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Skeletal formula of decane
Skeletal formula of decane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball-and-stick model of the decane molecule
IUPAC name
124-18-5 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:41808 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL134537 YesY
ChemSpider 14840 YesY
DrugBank DB02826 YesY
EC Number 204-686-4
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
MeSH decane
PubChem 15600
RTECS number HD6550000
UN number 2247
Molar mass 142.29 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 0.730 g mL−1
Melting point −30.5 to −29.2 °C; −22.8 to −20.6 °F; 242.7 to 243.9 K
Boiling point 173.8 to 174.4 °C; 344.7 to 345.8 °F; 446.9 to 447.5 K
log P 5.802
Vapor pressure 195 Pa[2]
2.1 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
Viscosity 920 μPa s (at 20 °C)
315.46 J K−1 mol−1
425.89 J K−1 mol−1
−302.1–−299.9 kJ mol−1
−6779.21–−6777.45 kJ mol−1
Safety data sheet hazard.com
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H226, H304
P301+310, P331
Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R65
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 46.0 °C (114.8 °F; 319.1 K)
210.0 °C (410.0 °F; 483.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.8–2.6%
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
  • >2 g kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
  • >5 g kg−1 (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H22. Although, 75 structural isomers are possible for decane, the term usually refers to the normal-decane ("n-decane"), with the formula CH3(CH2)8CH3. All isomers, however, exhibit similar properties and little attention is paid to the composition.[3] These isomers are flammable liquids. Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol) and kerosene.[4] Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar solvent, does not dissolve in water, and is readily combustable. Although it is a component of fuels, it is of little importance as a chemical feedstock, unlike a handful of other alkanes.[5]


Decane undergoes combustion, just like other alkanes. In the presence of sufficient oxygen, it burns to form water and carbon dioxide.

2 C10H22 + 31 O2 → 20 CO2 + 22 H2O

With insufficient oxygen, carbon monoxide is also formed.


It has a surface tension of 0.0238 N·m−1.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "decane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Yaws, Carl L. (1999). Chemical Properties Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 159–179. ISBN 0-07-073401-1. 
  3. ^ The 75 Isomers of Decane
  4. ^ "Petroleum - Chemistry Encyclopedia - reaction, water, uses, elements, examples, gas, number, name". www.chemistryexplained.com. Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  5. ^ Karl Griesbaum, Arno Behr, Dieter Biedenkapp, Heinz-Werner Voges, Dorothea Garbe, Christian Paetz, Gerd Collin, Dieter Mayer, Hartmut Höke "Hydrocarbons" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002 Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a13_227
  6. ^ Website of Krüss (8.10.2009)

External links[edit]

Media related to Decane at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decane — Please support Wikipedia.
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3317 videos foundNext > 

Decane - Your Love (Official Preview)

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Unsenses & Decane - Do You Believe (Official Videoclip)

Official preview of Unsenses & Decane - Do You Believe. Release date: July 2015 Download link: http://bit.ly/DoYouBelieveDownload Follow Unsenses: ...

Decane - Your Love (Fan extended)

The emotional Hardstyle track from upcomming artist Decane fb: https://www.facebook.com/DecaneMedia?fref=ts.

Decane | Your Love

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アルカンの異性体④-1デカン-1 C10H22 decane isomers

Decane Scene FULL (Pitch Perfect 2)


Decane - Let's Go (Invincible Vocal Mix)

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4 Strings - Take Me Away (Decane Bootleg) Official Videoclip

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Stratozfears | Invincible (DECANE ♥)

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628 news items


Tue, 19 Apr 2016 02:19:36 -0700

Grazie ai Sindaci delle nostre Valli oggi presenti insieme alle loro Consigliere decane e grazie a tutte le Autorità che hanno voluto partecipare a questo evento, ma soprattutto grazie a Voi Tutte, splendide Donne di Piacenza presenti ed assenti ...

La Nuova Sardegna

La Nuova Sardegna
Sat, 16 Apr 2016 18:41:15 -0700

Una realtà d'eccellenza, insomma, celebre per i suoi prelibati vini, incontra i colori, i tratti, la profondità dei volti, l'intensità della gestualità e degli sguardi, interpretati da una delle decane, anzi dalla decana della pittura in Sardegna ...


Mon, 11 Apr 2016 04:35:37 -0700

"Abbiamo chiesto - anticipa il presidente del consiglio Christian Fiazza - ai sindaci della Provincia di partecipare all'incontro, invitando le proprie consigliere decane a partecipare. Dobbiamo alle donne molte delle conquiste civili che abbiamo ...

Wolfsburger Allgemeine

Wolfsburger Allgemeine
Mon, 04 Apr 2016 11:56:15 -0700

Die Red Stage als Hauptbühne wird bespielt von Lennart Speckmann, Cappu-DJ of the Year und Lokalmatador, ebenso wie von einem der Stars der Party, DJ Decane aus Hamburg, der schon mit Größen wie R.Kelly und Fatman Scoop aufgelegt hat. Vor der ...

Информационное агентство Infotag

Информационное агентство Infotag
Tue, 05 Apr 2016 04:48:45 -0700

В их обязанности также входит охрана и оборона монастыря Visoki Decane. В молдавский контингент KFOR-4 входит 41 военнослужащий, в том числе семь саперов. Справка «ИНФОТАГ»: Парламент РМ одобрил участие военнослужащих в ...

The UCSB Current

The UCSB Current
Fri, 04 Mar 2016 07:11:15 -0800

Selective Swelling: This micrograph shows a chemically binary pattern. A combination of very hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions produces substrates with distinctly selective swelling behavior. This causes local film thickness variations to form an ...


Mon, 04 Apr 2016 06:41:15 -0700

Da una storia vera, con le decane Helen Mirren e Julie Walters. E il film italiano 'Al primo soffio di vento' del poco prolifico Franco Piavoli, regista specializzato in documentari contemplativi. Una famiglia si ritrova una domenica a pranzo e ogni ...

Brescia Oggi

Brescia Oggi
Wed, 09 Dec 2015 03:14:49 -0800

Duecento anni (in due) e non sentirli: doppia festa a Vaccarolo per la Gina e la Pia, al secolo Regina Margherita Tonoli e Pia Maria Botticelli. Sono state entrambe celebrate in forze dall'amministrazione comunale di Desenzano, in campo per l'occasione ...

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