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Skeletal formula of decane
Skeletal formula of decane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball-and-stick model of the decane molecule
IUPAC name
124-18-5 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:41808 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL134537 YesY
ChemSpider 14840 YesY
DrugBank DB02826 YesY
EC number 204-686-4
Jmol-3D images Image
MeSH decane
PubChem 15600
RTECS number HD6550000
UN number 2247
Molar mass 142.28 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 0.730 g mL−1
Melting point −30.5 °C; −22.8 °F; 242.7 K
Boiling point 173.8 °C; 344.7 °F; 446.9 K
log P 5.802
Vapor pressure 195 Pa[2]
2.1 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
Viscosity 920 μPa s (at 20 °C)
315.46 J K−1 mol−1
425.89 J K−1 mol−1
−302.1–−299.9 kJ mol−1
−6779.21–−6777.45 kJ mol−1
MSDS hazard.com
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H226, H304
P301+310, P331
EU classification Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R65
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 46.0 °C (114.8 °F; 319.1 K)
210.0 °C (410.0 °F; 483.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.8–2.6%
  • >2 g kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
  • >5 g kg−1 (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H22 with 75 structural isomers.[3] These isomers are flammable liquids. Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol). Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar and does not dissolve in polar liquids, such as water. It has a surface tension of 0.0238 N·m−1.[4]


Decane undergoes combustion reactions in a similar fashion to other alkanes. In the presence of excess oxygen, decane burns to form water and carbon dioxide.

2C10H22 + 31O2 → 20CO2 + 22H2O

When not enough oxygen is present for complete combustion, decane burns to form water and carbon monoxide.

2C10H22 + 21O2 → 20CO + 22H2O

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "decane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Yaws, Carl L. (1999). Chemical Properties Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 159–179. ISBN 0-07-073401-1. 
  3. ^ The 75 Isomers of Decane
  4. ^ Website of Krüss (8.10.2009)

External links[edit]

Media related to Decane at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decane — Please support Wikipedia.
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249 news items

Il Piccolo

Il Piccolo
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 19:03:45 -0700

«Già dal primo giorno abbiamo dovuto fare i conti con un borino niente male - scherza Sandra, una delle decane del mercato -. Ci sono dei problemi che vanno ancora risolti: penso ai mezzi di trasporto che se non trovano posto qui a fianco, devono ...
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 17:45:00 -0700

L'Italia lega il suo nome al Patriarcato di Pec e al Monastero di Decane, ancora oggi sotto protezione, che ha fornito, e continua a farlo, difesa e sostegno a questi importanti e splendidi monumenti cari ai fedeli che arrivano da più parti in ...


Fri, 20 Feb 2015 04:33:45 -0800

Addio alla signora Annunziata Pistocchi, una delle decane della città di Cesena, morta venerdì all'età di 107 anni (li aveva compiuti pochi giorni fa) a Monfalcone, dove si era trasferita da qualche tempo a casa di un nipote. Ma fino al 2012 Tina (così ...

Science AAAS

Science AAAS
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 09:57:01 -0800

Cheap petroleum byproduct dicyclopentadiene is hydroxymethylated into multiple stereoisomers (thwarted crystallization) of 4,8-bis(hydroxymethyl)tricyclo[^(2,6)]decane, below. The bis(glycidyl ether) is not aromatic. Its C-O bond does not cleave ...


Thu, 12 Mar 2015 10:15:00 -0700

Il battaglione logistico ha inoltre effettuato importanti lavori di miglioramento dei dispositivi di sicurezza presenti presso il monastero Visoki di Decane. Il Col. Carlo Cavalli, comandante del Multinational Battle Group West, ha espresso il suo ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 13:00:16 -0800

And other chemicals the Endocrine Disruption Exchange identified as affecting the immune system, including 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, n-decane, n-nonane and n-octane. The air samples were tested for a range of volatile organic compounds, but not every ...
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 12:26:15 -0800

Hihath's experiment uses a layer of alkanes (short chains of carbon atoms, such as hexane, octane or decane) with either sulfur or nitrogen atoms on each end that allow them to bind to a gold substrate that acts as one electrode. The researchers then ...

ilVelino/AGV NEWS

ilVelino/AGV NEWS
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 03:31:50 -0800

Lo dimostra, ad esempio, la ratifica di una storica intesa tra Padre Sava Janijc, abate del Monastero di Decane ed eminente esponente della Chiesa Serba Ortodossa, e Rasim Selmanaj, sindaco kosovaro albanese della stessa municipalità a cui ho ...

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