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Decane
Skeletal formula of decane
Skeletal formula of decane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball-and-stick model of the decane molecule
Names
IUPAC name
Decane[1]
Identifiers
124-18-5 YesY
1696981
ChEBI CHEBI:41808 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL134537 YesY
ChemSpider 14840 YesY
DrugBank DB02826 YesY
EC number 204-686-4
Jmol-3D images Image
MeSH decane
PubChem 15600
RTECS number HD6550000
UN number 2247
Properties
C10H22
Molar mass 142.29 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 0.730 g mL−1
Melting point −30.5 to −29.2 °C; −22.8 to −20.6 °F; 242.7 to 243.9 K
Boiling point 173.8 to 174.4 °C; 344.7 to 345.8 °F; 446.9 to 447.5 K
log P 5.802
Vapor pressure 195 Pa[2]
2.1 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
1.411–1.412
Viscosity 920 μPa s (at 20 °C)
Thermochemistry
315.46 J K−1 mol−1
425.89 J K−1 mol−1
−302.1–−299.9 kJ mol−1
−6779.21–−6777.45 kJ mol−1
Hazards
Safety data sheet hazard.com
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H226, H304
P301+310, P331
EU classification Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R65
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 46.0 °C (114.8 °F; 319.1 K)
210.0 °C (410.0 °F; 483.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.8–2.6%
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
  • >2 g kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
  • >5 g kg−1 (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H22 with 75 structural isomers.[3] These isomers are flammable liquids. Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol). Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar and does not dissolve in polar liquids, such as water. It has a surface tension of 0.0238 N·m−1.[4]

Reactions[edit]

Decane undergoes combustion reactions in a similar fashion to other alkanes. In the presence of excess oxygen, decane burns to form water and carbon dioxide.

2C10H22 + 31O2 → 20CO2 + 22H2O

When not enough oxygen is present for complete combustion, decane burns to form water and carbon monoxide.

2C10H22 + 21O2 → 20CO + 22H2O

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "decane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Yaws, Carl L. (1999). Chemical Properties Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 159–179. ISBN 0-07-073401-1. 
  3. ^ The 75 Isomers of Decane
  4. ^ Website of Krüss (8.10.2009)

External links[edit]

Media related to Decane at Wikimedia Commons



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decane — Please support Wikipedia.
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239 news items

 
WhaTech
Tue, 14 Jul 2015 23:56:15 -0700

This is a professional and in-depth market survey on Global and Chinese n-Decane industry. The report firstly reviews the basic information of n-Decane including its classification, application and manufacturing technology. The report then explores ...

Azom.com

Azom.com
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 03:16:03 -0700

The powder was dried in an oven overnight before using, and was dispersed in organic solvents butan-2-one, tetrahydrofuran, trichloroethane, chloroform, decane and toluene. The dispersion in powders was carried out at 0.1% w/v concentration by bath ...

CesenaToday

CesenaToday
Fri, 20 Feb 2015 04:33:45 -0800

Addio alla signora Annunziata Pistocchi, una delle decane della città di Cesena, morta venerdì all'età di 107 anni (li aveva compiuti pochi giorni fa) a Monfalcone, dove si era trasferita da qualche tempo a casa di un nipote. Ma fino al 2012 Tina (così ...
 
Gazeta Sporturilor
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 05:43:27 -0700

La un moment dat, acesta a fost certat de antrenor: "Se vede că ai fost vîrf, ești prea egoist!". Dică s-a mișcat însă foarte bine, reușind cele mai specatculoase goluri. Sulley Muniru l-a și botezat: "Bravo, Decane!". Toți ceilalți steliști îl strigă ...
 
BMC Blogs Network
Sat, 23 May 2015 17:56:15 -0700

Both strains exhibited similar affinity for the apolar solvents decane (~40 %) and hexadecane (~30 %) and for the acidic solvent chloroform (~70 %), indicating no major changes of the surface hydrophobicity upon elr overexpression. In turn, the ...

Jamaica Observer

Jamaica Observer
Wed, 06 May 2015 01:17:09 -0700

It detected 26 VOCs, including benzene, toulene and decane. "Of the 26 VOCs detected, 16 were above the lower concentration limit of the analysis method. This result was similar to the results obtained in the Riverton Fire of February 2012, and ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 13:00:16 -0800

And other chemicals the Endocrine Disruption Exchange identified as affecting the immune system, including 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, n-decane, n-nonane and n-octane. The air samples were tested for a range of volatile organic compounds, but not every ...
 
Nanowerk
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 12:26:15 -0800

Hihath's experiment uses a layer of alkanes (short chains of carbon atoms, such as hexane, octane or decane) with either sulfur or nitrogen atoms on each end that allow them to bind to a gold substrate that acts as one electrode. The researchers then ...
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