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Dabur860.jpg
Israeli Dabur (number 860) in bay of Eilat
Class overview
Name: Dabur-class
Builders: Sewart Seacraft (12 boats)
IAI-Ramta
Succeeded by: Dvora class fast patrol boat
In commission: 1970[1]
General characteristics
Type: Fast patrol boat
Displacement: 35 tons (45 tons loaded)[2]
Length: 19.80 m (65.0 ft)
Beam: 5.80 m (19.0 ft)
Draft: 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)
Installed power: 2,400 hp (1,800 kW)[2]
Propulsion: 2 × diesel General Motors type 12V71
Speed: Max speed: 29 kn (54 km/h; 33 mph)
Patrol speed: 21 kn (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Range: at Max speed: 540 nmi (1,000 km; 620 mi)
at Patrol speed: 560 nmi (1,040 km; 640 mi)
Crew: 6-9
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Decca 926 radar
Armament: 2 × Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
2 × 12.7mm machine guns
2 × 324mm torpedo tubes for the Mark 46 torpedo
Depth charges
Carl Gustav recoilless rifles[3]

The Dabur class is a class of patrol boats built at the Sewart Seacraft shipyard in the United States for the Israeli Navy, and by IAI-Ramta.

Design[edit]

The Dabur-class has a displacement of 35 tons (45 tons loaded)[2] The ships have a length of 19.80 m (65.0 ft), a beam of 5.80 m (19.0 ft) and a draft of 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in).[4] The ships are manned by a crew of six to eight officers and ratings. The hull is made of aluminum.

The first Dabur-class vessels were laid down in 1973, with 12 hulls built by Seward Seacraft and 22 more built by IAI-Ramta for a total of 34. The class is designed to be light and is able to be carried overland. They have good rough weather capability, however they were not considered fast enough to cope with current threat capabilities and were phased out in the Israeli Navy for newer ships.[4]

Propulsion[edit]

The class is powered by two diesel General Motors type 12V71 creating 2,400 hp (1,800 kW) driving two shafts.[2][4] This gives the ships a maximum speed of 29 kn (54 km/h; 33 mph) and a patrol speed of 21 kn (39 km/h; 24 mph). The effective range at maximum speed is 540 nmi (1,000 km; 620 mi) and at patrol speed, 560 nmi (1,040 km; 640 mi).

Armament[edit]

The boats are armed with two Oerlikon 20 mm cannons, two 12.7mm machine guns.[3] Two 324mm torpedo tubes are provided for the Mark 46 torpedo and there is space for two racks of depth charges. Carl Gustav recoilless rifles are carried aboard the ships for anti-terrorist purposes.[4]

Exports[edit]

In 1976, five of the class were given to the Lebanese Christian Lebanese Forces Militia in Lebanon, but they were later returned in 1990. In 1978 Israel sold four of the class to Argentina and four to Nicaragua. In 1984 they sold two to Sri Lanka. In 1991 four more were sold to Fiji and six to Chile. Chile bought four more in 1995, and Nicaragua purchased three more in 1996.[4]

Service history[edit]

Dabur-class boats first battle engagements were made in the October 1973 Yom Kippur War. During the war, two Dabur boats attacked an Egyptian commando force in its own port at Marse Telemat and destroyed speed boats and rubber dinghies just as they were preparing for attacks on Israeli targets in the Sinai Peninsula.[1][5]

Operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Historic Naval Ships Visitor Guide - INS Dabur". Historic Naval Ships Association. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Dabur". globalsecurity.net. 9 July 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "INS Dabur (PC 860)". Military Factory. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Saunders, p.356
  5. ^ Rabinovich, Abraham (1988). The Boats of Cherbourg. New York: Seaver Books/Henry Holt. pp. 245–250. ISBN 0-8050-0680-X. 
  6. ^ Rebublic of Fiji Military Forces
  7. ^ Hoy and Ostrovsky, By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer (1990), p. 304.
  8. ^ Menargues, Les Secrets de la guerre du Liban (2004), p. 110.
References

Saunders, Stephen (ed.). Jane's Fighting Ships, 2004-2005 (107 ed.). Surrey: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-2623-1. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Alain Menargues, Les Secrets de la guerre du Liban: Du coup d'état de Béchir Gémayel aux massacres des camps palestiniens, Albin Michel, Paris 2004. ISBN 978-2226121271 (in French)
  • Claire Hoy and Victor Ostrovsky, By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer, St. Martin’s Press, New York 1990. ISBN 0-9717595-0-2
Preceded by
-
Dabur class patrol boat Succeeded by
Dvora class fast patrol boat



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dabur-class_patrol_boat — Please support Wikipedia.
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