digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state (such as the president of a republic or a monarch), according to certain procedures (usually established in a constitution). It has the force of law. The particular term used for this concept may vary from country to country. The executive orders made by the President of the United States, for example, are decrees (although a decree is not exactly an order). In non-legal English usage, however, the term refers to any authoritarian decision.[dubious ]

Decree by country[edit]


Main article: Decree (Belgium)

In Belgium, a decree is a law of a community or regional parliament, e.g. the Flemish Parliament.


See Government of France.

The word décret, literally "decree", is an old legal usage in France and is used to refer to orders issued by the French President or Prime Minister. Any such order must not violate the French Constitution or Code of Law of France, and a party has the right to request an order be nullified in the French Council of State. Orders must be ratified by Parliament before they can be modified into legislative Acts. Special orders known as décret-loi, literally "decree-act" or "decree-law",[1][2] usually considered an illegal practice under the 3rd and 4th Republic, were finally abolished and replaced by the ordinances under the 1958 Constitution.

Except for the reserve powers of the President (as stated in Art. 16 of the 1958 Constitution, exercised only once so far), the executive can issue decrees in areas that the Constitution grants as the responsibility of Parliament only if a law authorizes it to do so. In other cases, orders are illegal and, should anyone sue for the order's nullification, it would be voided by the Council of State. There exists a procedure for the Prime Minister to issue ordinances in such areas, but this procedure requires Parliament's express consent (see Art 38 of the 1958 Constitution).

Orders issued by the Prime Minister take two forms:

  • Orders (décrets simples);
  • Orders-in-council (décrets en Conseil d'État), when a statute mandates the advisory consultation of the Conseil d'État.

Sometimes, people refer to décrets en Conseil d'État improperly as décrets du Conseil d'État. This would imply that it is the Conseil d'État that takes the decree, whereas the power of decreeing is restricted to the President or Prime Minister; the role of the administrative sections of the Conseil is purely advisory.

Decrees may be classified into:

Only the prime minister may issue regulatory or application decrees. Presidential decrees are generally nominations, or exceptional measures where law mandates a presidential decree, such as the dissolution of the French National Assembly and the calling of new legislative elections.

Decrees are published in the Journal Officiel de la République Française or "French Gazette".

Holy See[edit]

The Holy See uses decrees from the pope such as papal bull, papal brief or motu proprio as legislative acts.[3]


See Law of Portugal.

In Portugal, there are several types of decrees issued by the various bodies of sovereignty or by the bodies of self-government of autonomous regions.

Currently, there are the following types of decrees:

  1. Decree-law (decreto-lei): is a legislative act issued by the Government of Portugal under its legislative powers defined by Article 198 of the Portuguese Constitution;
  2. Regional legislative decree (decreto legislativo regional): is a regional law, issued by the legislative assembly of an autonomous region, within its powers defined by articles 227 and 233 of the Constitution ;
  3. Decree of the President of the Republic (decreto do Presidente da República): is a decree issued by the President of Portugal, for the ratification of international treaties, the appointment or dismissal of members of the Government or to exercise other presidential powers defined in the Constitution;
  4. Decree (decreto): is an act issue by the Government of Portugal to an approve international agreement whose approval is not within the competence of the Assembly of the Republic or has not been submitted to it or within the Government administrative jurisdiction laid down in Article 199 of the Constitution in relation to a statute that requires this decree;
  5. Regulatory decree (decreto regulamentar): is an act issued by the Government of Portugal, under its administrative jurisdiction laid down in Article 199 of the Constitution, to make the necessary regulations for the proper execution of the laws and to take all actions and decisions necessary to promote economic and social development and to meet the community needs;
  6. Regional regulatory decree (decreto regulamentar regional): is an act issued by the legislature or the government of an autonomous region, regulating the proper implementation of regional legislative decrees;
  7. Decree from the representative of the Republic (decreto do representante da República): is decree of appointment or removal of members of the government of an autonomous region, issued by the representative of the Republic for that region.


After the Russian Revolution, a government proclamation of wide meaning was called a "decree" (Russian: декрет, dekret); more specific proclamations were called ukaz. Both terms are usually translated as 'decree'.

According to the Russian Federation's 1993 constitution, an Ukase is a Presidential decree. Such ukazes have the power of laws, but may not alter the Russian constitution or the regulations of existing laws, and may be superseded by laws passed by the Federal Assembly.

The Government of Russia can also issue decrees formally called Decisions (Постановления) or Orders (Распоряжения) and may not contradict the constitution/laws or presidential decrees.

Other uses of the term[edit]

In some jurisdictions, certain types of court orders by judges are referred to as decrees.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "decree-law" in the Random House Dictionary.
  2. ^ "decree-law" in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  3. ^ "Decree". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-02-17. 


  • Executive decree authority, John M. Carey and Matthew Soberg Shugart, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1998, ISBN 0-521-59722-6

External links[edit]

All external sites in French unless otherwise noted.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decree — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
109783 videos foundNext > 

DECREE & DECLARE the Word of God

Decree and declare the word of God over your life. God says in Job 22:28 that if you declare a thing He will establish it! • Kingdom prayers and and decrees ...

Decree - Violent Reckoning

Decree - Violent Reckoning. 1st song from their masterpiece album "Moment of Silence". Remastered by me because of quite excessive highs.

Decree-Finite Years

This album has been paid for. Please support Decree and buy this album on itunes or amazon if you like.

The Decree Upon Israel - For Killing #FREEPALESTINE

MercifulServant Video Updates: http://goo.gl/qGhnAQ Donate Now for Gaza: https://www.justgiving.com/1pound4gaza/ OR TEXT: MSGZ99 (£ WITH AMOUNT) TO NUMBER:...

[Music] Fire Emblem: Awakening -Divine Decree (Ablaze)- [Extended]

Game: Fire Emblem: Awakening (Nintendo 3DS) Music: Divine Decree (Ablaze) Artist: JOU (Pixiv Id 325420) http://www.pixiv.net/member.php?id=325420 ALBUM: Fire...

Divine Decree (Ablaze) - Fire Emblem Awakening

Music: Divine Decree (Ablaze) Composer: Hiroki Morishita Playlist: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL58D398750F1219D8 Platform: Nintendo 3DS.

The Decree of Allah - Mufti Ismail Menk

Mufti Ismail Ibn Musa Menk of Zimbabwe.

Decreteii / Children of the Decree - Full Movie

Decree-Shallow Breath

Kick ass industrial band. Decided to upload it since there aren't any posted on here. If your a fan of Frontline Assembly, Noise unit, Godflesh ect. Check ou...

Gerber Edict & Decree Tactical Folders Budget SuperSteel Blades

Two brand New Blades from Gerber Gear The Gerber Edict Lock Back Tanto Folder - 154CM 3.6oz The Gerber Decree with Liner Lock - S30V 4.8oz Both come wick sha...

109783 videos foundNext > 

14353 news items

Tico Times
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 11:33:45 -0700

A reorganization of the Solís administration has the tourism sector on edge. On Monday, the Costa Rican Chamber of Hotels criticized a decree signed by President Luis Guillermo Solís that places the tourism sector under the authority of the Economy ...
The Weekly Standard (blog)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 09:30:00 -0700

The man who is described by his mouthpiece as “the constitutional lawyer in the Oval Office” is increasingly bored with the routine demands of his job (so much so that even Maureen Dowd has noticed) and finds the Constitution a darned nuisance and an ...

The Guardian

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 11:56:15 -0700

KIEV (Reuters) - Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed a decree on Monday to dissolve parliament, he said on a Twitter post, paving the way for a new election. "I have decided to prematurely end the authority of parliament," he wrote. Under the ...
Cyprus Mail
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 04:19:48 -0700

The Cabinet on Wednesday approved the extension of shop opening hours until the end of November, which will bring the decree into the Christmas shopping period, and through to the end of the year. A decision was to be announced by the end of the week ...

WJAC Johnstown

Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:42:03 -0700

Not on this board and not when the topic is the NCAA consent decree. With divisiveness as the rule and a public audience cheering for alumni trustees and often groaning at the so-called "old-guard" trustees -- a resolution passed for Penn State to ...
Lexology (registration)
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

On July 21, 2014, the Vietnam Government issued Decree 71/2014/ND-CP (Decree 71), which sets out the prescribed remedies for competition violations. Among these include sanctions in cases of antitrust, unfair dealings, and unfair competition. While ...
Los Angeles Daily News
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 11:00:00 -0700

A variety of answers would come back, but most ultimately would settle logically on the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. “No,” Johnnie would respond. “Let me tell you my friends, that the most powerful person in the entire criminal justice ...

The Slatest

The Times-Picayune - NOLA.com
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 08:11:15 -0700

New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu in 2010 invited the federal investigation that culminated in a consent decree that mandated wide-ranging changes to NOPD operations. And, when the DOJ decides to take action, local departments typically sign on to the ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Decree

You can talk about Decree with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!