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Цариброд
Димитровград
Municipality and Town
View of Dimitrovgrad
View of Dimitrovgrad
Coat of arms of Цариброд
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Dimitrovgrad within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Dimitrovgrad within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°01′N 22°47′E / 43.017°N 22.783°E / 43.017; 22.783Coordinates: 43°01′N 22°47′E / 43.017°N 22.783°E / 43.017; 22.783
Country  Bulgaria
District Pirot
Settlements 43
Government
 • Mayor Veselin Veličkov, DS
Area[1]
 • Municipality 483 km2 (186 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 6,247
 • Municipality 10,056
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18320
Area code +381 10
Car plates PI
Website www.dimitrovgrad.rs

Dimitrovgrad, Bulgarian: Цариброд, Tsaribrod) is a town and 483 km² large municipality located in the Pirot District of the Republic of Serbia. According to 2011 census, the municipality of Dimitrovgrad has a population of 10,118 people and the town 6,278.

Name[edit]

Dimitrovgrad Town Hall.

The official Bulgarian name is Dimitrovgrad (Димитровград), but the name Caribrod (Цариброд) is also used in Serbian. In Bulgarian, the name Tsaribrod (Цариброд) is preferred because there is another town called Dimitrovgrad on the Maritsa river in Bulgaria and Tsaribrod was used before the town became part of Yugoslavia; it can sometimes be transliterated as Caribrod or Tzaribrod.

Dimitrovgrad was named after Georgi Dimitrov, a Bulgarian Communist leader who advocated a union between the Bulgarians and remaining Yugoslav nations to form the Balkan Federation. The idea was abandoned when Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito failed to reach agreements with Joseph Stalin (Tito-Stalin split), however Dimitrov himself did not become unpopular in Yugoslavia from the breakdown and subsequently, the name of the town continued to be in honour of him despite many Bulgarians themselves having preferred Caribrod.

There have been attempts to return the old name, Caribrod, but the last referendum, held on Sunday, June 13, 2004, was invalid due to a low turnout. Only 47.8% of the 9,811 voters on the electoral roll turned out to vote, while 50% was the required minimum. Of those who voted on the issue, 2,586 were in favour of keeping the name Dimitrovgrad, while 1,786 wanted the name Caribrod to be returned. [1]

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[3][4]
(Town)
1948 2,944
1953 2,891
1961 3,665
1971 5,488
1981 7,055
1991 7,196
2002 6,968
2011 6,278

According to the 1991 census, the absolute ethnic majority in the municipality were ethnic Bulgarians, while according to the 2002 census, the municipality was ethnically mixed, with relative Bulgarian ethnic majority. According to the 2011 census, Bulgarians were once again the majority.

According to the 2002 census data, the population of the Dimitrovgrad municipality was 11,748 people, and it was composed of:[3]

According to the 2011 census data,[4] the population of the Dimitrovgrad municipality was 10,118 people, and it was composed of:

  • Bulgarians = 5,413 (53.5%)
  • Serbs = 2,819 (27.86%)
  • Others (including persons who refused to declare an ethnicity)

Regardless of ethnic self-identification, most of the town's population speaks a South Slavic dialect usually called Torlak which includes linguistic features of both Serbian (especially phonology) and Bulgarian (postposed definite articles and lack of the infinitive verb form), as well as some entirely unique vocabulary.

Dimitrovgrad municipality (2011)
Ethnic group[4] %
Bulgarians
  
53.5%
Serbs
  
27.86%
Others
  
3.28%
Not declared and unknown
  
15.36%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dimitrovgrad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
5
(41)
10
(50)
14
(58)
19
(66)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(78)
22
(72)
16
(61)
8
(46)
3
(38)
14.4
(58)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(26)
−2
(28)
2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(51)
14
(57)
15
(59)
14
(58)
11
(52)
7
(45)
2
(35)
−2
(29)
6.3
(43.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.2)
36
(1.4)
38
(1.5)
56
(2.2)
74
(2.9)
79
(3.1)
56
(2.2)
46
(1.8)
43
(1.7)
38
(1.5)
50
(2)
48
(1.9)
594
(23.4)
Source: Weatherbase [5]

History[edit]

City Centre.
The cultural centre on the main square.

Thracians inhabited the area in ancient times. The Celtic Scordisci invaded the territory in 279 BC.

The Roman road "Via Militaris" was built in the 1st century AD and went through the town. In May 2010, well-preserved remains of the road were excavated during the work on Corridor 10.[6]

An Ottoman military base operated in the west of Dimitrovgrad prior to the Balkan nations full independence.[7]

The Serbian and Bulgarian Prime ministers met at the then Tsaribrod in 1912 to discuss the disputed territories in Macedonia.[8]

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia gained parts of Bulgaria (known in Bulgaria as Western Outlands) which included Tsaribrod following the Treaty of Neuilly, signed on November 27, 1919. Between 1920 and 1941 the population of the region was denied any right to education or church services in Bulgarian and was officially regarded as Serbian by the Yugoslav authorities, including changed Bulgarian names to Serbian[citation needed]. Its interests were protected by the paramilitary organization Internal Western Outland Revolutionary Organisation known as Vrtop.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in The Republic of Serbia: Age and Sex – Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2012. ISBN 978-86-6161-023-3. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  3. ^ a b Књига 9, Становништво, упоредни преглед броја становника 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002, подаци по насељима, Републички завод за статистику, Београд, мај 2004, ISBN 86-84433-14-9
  4. ^ a b c 2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia; p.86
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Dimitrovgrad, Serbia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  6. ^ http://www.sci-tech-today.com/story.xhtml?story_id=13100D04HFJE
  7. ^ http://books.google.se/books?id=yqVNn1ZFKkYC
  8. ^ http://books.google.se/books?id=HaA18-u7mMMC

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimitrovgrad,_Serbia — Please support Wikipedia.
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