Decoupage (or découpage) is the art of decorating an object by gluing colored paper cutouts onto it in combination with special paint effects, gold leaf and so on. Commonly an object like a small box or an item of furniture is covered by cutouts from magazines or from purpose-manufactured papers. Each layer is sealed with varnishes (often multiple coats) until the "stuck on" appearance disappears and the result looks like painting or inlay work. The traditional technique used 30 to 40 layers of varnish which were then sanded to a polished finish.
3D decoupage (sometimes also referred to simply as decoupage) is the art of creating a 3D image by cutting out elements of varying sizes from a series of identical images and layering them on top of each other, usually with adhesive foam spacers between each layer to give the image more depth.
Pyramid decoupage (also called pyramage) is a process similar to 3D decoupage. In pyramid decoupage, a series of identical images are cut into progressively smaller, identical shapes which are layered and fixed with adhesive foam spacers to create a 3D "pyramid" effect.
The origin of decoupage is thought to be East Siberian tomb art. Nomadic tribes used cut out felts to decorate the tombs of their deceased. From Siberia, the practice came to China, and by the 12th century, cut out paper was being used to decorate lanterns, windows, boxes and other objects. In the 17th century, Italy, especially Venice, was at the forefront of trade with the Far East and it is generally thought that it is through these trade links that the cut out paper decorations made their way into Europe.
Artisans in Florence, Italy have produced decorative objects using decoupage techniques since the 18th century. They combined decoupage with other decorative techniques already popular in Florence, such as gilt with gold leaf and carved wood designs. These older techniques were already used to produce articles such as furniture, frames for paintings, and even tooled leather book covers. Known as Florentine style crafts, these items are now highly collectible antiques. Florentine artisans made use of decoupage by adding it to the space within a carved gilt frame, or by adding the decoupage to a wooden plaque. Artisans used pasted reproductions of famous artworks, nearly always religious depictions. Florentine triptychs using decoupage images of such Biblical scenes as the Crucifixion are a common motif. As society became more secular in the early 20th century, and non–Roman Catholic tourists began buying more crafts from Florentine artisans, decoupage images became less religious in orientation and more reflective of famous Italian artworks in general.
Materials for decoupage crafts
Decoupage Florentine style box
Common household materials can be used to create effects. Here is a short list of supplies:
- Something to decoupage onto. Examples include: furniture, photograph albums, plates, ceramics, shelving, frames, mirrors.
- Pictures to decoupage with. These can come from myriad sources: newspapers, magazines, catalogs, books, printed clip art, wrapping paper, greeting cards, fabric, tissue paper, lace, paper napkins
- Cutting utensil. Scissors, craft knife or razor blades can be used.
- Glue. Standard white glue works best if it is diluted with a little water. Specialty glues can be found in most crafting stores.
- Smoother. Popsicle sticks work well. A brayer is a specialized tool like a miniature rolling pin designed to help remove wrinkles, remove excess glue and smooth pictures.
- Glue spreader. Many things around the house can be use for this: cotton swabs, paint brushes, sponges.
- Rags, sponges, tissue paper to help wipe up glue and other clean up.
- Sealer. Glue or other decoupage medium can be used as a sealer. Alternatively, polyurethane, spray acrylic, epoxy resin or other lacquers are usually used.
Someone who does decoupage is known as a decoupeur, or "cutter".
At the age of 71, Mary Delaney achieved fame at the court of George III and Queen Charlotte of England thanks to the 18th century decoupage craze. In 1771, she began to create cut out paper artworks (decoupage) as was the fashion for ladies of the court. Her works were exceptionally detailed and botanically accurate depictions of plants. She used tissue paper and hand colouration to produce these pieces. She created 1,700 of these works, calling them her "Paper Mosaiks [sic]", from the age of 71 to 88 when her eyesight failed her. They can still be seen in the Enlightenment Gallery at the British Museum.
Manning, Hiram (1980). Manning on Decoupage. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-24028-2. Rice, Durwin (2008). New Decoupage. Potter Craft. ISBN 0-307-39611-8.
- Peter Mundy manuscript, 17th-century illustrated manuscript incorporating numerous paper cutouts at the British Museum
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New York Times
Fri, 07 Mar 2014 07:00:00 -0800
Set The cart is filled with about $80 worth of fake doughnuts, cookies, bagels and croissants, some of which are covered with Mod Podge, a sealant used in decoupage. The exception is a vegan blueberry muffin, from Whole Foods, which the actress eats ...
Palm Beach Daily News
Thu, 06 Mar 2014 21:14:53 -0800
For information and details about admission to the VIP tent and “after party,” you can visit HistoricalSocietyPBC.org. But back to patchwork — and its cousins, collage and decoupage. You might want to create a collage on a wall in your powder room, as ...
Salento Web Tv
Thu, 06 Mar 2014 05:30:00 -0800
Cos' hanno in comune il decoupage ed i Fiori di Bach? Lo abbiamo scoperto con Donatella consulente del Benessere ed esperta di decoupage. Davanti alle nostre telecamere ha realizzato uno svuota tasche decorato con semplici tovaglioli di carta ...
Wed, 05 Mar 2014 21:37:30 -0800
The studio features fine art for every day, including signed decoupage tableware, coasters, greeting cards and silk scarves, and artisan bracelets and necklaces. Information: 941-954-1962. Gallery 53: 53 S. Palm Ave. Miniatures by international artist ...
Wed, 05 Mar 2014 16:00:00 -0800
The event will also feature an arts and crafts section with displays from jewellery makers, decoupage mosaics artists, and scrapbook handmade cards. There will also be a stand for the Polish School in Galway, one of the biggest Polish ethnic schools in ...
Elbląska Gazeta Internetowa portEl.pl
Elbląska Gazeta Internetowa portEl.pl
Fri, 21 Feb 2014 05:30:00 -0800
Na zajęciach dowiesz się, na czym polega decoupage jednoskładnikowy. Nauczysz się, jak krok po kroku wygląda praca z wykorzystaniem tej techniki i jakie składniki są do niej potrzebne. Spędzisz czas w miłej i twórczej atmosferze Pracowni Artystycznej.
Thu, 06 Feb 2014 10:04:22 -0800
Jep stops by Phil's place to pick up some newspaper's for Jessica's decoupage project. Phil doesn't understand exactly what decoupage is but jumps at the opportunity to get rid of some of the stuff piling up in his shed. He even tries to convince Jep ...
Thu, 27 Feb 2014 01:33:45 -0800
Ma anche lezioni di cucina e di cucito, decoupage, letteratura e poesia. E ancora compiti per i bambini, dog sitter, lavori di sartoria e piccole riparazioni. È nata a Vercelli la banca del tempo, dove non si depositano i soldi ma il proprio tempo in ...
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