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Decane
Skeletal formula of decane
Skeletal formula of decane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball and stick model of decane
Identifiers
CAS number 124-18-5 YesY
PubChem 15600
ChemSpider 14840 YesY
EC number 204-686-4
UN number 2247
DrugBank DB02826
MeSH decane
ChEBI CHEBI:41808 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL134537 YesY
RTECS number HD6550000
1696981
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H22
Molar mass 142.28 g mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 0.730 g mL−1
Melting point −30.5 to −29.2 °C; −22.8 to −20.6 °F; 242.7 to 243.9 K
Boiling point 173.8 to 174.4 °C; 344.7 to 345.8 °F; 446.9 to 447.5 K
log P 5.802
Vapor pressure 195 Pa[2]
2.1 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
1.411–1.412
Viscosity 920 μPa s (at 20 °C)
Thermochemistry
315.46 J K−1 mol−1
425.89 J K−1 mol−1
−302.1–−299.9 kJ mol−1
−6779.21–−6777.45 kJ mol−1
Hazards
MSDS hazard.com
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H226, H304
P301+310, P331
EU classification Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R65
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 46.0 °C (114.8 °F; 319.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.8–2.6%
LD50
  • >2 g kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
  • >5 g kg−1 (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H22 with 75 structural isomers.[3] These isomers are flammable liquids. Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol). Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar and does not dissolve in polar liquids, such as water. It has a surface tension of 0.0238 N·m−1.[4]

Reactions[edit]

Decane undergoes combustion reactions in a similar fashion to other alkanes. In the presence of excess oxygen, decane burns to form water and carbon dioxide.

2C10H22 + 31O2 → 20CO2 + 22H2O

When not enough oxygen is present for complete combustion, decane burns to form water and carbon monoxide.

2C10H22 + 21O2 → 20CO + 22H2O

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "decane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Yaws, Carl L. (1999). Chemical Properties Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 159–179. ISBN 0-07-073401-1. 
  3. ^ The 75 Isomers of Decane
  4. ^ Website of Krüss (8.10.2009)

External links[edit]

Media related to Decane at Wikimedia Commons



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decane — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1960 videos foundNext > 

Decane | Your Love

Decane - Your Love : https://soundcloud.com/decaneofficial/decane-your-love https://www.youtube.com/AddictedToHardstyleP https://www.facebook.com/AddictedToH...

Decane - Cherry Blossom

One from 2010 that i was obsessed with. =) The pic is the Grand Tetons in Wyoming. Release Date: 2010-03-01 Label: Electronique Digital Promo use only Beatpo...

Decane - Let's Go (Invincible Vocal Mix)

Read description for more information ↓ -----→ ♥ Channel Info ♥ ←----- If you like my uploadz please subscribe to my channel Like and follow my Facebook pa...

Decane - Breathtaking [Free Release]

Read Description For More Information All rights go to Decane Track Artist : Decane Track Title : Breathtaking Track Mix : Original Mix Track Information : F...

Decane - Cherry Blossom - (Paul Hunter Remix)

Decane - Cherry Blossom - (Paul Hunter Remix) Electronique Digital.

Muse - Supermassive Black Hole (Decane's Progressive House Remix)

My remix of Muse's track 'Supermassive Black Hole'. High Quality MP3: http://www.speedyshare.com/files/27120591/Muse_-_Supermassive_Black_Hole_David_s_Progre...

DJ Decane - New York / North Carolina Tour ´13

I was in New York & North Carolina in Septmeber ´13. I had 2 amazing Shows with the NYCEST EMCEE and a Radiointerview at WXDU! I wanna thank NYCEST EMCEE, LE...

DJ Decane - Anniversary Trailer (2003-2013)

After 10 years in the game it was time to thank YOU! Everyone who came to the partys and support me! I really appericiate! On to the next 10 years.

Introduction - DECANE

Hier das Einführungsvideo zur Umbennenung von G.F. Bikeshots! Aus der allgemeinen Fotografieseite wird eine Sportlerseite: \\ DECANE // Song: GOON BAGS - Sle...

DECANE - Trailer 2k15

Stand 08.01.2015: Da Facebook es noch nicht geschafft hat, die Seite G.F. Bikeshots umzubennen, bin ich aktuell noch unter www.facebook.com/bikeshotsofficial...

1960 videos foundNext > 

239 news items

Science AAAS

Science AAAS
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 09:57:01 -0800

Cheap petroleum byproduct dicyclopentadiene is hydroxymethylated into multiple stereoisomers (thwarted crystallization) of 4,8-bis(hydroxymethyl)tricyclo[5.2.1.0^(2,6)]decane, below. The bis(glycidyl ether) is not aromatic. Its C-O bond does not cleave ...

Alto Adige

Alto Adige
Sat, 10 Jan 2015 01:24:11 -0800

DECANI (KOSOVO). Si è svolta Il 7 gennaio, nei dintorni innevati del monastero ortodosso di Decani/Decane in Kosovo, l'operazione “Orthodox White Christmas”, condotta dal Multinational battle group west sotto la guida del 5° Reggimento Alpini di ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 13:00:00 -0800

And other chemicals the Endocrine Disruption Exchange identified as affecting the immune system, including 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, n-decane, n-nonane and n-octane. The air samples were tested for a range of volatile organic compounds, but not every ...

ladigetto.it

ladigetto.it
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 15:59:32 -0800

Si è svolta ieri, nei dintorni innevati del Monastero ortodosso di Dečani/Decane, l'operazione «Orthodox White Christmas», condotta dal Multinational Battle Group West (MNBG W), comando a guida italiana su base 5° Reggimento Alpini schierato in Kosovo, ...

Italnews

Italnews
Sun, 07 Dec 2014 13:23:16 -0800

_DSC4326 Appena tre chilometri. Una piccola strada che scorre vicino ad un corso d'acqua, a Decane. Un breve tragitto scritto con la ghiaia dai soldati italiani. Un grande passo per l'avvicinamento tra la comunità serba e quella albanese. È stata ...

Vesti

Vesti
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 08:28:45 -0800

Predsednica Kosova Atifete Jahjaga i premijer Isa Mustafa posetili su danas zajedno manastir Visoki Dečani i tom prilikom sveštenstvu i građanima pravoslavne vere čestitali pravoslavni Božić. Beta/ARMI. Zvaničnici iz Prištine posetili Visoke Dečane ...

The Earth Times

The Earth Times
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 10:00:00 -0800

Tungstosilicic acid in aqueous phase causes the cellulose to hydrolyse and dehydrate, after which hydrogenation creates the liquid alkanes, which are saturated hydrocarbons. The high yield consists of 82% n-decane-soluble products, mainly hexanes, ...
 
OilPrice.com
Sun, 30 Nov 2014 10:20:24 -0800

Under optimal conditions, microcrystalline cellulose is converted to 82% n-decane-soluble products, mainly n-hexane, within a few hours, with a minimum formation of gaseous and char products. The result is an intermediary product that requires one last ...
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