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Cultural practice generally refers to the manifestation of a culture or sub-culture, especially in regard to the traditional and customary practices of a particular ethnic or other cultural group. In the broadest sense, this term can apply to any person manifesting any aspect of any culture at any time. However, in practical usage it commonly refers to the traditional practices developed within specific ethnic cultures, especially those aspects of culture that have been practiced since ancient times.

The term is gaining in importance due to the increased controversy over "rights of cultural practice", which are protected in many jurisdictions for indigenous peoples[1] and sometimes ethnic minorities. It is also a major component of the field of cultural studies, and is a primary focus of international works such as the United Nations declaration of the rights of indigenous Peoples [2].

Cultural practice is also a subject of discussion in questions of cultural survival [3]. If an ethnic group retains its formal ethnic identity but loses its core cultural practices or the knowledge, resources, or ability to continue them, questions arise as to whether the culture is able to actually survive at all. International bodies such as the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues continually work on these issues, which are increasingly at the forefront of globalization questions[4].

Examples of cultural practice[edit]

  • Religious and spiritual practices
  • Medical treatment practices
  • Forms of artistic expression
  • Dietary preferences and culinary practices
  • Cultural institutions (see also Cultural Institutions Studies)
  • Natural resource management
  • Housing and construction
  • Childcare practices
  • Governance, leadership, conflict resolution
  • Power relationships
  • "Everyday life" practices (including household relationships)
  • Other practices not listed above

Qualifications[edit]

The question of what qualifies as a legitimate cultural practice is the subject of much legal and ethnic community debate. The question arises in controversial subject areas such as Genital Mutilation, indigenous hunting[5] and gathering practices[6], and the question of licensing of traditional medical practitioners [7][8][9].

Many traditional cultures acknowledge members outside of their ethnicity as cultural practitioners, but only under special circumstances. Generally, the knowledge or title must be passed in a traditional way, such as family knowledge shared through adoption, or through a master of that practice choosing a particular student who shows qualities desired for that practice, and teaching that student in a hands-on manner, in which they are able to absorb the core values and belief systems of the culture. The degree to which these non-ethnic practitioners are able to exercise "customary and traditional" rights, and the degree to which their practice is acknowledged as valid, is often a subject of considerable debate among indigenous and other ethnic communities[10][dead link][11], and sometimes with the legal systems under which these communities function. The difference between bona fide non-native cultural practitioners and cultural piracy, or cultural appropriation[12], is a major issue within the study of globalization[13] and modernization[14].

Evolution of culture[edit]

The evolution of traditional cultures is a subject of much discussion in legal, scholarly, and community forums[15]. It is generally accepted that all cultures are to some degree in a continual state of Sociocultural evolution. However, major questions surround the legitimacy of newly evolved cultural expressions, especially when these are influenced by modernization or by the influence of other cultures. Also, there is significant debate surrounding the source of evolution: for example, an indigenous community may accept the use of store-bought materials in the creation of traditional arts, but may reject requirements to apply for a permit for certain gathering purposes; the central difference being that one is an internal cultural evolution, while the other is externally driven[16] by the society or legal body that surrounds the culture.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_practice — Please support Wikipedia.
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165 news items

 
ABC Online
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 16:48:45 -0700

"That's when we'll make change and we know we've seen small pockets of it, so in Aotearoa actually having Maori identity and cultural practice as part of the national identity, it doesn't necessarily eliminate all disparities in their social outcomes ...

Artslink.co.za News (press release)

Artslink.co.za News (press release)
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 02:45:00 -0700

“The significance of cultural practice as well as cultural tolerance is incalculable, and is sadly lacking in our education system. To embrace a progressive South African culture, it is imperative we engage with students and create dialogue with them ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 12:52:30 -0700

Part 6 of this series focuses on part of the Bill of Rights in a proposed Federal system in South Sudan. This includes right to life, equality and freedom from discrimination, human dignity, right to have a family, language and culture, freedom of ...
 
CT Australia
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Also seeking permission from elders is a major cultural practice. But our elders aren't around us here in suburbia, so our kids can't ask them – but we have always automatically expected permission to be sought from us before our kids do anything ...
 
The Epoch Times
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 02:45:00 -0700

This new rite has hopes of success because it offers an attractive alternative rather than a blunt prohibition to a long-established cultural practice. It could thus become one of the most significant measures toward improving women's health and ...
 
Daily Californian
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 06:44:48 -0700

Generally, cannibalism is classified firmly on the dark side of things. Although there certainly are recorded instances of cannibalism as a cultural practice, the need to eat your fellow man is usually reserved for a large-scale famine or similarly ...
 
Huffington Post (blog)
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:45:00 -0700

Full exposition aside, the article is a poignant indictment of a growing cultural practice of some gay white men flaunting the markers of stereotyped black womanhood. As is the case with any piece of cultural critique available digitally, equally large ...

Oman Daily Observer

Oman Daily Observer
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 09:41:15 -0700

The rule of thumb: If a cultural practice is agreeable to the Quran and Sunnah, it is accepted in Islam; if a cultural practice is in conflict with the Quran and Sunnah, it is rejected in Islam. Unfortunately, there are many Muslim societies that are ...
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