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For the aleatory literary technique, see cut-up technique.

Decoupage (or découpage) is the art of decorating an object by gluing colored paper cutouts onto it in combination with special paint effects, gold leaf and so on. Commonly an object like a small box or an item of furniture is covered by cutouts from magazines or from purpose-manufactured papers. Each layer is sealed with varnishes (often multiple coats) until the "stuck on" appearance disappears and the result looks like painting or inlay work. The traditional technique used 30 to 40 layers of varnish which were then sanded to a polished finish.

3D decoupage (sometimes also referred to simply as decoupage) is the art of creating a 3D image by cutting out elements of varying sizes from a series of identical images and layering them on top of each other, usually with adhesive foam spacers between each layer to give the image more depth.

Pyramid decoupage (also called pyramage) is a process similar to 3D decoupage. In pyramid decoupage, a series of identical images are cut into progressively smaller, identical shapes which are layered and fixed with adhesive foam spacers to create a 3D "pyramid" effect.

Origins[edit]

The origin of decoupage is thought to be East Siberian tomb art. Nomadic tribes used cut out felts to decorate the tombs of their deceased. From Siberia, the practice came to China, and by the 12th century, cut out paper was being used to decorate lanterns, windows, boxes and other objects. In the 17th century, Italy, especially Venice, was at the forefront of trade with the Far East and it is generally thought that it is through these trade links that the cut out paper decorations made their way into Europe.

Florentine decoupage[edit]

Further information: Florentine crafts

Artisans in Florence, Italy have produced decorative objects using decoupage techniques since the 18th century. They combined decoupage with other decorative techniques already popular in Florence, such as gilt with gold leaf and carved wood designs. These older techniques were already used to produce articles such as furniture, frames for paintings, and even tooled leather book covers. Known as Florentine style crafts, these items are now highly collectible antiques. Florentine artisans made use of decoupage by adding it to the space within a carved gilt frame, or by adding the decoupage to a wooden plaque. Artisans used pasted reproductions of famous artworks, nearly always religious depictions. Florentine triptychs using decoupage images of such Biblical scenes as the Crucifixion are a common motif. As society became more secular in the early 20th century, and nonRoman Catholic tourists began buying more crafts from Florentine artisans, decoupage images became less religious in orientation and more reflective of famous Italian artworks in general.

Materials for decoupage crafts[edit]

Decoupage Florentine style box

Common household materials can be used to create effects. Here is a short list of supplies:

  • Something to decoupage onto. Examples include: furniture, photograph albums, plates, ceramics, shelving, frames, mirrors.
  • Pictures to decoupage with. These can come from myriad sources: newspapers, magazines, catalogs, books, printed clip art, wrapping paper, greeting cards, fabric, tissue paper, lace, paper napkins
  • Cutting utensil. Scissors, craft knife or razor blades can be used.
  • Glue. Standard white glue works best if it is diluted with a little water. Specialty glues can be found in most crafting stores.
  • Smoother. Popsicle sticks work well. A brayer is a specialized tool like a miniature rolling pin designed to help remove wrinkles, remove excess glue and smooth pictures.
  • Glue spreader. Many things around the house can be use for this: cotton swabs, paint brushes, sponges.
  • Rags, sponges, tissue paper to help wipe up glue and other clean up.
  • Sealer. Glue or other decoupage medium can be used as a sealer. Alternatively, polyurethane, spray acrylic, epoxy resin or other lacquers are usually used.

Notable decoupeurs[edit]

Someone who does decoupage is known as a decoupeur, or "cutter".

At the age of 71, Mary Delany achieved fame at the court of George III and Queen Charlotte of England thanks to the 18th century decoupage craze. In 1771, she began to create cut out paper artworks (decoupage) as was the fashion for ladies of the court. Her works were exceptionally detailed and botanically accurate depictions of plants. She used tissue paper and hand colouration to produce these pieces. She created 1,700 of these works, calling them her "Paper Mosaiks [sic]", from the age of 71 to 88 when her eyesight failed her. They can still be seen in the Enlightenment Gallery at the British Museum.

Further reading[edit]

Manning, Hiram (1980). Manning on Decoupage. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-24028-2.  Rice, Durwin (2008). New Decoupage. Potter Craft. ISBN 0-307-39611-8. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decoupage — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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10614 news items

NJ.com

NJ.com
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 08:52:30 -0800

After learning what decoupage was, the students chose the shape of their boxes they would decorate. Then, the students chose from a variety of warm colors to decorate their box with. Then, using their fine motor skills, the students ripped small pieces ...
 
Madison County Courier
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 10:08:02 -0800

2015) Join the Madison County Historical Society's next Heritage Handicraft Paper Mache Decoupage Easter Egg Workshop for adults and children ages 10 years and up from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Saturday March 21. This workshop will feature instruction ...

Daily Echo

Daily Echo
Tue, 17 Feb 2015 16:11:15 -0800

These tea light holders make the perfect gift or could be made to suit a wedding theme or other special occasion. The perfect course for all you crafters out there, or for those of you who want to learn the art of decoupage and crackle glazing. You do ...

New York Times

New York Times
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 09:15:00 -0800

On top of the table are four rectangular plates by John Derian, who is known for glass-encased decoupage paperweights and decorative dishes. The plates are from his recent “Painter's Studio” series and resemble hand-brushed color charts. “I'm obsessed ...
 
Portsmouth News
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 22:17:59 -0800

Julia says decoupage is the art of decorating an object by gluing coloured paper cutouts onto it in combination with special paint effects. She says: 'We will be using a variety of recycled papers to create an attractive surface on jars, bottles, plant ...
 
Panorama Leszczyńska (Blog)
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 12:40:13 -0800

Image W krobskim Muzeum Stolarstwa i Biskupizny w czasie ferii odbyły się zajęcia plastyczne z wykorzystaniem techniki decoupage. Przed południem uczestniczyły w nich dzieci ze szkoły podstawowej, a wieczorem osoby dorosłe. Zajęcia zorganizowała ...

Bradenton Herald

Bradenton Herald
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 21:31:56 -0800

The Florida Maritime Museum will host a new exhibit, "Stories of the Sea," in honor of the late Robert "Bob" Sailors. Sailors was a weaver who lived in the Cortez School House (which now houses the museum) from 1974 until his death in 1995. He was ...

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