to them most frequently as “district attorneys.” In 1948, the Judicial Code adopted the term “United States attorneys.”[1]

This term for a prosecutor originates with the traditional use of the term "district" for multi-county prosecutorial jurisdictions in several U.S. states. For example, New York appointed prosecutors to multi-county districts prior to 1813. Even after those states broke up such districts and started appointing or electing prosecutors for individual counties, they continued to use the title "district attorney" for the most senior prosecutor in a county rather than switch to "county attorney."

An executive assistant district attorney (EADA), chief assistant district attorney (CADA), or first assistant district attorney is a title given the senior-most manager in a prosecutor's office under the district attorney.[citation needed] The people who hold these titles are generally considered the second-in-command for the office, and usually report directly to the head prosecutor. The exact roles and job assignments for each title vary with each individual office, but generally include management of the daily activities and supervision of specialized divisions within the office. Often, the EADA may oversee or prosecute some of the larger crimes within the jurisdiction. In some offices the executive assistant district attorney has the responsibility of hiring lawyers and other staff members. Often, the EADA supervises press-releases and oversees the work of the office staff.

At the local level in other jurisdictions, officers such as the commonwealth's attorney, state's attorney, county attorney, circuit solicitor, or county prosecutor carry out functions similar to those performed by a district attorney.

Other jurisdictions[edit]

In the United Kingdom, positions equivalent to a district attorney are the chief Crown prosecutors (or Crown prosecutors in the case of deputy or assistant district attorneys) of the Crown Prosecution Service in England and Wales, the Procurator Fiscal in Scotland, and the Director of Public Prosecutions in Northern Ireland. In many other countries, the title of the chief prosecuting officer is Director of Public Prosecutions.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/District_attorney — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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62503 news items

 
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

The Pittsburgh public safety director released a statement late Thursday reiterating why he does not feel the city police bureau should change its eyewitness identification procedures at the demand of the Allegheny County district attorney. Pittsburgh ...
 
The Desert Sun
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 17:22:30 -0700

The proposed pay hikes, which the county supervisors will debate Tuesday, would mean the pay for county sheriff and district attorney would go from $223,166 to $273,000 starting Sept. 18. The county assessor, auditor and treasurer would all see their ...

Pittsburgh Post Gazette

Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 21:00:28 -0700

Although the district attorney noted in that letter that a mistaken identification does not indicate police misconduct, stories like that one “erode confidence in our police and in the quality and confidence in police investigative processes. Obviously ...

abc40

MassLive.com
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 11:45:00 -0700

It is being jointly investigated by the Amherst Police Department, the Massachusetts State Police Detectives Unit assigned to the Northwestern District Attorney's Office and the Massachusetts State Police Collision Analysis and Reconstruction Section ...

Indiana Public Media

Indiana Public Media
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Earlier in July, Hogsett announced his resignation as U.S. District Attorney, sparking speculation that he may have higher political ambitions. He has since joined the law firm Bose McKinney & Evans. Minkler graduated from Indiana University School of ...
 
The Post-Standard
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 14:00:00 -0700

Syracuse, NY -- The following people were indicted by Onondaga County grand juries. All charges are felonies, unless otherwise noted: Steven Buckingham, 42, of 228 Grant Blvd., Apt. 1, Syracuse: Charged with falsely reporting an incident, stalking ...
 
Online Athens
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Northern Circuit Chief Assistant District Attorney Geoffrey Fogus was recently honored by the District Attorneys' Association of Georgia as the top assistant of the year for District III. “His tireless service to the causes of justice, victim's rights ...
 
FOX10 News - Mobile
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 18:41:15 -0700

BALDWIN COUNTY, Ala. (WALA) – Hallie Dixon has served as Baldwin County's District Attorney since January of 2011 after she defeated David Green in a runoff election in 2010. “I want to start the process reaching out to public leaders, community ...
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