Diabetes Australia is the third oldest diabetes association in the world, after the United Kingdom and Portugal. Originally established in the state of New South Wales (NSW) in 1937, the organisation's head office is now in the nation's capital, Canberra. From here a federation of twelve operational organisations is overseen: eight State and Territory Associations of Diabetes Australia, the Australian Diabetes Society, the Australian Diabetes Educators Association, the Kellion Diabetes Foundation and The Diabetes Research Foundation - Western Australia.
Diabetes Australia is a not-for-profit organisation supported financially by the community. In addition to its original mandate as an extended support group, Diabetes Australia raises funds to invest in research, health services, provision of self–management products and services, and public awareness programs. It also provides a forum for the development of national policies about diabetes.
Diabetes Australia administers the National Diabetes Services Scheme.
Statement of purpose 
Diabetes Australia works in partnership with diabetes health professionals, educators and researchers to minimise the impact of diabetes on the Australian community. Diabetes Australia is committed to turning diabetes around through awareness, prevention, detection, management and a cure.
Diabetes Australia is involved in two publications, one for medical specialists, and another for the broader public.
Conquest is a quarterly magazine covering health and welfare issues for people with diabetes, and available through membership of Diabetes Australia. Circulation is around 170,000.
Diabetes Management Journal (DMJ) is a free magazine containing information and advice for general practitioners, endocrinologists, diabetes educators, optometrists and podiatrists, who receive it through their professional associations. Its circulation is around 40,000.
In March 2012, the organisation released a report called Diabetes: the silent pandemic and its impact on Australia. The report highlighted the statistic that 275 Australians were diagnosed with diabetes every day and that by 2025, type 2 diabetes is predicted to triple in prevalence.