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Dalpatram Dahyabhai
Kavi Dalpatram.JPG
Statue of Kavi Dalpatram at lambeshwar ni Pol, Ahmedabad
Born 1820
Died 1898
Occupation Poet
Nationality Indian

Dalpatram (Gujarati: દલપતરામ) (18201898) was a Gujarati language poet during 19th century in India. He was the father of Nanalal Dalpatram Kavi, a poet.


Dalpatram, who knew no English, was a Sanskrit scholar and poet.[1] Dalpatram taught Gujarati language to Alexander Kinloch Forbes, a British colonial administrator to Ahmedabad. Gujarati was considered at the bottom of language hierarchy during those times. So he preferred to write his poems in Brijbhasha instead of Gujarati, his mother tongue. Forbes encouraged him to write in Gujarati. They became close friends. He inspired Dalpatram to write Laxmi Natak published in 1849, the first play in Gujarati, based on Greek drama Plutus.[2][3][4]

Forbes who wanted Gujarati literature develop, had helped found the Gujarat Vernacular Society. When Forbes died in 1865, Dalpatram composed Farbesvirah, a Gujarati elegy, and Farbesvilas, his account of the gathering of bards, both dedicated to him.[2] At the end of the 19th Century He was entitled Mahakavi (Great Poet) by Shahjanand Swami, the founder of Swaminarayan Sampraday.[1]

Unlike Narmad, another prominent Gujarati poet of the same period, Dalpatram supported British rule for the benefits it gave India. Dalpatram also supported social reforms such as opposition to child marriage, allowing widows to remarry. Both Dalpatram and Narmad were the first Gujarati poets to address subjects connected to common life in their verses. Dalpatram's poems had subjects like English law, how to write an essay, and even "trees in a college compound". His verse often reflected his sense of humour.[1]

Dalpatram was an authority on meters and wrote a treatise, Pingal ("Prosody"), used by scholars as a sourcebook for many decades.[1]


  • Laxmi (play)
  • Shrey (play)
  • Bipani Pinpar (poetry)
  • Buddhiprakash (anthology)
  • Mithyabhiman (play)
  • Farbesvirah (elegy)
  • Farbesvilas (poetry)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Mohan, Sarala Jag, Chapter 4: "Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature" (Google books link), in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7, retrieved December 10, 2008
  2. ^ a b Unnithan, Chitra (2014-02-22). "Briton inspired Dalpatram to write in Gujarati language". The Times of India. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  3. ^ Datta, p. 1071
  4. ^ Mukherjee, p. 83


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalpatram — Please support Wikipedia.
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20 news items

Times of India
Tue, 18 Feb 2014 13:17:48 -0800

Alexander Forbes, a British civil servant posted in Ahmedabad in the 19th century, encouraged Sanskrit poet and scholar Dalpatram to write in Gujarati. In those days, Gujarati was at the bottom of the language hierarchy and was considered a 'bazaar ...
Times of India
Sun, 22 Sep 2013 14:10:31 -0700

AHMEDABAD: For the past one week, Kavi Dalpatram Chowk in the Walled City is being given a major facelift. The AMC has undertaken the project as part of its programme to refurbish the famed heritage walk of Ahmedabad. Also, because of years of ...


Fri, 14 Nov 2014 08:06:40 -0800

New Delhi: Upset over HRD Ministry's decision to replace German with Sanskrit as the third language in Kendriya Vidyalayas, Germany has raised the issue with the government and hoped for a "pragmatic" solution. "I talked to the government and on the ...
Times of India
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 05:00:00 -0700

AHMEDABAD: People's power is moving the campaign against litter in the Walled City today. One year down the line, the Mayor's Cup winners, using the award money, have set a shining example of public stakeholders playing their part in cleaning the city.
Times of India
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 13:31:13 -0700

In the city, he met reformist poet Kavi Dalpatram, who played a major role in promoting the Gujarati language. When Dalpatram died, Tilak presented a tribute in Kesri, a Marathi newspaper Tilak had founded in 1881 as a voice of the freedom movement.
Times of India
Sat, 10 May 2014 14:32:24 -0700

AHMEDABAD: What's in a name? Nothing or everything, depending on how much importance you give to names. However, if there is one lesson to be learned from the naming of bridges and roads after eminent personalities, it is this — a name that is easier ...

Indian Express

Indian Express
Wed, 05 Feb 2014 16:36:14 -0800

They shot Dalpatram Chowk, Kalupur (Swaminarayan) temple area and Jama Masjid to showcase Ahmedabad as a heritage destination,” said a senior tourism official. However, the tour skipped the intricately carved lattice stone window of the Sidi Sayed ...
Times of India
Sun, 24 Nov 2013 11:55:47 -0800

Throughout this painful episode, Bholanath Sarabhai, Dalpatram Kavi, Kavi Narmad, Ranchodlal Chhotalal, his wife Parvatikunvar stood by him like a rock. (Parvatikunvar had by now joined her husband against blind rituals, child marriage and the movement ...

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