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A dispatcher training simulator (DTS), also known as an operator training simulator (OTS), is a computer-based training system for operators (known as dispatchers) of electrical power grids.[1][2] It performs this role by simulating the behaviour of the electrical network forming the power system under various operating conditions, and its response to actions by the dispatchers.[3] Student dispatchers may therefore develop their skills from exposure not only to routine operations but also to adverse operational situations without compromising the security of supply on a real transmission system.[2]

Description[edit]

Early simulations modelled the transmission system with banks of analog computers linked by scaled-down representations of the interconnecting lines. The operator would simulate the operation of circuit breakers by physically operating their miniature replicas. As transmission systems grew in size and complexity, they could no longer be adequately represented in this manner, and computerised simulations came to the fore.

A modern DTS combines or simulates the following elements:[2][4]

Operation[edit]

A DTS is frequently purchased by a customer (such as a transmission system operator) at the same time and from the same manufacturer as an energy management system, and is usually designed to mimic it as closely as possible. Operational scenarios are created on the DTS to represent the operator's transmission system under a variety of conditions.[2] These may represent normal operating conditions, or be specially designed to test the student's responses to adverse circumstances, such as frequent line trips during severe weather. The DTS is administered by a team of instructors, who select scenarios and simulate operational events, monitoring the trainee's actions in response.[6]

Scenarios may also represent circumstances that the system operator hopes never occur, such as complete system shut-down, and allow it to develop strategies for restoration of service (known as black start).[6]

Deficiencies in operator training were identified as a contributory cause of the 2003 North American blackout, a factor similarly connected to earlier power failures. The joint US-Canadian task force investigating the incident recommended mandatory periods of simulation time for operators, and validation of the models against actual system characteristics.[7]

To enable the training simulator to respond as realistically as possible to the student's actions, the power flow study at its heart must run on a frequent time basis, such as every few seconds. The simulation may model electrical networks consisting of many thousands of nodes and containing several hundred generating units.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barret, Jean-Paul (1997), Power System Simulation, Springer, pp. 209–223, ISBN 0-412-63870-3 
  2. ^ a b c d Dorf, Richard C. (1997), The Electrical Engineering Handbook, CRC Press, pp. 1482–1483, ISBN 0-8493-8574-1 
  3. ^ Dyliacco, T.; Enns, M.; Schoeffler, J.; Quada, J.; Rosa, D.; Jurkoshek, C.; Anderson, M. et al. (1983), "IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems", IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, PAS-102 (11): 3672–3679, doi:10.1109/TPAS.1983.317731  |chapter= ignored (help)
  4. ^ Song, Yong-Hua; Wang, Xi-Fan (2003), Operation of Market-Oriented Power Systems, Springer, p. 5, ISBN 1-85233-670-6 
  5. ^ ENTSO-E (2008), Operation Handbook, Policy 8: Operational Training (PDF) 
  6. ^ a b Clarke, Les (1996), "Operational and commercial training on National Grid Company's despatch training simulator", Fourth International Conference on Power System Control and Management, pp. 586–591 
  7. ^ U.S.-Canada Power System Outage Task Force (2004), Final Report on the August 14th Blackout (PDF) 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dispatcher_training_simulator — Please support Wikipedia.
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4 news items

Akron Beacon Journal

Akron Beacon Journal
Sat, 10 Aug 2013 19:12:43 -0700

The utility is using an enhanced transmission system operator training program, including a state-of-the-art Dispatcher Training Simulator module that allows operators to train on real-time system data. • The company said it has strengthened its tree ...

발전산업신문

전기신문
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 01:11:15 -0800

... 복구할 수 있도록 지속적인 교육훈련은 필요하다”고 강조했다. 한편 전력거래소는 급전훈련 시뮬레이터(DTS, Dispatcher Training Simulator)를 이용, 2005년부터 매년 고장복구 경진대회를 개최해 중앙전력관제센터 관제사들의 고장복구 능력을 향상시키고 있다.

발전산업신문

발전산업신문
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 19:37:30 -0700

전력거래소는 관제훈련 시뮬레이터(DTS, Dispatcher Training Simulator)를 이용, 수도권에 위치한 대용량 발전기 2기 정지 및 765kV 2회선 동시고장에 의한 수도권 전압불안정으로 전국의 전력계통이 블랙아웃되는 상황을 상정한 이번 훈련에서 영남지역과 호남지 ...
 
디지털타임스
Sun, 15 Jul 2012 03:50:17 -0700

전력거래소는 급전훈련 시뮬레이터(DTSㆍDispatcher Training Simulator)를 이용, 매년 2회씩 고장복구 경진대회를 개최해 중앙전력관제센터 급전원들의 고장복구 능력을 향상시키고 있다. 이홍석기자 redstone@ ◇ 사진설명 : 13일 삼성동 전력거래소에서 개최된 ...
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