digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state (such as the president of a republic or a monarch), according to certain procedures (usually established in a constitution). It has the force of law. The particular term used for this concept may vary from country to country. The executive orders made by the President of the United States, for example, are decrees (although a decree is not exactly an order). In non-legal English usage, however, the term refers to any authoritarian decision.[dubious ]

Decree by country[edit]


Main article: Decree (Belgium)

In Belgium, a decree is a law of a community or regional parliament, e.g. the Flemish Parliament.


See Government of France.

The word décret, literally "decree", is an old legal usage in France and is used to refer to orders issued by the French President or Prime Minister. Any such order must not violate the French Constitution or Code of Law of France, and a party has the right to request an order be nullified in the French Council of State. Orders must be ratified by Parliament before they can be modified into legislative Acts. Special orders known as décret-loi, literally "decree-act" or "decree-law",[1][2] usually considered an illegal practice under the 3rd and 4th Republic, were finally abolished and replaced by the ordinances under the 1958 Constitution.

Except for the reserve powers of the President (as stated in Art. 16 of the 1958 Constitution, exercised only once so far), the executive can issue decrees in areas that the Constitution grants as the responsibility of Parliament only if a law authorizes it to do so. In other cases, orders are illegal and, should anyone sue for the order's nullification, it would be voided by the Council of State. There exists a procedure for the Prime Minister to issue ordinances in such areas, but this procedure requires Parliament's express consent (see Art 38 of the 1958 Constitution).

Orders issued by the Prime Minister take two forms:

  • Orders (décrets simples);
  • Orders-in-council (décrets en Conseil d'État), when a statute mandates the advisory consultation of the Conseil d'État.

Sometimes, people refer to décrets en Conseil d'État improperly as décrets du Conseil d'État. This would imply that it is the Conseil d'État that takes the decree, whereas the power of decreeing is restricted to the President or Prime Minister; the role of the administrative sections of the Conseil is purely advisory.

Decrees may be classified into:

Only the prime minister may issue regulatory or application decrees. Presidential decrees are generally nominations, or exceptional measures where law mandates a presidential decree, such as the dissolution of the French National Assembly and the calling of new legislative elections.

Decrees are published in the Journal Officiel de la République Française or "French Gazette".

Holy See[edit]

The Holy See uses decrees from the pope such as papal bull, papal brief or motu proprio as legislative acts.[3]


See Law of Portugal.

In Portugal, there are several types of decrees issued by the various bodies of sovereignty or by the bodies of self-government of autonomous regions.

Currently, there are the following types of decrees:

  1. Decree-law (decreto-lei): is a legislative act issued by the Government of Portugal under its legislative powers defined by Article 198 of the Portuguese Constitution;
  2. Regional legislative decree (decreto legislativo regional): is a regional law, issued by the legislative assembly of an autonomous region, within its powers defined by articles 227 and 233 of the Constitution ;
  3. Decree of the President of the Republic (decreto do Presidente da República): is a decree issued by the President of Portugal, for the ratification of international treaties, the appointment or dismissal of members of the Government or to exercise other presidential powers defined in the Constitution;
  4. Decree (decreto): is an act issue by the Government of Portugal to an approve international agreement whose approval is not within the competence of the Assembly of the Republic or has not been submitted to it or within the Government administrative jurisdiction laid down in Article 199 of the Constitution in relation to a statute that requires this decree;
  5. Regulatory decree (decreto regulamentar): is an act issued by the Government of Portugal, under its administrative jurisdiction laid down in Article 199 of the Constitution, to make the necessary regulations for the proper execution of the laws and to take all actions and decisions necessary to promote economic and social development and to meet the community needs;
  6. Regional regulatory decree (decreto regulamentar regional): is an act issued by the legislature or the government of an autonomous region, regulating the proper implementation of regional legislative decrees;
  7. Decree from the representative of the Republic (decreto do representante da República): is decree of appointment or removal of members of the government of an autonomous region, issued by the representative of the Republic for that region.


After the Russian Revolution, a government proclamation of wide meaning was called a "decree" (Russian: декрет, dekret); more specific proclamations were called ukaz. Both terms are usually translated as 'decree'.

According to the Russian Federation's 1993 constitution, an Ukase is a Presidential decree. Such ukazes have the power of laws, but may not alter the Russian constitution or the regulations of existing laws, and may be superseded by laws passed by the Federal Assembly.

The Government of Russia can also issue decrees formally called Decisions (Постановления) or Orders (Распоряжения) and may not contradict the constitution/laws or presidential decrees.

Other uses of the term[edit]

In some jurisdictions, certain types of court orders by judges are referred to as decrees.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "decree-law" in the Random House Dictionary.
  2. ^ "decree-law" in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  3. ^ "Decree". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-02-17. 


  • Executive decree authority, John M. Carey and Matthew Soberg Shugart, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1998, ISBN 0-521-59722-6

External links[edit]

All external sites in French unless otherwise noted.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decree — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
113506 videos foundNext > 

DECREE & DECLARE the Word of God

Decree and declare the word of God over your life. God says in Job 22:28 that if you declare a thing He will establish it! • Kingdom prayers and and decrees ...

Decree - Violent Reckoning

Decree - Violent Reckoning. 1st song from their masterpiece album "Moment of Silence". Remastered by me because of quite excessive highs.

Decree-Finite Years

This album has been paid for. Please support Decree and buy this album on itunes or amazon if you like.

The Decree Upon Israel - For Killing #FREEPALESTINE

Donate Now for Gaza: https://www.justgiving.com/1pound4gaza/ OR TEXT: MSGZ99 (£ WITH AMOUNT) TO NUMBER: 70070 Speaker: Sheikh Abu Eesa Official Website: http://www.mercifulservant.com Donate...

Divine Decree (Ablaze) - Fire Emblem Awakening

Music: Divine Decree (Ablaze) Composer: Hiroki Morishita Playlist: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL58D398750F1219D8 Platform: Nintendo 3DS.

The Decree of Allah - Mufti Ismail Menk

Mufti Ismail Ibn Musa Menk of Zimbabwe.

Gerber Edict & Decree Tactical Folders Budget SuperSteel Blades

Two brand New Blades from Gerber Gear The Gerber Edict Lock Back Tanto Folder - 154CM 3.6oz The Gerber Decree with Liner Lock - S30V 4.8oz Both come wick sha...

[Music] Fire Emblem: Awakening -Divine Decree (Ablaze)- [Extended]

Game: Fire Emblem: Awakening (Nintendo 3DS) Music: Divine Decree (Ablaze) Artist: JOU (Pixiv Id 325420) http://www.pixiv.net/member.php?id=325420 ALBUM: Fire...

Reefer Decree - Pole Position (Original Mix)

Reefer Decree - Pole Position(Original Mix) Grand Theft Audio - Iboga Records IBOGADIGITAL145 1. Reefer Decree - Grand Theft Audio (Original Mix) 2. Reefer D...

DIY :: Proclamações Umbridge HP - Proclamation Decree

Faça seu próprio Quadro de Decretos da Umbridge!!! - Harry Potter LINK DAS IMAGENS: http://on.fb.me/1rZptZY facebook: https://www.facebook.com/maddumagalhaes...

113506 videos foundNext > 

11774 news items

Freepress Online

Bangor Daily News
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 10:52:38 -0700

PORTLAND, Maine — In a ruling that was expected, a federal judge has rescinded a consent decree that had been imposed on the Maine Lobstermen's Association since 1958. The federal Department of Justice, which had implemented the decree against ...
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 17:56:15 -0700

A revised law on protecting military facilities, due to be promulgated on Aug 1, will ensure better security for military airports, more than half of which are obstructed by high buildings overlooking the perimeter. Height restriction violations have ...

Bahrain News Agency

Bahrain News Agency
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 14:50:11 -0700

Manama, Jul 27 (BNA)-- His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa today issued a Royal Decree to grant pardon to 119 inmates who had served part of their jail terms. The royal gesture, which marks the advent of Eid Al-Fitr, reflects HM the King's ...
Undercurrent News
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 09:41:15 -0700

The decree has prohibited the association from engaging in any sort of activity that could affect the price that lobstermen are offered for their catch by distributors, including activity or advocacy that might affect the supply of live lobsters ...
The Times-Picayune
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 03:30:00 -0700

Orleans Parish Sheriff Marlin Gusman promised to hire a classification manager and someone to develop new policies and procedures for the city's troubled jail by June 1. He was supposed to hire a consultant to revamp the human resources department by ...
Huffington Post
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 04:37:05 -0700

WASHINGTON -- Although legal experts warned at the time that little would come of Rep. Darrell Issa's (R-Calif.) attempt to prosecute former IRS official Lois Lerner for contempt of Congress, Republicans on Issa's Oversight and Government Reform ...

CISTran Finance

CISTran Finance
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 23:56:15 -0700

Belarus will grant tax incentives in exchange for investments in the country's unprofitable agricultural industry under a recent presidential decree issued by President Alexander Lukashenko. The incentives were contained in the Belarusian presidential ...


Fri, 25 Jul 2014 15:07:30 -0700

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him), said: “Whoever performs voluntary prayers on the night of Al-Qadr (Decree), out of sincere faith and in the hope of getting reward ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Decree

You can talk about Decree with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!