digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For the album by rapper Ice Cube, see Death Certificate (album).
Eddie August Schneider's (1911-1940) death certificate, issued in New York.

The phrase death certificate can describe either a document issued by a medical practitioner certifying the deceased state of a person or popularly to a document issued by a person such as a registrar of vital statistics that declares the date, location and cause of a person's death as later entered in an official register of deaths.

Nature of a certificate[edit]

Each governmental jurisdiction prescribes the form of the document for use in its preview and the procedures necessary to legally produce it. One purpose of the certificate is to review the cause of death to determine if foul-play occurred as it can rule out an accidental death or a murder going by the findings and ruling of the medical examiner. It may also be required in order to arrange a burial or cremation to provide prima facie evidence of the fact of death, which can be used to prove a person's will or to claim on a person's life insurance. Lastly, death certificates are used in public health to compile data on leading causes of death among other statistics (See: Descriptive statistics)

Before issuing a death certificate, the authorities usually require a certificate from a physician or coroner to validate the cause of death and the identity of the deceased. In cases where it is not completely clear that a person is dead (usually because their body is being sustained by life support), a neurologist is often called in to verify brain death and to fill out the appropriate documentation. The failure of a physician to immediately submit the required form to the government (to trigger issuance of the death certificate) is often both a crime and cause for loss of one's license to practice. This is because of past scandals in which dead people continued to receive public benefits or voted in elections.[1] Death certificates may also be issued pursuant to a court order or an executive order in the case of individuals who have been declared dead in absentia. Missing persons and victims of mass disasters (such as the sinking of the RMS Lusitania) may be issued death certificates in one of these manners.

In some jurisdictions, a police officer or a paramedic may be allowed to sign a death certificate under specific circumstances. This is usually when the cause of death seems obvious and no foul play is suspected, such as in extreme old age. In such cases, an autopsy is rarely performed. This varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction; in some areas police officers may sign death certificates for victims of SIDS,[citation needed] but in others all deaths of individuals under 18 must be certified by a physician. Accident deaths where there is no chance of survival (decapitations, for instance) may be certified by police or paramedics, but autopsies are still commonly performed if there is any chance that alcohol or other drugs played a role in the accident.

A full explanation of the cause of death includes four items:

  • the immediate cause of death, such as the heart stopping,
  • the intermediate causes, which triggered the immediate cause, such as a myocardial infarction,
  • the underlying causes, which triggered the chain of events leading to death, such as atherosclerosis, and
  • any other diseases and disorders the person had at the time of death, even though they did not directly cause the death.[2]

Public documents[edit]

In most of the United States, death certificates are considered public domain documents and can therefore be obtained for any individual regardless of the requester's relationship to the deceased. Other jurisdictions take a different view, and restrict the issue of certificates. For example, in the State of New York, death certificates are only obtainable by close relatives, including the spouse, parent, child or sibling of the deceased, and other persons who have a documented lawful right or claim, documented medical need, or a New York State Court Order.[3]

History[edit]

In Europe and North America, death records were kept by the local churches, along with baptism and marriage records.[2] In what would become the United States, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was the first to have the secular courts keep these records, in 1639.[2] By the end of the 19th century, European countries were pursuing centralized systems for recording deaths.[2]

In the United States, a standard model death certificate was developed around 1910.[2] This promoted uniformity and consistency in record keeping.

Specific jurisdictions[edit]

United States[edit]

Illinois certificate of death issued after the execution of John Wayne Gacy.

In the United States, certificates issued to the general public for deaths after 1990 may in some states be redacted to erase the specific cause of death (in cases where death was from natural causes) to comply with HIV confidentiality rules. In New York State, for instance, the cause of death on a general death certificate is only specified if death was accidental, homicide, suicide, or declared in absentia; all other deaths are only referred to as natural. All states have provisions, however, whereby immediate family members, law enforcement agencies, and governmental authorities (such as occupational health and safety groups) are able to obtain death certificates containing the full cause of death, even in cases of natural death.

In some cases, such as the death of a minor or infant, certificates may be kept confidential from the public as requested by legal guardian and therefore cannot be obtained by the general public but rather through immediate family members.

United Kingdom[edit]

Registration in the UK is organised separately in the constituent jurisdictions. A register of deaths contains the information supplied by an informant, nowadays usually containing and repeating the information given in a Medical Certificate of Death (MCOD) supplied by the medical practitioner who certifies that life is extinct, this being the real "death certificate" distinct from the "registration of a death" in a register. Further information might be added after the first registration if the death was the subject of an inquest (Northern Ireland or England and Wales) or a Fatal Accident Inquiry (Scotland); this can result in a later copy of a death registration giving more details of the cause of death or the associated circumstances.

England and Wales[edit]

In England and Wales, compulsory national registration of deaths began in 1837. Originally the death registration listed when and where a person died, their name and surname, the parent or parents (if the deceased was a child), sex, age, occupation, cause of death, the description and residence of the informant, when the death was registered and the registrar's signature. Further details have since been recorded including the deceased's date and place of birth, maiden surnames and other former surnames of women who have been divorced.

Beginning in 1879, a doctor’s certificate was necessary for the issuance of a death certificate (prior to that, no cause of death needed to be given).

Northern Ireland[edit]

The form of indexing and the layout of register pages generally follows that of England and Wales.

Scotland[edit]

National registration began in 1855; registrations are rather more detailed[4] than in England and Wales. In the first year of registration many more details than in later years were recorded including the children of the deceased with their ages, the deceased's birthplace and how long they were resident in the district where they died. The burial place was recorded from 1855 to 1860. Standard details have until now included the deceased's name, age, marital status, spouse(s) (if any), details of both parents, cause of death and the informant's description. Current (2011) registrations show the date of birth. The prescribed forms are part of secondary legislation and those for recent years can thus be seen online in the Statute Law Database.

Unlike England and Wales, information is not limited to being supplied in the form of certified copies; original register pages (or filmed images) can be viewed in person at local register offices or at the General Register Office in Edinburgh, online (fees apply) on the Scotlands People website or in microfilms (1855-1875, 1881, 1891) available at family history centres operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

United Kingdom's Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories[edit]

These jurisdictions do not form part of the United Kingdom and each has its own registration system. Their older records tend to follow the layout used in England and Wales.

Stillbirths[edit]

England and Wales[edit]

Stillbirths (beyond 24 weeks gestation) have been registered since 1927 in a register that is closed from public access. A single stillbirth registration takes the place of both birth and death registration for the stillborn infant. Prior to 1960 such certificates gave no cause of death.

Stillbirth certificates can only be ordered by the mother or father of the deceased contacting the General Register Office by phone or letter. In the event of the parents both having died, an adult sibling can order the certificate if they can provide the dates of death for both parents.

Scotland[edit]

Registration of still-births commenced in 1939. The registers are not open to public view and extracts are only issued "in exceptional circumstances".[5]

United States[edit]

A 2007 article in People magazine revealed that in the case of a stillbirth it is not standard practice to issue both a birth certificate and a death certificate. Most states instead issue a "certificate of birth resulting in stillbirth".[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dead People Voting Throughout Florida". WFTV Orlando (VOLUSIA COUNTY, Fla.). 30 Oct 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Altman, Lawrence K. (1 July 2013). "Making the Right Call, Even in Death". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Death Certificates". New York State Department of Health. 
  4. ^ "Items Included in the Main Registers". General Register Office for Scotland. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  5. ^ General Register Office Leaflet S1 (April 2011)
  6. ^ http://www.missingangelsbill.org

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_certificate — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
369895 videos foundNext > 

Ice Cube - Death certificate [FULL ALBUM] (1991)

Ice Cube - Death certificate [FULL ALBUM] (1991) TRACKLIST: 1. 0:00 The Funeral (intro) 2. 1:37 The Wrong Nigga to Fuck Wit 3. 4:26 My Summer Vacation 4.

Death Certificate 1

Watch African movies and Nigerian Nollywood movies, Latest movies, Classic Movies, 2013 movies. The story of two siblings Jazman and Monica (Sylvester ...

Death Certificate 2

Watch African movies and Nigerian Nollywood movies, Latest movies, Classic Movies, 2013 movies. The story of two siblings Jazman and Monica (Sylvester ...

Carcass - Death Certificate

A grim myriad, a grey kaleidoscope, sterile, contrasting Born and die, institutionalized, a bleak epitaph, an epilogue so sad Cross-indexed, cross-dissected ...

Death Certificate (Full Album HD) by Ice Cube

LANGUAGE ALERT!!! "Almost every day I played Ice Cube's album Death Certificate: 'Let me live my life, if we can no longer live our life, then let us give our life ...

Making a Murderer: Teresa's Death Certificate

Something is very fishy here. Sign the Petition for a Federal Investigation ...

MABEL KING DEATH CERTIFICATE

This is the death certificate for Mabel King!

Ice Cube - No Vaseline - Death Certificate

Artist: Ice Cube Album: Death Certificate Released: 1991 Google Play ...

Ice Cube-My Summer Vacation-Death Certificate

Artist:Ice Cube Title:My Summer Vacation Album:Death Certificate Year:1991 Lyrics: [airline attendant] This is the final boarding call for flight 1259 departing from ...

Ice Cube-No Vaseline-Death Certificate

Artist:Ice Cube Title:No Vaseline Album:Death Certificate Year:1991 Lyrics: Got damn, I'm glad ya'll set it off. Used to be hard, now you're just wet and soft.

369895 videos foundNext > 

402517 news items

Thelakeandeswave

Thelakeandeswave
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 21:15:00 -0800

THE only son of missing peer Lord Lucan has spoken for the need to move on now he has been granted a death certificate 42 years after his father vanished. In a prepared statement, he said: "I feel that Mr. Bingham and myself have a great deal in common".

USA TODAY

USA TODAY
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 04:19:32 -0800

LONDON — A judge has granted a death certificate to the son of Lord Lucan, an aristocrat who disappeared more than 40 years ago, bringing a form of closure to one of the most mysterious cases to enthrall the British public. George Bingham can now ...

NJ.com

NJ.com
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 08:30:00 -0800

MORRISTOWN — A Morris County assistant prosecutor has doubts about the authenticity of a death certificate of a man accused of forgery who apparently died in a car accident in Colombia in 2014, according to the Daily Record. A judge has scheduled a ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 18:14:56 -0800

The South Australian government has cancelled the death certificate for a Briton who died while on honeymoon in Adelaide as its premier continues to campaign for marriage equality. David Bulmer-Rizzi died in Adelaide in January while in Australia on ...

Atlanta Journal Constitution (blog)

Atlanta Journal Constitution (blog)
Thu, 28 Jan 2016 13:52:58 -0800

The “fake nurse” who once worked at the hospice where Bobbi Kristina Brown died allegedly signed a death certificate in an unrelated case, Channel 2 Action News reports. It was one year ago Sunday that Bobbi Kristina was found unresponsive in a bathtub ...

TMZ.com

TMZ.com
Tue, 19 Jan 2016 16:49:24 -0800

0119-lemmy-certificate-launch-tmz-01 Motorhead frontman Lemmy died from prostate cancer and congestive heart failure ... according to his death certificate. It was widely reported he battled an aggressive form of cancer before his death, but the copy ...

Forward

Forward
Sat, 16 Jan 2016 04:47:36 -0800

The death certificate of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson — the revered Chabad leader often referred to as “the Rebbe” — is on the auction block. The official certificate, issued Aug. 2, 1995, and mailed by the New York Department of Health to ...

The Mac Observer

ABA Journal
Wed, 20 Jan 2016 09:40:34 -0800

When she asked Apple to provide it, company representatives said they needed copies of his death certificate, his will and a court order requiring the disclosure, reports CBC News. Eventually, after months of wrangling and intervention by the Go Public ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight