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Decane
Skeletal formula of decane
Skeletal formula of decane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball and stick model of decane
Identifiers
CAS number 124-18-5 YesY
PubChem 15600
ChemSpider 14840 YesY
EC number 204-686-4
UN number 2247
DrugBank DB02826
MeSH decane
ChEBI CHEBI:41808 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL134537 YesY
RTECS number HD6550000
Beilstein Reference 1696981
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H22
Molar mass 142.28 g mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 0.730 g mL−1
Melting point −30.5 to −29.2 °C; −22.8 to −20.6 °F; 242.7 to 243.9 K
Boiling point 173.8 to 174.4 °C; 344.7 to 345.8 °F; 446.9 to 447.5 K
log P 5.802
Vapor pressure 195 Pa[2]
kH 2.1 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
Refractive index (nD) 1.411–1.412
Viscosity 920 μPa s (at 20 °C)
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
315.46 J K−1 mol−1
Std molar
entropy
So298
425.89 J K−1 mol−1
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−302.1–−299.9 kJ mol−1
Std enthalpy of
combustion
ΔcHo298
−6779.21–−6777.45 kJ mol−1
Hazards
MSDS hazard.com
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
GHS hazard statements H226, H304
GHS precautionary statements P301+310, P331
EU classification Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R65
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 46.0 °C (114.8 °F; 319.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.8–2.6%
LD50
  • >2 g kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
  • >5 g kg−1 (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H22 with 75 structural isomers.[3] These isomers are flammable liquids. Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol). Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar and does not dissolve in polar liquids, such as water. It has a surface tension of 0.0238 N·m−1.[4]

Reactions[edit]

Decane undergoes combustion reactions in a similar fashion to other alkanes. In the presence of excess oxygen, decane burns to form water and carbon dioxide.

2C10H22 + 31O2 → 20CO2 + 22H2O

When not enough oxygen is present for complete combustion, decane burns to form water and carbon monoxide.

2C10H22 + 21O2 → 20CO + 22H2O

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "decane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Yaws, Carl L. (1999). Chemical Properties Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 159–179. ISBN 0-07-073401-1. 
  3. ^ The 75 Isomers of Decane
  4. ^ Website of Krüss (8.10.2009)

External links[edit]

Media related to Decane at Wikimedia Commons



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decane — Please support Wikipedia.
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24 news items

Space Ref (press release)

Space Ref (press release)
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 08:00:00 -0700

The fuel being used today is a mixture of 25% decane and 75% propylbenzene. The remaining tests in this group will alternate between this fuel and a fuel mixture of 75% decane and 25% propylbenzene. It is the second test condition in Matrix E group 6.

Bromsgrove Advertiser

Bromsgrove Advertiser
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 07:00:30 -0700

Breme Care Home celebrated elderly people's day with a 1920s party. Helen Barron, activities co-ordinator, pictured with resident Margaret Decane and Denise Clark, the home manager. Buy photo RMM411401 Buy this photo. share on Facebook; share
 
RTCG
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 23:11:15 -0700

Kosovski imam posjetio Dečane. Glavni imam Islamske zajednice Kosova (IZK), Sabri Bajgora posjetio je Manastir Dečani, gdje ga je primio iguman manastira Sava Janjić. Tweet · Facebook Share. Sa Bajgorom su bili i njegov pomoćnik Fatmir Iljazi ...

Блиц

Блиц
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 21:22:15 -0700

Od Kfora smo tražili da se manastir Visoki Dečani ogradi i osigura bodljikavom žicom, izjavio je iguman Sava Janjić povodom ispisivanja pretećih grafita na imanju te srpske svetinje. - Kfor je pre šest meseci ovde pojačao svoje prisustvo, a sada će ...

Pobjeda

Pobjeda
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 02:00:00 -0700

Predsjednik Šahmanović je kazao da je gradnja puta logičan nastavak dobre saradnje, između opština Plav i Dečani, kao i Kosova i Crne Gore. Isto tako Šahmanović je naglasio da je početak radova na putu Dečane – Plav normalan slijed događaja, imajući ...
 
agccommunication
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 03:07:30 -0700

Il Monastero di Decane, grande sito della chiesa ortodossa a 12 km da Peja, nel 2004 è entrato a far parte del Patrimonio dell'umanità dell'UNESCO ed è sotto protezione delle NU e di KFOR. Vi abitano 30 monaci che mantengono viva la secolare tradizione ...

medialotse.com (Blog)

medialotse.com (Blog)
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Weiss Events & Management aus Hamburg setzt seine professionelle Konzertreihe fort und bringt drei richtige R&B Kracher nach Deutschland. Die US-Stars Silk, Next und Jay Smoove werden dabei Berlin, Hamburg und Oberhausen mit ihrem edlen Sound ...

UrbanPost

UrbanPost
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 14:33:45 -0700

Una nuova ricetta arriva dal goloso mondo di “Bake Off Italia 2″: si tratta dei tartufini al cioccolato, proposti dalla concorrente Erika durante la terza puntata. Di seguito, ingredienti e procedimento per realizzare a casa questi dolcetti. Per le ...
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