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Dards
Kelaash People.jpg
Kalash in traditional dress
Regions with significant populations
Gilgit–Baltistan (Pakistan)
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan) Jammu and Kashmir (India)
Languages
Dardic languages
Religion
majority Islam (Sunni, Shia, & Sofia Noorbakhshia), minority Hinduism, Kalash and Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Nuristani people

The Dard people are an ethnic group found predominantly in northern Pakistan, north west India, and eastern Afghanistan. They speak the Indo-Aryan Dardic languages. The largest populations are in Gilgit–Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan and in Kashmir, India. There are smaller populations in Ladakh, India and eastern Afghanistan.[1] The Kashmiri people are the largest group, with over 5.5 million members.[2]

History[edit]

Parpola (1999, p. 189) identifies "Proto-Dardic" with "Proto-Rigvedic", suggesting that the Dards are the linguistic descendants of the bearers of proto Rigvedic culture ca. 1700 BC, pointing to features in certain Dardic dialects that continue peculiarities of Rigvedic Sanskrit, such as the gerund in -tvī.

Herodotus (III. 102–105) was the first author to refer to Dards (calling them "Dadikai"), placing their location between Kashmir and Afghanistan.

During Swati rule, the Dard people predominantly followed the Kalash religion and frequent small-scale jihad against Dards may have been a routine.[3]

Religion[edit]

The vast majority of Dardic peoples are Muslim. They follow a number of different sects. The Kashmiri, Pashayi, Kohistani, and Kho peoples are majority Sunni, while the Shina and Burusho peoples are majority Shia Ismaili and Twelver. Some in Gilgit-Baltistan follow Sofia Noorbakhshia, a Sufi order.

A minority in Chitral are polytheistic Kalash.[3][4] They are exceptional in having retained their ancestral polytheistic dardic religion and are officially protected by the Government of Pakistan.

The Brokpa of Ladakh are nominally Buddhists. However, they still retain marked traces of their pre-Buddhist animistic religion, Bon-chos.[4]

Social status[edit]

As of 2001, the Brokpa were classified as a Scheduled Tribe under the Indian government's reservation program of positive discrimination.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Scheduled Tribes". Census of India: Government of India. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/language/kas
  3. ^ a b Swat: an Afghan society in Pakistan : urbanisation and change in tribal environment. City Press. Retrieved 2007-08-01. During Swati rule. The pre-Islamic faith of the dards was the Kalash faith which survives today in Northern Pakistan. 
  4. ^ a b The India magazine of her people and culture, Volume 14. A. H. Advani. Retrieved 2007-08-01. Dardic religion in Ladakh, particularly in the villages of Da and Hann, retains marked traces of the pre-Buddhist animistic religion, Bon-chos 
Sources

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dard_people — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
87238 videos foundNext > 

Qare dard / Քարե դարդ, Սերիա 9 / Stone Cage

Մոսոն ժամանակի մեքենայից սուրճ է գտնում և հյուրասիրում մարդկանց: Ուրիծ ցեղի ցեղապետը ցանկանում է Բաբալի...

Qare dard / Քարե դարդ, Սերիա 4 / Stone Cage

Մոսոյի պատճառով քարի դարում հայտնվում է ալկոհոլ, որն իր ազդեցությունն է ունենում նախամարդկանց վրա: Ալկոհոլ...

Joséphine Dard - Art-Thérapeute - 25.06.2015

L'interview de Joséphine Dard - Art-Thérapeute - fille de Frédéric Dard auteur du célèbre Comissaire San-Antonio par Phil pour Radio People le 25 juin 2015 Et ...

Zuban Pe Dard Bhari - Mukesh - MARYADA

Song: Zuban Pe Dard Bhari Singer: Mukesh Movie: MARYADA (1971) Music: Kalyanji, Anandji Lyric: Anand Bakshi Cast: Rajesh Khanna, Mala Sinha.

Qare dard / Քարե դարդ, Սերիա 10 / Stone Cage

Անհետանում է Մոսոն: Նախնադարի մարդիկ սկսում են մտածել որտեղ կարող է լինել Մոսոն և ոնց կարող են փրկել նրան:...

Satinder Sartaaj Dard Gareeban Da

Dard Gareeban Da (Pain of Poverty). Here is a video I made of a Satinder Sartaaj song. The pictures in this video is just a glimpse into the world of poverty.

Satinder Sartaj Dard Gareeban Da

Must view!!! Beautiful song about poverty and pain!!! How People are Powerless When there is Poverty.Please try to do as much as you can for People.Who are ...

KAHOON KIS SAY QISSA E DARD O GHUM NAYYRA NOOR

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Dard e Disco- Om Shanti Om- Shah Rukh Khan

My favorite clip from Shah Rukh Khan movie Om Shanti Om. Just check out those abs people! I want to thank for the lyrics and Translation to my friend Karma B.

Dr. Kumar- Back Pain (Kamar Dard)

Here Dr. Kumar is encouraging people to avoid unnecessary pain-killers (NSAIDS) due to their side-effects. Better to take to the Ayurveda or holistic, and natural ...

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2 news items

 
Belfast Telegraph
Wed, 08 May 2013 20:31:39 -0700

The creation of 40 jobs at a new government facility bound for Strabane has been warmly welcomed in the unemployment blackspot. Minister Michelle O'Neill yesterday confirmed her commitment to provide a Department of Agriculture and Rural Development ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 14 Mar 2013 04:49:29 -0700

You see Nakuul Mehta as Aditya every weekday on Star Plus in Pyar Ka Dard Hai, but did you know that the hazel-eyed actor's first love is theatre? Nakuul was in Bangalore recently to perform “his most challenging role,” of M in the Mike Bartlett ...
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