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This article is about the psychogeographical concept. For articles related to the English translation of this word, see Drift (disambiguation).
A 2004 poster announcing a large-scale dérive in London, led by a psychogeographical society

In psychogeography, a dérive (French: [/de.ʁiv/], "drift") is an unplanned journey through a landscape, usually urban, on which the subtle aesthetic contours of the surrounding architecture and geography subconsciously direct the travellers, with the ultimate goal of encountering an entirely new and authentic experience. Situationist theorist Guy Debord defines the dérive as "a mode of experimental behavior linked to the conditions of urban society: a technique of rapid passage through varied ambiances." He also notes that "the term also designates a specific uninterrupted period of dériving."[1]

History[edit]

The concept of the dérive has its origins in the Letterist International of the 1940s, an artistic and political collective based in Paris, where it was a critical tool for understanding and developing the theory of psychogeography, defined as the "specific effects of the geographical environment (whether consciously organized or not) on the emotions and behavior of individuals."[1] The dérive, an unplanned tour through an urban landscape directed entirely by the feelings evoked in the individual by their surroundings, served as the primary means for mapping and investigating the psychogeography of these different areas.

The dérive continued to be a critical concept in the theories of the Situationist International, a radical group of avant-garde artists and political theorists that succeeded the Letterist International in the 1950s. For the situationists, the dérive was a technique for exploring an urban landscape's psychogeography and engaging in new experiences. According to situationist theorist Guy Debord, in performing a dérive, the individual in question must first set aside all work and leisure activities, clearing their minds of all their usual motives for movement and action, then let themselves be drawn by the attractions of the terrain and the encounters they find there.

Dérives are necessary, according to situationist theory, because of the increasingly predictable and monotonous experience of everyday life in advanced capitalism.[2] The dérive grants a rare instance of pure chance, an opportunity for an utterly new and authentic experience of the different atmospheres and feelings generated by the urban landscape.[2] Debord observes in his Introduction to a Critique of Urban Geography:

The sudden change of ambiance in a street within the space of a few meters; the evident division of a city into zones of distinct psychic atmospheres; the path of least resistance that is automatically followed in aimless strolls (and which has no relation to the physical contour of the terrain); the appealing or repelling character of certain places — these phenomena all seem to be neglected. In any case they are never envisaged as depending on causes that can be uncovered by careful analysis and turned to account.

— Guy Debord, Introduction to a Critique of Urban Geography[3]

Several groups have adopted the concept of the dérive and applied it in their own form, including many modern organizations, most notably the London Psychogeographical Association, Wrights and Sites (notably the mis-guided drifts of mythogeographer Phil Smith) and the Providence Initiative for Psychogeographic Studies. Since 2003 in the United States, separate events known as Provflux and Psy-Geo-conflux have been dedicated to action-based participatory experiments similar to the dérive, within the context of psychogeography.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guy Debord (1958) Definitions. Internationale Situationniste #1 (Paris, June 1958). Translated by Ken Knabb.
  2. ^ a b Guy Debord (1956) Theory of the Dérive. Les Lèvres Nues #9 (Paris, November 1956). Reprinted in Internationale Situationniste #2 (Paris, December 1958). Translated by Ken Knabb.
  3. ^ Guy Debord (1955) Introduction to a Critique of Urban Geography. Les Lèvres Nues #6 (Paris, September 1955). Translated by Ken Knabb.

External links[edit]

Texts

Films



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dérive — Please support Wikipedia.
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204359 news items

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Nouvelle désillusion pour le basket français avec Chalon-sur-Saône battu aux portes de la finale · Coup dur en vue des Jeux olympiques, Gobert zappe le Tournoi de qualification · Comment Clermont, à la dérive cet hiver, est redevenu une machine à ...

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Or la "disparition du lien entre le salarié et le médecin du travail à l'embauche et la réorientation" de ses missions "dénaturent le métier de médecin du travail", juge le Conseil de l'Ordre. "Cette dérive vers une médecine de contrôle altère le lien ...

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Lorsqu'on demande une étude complète, la préfecture de police se moque de nous en ne nous fournissant qu'une vague note. Les sociétés privées ne devraient pas être en charge des enlèvements. C'est aujourd'hui un service à la dérive qui ne satisfait ni ...
 
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Région Réunion : la dérive financière s'aggrave. J.B. 29 avril 2016. Mardi dernier, le Conseil économique, social et environnemental a donné son avis mardi dernier sur le budget primitif de la Région qui sera examiné ce matin par la séance plénière des ...

Le Monde

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Tue, 19 Apr 2016 07:48:45 -0700

Cela fait plusieurs années déjà que le régime gambien dérive. « Depuis que [Yahya] Jammeh a pris le pouvoir [par un coup d'Etat en 1994], la répression brutale de toute forme de dissidence est devenue routinière. Les forces de sécurité et des groupes ...

kapitalis

kapitalis
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 01:53:32 -0700

Ainsi, cette dérive ne peut, à long terme, que porter préjudice au rayonnement de l'UGTT, une organisation qui a toujours fait preuve de responsabilité. En fait, à Sfax, la tactique choisie ne fait que produire l'effet inverse en cristallisant de plus ...
 
Le Club de Mediapart (Blog)
Mon, 25 Apr 2016 01:36:29 -0700

Le 17 avril 2016 marquera l'histoire politique du Brésil. Pour la première fois, la jeune démocratie brésilienne est entachée par un procès politique sans fondement juridique qui viole le précepte constitutionnel. Partage. Favori; Recommander; Alerter ...
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