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For the aleatory literary technique, see cut-up technique.

Decoupage (or découpage) is the art of decorating an object by gluing colored paper cutouts onto it in combination with special paint effects, gold leaf and so on. Commonly an object like a small box or an item of furniture is covered by cutouts from magazines or from purpose-manufactured papers. Each layer is sealed with varnishes (often multiple coats) until the "stuck on" appearance disappears and the result looks like painting or inlay work. The traditional technique used 30 to 40 layers of varnish which were then sanded to a polished finish.

3D decoupage (sometimes also referred to simply as decoupage) is the art of creating a 3D image by cutting out elements of varying sizes from a series of identical images and layering them on top of each other, usually with adhesive foam spacers between each layer to give the image more depth.

Pyramid decoupage (also called pyramage) is a process similar to 3D decoupage. In pyramid decoupage, a series of identical images are cut into progressively smaller, identical shapes which are layered and fixed with adhesive foam spacers to create a 3D "pyramid" effect.

Origins[edit]

The word decoupage comes from Middle French "decouper", meaning to cut out or cut from something. The origin of decoupage is thought to be East Siberian tomb art. Nomadic tribes used cut out felts to decorate the tombs of their deceased. From Siberia, the practice came to China, and by the 12th century, cut out paper was being used to decorate lanterns, windows, boxes and other objects. In the 17th century, Italy, especially Venice, was at the forefront of trade with the Far East and it is generally thought that it is through these trade links that the cut out paper decorations made their way into Europe.

Florentine decoupage[edit]

Further information: Florentine crafts

Artisans in Florence, Italy have produced decorative objects using decoupage techniques since the 18th century. They combined decoupage with other decorative techniques already popular in Florence, such as gilt with gold leaf and carved wood designs. These older techniques were already used to produce articles such as furniture, frames for paintings, and even tooled leather book covers. Known as Florentine style crafts, these items are now highly collectible antiques. Florentine artisans made use of decoupage by adding it to the space within a carved gilt frame, or by adding the decoupage to a wooden plaque. Artisans used pasted reproductions of famous artworks, nearly always religious depictions. Florentine triptychs using decoupage images of such Biblical scenes as the Crucifixion are a common motif. As society became more secular in the early 20th century, and nonRoman Catholic tourists began buying more crafts from Florentine artisans, decoupage images became less religious in orientation and more reflective of famous Italian artworks in general.

Materials for decoupage crafts[edit]

Decoupage Florentine style box

Common household materials can be used to create effects. Here is a short list of supplies:

  • Something to decoupage onto. Examples include: furniture, photograph albums, plates, ceramics, shelving, frames, mirrors.
  • Pictures to decoupage with. These can come from myriad sources: newspapers, magazines, catalogs, books, printed clip art, wrapping paper, greeting cards, fabric, tissue paper, lace, paper napkins
  • Cutting utensil. Scissors, craft knife or razor blades can be used.
  • Glue. Standard white glue works best if it is diluted with a little water. Specialty glues can be found in most crafting stores.
  • Smoother. Popsicle sticks work well. A brayer is a specialized tool like a miniature rolling pin designed to help remove wrinkles, remove excess glue and smooth pictures.
  • Glue spreader. Many things around the house can be use for this: cotton swabs, paint brushes, sponges.
  • Rags, sponges, tissue paper to help wipe up glue and other clean up.
  • Sealer. Glue or other decoupage medium can be used as a sealer. Alternatively, polyurethane, spray acrylic, epoxy resin or other lacquers are usually used.

Notable decoupeurs[edit]

Someone who does decoupage is known as a decoupeur, or "cutter".

Durwin Rice, author of the book, New Decoupage, is a pre-eminent decoupeur.

Vanesa de la Puente, decoupeur.

At the age of 71, Mary Delany achieved fame at the court of George III and Queen Charlotte of England thanks to the 18th century decoupage craze. In 1771, she began to create cut out paper artworks (decoupage) as was the fashion for ladies of the court. Her works were exceptionally detailed and botanically accurate depictions of plants. She used tissue paper and hand colouration to produce these pieces. She created 1,700 of these works, calling them her "Paper Mosaiks [sic]", from the age of 71 to 88 when her eyesight failed her. They can still be seen in the Enlightenment Gallery at the British Museum.

Further reading[edit]

Manning, Hiram (1980). Manning on Decoupage. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-24028-2.  Rice, Durwin (2008). New Decoupage. Potter Craft. ISBN 0-307-39611-8. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decoupage — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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23428 news items

 
goodtoknow
Sat, 02 May 2015 16:03:45 -0700

This pretty mirror is easy to make with just a few basic craft materials, let us show you how. The decoupage technique we use in this craft project is a great one to learn if you're not the best painted in the world as you use paper to create colour ...

Madison County Courier

Madison County Courier
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 10:03:45 -0700

(Oneida, NY – April 2015) Join the Madison County Historical Society for its next Heritage Handicraft Reverse Decoupage on Glass Workshop for adults and children aged 10 years and up from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. on Saturday May 2. A popular leisure ...

International Business Times

International Business Times
Thu, 28 May 2015 09:18:45 -0700

The danger is decoupage of survival nightmares ranging from getting trapped in a parking garage or what to do when you're stuck in a top floor swanky restaurant during an earthquake. In those regards, “San Andreas” delivers. But oh the clichés! The ...

RomaToday

RomaToday
Sun, 24 May 2015 08:00:00 -0700

Evento gratuito ed aperto a tutti quello che si terrà sabato 30 maggio 2015 alle ore 16.00 presso il centro anziani di Casal Bertone, in cui verranno forniti ai partecipanti informazioni ed indicazioni sul Decoupage. Durante l'evento i partecipanti ...

Bradenton Herald

Bradenton Herald
Wed, 27 May 2015 21:30:00 -0700

More than 60 years after the formation of Sarasota's Petticoat Painters, Art Uptown Gallery, 1367 Main Street, Sarasota, salutes four artists who are members of both this historical organization and the gallery. From May 30 through June 26, the works ...
 
Republican Journal
Wed, 27 May 2015 21:08:16 -0700

Through Columbus Day. Grand opening, mural “unveiling” and opening of 18th-Century Farm & Garden Tool exhibition: 6 p.m. June 4. Decoupage boxes by Davene Fahy, main display case at Thomaston Public Library, 60 Main St./Route 1. FMI: 354-2453.

NJ.com

NJ.com
Fri, 22 May 2015 10:26:15 -0700

Thursday, June 25, from 2 to 3:30 p.m., Decoupage With Nature will be offered. Learn the art of decoupage from artist and designer Mimi Sabatino. You'll turn an empty jar into a useful container and a beautifully decorated work of art. Attendees must ...

Gazeta Olsztyńska

Gazeta Olsztyńska
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 00:30:00 -0700

Decoupage to technika zdobnicza polegająca na przyklejaniu na odpowiednio przygotowaną powierzchnię, praktycznie może być to każda powierzchnia: drewno, metal, szkło, tkanina, plastik, ceramika, wzoru wyciętego z papieru lub serwetki papierowej.
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