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Decane
Skeletal formula of decane
Skeletal formula of decane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball and stick model of decane
Identifiers
CAS number 124-18-5 YesY
PubChem 15600
ChemSpider 14840 YesY
EC number 204-686-4
UN number 2247
DrugBank DB02826
MeSH decane
ChEBI CHEBI:41808 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL134537 YesY
RTECS number HD6550000
Beilstein Reference 1696981
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H22
Molar mass 142.28 g mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 0.730 g mL−1
Melting point −30.5 to −29.2 °C; −22.8 to −20.6 °F; 242.7 to 243.9 K
Boiling point 173.8 to 174.4 °C; 344.7 to 345.8 °F; 446.9 to 447.5 K
log P 5.802
Vapor pressure 195 Pa[2]
kH 2.1 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
Refractive index (nD) 1.411–1.412
Viscosity 920 μPa s (at 20 °C)
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
315.46 J K−1 mol−1
Std molar
entropy
So298
425.89 J K−1 mol−1
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−302.1–−299.9 kJ mol−1
Std enthalpy of
combustion
ΔcHo298
−6779.21–−6777.45 kJ mol−1
Hazards
MSDS hazard.com
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
GHS hazard statements H226, H304
GHS precautionary statements P301+310, P331
EU classification Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R65
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 46.0 °C (114.8 °F; 319.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.8–2.6%
LD50
  • >2 g kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
  • >5 g kg−1 (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H22 with 75 structural isomers.[3] These isomers are flammable liquids. Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol). Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar and does not dissolve in polar liquids, such as water. It has a surface tension of 0.0238 N·m−1.[4]

Reactions[edit]

Decane undergoes combustion reactions in a similar fashion to other alkanes. In the presence of excess oxygen, decane burns to form water and carbon dioxide.

2C10H22 + 31O2 → 20CO2 + 22H2O

When not enough oxygen is present for complete combustion, decane burns to form water and carbon monoxide.

2C10H22 + 21O2 → 20CO + 22H2O

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "decane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Yaws, Carl L. (1999). Chemical Properties Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 159–179. ISBN 0-07-073401-1. 
  3. ^ The 75 Isomers of Decane
  4. ^ Website of Krüss (8.10.2009)

External links[edit]

Media related to Decane at Wikimedia Commons



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decane — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1906 videos foundNext > 

Decane - Right Here (Official Preview)

Check out my new track 'Right Here'. Reflection Upon a day, a month, a year One face in the mirror Yet another sees with these eyes Hovering Right Here -----...

Decane - Cherry Blossom

One from 2010 that i was obsessed with. =) The pic is the Grand Tetons in Wyoming. Release Date: 2010-03-01 Label: Electronique Digital Promo use only Beatpo...

Decane - Let's Go (Invincible Vocal Mix)

Read description for more information ↓ -----→ ♥ Channel Info ♥ ←----- If you like my uploadz please subscribe to my channel Like and follow my Facebook pa...

Decane - Breathtaking [Free Release]

Read Description For More Information All rights go to Decane Track Artist : Decane Track Title : Breathtaking Track Mix : Original Mix Track Information : F...

DJ Decane - Anniversary Trailer (2003-2013)

After 10 years in the game it was time to thank YOU! Everyone who came to the partys and support me! I really appericiate! On to the next 10 years.

DJ Decane - New York / North Carolina Tour ´13

I was in New York & North Carolina in Septmeber ´13. I had 2 amazing Shows with the NYCEST EMCEE and a Radiointerview at WXDU! I wanna thank NYCEST EMCEE, LE...

Muse - Supermassive Black Hole (Decane's Progressive House Remix)

My remix of Muse's track 'Supermassive Black Hole'. High Quality MP3: http://www.speedyshare.com/files/27120591/Muse_-_Supermassive_Black_Hole_David_s_Progre...

Decane - Cherry Blossom - (Paul Hunter Remix)

Decane - Cherry Blossom - (Paul Hunter Remix) Electronique Digital.

NEXT|SILK|JOSH MORELAND & DJ DECANE (RNB TOUR'14)

RNB Legends live on stage! NEXT, SILK, JOSH MORELAND Support by DJ DECANE #Berlin #Hamburg #Oberhausen Music by JOSH MORELAND.

アルカンの異性体④-1デカン-1 C10H22 decane isomers

1906 videos foundNext > 

260 news items

The Earth Times

The Earth Times
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 10:00:00 -0800

Tungstosilicic acid in aqueous phase causes the cellulose to hydrolyse and dehydrate, after which hydrogenation creates the liquid alkanes, which are saturated hydrocarbons. The high yield consists of 82% n-decane-soluble products, mainly hexanes, ...
 
ilVelino/AGV NEWS
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:30:00 -0800

La visita si è infine conclusa con l'incontro con padre Sava Janjic, abate del monastero ortodosso di Decane: in quella occasione si è discusso dell'importanza che le comunità religiose hanno nel contribuire al miglioramento delle relazioni tra i ...

Messina Ora

Il Corriere della Città
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 09:03:45 -0800

Il JRD-C opera con 10 team di collegamento e monitoraggio (Liaison Monitoring Team – LMT) a stretto contatto con la popolazione, le istituzioni locali e religiose presenti sul territorio tra cui il Patriacato di Pec, i monasteri di Devic e Decane e la ...
 
ANSA.it
Mon, 19 May 2014 09:15:49 -0700

Come facilmente prevedibile, i primi posti della classifica delle 'decane' sono occupati da auto italiane. Regina assoluta - come informa il motore di ricerca di annunci di auto usate AutoUncle.it - è la Panda a benzina, tenendo conto delle varie ...

Space Ref (press release)

Space Ref (press release)
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 08:01:45 -0700

The fuel being used today is a mixture of 25% decane and 75% propylbenzene. The remaining tests in this group will alternate between this fuel and a fuel mixture of 75% decane and 25% propylbenzene. It is the second test condition in Matrix E group 6.
 
ilVelino/AGV NEWS
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Tutte le autorità religiose hanno condannato unanimemente il recente atto vandalico avvenuto presso il monastero di Decane e i successivi attacchi mediatici alla sua comunità. Tale gesto ha suscitato profondo rammarico e tristezza nei partecipanti ...
 
Fairfield Sun Times
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 14:14:53 -0700

In addition to C1 – C4, the organic compounds that can be present also include C5 (pentane), C6 (hexane), C7 (heptane), C8 (octane), C9 (nonane) and C10 (decane). The number after the “C” refers to the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. And, yes ...
 
Chemical Watch (subscription)
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 07:37:56 -0700

Australia is proposing to ban the use of dibutylphthalate (DBP) in cosmetics with effect from 1 October 2014 because of its classification as a reproductive toxicant. In making the interim decision, the secretary to the Department of Health (DoH) says ...
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