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Disodium inosinate
Disodium inosinate.png
Identifiers
CAS number 4691-65-0  YesY N
PubChem 20819
ChemSpider 19594 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C10H11N4Na2O8P
Molar mass 392.17 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Disodium inosinate (E631[2]) is the disodium salt of inosinic acid with the chemical formula C10H11N4Na2O8P. It is used as a food additive and often found in instant noodles, potato chips, and a variety of other snacks.

Use as a food additive[edit]

Disodium inosinate is used as a flavor enhancer, in synergy with monosodium glutamate (MSG) to provide the umami taste. It is often added to foods in conjunction with disodium guanylate; the combination is known as disodium 5'-ribonucleotides.

As a relatively expensive product, disodium inosinate is usually not used independently of glutamic acid; if disodium inosinate is present in a list of ingredients, but MSG does not appear to be, it is possible that glutamic acid is provided as part of another ingredient or is naturally occurring in another ingredient like tomatoes, Parmesan cheese or yeast extract.

Origin[edit]

Disodium inosinate is generally produced from meat or fish. Though it is normally a non-vegetarian product, it may be produced from tapioca starch without any animal products involved in the production. The producer can provide information on the origin and it is in some cases labeled as "vegetarian" in ingredients lists when produced from plant sources.[3]

Toxicology and safety[edit]

In the United States, consumption of added 5'-ribonucleotides averages 4 mg per day, compared to 2 g per day of naturally occurring purines. A review of literature by an FDA committee found no evidence of carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, or adverse effects on reproduction.[4]

In 2004, disodium inosinate was removed from the food additive list by Codex Alimentarius Commission[5] (but it is still mentioned on the last (2009) codex alimentarius list).[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PubChem 20819
  2. ^ Food Standards Australia New Zealand. "Food Additives- Numerical List". Retrieved 1 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "E-numbers : E631 : Sodium inosinate". Food-Info.net. 1998-09-27. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  4. ^ DISODIUM 5'-GUANYLATE AND DISODIUM 5'-INOSINATE, Dr K. Ekelman and Dr K. C. Raffaele, Additives Evaluation Branch, Division of Health Effects Evaluation, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC, USA and other
  5. ^ Codex Alimentarius Commission. "Report of the 36th Session of the Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants". Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Class Names and the International Numbering System for Food Additives". Retrieved Aug 2010. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disodium_inosinate — Please support Wikipedia.
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Boyertown Berk Montgomery Newspapers
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 10:26:15 -0700

... Parsley, Garlic, Chicken Broth, Chicken Fat, Turmeric Spice, Hydrolyzed Corn Gluten, Niacin, Disodium Guanylate, Disodium Inosinate, Ferric Orthophosphate, Ferrous Sulfate, Thiamin Mononitrate, Turmeric Extract, Folic Acid, Riboflavin, Add: Butter ...
 
New Zealand Herald
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 09:02:06 -0700

The others are disodium guanylate (627), which should also be avoided by asthmatics, and disodium inosinate (631). • Colours (150c, 120) - These colours are caramel III, which is made by heating sugars with ammonia. The other colour is cochineal, a red ...
 
The Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 07:47:56 -0700

Most contain at least a few ingredients that most of us don't have in our kitchen — soy lecithin, locust bean gum, or flavor enhancers like disodium inosinate and guanylate, for example, but the nutrition stats for many of their products can be pretty ...
 
Durham Times
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 09:07:30 -0700

If you're buying powdered stock or using stock cubes, check the ingredients and ignore those that have salt, monosodium glutamate, disodium guanylate, disodium inosinate or similar or other flavour enhancers as their main ingredients (the first item on ...
 
Alobacsi.vn
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 22:03:45 -0700

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