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Disodium inosinate
Disodium inosinate.png
Identifiers
CAS number 4691-65-0  YesY N
PubChem 20819
ChemSpider 19594 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C10H11N4Na2O8P
Molar mass 392.17 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Disodium inosinate (E631[2]) is the disodium salt of inosinic acid with the chemical formula C10H11N4Na2O8P. It is used as a food additive and often found in instant noodles, potato chips, and a variety of other snacks.

Use as a food additive[edit]

Disodium inosinate is used as a flavor enhancer, in synergy with monosodium glutamate (MSG) to provide the umami taste. It is often added to foods in conjunction with disodium guanylate; the combination is known as disodium 5'-ribonucleotides.

As a relatively expensive product, disodium inosinate is usually not used independently of glutamic acid; if disodium inosinate is present in a list of ingredients, but MSG does not appear to be, it is possible that glutamic acid is provided as part of another ingredient or is naturally occurring in another ingredient like tomatoes, Parmesan cheese or yeast extract.

Origin[edit]

Disodium inosinate is generally produced from meat or fish. Though it is normally a non-vegetarian product, it may be produced from tapioca starch without any animal products involved in the production. The producer can provide information on the origin and it is in some cases labeled as "vegetarian" in ingredients lists when produced from plant sources.[3][4]

Toxicology and safety[edit]

In the United States, consumption of added 5'-ribonucleotides averages 4 mg per day, compared to 2 g per day of naturally occurring purines. A review of literature by an FDA committee found no evidence of carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, or adverse effects on reproduction.[5]

In 2004, disodium inosinate was removed from the food additive list by Codex Alimentarius Commission[6] (but it is still mentioned on the last (2009) codex alimentarius list).[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PubChem 20819
  2. ^ Food Standards Australia New Zealand. "Food Additives- Numerical List". Retrieved 1 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "E-numbers : E631 : Sodium inosinate". Food-Info.net. 1998-09-27. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  4. ^ http://www.pepsicoindia.co.in/Download/All%20PepsiCo%20India%20food%20products%20and%20their%20ingredients%20are%20100per%20vegetarian-FAQs.pdf
  5. ^ DISODIUM 5'-GUANYLATE AND DISODIUM 5'-INOSINATE, Dr K. Ekelman and Dr K. C. Raffaele, Additives Evaluation Branch, Division of Health Effects Evaluation, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC, USA and other
  6. ^ Codex Alimentarius Commission. "Report of the 36th Session of the Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants". Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  7. ^ "Class Names and the International Numbering System for Food Additives". Retrieved Aug 2010. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disodium_inosinate — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

120 news items

The Desert Sun

The Desert Sun
Sat, 27 Dec 2014 17:23:43 -0800

One of the main entrees we eat, hamburgers, contain soy flour, hydrolyzed soy protein, synthetic vitamins, caramel coloring, and disodium inosinate. A majority of these ingredients are 91% genetically modified. Also, the ingredients have toxins that ...
 
Washington Post
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 08:52:30 -0800

Pringles: They're the best rehydrated potato flake, maltodextrin, disodium inosinate, monosodium glutamate, wheat, corn and potato flour, pressed amalgamate chiplike food product on the market! I'd eat them even if they didn't have “natural flavors ...
 
Forbes
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 17:02:06 -0700

Sugar finds its way into more foods on our plates than we realize. Even when we are consciously trying to limit how much of it we put into our mouths, by cutting down on overtly sugary things like soft drinks, it's still challenging to avoid. As I and ...
 
Minneapolis Star Tribune
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 08:07:30 -0800

There's also a chicken-flavored base that, of course, like the chicken and salsa, itself contains a few things, such as yeast extract and disodium inosinate, not found in normal kitchens. But, although Mr. Tidbit agrees that it's come to a pretty pass ...

Food Safety News

Food Safety News
Thu, 01 May 2014 22:05:13 -0700

... Sugar, Soybean Oil, Sea Salt, Yeast Extract (Contains Gluten), Spices, Garlic Powder, Citric Acid, Caramel Color, Disodium Inosinate, Disodium Guanylate, Potassium Chloride, Cocoa Powder Processed with Alkali, Natural And Artificial Flavors ...
 
MiamiHerald.com
Tue, 02 Dec 2014 14:32:46 -0800

... onions, corn, queso quesadilla cheese, Cheddar cheese and poblano pepper. There's also a chicken-flavored base that, of course, like the chicken and salsa, contains a few things, such as yeast extract and disodium inosinate, not found in normal ...
 
The Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 07:47:56 -0700

Most contain at least a few ingredients that most of us don't have in our kitchen — soy lecithin, locust bean gum, or flavor enhancers like disodium inosinate and guanylate, for example, but the nutrition stats for many of their products can be pretty ...
 
Food Business News (registration)
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 08:58:55 -0700

“When we develop flavor systems for deli-style meats, clean label usually means no monosodium glutamate [MSG], no hydrolyzed vegetable protein, no disodium inosinate and disodium guanylate [I+G], and no autolyzed yeast extract,” said Dafne Diez de ...
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