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Daegeum player.jpg
Korean name
Hanja or
Revised Romanization daegeum
McCune–Reischauer taegŭm

The daegeum (also spelled taegum, daegum or taegŭm) is a large bamboo transverse flute used in traditional Korean music. It has a buzzing membrane that gives it a special timbre. It is used in court, aristocratic, and folk music, as well as in contemporary classical music, popular music, and film scores.

Smaller flutes in the same family include the junggeum (hangul: 중금; hanja: 中琴 or 中笒) and sogeum (hangul: 소금; hanja: 小琴 or 小笒), neither of which today have a buzzing membrane. The three together are known as samjuk (hangul: 삼죽; hanja: ; literally "three bamboo"), as the three primary flutes of the Silla period.[1]

The solo performance called daegeum sanjo was pronounced an Important Intangible Cultural Properties of Korea by the Cultural Heritage Administration of South Korea in 1971.[2]

According to Korean folklore, the daegeum is said to have been invented when King Sinmun of Silla was informed by Park Suk Jung, his caretaker of the ocean (海官) in 618 that a small island was floating toward a Buddhist temple in the Sea of Korea (East Sea). The king ordered his caretaker of the sun to test whether this was good luck. The caretaker replied that a dead king who turned into a sea dragon, and two great warriors are giving a gift to protect Silla, and if the king would visit the sea, he would receive a priceless gift. The king soon sent a person to look for the gift. The person replied that a bamboo tree on the top of the island becomes two in the morning and one in the night. On the next day, the world shook and it rained and wind blew, and the world was thrown into darkness for a week. When the king went to the island himself, a dragon appeared and told him that if the bamboo on the top of the island was cut down, made into a flute, and blown, the country would be peaceful. The king cut down the tree, and the flute made from the bamboo was called Man Pa Sik Juk (萬波息笛).[3]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daegeum — Please support Wikipedia.
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79 news items

Korea Times

Korea Times
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 01:33:45 -0800

Daegeum was traditionally made of old yellow bamboo. But in modern times, the double-grooved bamboo, called "ssanggoljuk," is more often used owing to its thicker and regular internal diameters, which make it more suitable for drilling a hole. Other ...

Evening Standard

Evening Standard
Thu, 01 Oct 2015 09:07:30 -0700

But most exciting was the closing Sinawi, like a jazz ensemble with instrumental solos on zithers, daegeum flute and janggu drum. This music had an organic, visceral appeal stemming perhaps from its shamanic roots. It was a rousing conclusion to the ...

Hong Kong Standard

Hong Kong Standard
Thu, 15 Oct 2015 12:30:00 -0700

The use of traditional musical instruments - such as the gayageum, haegeum and daegeum - makes for an unforgettable experience. Performances are on October 30 and 31 at the Hong Kong Cultural Centre, with ticket prices starting at HK$150. Or dig into ...

Christian Science Monitor

Christian Science Monitor
Fri, 17 Jul 2015 11:17:48 -0700

French lawmakers voted Wednesday to continue airstrikes in Syria against the Islamic State group that claimed responsibility for the Nov. 13 attacks that killed 130 people in Paris, while Germany's chancellor said her country would do more in the ...

Time Out Hong Kong

Time Out Hong Kong
Tue, 20 Oct 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Apart from the four main Korean instruments that are the daegeum (bamboo flute), piri (double pipe), taepyungso (wind) and janggu (drums), the National Korea Opera is collaborating with the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra, displaying both their own ...

Korea JoongAng Daily

Korea JoongAng Daily
Fri, 25 Sep 2015 14:07:52 -0700

The organization aims to heal the ills of modern life with the beautiful sounds of Korean traditional instruments such as the gayageum (traditional zither), geomungo (six-stringed zither) and daegeum (horizontal bamboo flute). The free event will take ...


Sun, 15 Nov 2015 18:56:49 -0800

또 양악에선 Δ김성아 작곡가의 '청람', Δ성세인 작곡가의 『Symbiosis' for Daegeum and Flute with Orchestra' Δ장은호 작곡가의 'Chamber Orchestra 'Fantasia'', Δ정영빈 작곡가의 'Metamorphosen fuer kleines Orchester' Δ윤현진 작곡가의 'Colours Variations ...

Korea JoongAng Daily

Korea JoongAng Daily
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 06:18:11 -0700

To celebrate the special event, organizers have invited several renowned Korean traditional artists, including Lee Saeng-kang, who plays the daegeum (horizontal bamboo flute), and one of the greatest pansori (Korean traditional opera) singers, Ahn ...

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