digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Dinosaur Cove
Dinosaur Cove is located in Victoria
Dinosaur Cove
Dinosaur Cove
Location in Victoria
During the Cretaceous the site (red boxes) was within the Antarctic Circle
Location The Otways, Victoria
Coordinates 38°46′48″S 143°24′18″E / 38.78000°S 143.40500°E / -38.78000; 143.40500Coordinates: 38°46′48″S 143°24′18″E / 38.78000°S 143.40500°E / -38.78000; 143.40500[1]
Type Bay
Basin countries Australia

The Dinosaur Cove in Victoria, Australia is a fossil-bearing site in south-east of the continent where the Otway Ranges meet the sea to the west of Cape Otway, adjacent to Great Otway National Park (map).[2] The inaccessible ocean-front cliffs include fossil-bearing strata that date back to about 106 million years ago and has provided discoveries important in research of natural history of dinosaurs in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere as a whole.

Geological time-line[edit]

During the Early Cretaceous the location was a flood plain within a great rift valley that formed as Australia started to separate northward from Antarctica. Sand, mud and silt deposits covered and sometimes preserved the remains of dead animals and plants. As the rift valley sank, the deposits were overlaid by sediment, which turned to rock under pressure. In the last 30 million years the sediments have been uplifted to form the Otway Ranges and Strzelecki Ranges, bringing them near the surface again.

The richest find of petrified dinosaur bones is confined to narrow thin (up to 0.3 m) layers, most likely ancient stream beds serving as repositories of the bones of smaller animals.[3]

History of discovery[edit]

In 1903, geologist William Hamilton Ferguson was mapping the rocky coastal outcrops a few kilometres west of Inverloch and uncovered the first dinosaur fossil ever discovered in Australia.[4] 75 years later, the exploration and excavation of the Dinosaur Cove site was conducted by teams of volunteers overseen by Thomas H. Rich and Patricia Rich. The dinosaur taxa, Leaellynasaura amicagraphica and Timimus hermani, are named for the children of the Riches', Tim and Leaellyn. Heavy mining equipment and dynamite was used to blast away overlying strata to uncover the fossiliferous rock layers in the cliff face.[4]

In the 1980s and 90s Dinosaur Cove yielded hypsilophodontid-like dinosaurs as Leaellynasaura amicagraphica and Atlascopcosaurus loadsi, and a Coelurosaur, as well as fragments of what may be a caenagnathid (relatives of the Oviraptors). One fossil from this diverse taxa, collectively called the "polar dinosaurs of Australia", has been interpreted as showing possible adaptations to vision in low light conditions and possibly were warm-blooded; this has been suggested as an explanation for how some of these dinosaurs foraged for food during the polar winter months. It is worth noting that although these dinosaurs lived at polar latitudes, the Cretaceous climate was significantly milder than today, so temperatures within the Antarctic and Arctic Circles were vastly different from the climate at these latitudes today, because the lopsided arrangements of the continents made sea currents and monsoon winds blow across the polar areas and not round and round them, and so stopped cold pools from developing around the poles.

An astragalus bone of an ancient relative of Allosaurus was discovered at the site, making it the first discovery in the southern hemisphere. [5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Dinosaur Cove (VIC)". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government. 
  2. ^ "Dinosaur Cove", Victorian Resources Online (Department of Primary Industries), 31 December 2009, retrieved 2011-02-21 
  3. ^ "Dinosaur Cove – mine of polar dinosaurs by Wondermondo". Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Rich, Thomas H. "The Discovery of Dinosaur Cove". Museum Victoria. Retrieved January 2010. 
  5. ^ Piper, Kylie. "T-Rex Relative Turns Up Down Under". Australian Geographic. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinosaur_Cove — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1 videos found


https://youtube.com/devicesupport http://m.youtube.com

1 videos found

80 news items

The Australian

The Australian
Fri, 01 May 2015 07:03:52 -0700

Our first pause is on the cliff above Dinosaur Cove; taking us back 100 million years, we are told of the paleontological curve ball that young Tim Flannery and John Long threw into the mix of assumed knowledge about dinosaurs. The pair discovered a ...
Kidzworld Media
Mon, 04 Jan 2010 14:30:00 -0800

This exciting new series of books by author Rex Stone stars Jamie and Tom, who discover a world of adventure in Dinosaur Cove, home to dinosaurs of all shapes and sizes, some friendly, some ferocious! Whatever your fave dino, you'll find it in Dinosaur ...

Christian Science Monitor

Tue, 29 Oct 2013 11:37:37 -0700

A new paper in the journal Paleontology details the discovery of 100-million-year-old fossilized bird footprints at Dinosaur Cove in Victoria, Australia. These fossilized tracks are the oldest of their kind to have thus far been discovered in this part ...

The Age

The Age
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 08:30:00 -0800

Dinosaur Dreaming, a community organisation run by Rich and other palentologists, has been running digs with volunteers for about 20 years, spending much of that time at the aptly-named Dinosaur Cove, near Cape Otway. After their earlier excavation at ...
Tue, 04 Nov 2014 23:40:03 -0800

Unexpectedly one of the largest diamond mines in Africa, Catoca in Angola, holds 118 million year old dinosaur, crocodile and large mammal tracks. The mammal tracks show a raccoon-sized animal, during a time when most were no larger than a rat.


Fri, 03 Oct 2014 05:10:11 -0700

Tell-tale toes point to oldest-known fossil bird tracks from Australia. Oct 28, 2013. Two fossilized footprints found at Dinosaur Cove in Victoria, Australia, were likely made by birds during the Early Cretaceous, making them the oldest known bird ...
Washington Post (blog)
Thu, 02 Apr 2015 05:07:33 -0700

Stone, Rex The Dinosaur Cove books. Strauss, Linda Leopold A Fairy Called Hilary. Trine, Greg The Melvin Beederman series. The Usborne collection of fairy tales, folk tales, fiction, and nonfiction. White, E.B. Charlotte's Web, Stuart Little and The ...


Fri, 22 Aug 2014 10:40:10 -0700

In this undated photo provided by the Bureau of Land Management, researchers and volunteers clean the surface of a new track site on BLM lands north of Moab, Utah. A dry wash full of 112-million-year-old dinosaur tracks are set to be opened …more.

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight