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For the island in the Solomon Islands, see Cyprian Bridge Island.
Sir Cyprian Bridge
Born 13 March 1839
St. John's, Newfoundland
Died 16 August 1924
Kingston Hill, Surrey
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Colossus
Battles/wars Crimean War
World War I
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Admiral Sir Cyprian Arthur George Bridge GCB (13 March 1839 – 16 August 1924) was a British Royal Navy officer towards the end of the era of Pax Britannica. He was Commander-in-chief of both the Australian Squadron and the China Squadron.[1]

Early life[edit]

Bridge's father was Thomas Hobday Bridge, later Archdeacon of St. John's.[2] His maternal grandfather was John Dunscombe, an aide-de-camp to the governor of Newfoundland. From 1851 Bridge attended school at Walthamstow House in England.[2]

Naval career[edit]

Bridge was nominated for the navy by Admiral Cochrane,[2] to whom his father had been chaplain. He passed the navy entrance examination in 1853, and was appointed to the paddle sloop HMS Medea and later to the third-rate ship of the line HMS Cumberland, flagship of the North American Station.[2]

During the Crimean War, he served as a naval cadet in the White Sea.[2] In Autumn 1854, a squadron of three warships led by the sloop HMS Miranda shelled and destroyed Kola. An attempt to storm Arkhangelsk proved abortive, as was the siege of Petropavlovsk in Kamchatka. While the Anglo-French naval squadron successfully shelled the town, a landing of 800 sailors and marines was repulsed.

After he passed for midshipman he was appointed to the corvette HMS Pelorus in the East Indies.[2] Prior to that ship's engagements in the First Taranaki War, he had been promoted in 1859, joining HMS Algiers in the Mediterranean as lieutenant.[2] He subsequently served on board HMS Hawke on the Irish station, and HMS Fawn in the West Indies from 1864 to 1867.[2]

Bridge transferred to HMS Excellent to qualify in gunnery. Admiral Sir Alfred Ryder then invited him to act as his flag lieutenant in the Channel Fleet. In 1869 he was promoted to commander, serving two years with the broadside ironclad HMS Caledonia in the Mediterranean. He served for one year each on the gunnery ship HMS Cambridge and then HMS Implacable, followed by Ryder's flagship in the China Station, the battleship HMS Audacious.[2]

In 1877 he was promoted to captain. He took half pay and spent time writing on the German Navy, publishing in the Journal of the Royal United Services Institution. During 1878 and 1879 he served on Admiralty and War Office committees on heavy guns, armour plate and projectiles.[2]

He was appointed deputy commissioner for the Western Pacific, with command of the Osprey class sloop HMS Espiegle in Australia.[2] Subsequently he was appointed to command the modern battleship HMS Colossus.[2] He was director of the newly established Naval Intelligence Department at the Admiralty (1889–1894) and helped found the Navy Records Society.[2]

In November 1894 Bridge was promoted rear-admiral and became Commander-in-Chief of the Australian squadron aboard the cruiser HMS Orlando.[2] In 1898 he was promoted vice-admiral. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the China Station in 1901, arriving in Yokohama in early June where he hoisted his flag in the battleship HMS Glory.[3] In 1903 he was promoted admiral. He retired from the Navy in March 1904.[2]

Post naval career[edit]

Bridge was an assessor on the North Sea Enquiry Commission investigation into the 1904 Dogger Bank incident. He was Admiralty Representative on the Royal Patriotic Fund Corporation from 1906 to 1912. In 1916 he was part of the Mesopotamia Commission of Inquiry.[2]

Family[edit]

Bridge's grandfather and great uncles had all served in the Navy. His father did not due to poor eyesight. Bridge married but had no children.

Cyprian Bridge Island is named after his uncle.

He built Coombe Pines in Kingston Hill, Surrey, where he died in 1924.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BRIDGE, Admiral Sir Cyprian Arthur George". Who's Who, 59: p. 212. 1907. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Cyprian Bridge at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Tuesday, 11 June 1901. (36478), p. 10.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Nathaniel Bowden-Smith
Commander-in-Chief, Australia Station
1894–1897
Succeeded by
Hugo Pearson
Preceded by
Sir Edward Seymour
Commander-in-Chief, China Station
1901–1904
Succeeded by
Sir Gerard Noel

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprian_Bridge — Please support Wikipedia.
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